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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2009
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Oct 2009
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Determinants of Suicide Impulse of Residents Living in Mining Region and Other Areas in One City
Ahn, Bo-Ryung ; Nam, Eun-Woo ; Jin, Ki-Nam ; Moon, Ji-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~10
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find the determinants of suicide impulse of residents living in mining region and other areas in one city. The past studies did not examine the suicide related attitudes or behaviors in mining region. This study also examines how coping resources and behaviors moderate the suicide impulse. Methods: For this purpose, hierarchical logistic regression method was used to predict the likelihood of suicide impulse. The personal characteristics, depression, coping resources and behaviors were considered as the independent variables. The data collected in this study was gathered through questionnaire survey with 502 residents in other areas as well as mining area in one city. Results and Conclusion: The results and conclusions are as follows: 1. The chi-square test revealed that residents living mining region showed higher percentage of suicide impulse compared to other areas. 2. The t-test revealed that those with suicide impulse had higher level of depression compared to those without it. This pattern was consistent in other areas as well as mining region. 3. The hierarchical logistic regression revealed that age, education, depression showed positive effect on suicide impulse in mining region. However, in other areas, education, illness, and depression showed positive effect on suicide impulse. Also, this result implies that suicide prevention efforts should be actively made in mining region.
The Relationship between Sleep Pattern, Eating Habit, and the Perceived Skin Health among Female Adults
Yang, Mi-Young ; Suh, Kyung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 11~22
Objectives: The researchers investigated the relationship between sleep pattern (circadian rhythm/sleep deprivation), eating habit, and the perceived skin condition of female adults, in orders to provide valuable information to women who want to maintain healthy skin and professionals in health promotion. Methods: The participants were 297 female adults whose ages ranged from 20 to 60 (M=35.14, SD=10.37). The questionnaires and psychological tests used in this research included the following: Circadian Rhythm Questionnaire, Sleep Deprivation Scale, Eating Habit Questionnaire, Skin Condition Questionnaire, Scale for Perceived Skin Health. Results: Results indicated that evening type women had more fatty skin and felt their skins less healthier than morning type. Although women who did not deprived their sleep had more fatty and sensitive skin and felt their skins less healthier than women who deprived their sleep, sleep deprivation was positively related to the morningness, and the morningness was negatively related to the preference of fatty and spicy foods. Only the preference of fatty foods among eating habit was positively related to the fatty and sensitive skin, and negatively to the perceived skin health. Regression analyses with circadian rhythm and the preference of fatty foods revealed that only circadian rhythm was significant predictor for the fatty skin, while the preference of fatty foods was only significant predictor for the sensitive skin and the perceived skin health. And, circadian rhythm and the preference of fatty foods accounted for around 12.0% variance of the fatty skin. Conclusion: This study reiterates the roles of fatty foods on skin health, and found the role of circadian rhythm on skin health, and it is needed to explore the relationship between sleep deprivation and skin condition further. These results may provide useful information for health practitioners.
The Relationship of Psychosocial Factors, Dietary Habits and DMFT Index in Adolescents
Jang, Jong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 23~33
Objectives: This study was to examined the level of psychosocial factors, dietary habits and DMFT index and to examined the relationship among variables in 12-year-old adolescents. Methods: Participants were 1,831 total students from 14 middle school who lived Seosan with mean age of 12.46 years. Data was collected using a self administrated questionnaire from April 13 to May 24, 2009. Psychosocial factors and dietary habits were measured using the 5-items and 10-items. A trained investigator made an oral examination of them in natural light using a mirror and explorer to determine their DMFT index. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey test, pearson correlation coefficient using the SPSS WIN 15.0 program. Results: Regarding dietary self-efficacy, perceived benefit and perceived barrier degree, the subjects achieved a mean of
out of a maximum 5 points. And the dietary habit degree of subjects achieved a mean of
out of a maximum 20 points and the DMFT index were
. Dietary habits was positively correlated with psychosocial factors and negatively correlated with DMFT index. And then perceived barrier score were negatively correlated with DMFT index. Conclusion: Based on the findings, dental caries experience is associated with perceived barrier and dietary habits. These results suggest that the implementation of health promotion should be considered for various psychosocial factors and dietary habits in adolescents.
