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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2009
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Oct 2009
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Social Capital and Health Behaviors on Self-rated Health in South Korea
Song, Yea-Li-A ; Nam, Eun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~13
Objectives: This study intended to examine the influence of social capital and health behaviors on self-rated health in Korea. Methods: The data of the social statistics survey that the Korea National Statistical Office conducted in 2006 were chosen and 36,266 people from them, who were 30~59 years old were sampled. This paper made logistic regression analysis to examine the effect of social capital and health behaviors on self-rated health. Results: Odds ratios of social capital are family structure(1.321), marriage(1.214), satisfaction with family relationship(2.207), reliability of institutions(1.307), economic support(1.199), citizen's participation(1.531), and religious activity(1.138). Odds ratios of health behaviors are meal(1.431), exercise(1.356), and no drinking(0.648). Conclusion: Based on the results, this paper can suggest that the plan of keeping and building up social capital should be considered in the whole aspects of the society and the project of moderation in drink is required to consider social culture more.
The Association of Family Support and Self-rated Health Status of Low-income Middle-aged Women
Lee, Kyung-Woo ; Park, Ki-Soo ; Kang, Yune-Sik ; Kim, Rock-Bum ; Kim, Bo-Kyoung ; Seo, Ae-Rim ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 15~23
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate self-rated health status and its influencing factors among low-income middle-aged women. Methods: Data on 594 women between the ages of 40 and 59 were collected from November 2007 to January 2008. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data. The following instruments-self efficacy, family support, health promotion behavior- were used in the study after some adaption. Results: The score for the health promotion behavior was 2.94(exercixe), 3.78(nutrition), 3.35(stress), 3.06(Health examination). The score for the self-efficacy was 3.47 and family support was 3.75. In the relationship between demographic and self-rated health status, there were significant differences in job, education level, self efficacy, family support, health promotion behavior. In hierarchy multiple regression analysis, the variables affecting the self-rated health status were job, education, exercise, health examination, family support, self efficacy. Conclusion: Self-efficacy and family support need to be considered in planning health program to improve self-rated health status among middle-aged women.
Longitudinal Analysis on Success Factors of Smoking Cessation Using Panel Data
Song, Tae-Min ; Lee, Ju-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 25~34
Objectives: This study has longitudinally analyzed male smokers in order to find out the trend rate of re-smoking after smoking cessation. Methods: The study was conducted with 800 male smokers who were provided with smoking cessation services for 3 years at public health centers from July 16, 2005 to July 15, 2008. Results: The results can be summarized as follows: First, the success rate of smoking cessation for at least 6 months during 3-year period was 54.4%. The failure rate of smoking cessation at the second year was 47.5% and the third 27.2%, which indicates that the failure rate diminishes as the period of smoking cessation extends. Second, the success rate of smoking cessation at the first trial was 35.0%, the second 24.3%, and the third 16.4%. The success rate diminished as the number of trial increased. Third, the continuation rate of smoking cessation for a year was 18.3%, for 2 years 13.4%. For the success group, the continuation rate of smoking cessation for a year was 52.5%, for 2 years 38.2%. For the failure group, the rate for a year was 21.5%. Fourth, in this longitudinal analysis, the most crucial variables that affect the success rate of smoking cessation are total number of consultation and the past experience of successful smoking cessation. Conclusion: This study shows that success of smoking cessation and the continuance of smoking cessation are both difficult, and that the past experience of smoking cessation plays an important role determining the present success of smoking cessation and continuance of smoking cessation. Thus, it is necessary to divide people into success group and failure group based on the results of the past experience of smoking cessation when they consult at smoking cessation clinics at public health centers. Further, in order to increase the continuation rate of smoking cessation, this study suggests that we need to consider ways to take care of those who successfully abstained from smoking for 6 months.
The Measurement of Community Capacity Using Community-based Organizations Network and the Development of Health Promotion Plans
Jung, Min-Soo ; Gil, Jin-Pyo ; Cho, Byong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 35~48
Objectives: The community network is a foundation laid by the local community which has been formed historically and geographically to develop itself. This paper as a Korean way of healthy network survey for the community capacity building is an exploratory research to grasp the character of Korean society and then to organize an resident-governing partnership for that. Methods: Research objectives are CBOs(Community-Based Organizations) in S-district of Seoul. This region is a new town, however the solidarity and volunteerism of this resident is lively. The survey tool is Cho's CBOs Evaluation Questionnaire which was originated to measure the community capacity. The period of survey is from the January 2009 to the March 2009 and the study organizations which were collected by snowball sampling were 80. Results: The result shows two main networks: one is the civil society and craft union cluster, the other is welfare organization cluster. Groups of high centrality were organizations whose members are mainly women and craft organizations which were organized before 1990's. The group of high betweenness was the Association of Women's Organizations(0.188). Bi-components were six and they could be divided by organization's aim. In terms of the determinants of the participation to the health center enterprise, only the number of link(B=-0.60, p<0.04) was statistically significant. It means that when organization variables are controlled a tendency appears: the more the voluntary associations network, the less participation in the health enterprise. Conclusion: CBHOs(Community-Based Health Organizations) enhances residents' spontaneity and cohesion to increase the capability of the local community. If the surveyed healthy network, together the community health project, are used for various community development projects, the existing CBOs including CBHOs will be reorganized and furthered newly. For this it will be needed to construct an effective partnership of healthy network by restructuring the existing networks of voluntary associations.
