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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Dec 2008
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Analysis of the utilization of health promotion program in health care centers based on a socio ecological model
Yoon, Hee-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 1~19
Purpose: The research was performed to distinguish the group of users of the health promotion programs in health care center, to identify the characteristics of this group, and to investigate the factors that have influence on the use of the health programs. The specific research purposes are: First, to compare the group which uses the health promotion program of health care center and that which does not. Second, to analyze the factors that have influence on the use of the health promotion program. Method: This study was done from November 15th 2006 and March 30th 2007. The study subjects were Seoul and Provinces. Seoul was divided into 4 areas of eastern western, northern, and southern area. Provinces were Gimchon, Gumi and Sosan. From each area, one health care center was chosen from the ones that wanted to participate. Total number of observations was 994. The survey questionnaire consisted of individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, policy factors based on socio-ecological model. The analysis method was logistic regression. Results: Odds ratios of individual factors is sex(1.39), age(1.05), marriage status(1.71) severity(1.20). Odds ratios of interpersonal factors is use and support of family(1.96), use and support of resource persons like friends and neighbor(4.58). Odds ratios of organizational factors is the comfortness of space(0.74), the satisfaction of health care center facility(1.40), kindness of employ(1.97). Odds ratios of community factors is health care center program recognition(1.70). Odds ratios of policy factors is advertisement(4.69) and expense(1.42). Conclusion: Socio-ecological model of health promotion in health care center is obtained based on five factors and health planners should consider these determinants of health promotion program in health care center and develop intervention methods.
Effects of Workplace Alcohol-related Environment on Drinking Behaviors among Female Employees
Jun, Hyun-Jin ; Chung, Sul-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 21~43
Objective: This study aimed to understand workplace drinking environment on drinking behaviors among female employees and thereby attempt to lay a ground for future prevention of drinking problems triggered by workplace environment. For the purposes of the study, variables related to drinking behavior and the actual conditions of female employees were explored. And the study examined the effects of individual and environmental factors on drinking behavior. Methods: The sample included 400 female and male employees in enterprises and organizations located in the metropolitan area of Korea. An in-depth interview was conducted to explore workplace variables related to female drinking, and a self-administered questionnaire was conducted to examine the relationship between workplace variables and drinking behaviors (alcohol consumption, risky drinking, and binge drinking frequencies). Results: Major findings of the study are as follows: First, positive function of drinking and drinking culture at workplace and the pressure to drink were derived from in-depth interviews. Second, 47.2% of female employees were current drinkers and 20.4% were risky drinkers. Third, drinking norms and attitude at workplace, influence of peer group, and drinking culture at workplace were found to be predictive factors of harmful drinking. Fourth, drinking expectancy and drinking norms and attitude at the workplace were found to influence drinking binge frequencies. Conclusion: The study indicates the importance of the workplace environmental factors in female employee's drinking behavior, and addresses the need for interventions geared toward changing the workplace environment regarding alcohol use.
The Comparison of Health Status and Satisfaction with Life according to paticipation in exercise program for the Elderly
Kong, Hyung-Sik ; Lee, Kang-Sook ; Lee, Seon-Young ; Yu, Jae-Hee ; Hong, A-Rum ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 45~57
Objective: The aim of this study was to find out the factors associated with the health status and life satisfaction in the elderly who participated in an exercise program practiced by the National Health Insurance Corporation and the elderly who did not. Methods: The subjects of this study included 105 elderly people in K-city who participated in the elderly exercise program of the National Health Insurance Corporation and 103 elderly who did not. Results: The elderly group that participated in the exercise program showed slightly better physical health than non-participants but the difference was significant only in the item of bowel control. The elderly group that participated in the exercise program displayed slightly better mental health status than non-participants but the difference was significant only in the item of memory and cognitive ability. The elderly group that participated in the exercise program showed significantly higher life satisfaction than non-participants. The factors affecting the satisfaction of life were participation of exercise program, higher level of education, and perception of health, and the attributable rate was 24.6%. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study suggested that the people who participated in elderly exercise program showed higher level of physical and mental health status and life satisfaction than non-participants. Therefore, various National Exercise Program for elderly tailored by characteristics should be implemented.