Incidence and Related Factors of the Metabolic Syndrome in a University Hospital
Choi, Se-Mook ; Kim, Keon-Yeop ; Lee, Tea-Yong ; Jung, Jin-Gyu ; Lee, Og-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 35~47
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to investigate incidence and related factors of the MS in a university hospital Methods: This survey was conducted from January in 1997 to March in 2008. This study is a cohort study. The baseline subjects were 529 men and 609 women without metabolic syndrome(MS) who visited the health promotion center of Chungnam National University Hospital for general health check-up. The MS was diagnosed according to the definition by the NCEP ATP III. The abdominal obesity guidelines for waist circumference applied the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity Guideline Results: The survey exhibited that baseline risk factors that mainly affect odds ratio(OR) of the MS at follow-up were sex, ages, heavy drinking, uric acid and transpeptidase(GGT) in women. Incidence of the MS was 10.6% in total cases, 18.1% in men and 4.0% in women. The risk of the MS was significantly lower in women than men(OR=0.4, 95% confidence interval(CI: 0.2-0.9), significantly higher 50-59 Ages than < 40 ages(OR=3.4, 95% CI: 1.9-6.4), significantly high in women with heavy drinkers(OR=14.3, 95% CI: 1.2-177.5), significantly high in whole, men and women with high uric acid group(whole, OR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.6-4.2. men, OR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.3-3.5. women, OR=14.2, 95% CI: 3.0-68.3) and significantly high in women with high GGT(OR=1.8, 95% CI: 2.4-12.6). Conclusion: Risk factors of incident MS were baseline sex, ages, heavy drinking in women, uric acid and GGT in women. These can be utilized as an important index to determine risk factors of incident MS and will be basic data in part of management, education, countermeasure and selection test of the MS.
School Teachers' Health Behaviors and Health Status in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do
Lee, Eun-Young ; Choi, Bo-Youl ; Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 49~62
Objectives: Few studies have focused on health behaviors and health status among teachers even though these are one of principles and values of WHO's Health Promoting Schools. In this study, we described health behaviors and health status among teachers and explored the differences of these by personal and school characteristics. Methods: A stratified and random cluster sampling design was used to obtain a cross-sectional sample. A total of 59 elementary, middle and high schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi areas were included in which 333 teachers (males 40.6%, females 59.4%) participated in this survey. Chi-square tests were conducted with SPSS 17.1. Results: Overall, health behaviors and health status among teachers were better than the general public according to Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Male and middle/high school teachers had higher prevalence of alcohol dependence and of driving under the influence of alcohol. Also, their rate of wearing seat belts were lower compare to female. In other hand, female, health and nutrition teachers, rural school teachers had lower prevalence of meeting recommended levels of physical activity. Underweight were more prevalent to them in contrast to male with higher prevalence of obesity. In addition, teachers of health promoting schools were not likely to ride on a car with a drunk driver. They also have a lower prevalence of skipping breakfast and have higher positive perception of health for themselves. Conclusion: Teachers' health should be given higher concerns as a key component of school based health promotion. Gender and age specific programs should be considered to develop health promoting programs for them.
Work Stress and Fatigue among Medical Insurance Review Nurses
Kim, Jea-Ran ; Suh, Soon-Rim ; Shin, Jee-Won ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 63~70
Objectives: Work stress is associated with increased risk of fatigue. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of work stress and fatigue among Medical Insurance Review Nurses. Methods: The subjects of this study were 117 nurses in charge of medical insurance review. A structured questionnaires were employed to evaluate the nurses' sociodemographics, work stress and fatigue. The data were analysed through frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, Chronbach's
, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: Mean scores of work stress and fatigue of participants were 3.29 and 1.97 respectively. Work stress was correlated with fatigue significantly (r=.39). There were effects on fatigue by work performance satisfaction and the frequency of insurance request among sociodemographics. Job conflicts with doctors which was a domain of work stress was increased fatigue. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that work performance satisfaction, the frequency of insurance request and job conflicts with doctors are significant predictors of fatigue. Thus, a strategy to enhance nurses' work environment and to reduce work stress through developing interpersonal relationship is recommended.
