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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2009
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Oct 2009
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Factors Influencing Stress Coping Behaviors of Elementary Students in Korea
Lee, Chung-Yul ; Lee, Gyu-Young ; Jeon, Kyoung-Mi ; Park, So-Hyun ; Hong, Yoon-Mi ; Lee, Hyeon-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~13
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing stress coping behaviors of elementary students in Korea. Methods: This study used a descriptive comparative survey design. A total of 1,161 elementary students voluntarily participated in the study from 10 schools at three regional levels (large and medium-sized cities, and rural towns). Coping behaviors were measured by the modified Ways of Coping Checklist. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results: The most commonly used stress coping behavior reported by the participants was mystic coping, followed by positive coping, and negative coping. Students living in the large city and female students tended to use more coping behaviors than students living in the medium-sized city or rural towns and male students, respectively. Positive coping behaviors were associated with high school performance while myotic coping behaviors were associated high life satisfaction. Conclusion: Elementary students who are males, dissatisfied with their lives, or living in large cities or rural towns tended to be at risk for poor coping. There were differences in factors influencing coping behaviors by type of coping behaviors. An approach to building a successful coping behavior that is specifically tailored to the gender subsets of population and region-specific social and physical environment is recommended.
Operation of Community Resident Groups in a Community-Based Participatory Health Promotion Program for Low-income Older Adults
Yoo, Seung-Hyun ; Butler, James ; Elias, Thistle I. ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 15~26
Objectives: This paper is intended to illustrate and to discuss the organization and functioning of community resident groups (CRGs) in a community-based participatory health promotion program for healthy aging. Methods: CRGs were convened in 12 government-subsidized apartment communities for low-income seniors in Pennsylvania, U.S.A., to promote healthy aging. Researchers facilitated CRG meetings following a 6-step process of community empowerment and utilizing a social ecological model for assessment and planning. Almost 200 project-related documents were qualitatively analyzed using matrix analysis principles such as cross-classification of multiple dimensions to identify patterns in the data and matrix building for displaying such patterns. Results: CRGs were venues at which apartment building residents could interact, discuss health priorities, and become change agents in their building. CRG members' community health priorities were about their daily living, including building conditions, poor access to fresh food, and unhealthy resident relations. Specific patterns arose in analysis indicating that leadership withing the CRGs, consistency of meetings and participants' attendance, and ability to link health concerns to daily experience impacted the CRGs' capability to identify and accomplish their goals. Conclusion: Community health issues and solutions to those issues identified by CRGs were unique to community contexts and interests. Consistent participation by community members, a consistent pattern of group activities such as monthly meetings, and having established leadership to manage CRG activities were prominent characteristics of community group functioning.
Sex Workers' Satisfaction and Intention to Use Sexually Transmitted Disease Examination Service in Korea
Lee, Jung-Whan ; Lee, Ju-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 27~39
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine how sex workers perceive the current STD examination service and how the perceptions are related with sex workers' intention to use the service. Methods: The data for this study came from a survey among sex workers who had an experience of using STD examination service provided by local public health centers. Sex workers' perceptions to STD examination service and their intention to use the service were measured with multiple items adapted from the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ) developed by Ware and his colleagues. Results: Most sex workers are satisfied with the current STD examination service provided by local public health centers and they have a strong intention to use the service. In predicting general satisfaction and intention to use STD examination service, few socioeconomic variables play a significant role. Among specific dimensions of STD test service, technical quality and accessibility of the service affect both general satisfaction and intention to use the service in a positive direction. The most important determinant of sex workers' intention to use STD examination service is their general satisfaction with the service. Conclusion: With the existing laws that still officially justify STD examination programs, the demand and need for STD examination service by sex workers further the current STD examination programs. Health authorities which aim at health maintenance, health promotion and health protection for the people, thus, need to continue their STD control programs actively and effectively regardless of the Special Law on Sex Trade.