The Stages of Change Distribution for Health Behaviors among Low Income Children in Underserved Area
Kim, Hye-Kyeong ; Hyun, Sung-Min ; Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Kim, Hee-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 59~75
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the stages of change distributions for nine major health behaviors among poor children in underserved area, and to provide basic information for developing specific objectives and strategies for health education program. Methods: The health behavior data were obtained with a self-administered questionnaire and analysed for 3,081 poor children in 106 local children's centers nationwide. Stages of change classification were based on self-reported responses to five statements. The health behaviors included were balanced diet, safety behavior (helmet and protective device use while riding), regular exercise, smoking, alcohol use, drug use, sleep pattern, weight management and stress management. Results: Poor children were more likely in precontemplation and less frequently in action and maintenance stages for a safety behavior. 33.1% of respondents were precontemplators, 29.9% contemplators, and 6.5% in preparation stage. Only 4.3% and 9.6% were in action and maintenance stages, respectively. Gender differences were apparent. Boys were more likely to be precontemplators for nine health behaviors. Children from the lowest socioeconomic status and disrupted family were more likely to be in precontemplation for weight management and exercise behaviors. Children living with both parents were more likely to be in the action and maintenance stages for nine health behaviors. Stages of change for balanced diet and smoking were significantly related with those for other eight health behaviors. And the stage of exercise adoption was found to be significantly related with those for other seven health behaviors. Conclusion: Safety education must receive high priority in health education program for low income children. Balanced diet smoking cessation and regular exercise could be a possible gateway behavior toward healthier lifestyle practices.
The development of a CD-ROM for children obesity prevention program and it's effect analysis
Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Kim, Hye-Kyeong ; Kim, Myung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 77~94
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop the children obesity prevention program and to analyze how this program has an effect on students' degree of knowledge, attitude for obesity prevention. Methods: The study design was Compromise Experience Group Pre-Post Design. 238 students in the 4th and 5th grade of 4 elementary schools in Seoul were nonrandomly assigned to the study group(n=115) or the control group(n=113). The Program was applied for 3 times and surveys were conducted 2 times as pre-test and post-test. Results: 1. The obesity prevention CD-ROM was developed by analyzing of learners and educational facilities, selecting the study object and contents and producing educational methods and materials. The study contents were included definition, types, factors and side-effects of obesity, and It was contained dietary habit, exercise and life style for obesity prevention and healthy life. 2. Demographic characteristics were not significantly different between study group and control group. Among the subjects investigated, 27.8% of the study group and 38.1% of the control group stated that they had experienced in the obesity prevention program in past. 3. The obesity knowledge and attitude score after this obesity prevention program were improved significantly than before the program(P<0.001). Conclusion: The CD-ROM developed in this study for the children obesity prevention program was proven to be effective in improving obesity knowledge, attitude for the obesity prevention.
A study on the VDT syndrome and relating work factors of office workers
Sim, Mi-Jung ; Lee, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 95~109
Objectives: The study was conducted to investigate visual display terminal(VDT) and related risk factors in office workers. Method: The study subjects were 539 officers at 3 places of business in Gwangju. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaire between October 12 and October 17, 2007. and they agreed to participate in this study. The tool was developed by Moon, Jaedong(1991) for VDT syndrome. Data analysis by using SPSS/win 10.0 was performed with descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. Results: The summary of results is as follows: 1) The mean score of total VDT syndrome was
of full score 4.00, which was lower than other research. 2) For relation between general characteristics and total VDT, sex (t=-5.777, p=.000), age (F=3.516, p=.015), satisfaction of job (F=9.540, p=.000), self-awareness of health (F=25.015, p=.000) had statistically significant difference. 3) For relation between behavioral work factors and total VDT, break time of work(t=-5.363, p=.000), eye movement during computer work(t=2.176, p=.031), wrist exercise during(t=2.337, p=.020), distance between monitor and eyes(F=3.682, p=.012) had statistically significant difference. 3) For relation between environmental work factors and total VDT, height of chair(F=8.801, p=.000), space under desk(F=4.244, p=.015), reflection of monitor(t=2.697, p=.008) had statistically significant difference. Conclusion: To prevent and relieve VDT syndrome and musculoskeletal disorders in office workers, it is important to teach good posture and stretching exercise during work.