Alcohol Use Disorder, Stress, Mental Health and Suicide among Seoul Citizens
Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Legaspi, Sherme Villasurda ; Hong, In-Ok ; Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Ryu, Eun-Jung ; Oh, Gyung-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 71~81
Objectives: This study furthers the currents understanding of alcohol use disorders, stress, mental health status and suicide among Seoul citizens. This study is to identify differences according to socio-demographic variables and variables which affect stress, mental status and suicide for developing mental health programs. Methods: The study subjects using cluster-stratified sampling method were 1234 adults over 19 years old from 17 dong, S-Ku in Seoul City. A cross-sectional study with face-to-face interview was used to collect data. A questionnaire measuring socio-demographic variables, Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and psychosocial wellbeing index-short form (PWI-SF) was utilized. Results: Three findings in this study were discussed: (1) The prevalence of problem drinking and alcohol dependence and AUDIT score were significantly higher among male, younger age, and high level of education and income; (2) AUDIT score were related with stress, all 9 symptoms of SCL-R and suicide plan; (3) Problem drinkers were more likely to have 2.5 times of anxiety, 3.0 times of hostility, and 2.4 times psychoticism than non alcohol problem drinkers. Alcohol dependence drinkers were more likely to have 1.9 times of high risk group of stress, 4.1 times of obsessive-compulsive, 4.7 times of anxiety, 5.5 times of hostility, and 2.3 times psychoticism than non alcohol dependence drinkers. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the future intervention of Mental Health programs should be carefully designed and tailored by socio-demographic variables.
Health Promotion Research on Community Collaboration and Partnership Building: Current Emphases and Directions
Yoo, Seung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 83~90
Objectives: As collaboration for community health promotion is much emphasized, the concept and process of community collaboration for health needs to be discussed. This paper discusses varying types of collaboration and collaboration building processes and suggests directions for enhancing community collaboration research and practice. Methods: Leading literature on community partnership building and community health development and current community partnership research program information were reviewed. Results: Although the term collaboration is used interchangeably with cooperation, partnership, network, or coalition, conceptual differences need to be acknowledged in order to develop and reinforce the processes of collaboration. Collaboration building goes in hand with community-based participatory research and systems thinking, which should be supported by long-term, systematic planning and evaluation research. Conclusion: Collaboration for community health promotion needs to be defined and agreed conceptually, thus collaboration process can be developed. Effective collaboration building will be facilitated by systematic thinking and participatory research. Research support system should appreciate the time-intensive, process-oriented nature of collaboration building by providing long-term research funding and emphasizing process and long-term evaluation.
The Effects of a Compound Exercise and a Walking Exercise Program on Body Composition, Perceived Health Status, and Stress for Thin-Obesity College Women
Yoo, Jae-Hee ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 91~103
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 8-week compound exercise and a home-based walking exercise on body composition, perceived health status, and stress of nursing students. Methods: A non-equivalent control group design with pre-post test was employed. Participants, having BMI below 23 and Percent Body Fat above 26%, were assigned to three groups; 21 for the compound exercise(A), 26 for the walking exercise(B), and 23 for the control group. For data analysis, ANOVA in SPSS was used. Results: Body Fat Mass(kg), Visceral Fat Area(cm2), and Percent Body Fat(%) of both group A and B were significantly decreased. Lean Body Mass(kg) and Fitness Score of both group A and B were significantly increased in comparing with the control group. Especially the score of PBF(%) in group A was significantly decreased than the group B. The perceived physical health status in both group A and B was significantly increased. Conclusion: Both 8-week compound exercise and walking exercise were effective in enhancing BFM(kg), VFA(
), PBF(%), LBM(kg), Fitness Score and perceived physical health status. Especially the Compound exercise program was much more effective in decreasing PBF(%) than the walking exercise program.