Knowledge and Attitudes about HIV/AIDS among Health Care Officers in S. Korea
Choi, Eun-Jeung ; Kim, Wha-Son ; Jung, Sun-Bok ; Whang, In-Sook ; Yang, Jeoung-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 41~55
Objective: This study explores the level of knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS and the relationship between knowledge and attitude among social workers and nurses working in the public sector in Gwangju, S. Korea. Methods: The sample was composed of 121 nurse and 124 social workers. For the purpose of this research participants completed a questionnaire designed to assess their knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. The data was collected between December 2008 and January 2009. All data was analyzed using SPSS WIN version 12.0 for technical statistics. t-Test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis was employed. Results: First, the result of this research showed that the level of participants knowledge on HIV/AIDS was 85.9%. The nurses score was significantly higher than social workers on knowledge. Second, the outcome also showed that nurses generally had a more positive attitude about HIV/AIDS patients than social workers but it was not significant. Third, participant's attitudes towards HIV/AIDS was significantly influenced by the level of knowledge and previous education about HIV/AIDS. Fourth, the results also showed that knowledge on HIV/AIDS is the most important influencing factor towards the participants attitude. Conclusion: This result has important implications for future education programs designed for health care professionals including nurses and social workers. Given the importances of the role of public officers as practitioners and policy makers on HIV/AIDS, the education program should not only focus on lectures but also include a sharing of practical experience and knowledge.
Examination of Generating Mechanism Concerning Father's Participation in Child-rearing
Park, Ji-Sun ; Kondo, Rie ; Kim, Jung-Suk ; Sasai, Tsukasa ; Takahashi, Shigesato ; Park, Chun-Man ; Nakajima, Kazuo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 57~70
Objectives: This purpose of this study was to make clear the fitness to data of the causality model related to father's child-rearing participation in a double-income household. Methods: Subjects of this survey consisted of the fathers of 2,006 households that use 21 day-care centers and 4 kindergartens whose cooperation was received via the city government departments that have jurisdiction over day-care centers and kindergartens in cities A and B in prefecture I and in city C in prefecture II (city A: 499 households; city B: 1,113 households; city C: 988 households). The surveyed items consisted of the father's age, the father's educational history, the number of children, the age of the youngest child, the father's parental-role awareness, the father's daily working hours, the father's return-home time, and child-rearing participation by the father. Results: The fit indices were found to be CFI = 0.912, GFI = 0.948, and RMSEA = 0.082. Regarding the path coefficients, the path coefficient of the pathway from the age of the youngest child to the father's parent positivity (0.08) and the path coefficient of the pathway from the father's parent positivity to child-rearing participation (0.19) were both at statistically significant levels. Also, the father's return-home time and the working hours, which were considered as disincentives exhibited a direct effect on child-rearing participation without being influenced by the father's parent positivity or parent negativity. The path coefficient of the pathway from return-home time to child-rearing participation was -0.43, and the path coefficient of the pathway from working hours to child-rearing participation was -0.13. The value of the path coefficient expressing the relationship between the return-home time and working hours was 0.80. Conclusion: Authors infered that it'll be the basic material to build a generation mechanism about vanity and father's child-rearing participation appropriately as a result of this research.
Social Capital and Health in South Korea: Considering Socio-economic Factors and Health-related Lifestyles
Song, Yea-Li-A ; Nam, Eun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 71~84
Objectives: This research intended to examine the relationships among social capital, socioeconomic factors, and health-related lifestyles and the effect of these factors on self-rated health in the Republic of Korea. Methods: The data of the social statistics survey that the Korea National Statistical Office conducted in 2006 were chosen and 37,928 people from them, who were 25~59 years old were sampled. This paper made path analysis to examine the relationships among social capital, socioeconomic factors, and health-related lifestyle and the influence of these factors on self-rated health. Results: In relation to the overall influences of socioeconomic factors, social capital, and health-related lifestyle on self-rated health, the following factors had a significant positive direct effect: education(0.069), subjective class(0.108), marriage(0.054), satisfaction with family relationships(0.087), reliability of institutions(0.020), citizens' participation(0.021), exercise(0.037), and refrain from smoking(0.011). However, abstinence from alcohol(-0.067) had a negative direct effect on self-rated health Conclusion: Based on the results, this paper can suggest that the plan of keeping and building up social capital should be considered in the whole aspects of the society and the project promoting drinking moderation is required to consider social culture than individuals.