Smoking Rate and Its Related Factors in Collegians after Their Admission to the College
Seo, Dong-Bae ; Kam, Sin ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Ki-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 111~124
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to suggest effective methods for not only preventing college students from being exposed to smoking but also helping them stop smoking, by examining and analysing a variety of factors related to their smoking behavior. Methods: To accomplish the purpose, this study was carried out using 1,553 valid questionnaires selected from 1,584 questionnaires completed and returned by 1,800 randomly chosen students of 2 colleges and 3 universities in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province and Daegu City during the period of April 3 through April 21, 2006. Results: It was turned out that while the total smoking rate of whole students was 52.4% in male students and 9.1% in female students, the smoking rate after their admission to the college was 27.1% in males and 1.5% in females. It was also shown that both the perceived susceptibility and barrier factors of Health Belief Model were statistically significant, and that the perceived seriousness factors were entirely significant in all other variables except the body seriousness. The perceived benefit factors were significant in only the variable that there would not be any improvement in academic performance even after stopping smoking. A relation between smoking and stop smoking program or smoking prevention program showed that the non-smoking rate was significantly high among the college students who participated in such programs while in middle school. When variables having a significant effect on smoking students after their admission were analysed, it was shown that the smoking rate was higher among males than females students, and that the more the number of smoking friends is and the more the number of students thinking that stop smoking would make it difficult to release stress and make friends is, the higher the smoking rate is among students. It is required, therefore, to encourage students to continuously participate in more smoking prevention programs from middle school, and to put an emphasis on a variety of smoking-related illnesses and advantages from non-smoking. Conclusions: Since the current smoking rate among college students is relatively high but most of the smoking students surveyed are ready to actually try to stop smoking, it will be possible to significantly reduce the smoking rate among college students if proper methods are suggested to eliminate barrier factors they face while participating in the stop smoking programs.
Smoking Behavior and Related Factors of Female Smokers from Public Health Center in Incheon
Kim, Young-Sook ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 125~138
Purpose: This study was attempted to find out female smoking behavior and the smoking related factors. Method: Study subjects were 226 female smokers who have visited temporary clinic or smoking cessation clinic run by 10 public health centers in Incheon. The data were collected through the questionnaire specially designed for this study from April 1 to June 30, 2008. The data were analyzed by the SPSS 12.0 program. Result: 68.0% of feale smokers have smoked habitually. The average daily smoking amount of the subjects was
ea, average rate of nicotine dependence was
points, the mean smoking duration was
years, and the smoking start age was
year old. The smoking behavior by the drinking frequency showed significant difference in average daily smoking amount and rate of nicotine dependence(p<.05). Also the smoking behavior by exercise showed significant difference in current smoking frequency(p<.05). There was positive relation between female smoking behavior and monthly income, frequency of drinking, exercise, and stress respectively(p<.05, p<.01). Conclusion: Compared to a male smoker, the average daily smoking amount of a female smoker was less and the duration of smoking was longer. This study suggests that not only a social movement about a female smoking cessation is imperative but also smoking cessation programs should be combined with reduced drinking consumption, exercise and stress relief programs. Moreover, early intervention for preventing teenager smoking should be added to smoking cessation programs.