Individual and Familial Risk Factors Associated with Female Adolescents Pregnancy in South Korea
Hong, Seong-Ae ; Moon, Sun-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 105~116
Objectives: In recent years, pregnancy rate among female adolescents has increased and caused a variety of physical and social problems. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate sexual behavior, delinquent behavior, and pregnancy rate among Korean female adolescents. Methods: In light of the growing interest in adolescent pregnancy, this study conducted a web-based survey, titled "The 2006 Youth Health Risk Behavior Survey." The Korean Center for Disease Control (KCDC) collected questionnaire responses from 34,200 young women. The collected data were analyzed through chi-square test and logistic regression using SPSS Win 14.0 version. Results: This study analyzed main factors, which can predict pregnant experience. The statistic results showed two types of the predicting factors: (1) personal factors: sexual relations after drinking (odds 25.1), Narcotic drug taking (odds 13.0), sexual violence act (odds 7.0), part-time job(odds 2.5), drinking, smoking ; and (2) environmental factors: stepfather(odds 4.2) and natural mother. Conclusion: The influential factor identification for predicting pregnancy rate is important to develop an effective education program for preventing the adolescent pregnancy. The education programs with referring to the identified factors can contribute to reducing the unwilling pregnancy rate of young woman.
Factors Associated with Utilization Patterns of Provincial Patients Discharged from General Hospitals Located in Seoul Area
Hong, Sung-Ok ; Suh, Won-S. ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 117~127
Objectives: The primary objective of the study is to analyze the utilization patterns of provincial patients discharged from hospitals located in Seoul area. Methods: For the analysis, the study employed the nationwide data on 'Survey of Injured Patients Discharged from Hospitals' conducted by KCDC (Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The statistical methodology used in the measurement model is a logistic regression model. Results: The study has three major findings. First, compared to other disease groups, the discharged on both 'neoplasm(cancer)' and 'congenital malformation, deformity and chromosomal abnormalities' disease groups are more likely to utilize hospitals in Seoul area. Second, as for 'neoplasm(cancer)' disease group, patients with 'bones and articular cartilage' areas are more likely to utilize hospitals in Seoul area. Finally, Hospitals with more than 1,000 beds was primary factor in selecting Seoul-based hospitals by the discharged in provincial areas. Conclusion: In sum, the study showed that patients in provincial areas are more likely to utilize hospitals located in Seoul area regardless of the severity of their cases. Local authority, therefore, is required to monitor local hospitals on regular basis, as well as support them to establish specialized medical centers by providing human and physical resources.
Prevalence and Related Factors of Metabolic Syndrome among Korean Older Adults
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Cho, Seon ; Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Hyun, Sung-Min ; Park, Ji-Youn ; Kim, Myung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 4, 2009, Pages 129~143
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify prevalence and related factors of the elderly, who took health examination, with metabolic syndrome. Methods: The health examination and lifestyle survey were performed for 21,512 adults at 60 years of age or older who took health examination in H health promotion center during January-March 2009. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome for the subject was 24.0%. Of the subject with metabolic syndrome, the prevalence of the diseases was obesity 60%, abdominal obesity 78.5%, hypertension 82.6%, dyslipidemia 89.7% and diabetes 51.9%. In comparison of the relationship between metabolic syndrome and other diseases, the male subject with metabolic syndrome were significantly higher in BMI, waist circumference, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, hemoglobin, AST, ALT,
-GTP, TG, AC glucose, creatinine than normal male(p<0.001). In comparison of the relationship between metabolic syndrome and lifestyle, more drinking frequency and amount in male and more drinking frequency in female were associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome(p<0.01). Regardless of exercise intensity, practice of exercise contributed to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome(p<0.01). Conclusion: In conclusion, TLC program, focused on lifestyle behaviors which is strongly associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome, should be developed for the improvement of life quality in the elderly with metabolic syndrome.