A Comparison of Alcohol-related Problems between Men and Women in Korean University Students
Sung, Ki-Wol ; Kim, Mi-Han ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 85~95
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the reasons for drinking and alcohol-related problems, and to identify the factors related with alcohol problems by gender among university students in Korea. Methods: A total of 472 students (47% men; 53% women) in four universities in Korea participated in this study. The following instruments were used the Reasons for Drinking Questionnaire (RFDQ) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Results: In results the mean AUDIT was 9.6 (
) for men and 6.4 (
) for women, and there were high correlations between the AUDIT score and the reasons for drinking. The factors related with AUDIT score were age, the age of first smoking, and social reasons for drinking in men, but religion, age of first smoking, and negative reasons for drinking in women. Conclusion: This study reveals the reasons for drinking and alcohol related problems were different from drinking by gender among university students in Korea.
Intervention Effect on Health Efficacy and Knowledge in Cardiovascular Health Promotion Behaviors in Children
Tak, Young-Ran ; Yun, E-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 97~113
Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the intervention effects on health efficacy and health knowledge related to health behaviors for improving cardiovascular health in elementary school children. Methods: A repeated measure, pre-post-test design was used to identify the intervention effect on health efficacy and health knowledge among 5th grade school children. Intervention consisted of a curriculum classroom intervention and parent intervention. Health efficacy, health knowledge, and perceived parental monitoring were measured for testing intervention effect. A sample of 219 participants completed a baseline pre-test and two tests during intervention and after intervention from March to July 2004. Results: Mental health efficacy improved significantly from baseline test to the test after intervention (F = 32.88, p < 0.0001). Physical health efficacy also significantly increased during intervention (F = 50.51, p < 0.0001), but did not significantly change after parent intervention. Health knowledge increased significantly from baseline test to the test after education (F =10.23, p < 0.0001), but decreased after parent intervention. Perceived parental monitoring had a significant impact on mental health efficacy and physical health efficacy. Conclusion: The findings support school-based cardiovascular health promotion intervention as effective in improving health efficacy and health knowledge. Parental influence should also be considered to maintain improved health efficacy and health knowledge by thinking process in the intervention for elementary school children.
A Comparison of Alcohol Secondhand Effects among Korean and U.S. College Students
Chun, Sung-Soo ; Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Reid, Easton A. ; Inot, Rubelyn ; Kim, Mi-Kyung ; Percoheles, Grace ; Lee, Sang-Sook ; Wechsler, Henry ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 26, issue 5, 2009, Pages 115~127
Objectives: To compare alcohol secondhand effects among US and Korean students. Methods: Nationally representative 4-year colleges of two countries were involved in this cross-national comparison study. Data from the 2001 U.S. College Alcohol Study and the 2003 Korean College Alcohol Study came from 120 colleges in 38 U.S. states and the District of Columbia and 60 colleges in Korea. Randomly selected 4-year college students from the U.S. (10,924) and Korea (2,385) participated in the study using self-reports of alcohol use and perceptions of drinking as assessed by College Alcohol Study questionnaires. Results: Korean students were tend to more likely to have being a victim of sexual assault or date rape, having to take care of drunken students and finding vomit in the hall or bathroom of residence, than US students, while US students were tend to more likely to have being insulted or humiliated, having a serious argument and quarrel, being pushed, hit, or assaulted, having study/sleep interrupted, and experiencing an unwanted sexual advance than Korean students. Conclusion: In general, US students were more likely to suffer interrelationship problems after drinking while Korean students were more likely to have physical and individual drinking related problems.