A Study of Priority Setting of Healthy City Project Indicators with the use of AHP Model
Park, Myung-Bae ; Nam, Eun-Woo ; Lee, Hae-Jong ; Shin, Taek-Su ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 139~151
Objectives: Since 2000 interests in Healthy City Project has been growing fast in Korea. Amid this atmosphere, the need for establishing priorities when planning Healthy City Project and carrying forward the plan has arisen. Therefore, this study tries to conduct practical research on the manner of setting priorities of business valuation standard about Healthy City Project. Methods: The research was carried out with Healthy City experts and government official. And in this research the responses of 28 participants among 37 have been taken into consideration due to their consistent responses. Results: The results of Level 1 showed that the "social & environmental approach" accounted for more than the "individual approach". In the case of Level 2, fields resulted in order of "environment", "infrastructure", "behavior", "evaluation and reflection", "disease prevention and rehabilitation", and "setting approach". Conclusions: The findings derived from this study are first, it is feasible to suggest the ways of establishing priorities as to the evaluation standards for the Healthy City Project and second, the results present the ways to proceed in terms of what tasks should be done for the healthy City Project development.
Factors Related to Health-Promotion Behaviors Among Korean-Chinese Workers in South Korea
Cho, Kyoul-Ja ; Cho, Mi-Sun ; Park, Sun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 153~165
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to understand health-promotion behaviors and to find factors associated with the behaviors among Korean-Chinese workers who live in Korea. Methods: The number of Korean-Chinese workers participated in this study was 187, and the sample was chosen using a convenient sampling method. To understand general characteristics, frequencies and percentages were utilized. To examine the seven categories of health-promotion behavior, their average scores were calculated. To explore factors related to health-promotion behaviors, a multiple stepwise regression analysis was performed. Independent variables used for the analysis were self-concept, social support, stress, perceived health status, and demographics. Results: The average score of the seven health-promotion behaviors was 2.35. Of the seven subcategories of health-promotion behaviors, the scores of rest/sleep and self-actualization were relatively higher; the scores of exercise and stress management were relatively lower. Of demographics and four factors of main interest (i.e., self-concept, social support, stress, perceived health status), education level, types of residence, social support, and perceived health status remained statistically significant. Among the four factors, social support had the greatest impact on health-promotion behaviors. Conclusions: This study has two suggestions. First, it is needed to develop strategies, which can help Korean-Chinese workers enhance levels of health-promotion behaviors regarding stress management and exercise. Second, considering the greatest effect of social support on health-promotion behavior, it is necessary to strengthen social support among Korean-Chinese workers.
The New Health Promotion Strategy in Japan-focusing on life-style related diseases
Lee, Jung-Su ; Lee, Won-Chul ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ; Koh, Kwang-Wook ; Choi, Eun-Jin ; Park, Chun-Man ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 3, 2008, Pages 167~181
The prevention of life-style related diseases is an increasingly important issue in Japan, because not only have the number of patients with life-style related diseases increased but also medical care costs. This paper gives recent strategies for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases through life-style modification. Health objectives for the year 2010, called "Healthy Japan 21", were established in 2000 by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and the Health Promotion Act was enacted in 2002 to promote this health policy. However, the prevention efforts for life-style related diseases have not been effective in regard to the evaluation of the strategy objectives. The reform of the medical care system which included a new nationwide prevention strategy for life-style related diseases was presented in 2006. The new strategy starting from April 2008 included a "specific health checkup" and "specific health education" for those with metabolic syndrome. The specific health checkup is used to screen people according to criteria of the metabolic syndrome and divide them into 3 groups. These groups will receive specific health education. The purpose of this strategy is the early detection of those who have cardiovascular risk factors, and the early management of the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors of obese people aged 40-74 years old. It is mandatory for every insurer to conduct a specific health checkup and specific health education under the new Act. The implementation rate of the specific health checkup and the specific health education, and a reduction rate of individuals with metabolic syndrome among insured people will be evaluated every year. The national objective is to increase the rate of those undergoing the specific health checkup to 80% and the rate of those receiving the specific health education to 60% by the year 2015. The national objective also targeted a reduction rate of 25% for those with metabolic syndrome. This new strategy will be the biggest intervention trial in the world, and it will produce a big health care market in Japan. Not only public administrative institutions but also private institutions are now preparing to take part in this new strategy. However, various tasks remain, such as training more professionals in health education, developing more evidence based practices, and encouraging cooperation with various sectors, to enforce this new strategy.