Factors Associated with Health Status of Male Military Officers
Kim, Bong-Jeong ; Jeong, Ae-Suk ; Lee, Ju-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 49~62
Objectives: To identify factors affecting the health of male professional soldiers. Methods: Cross-sectional questionnaire data was collected from a randomly stratified sample population of 763 officers and sergeants who were employed in 34 units in the Korean military. Data were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: Work environment and personal health behavior were influential factors, which were differentiated by recent disease history including cardiovascular disease and self-rated health status. Sergeants in special forces/units or engaged in front-line military activities, and soldiers who were current smokers and heavy drinkers were more likely to have been diagnosed with a disease in the preceding three months. Those who were older, obese, and heavy drinkers were more likely to have cardiovascular disease than those who were less obese and more physical active. Soldiers exhibiting signs of extreme stress were more likely to poorly self-rate their health status. Conclusion: Health behaviors and characteristics of work environment significantly influence the health status among Korean professional soldiers. Health promotion strategies are needed to change individual heath behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and work stress. A healthier working environment should also be promoted.
Related Factors on Computer Game Addiction, Health Perception and Health Promoting Behaviors in Elementary School Students
Jang, Young-Nam ; Lee, Moo-Sik ; Hong, Jee-Young ; Hwang, Hae-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 63~74
This study was aimed to assess the degree of addiction on computer games and find factors related to game addiction, health perception and health promoting behavior in elementary school students. A study subjects were 814 students in 5th and 6th grades at 4 elementary schools in a city and a county. The items in questionnaire was consisted of general characteristics, circumstances and habits related to utilization of computer and internet game playing, and degree of addiction, health perception and health promoting behavior. We analyzed data using chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. In multiple regression analysis, addictiveness on internet game was significantly related to type of computer utilization, frequency and duration of internet game playing, gender, after-school activities, grade points, economical status, and location of computer in a house. Health perception was significantly related to addiction points, gender, residential area, and grade points. And health promoting behavior was significantly related to addiction points, grade level, grade points, and health perception points. Since health promoting behaviors of children in elementary school are in the way of making, their degree of addiction to computer games can greatly influence their attitude towards health and their future life pattern as adults. Therefore an educational prevention program including counselling on game addiction should be devised. And researches will be needed for developing the Korean standard for measuring degree of addiction and a prevention program for peer group's game addiction.
The Effect of Follow-up Management Service on Health Promotion for Obesity Population Classified in Health Screening of National Health Insurance Corporation
Lee, Ae-Kyoung ; Lee, Sang-Yi ; Yoon, Tae-Ho ; Jeong, Baek-Geun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 75~83
Objectives: This study aims to examine if the follow-up management service by National Health Insurance (NHI) for obesity persons leads to significant modification of the lifestyle and change of health status. Methods: Of persons who underwent health screening and were classified as obesity after periodic health screening by NHI in 2004, persons who took the follow-up management service were selected as case group and persons who took no service were selected as control group. The DW database of NHI was used to explore the effect of the follow-up management service on the modification of lifestyle and health status. Chi-square tests and t-tests, pairs t-tests were conducted with SAS 9.1 to examine the differences of health promotion effect between case vs. control group. Results: It was shows that of lifestyle behaviors, only exercise is significantly improved for case group compared with control group as the effect of the follow-up management service by NHI (2.11%p) (p=0.0435). Further, morbidity rate for control group was 2.05% higher than that of case group (p=0.0002). These results indicate that persons who received the follow-up management service better maintained their health significantly than persons who did not. Conclusion: The present study shows that the appropriate follow-up management services need to be provided for maximaizing potential effect of periodic health screening by NHI.
Evaluation of Health Promoting School by School Characteristics
Lee, Eun-Young ; Choi, Bo-Youl ; Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 85~96
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess input for health promoting schools (HPS), and to evaluate HPS based on WHO's guidelines through school characteristics, and to identify the schools' need among six areas of HPS. Methods: A stratified and random cluster sampling design was used to obtain a cross-sectional sample. A total of 59 elementary, middle and high schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi areas were included, and 333 teachers (males 40.6%, females 59.4%) participated in this survey. A self-reported questionnaire consisted of ten items for input for HPS, 50 items for the evaluation of HPS and three items for the schools' needs among six areas of HPS. Data was analyzed through a t-test, ANOVA, and a Duncan test. Results: The mean score of input for HPS was 48.5 (
15.3). Elementary schools had higher mean scores of input than middle schools. The mean score of schools with a management committee was higher than those schools without it. The schools which had meetings on health issues had higher mean scores. The mean score for HPS was 76.8 (
9.4): the area of "School Physical Environment" had the highest score (80.0
10.9), and the area of "Community Relationships" had the lowest score (67.1
13.9). Elementary schools had higher mean scores of HPS than middle and high schools. The schools which had less than nine classes and more than 31 classes had higher mean scores. The mean scores of schools with less than 340 students and more than 1201 students had higher. The schools which had meetings on health issues had higher mean scores. The same results were found on six areas of HPS. The teachers responded that the areas of "School Health Policy", "The School Physical Environment", and "Health Service" should be supported among the six areas of HPS. Conclusion: Based on these results, more concerns and support for school health are necessary. Middle schools should give more regard on the development of HPS. For comprehensive school health promotion, all six areas of HPS should be equally supported.
Koreans' Beliefs on Helpfulness of Mental Health Resources: A Comparison between Depression and Schizophrenia
Suh, Jin-Hwan ; Lee, Sun-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 97~110
Objectives: This study investigated Korean public's beliefs on helpfulness of various resources and preferred ways of addressing symptoms of mental health problems. Methods: A household survey was conducted on a stratified sample of adults aged between 18 and 74 (N=1,584). The participants were asked to provide their opinion on helpfulness of 39 resources for problems presented in the vignette, either depression(DEP) or schizophrenia(SPR). Descriptive statistics and factor analysis were conducted to summarize their opinion and to identify the underlying structure of beliefs about helpfulness of various resources. Results: Counselors/psychologists/social workers, family, psychiatrists, other therapists, and religious leaders were believed to be the most helpful. Methods that require one's initiatives marked percentages much higher than those of 'waiting to get better' or 'dealing with it alone'. The percentages for medications were lower than other methods in general, but higher than those of a western sample especially on antidepressants and anti-psychotics. Psycho/social approach was favored more for SPR than for DEP, and popular/cultural approach was favored much more for DEP than for SPR; physical/medical approach was strongly unfavored against DEP. Conclusion: Strategies need to be developed for utilizing various helpful resources to diversify modality of mental health services and facilitate referrals and gatekeeping. The differences in beliefs on helpfulness of various methods between DEP and SPR point to the need for problem-specific strategies.
Comparison of Perceptions on Induced Abortion by Marital Status
Moon, In-Ok ; Oh, Young-A ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 111~124
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for suggesting the realistic plan for the prevention of induced abortion. We performed an analysis of a recognition and actual conditions of the induced abortion according to the marital status. Methods: Participants were 681 persons of 20 years of age or older who lived in 7 cities and provinces. The data was collected with a structured questionnaire. For data analysis, Chi-square test, t-test and stepwise discriminant analysis were utilized. Results: The results were as follows. When degrees of recognition were analyzed according to the marital status, married were found to have higher levels of recognition of induced abortion than unmarried. From comparison of the recognition, there were significant differences between married and unmarried in terms of the recognition of the law, premarital sex, sex consciousness, intention of induced abortion, knowledge of contraception. Conclusion: The above results showed that marital status was strongly related to the recognition of induced abortion. And measures for preventing the induced abortion, specially about 20 percents of risky unmarried, should be focused.
Identifying the Types of Collaboration in Community Health Promotion
Jang, Myung-Wha ; Cho, Won-Sup ; Yoon, Nan-He ; Kwak, Min-Son ; Yoo, Seung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 3, 2009, Pages 125~135
Objectives: This study attempts to identify and categorize the types of collaboration that community health centers in Seoul planned to form in order to conduct health promotion programs. Methods: A content analysis was performed by reviewing the Phase 4 Community Health Plans for 2007-2010 of the 25 districts in Seoul. Results: In total, 614 cases of collaboration were identified which the community health centers in Seoul had planned for 2007-2010. These cases were grouped into 10 categories of collaboration activities: offering direct services through external venues utilizing external facilities; providing health education materials to partner agencies promoting health messages through media; running committees with collaborators inviting external experts; participating in external events; referring clients to external health services; connecting services; and miscellaneous. These types and cases were compared across community health promotion programs. Conclusion: Collaboration and partnership should be clearly defined for community health research and practice. Further research is needed to investigate the potential gap between plans for collaboration and actual collaboration activities, and to develop Korean models for collaboration building for community health promotion.