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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Risk Factors Associated with HPV Infection in the Female Employees and Employees' Partner
Jang, Tae-Won ; Yoon, Ki-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
Objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is highly associated with cervical cancer. So, the modification of the risk factors of HPV infection is essential for prevention of cervical cancer. This study was performed to evaluate the risk factors of HPV infection. Methods: HPV test of 12,337 study population conducted using Hybrid-Capture II assay(HC-II) and self-administered questionnaires were collected. The study population was people who visited hospital-based medical screening center from January to December 2007 and all were female employees or employees' partner. Results: In logistic regression analysis, smoking and alcohol drinking were significant factors, with odds ratios of 1.328 (95% CI 1.010~1.746) and 1.644 (95% CI 1.309~2.066), respectively. Nutritional supplements was also significant factor, which odds ratio was 1.161 (95% CI 1.004~1.343). Oral contraceptives was positive association with HPV infection (odds ratio 2.108; 95% CI 1.217~3.652), whereas condom was negative association (odds ratio 0.851; 95% CI 0.740~0.979). Conclusion: HPV Prevalence of 12,377 study population was 11.4%. Smoking, alcohol drinking, nutritional supplements and oral contraceptives were possible risk factors of HPV infection, and condom had possible preventive effect on HPV infection. Further prospective and comprehensive studies about HPV risk factors are required.
Factors Affecting Children's Preventive Behaviors for Novel Influenza A(H1N1)
Park, Sin-Young ; Kim, Myung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~19
Objectives: This study is to identify the factors which affect children's preventive behavior for novel influenza A(H1N1) and to provide basic data to health education for children. Methods: The subject of this study were 551 children who were attending on the 4~6th grade in elementary school in Seoul. The data were collected using a self-reporting questionnaire for 5 days from October 12 through 16, 2009. Data were all digitized and analyzed using SPSS 17.0K. Results: As for relationship between preventive behavior and the other variables, correlations were observed with sensibility, self efficacy, respond efficacy and behavior intention, and it was statistically significant(p<.001). According to the result of analyzing factors affecting preventive behavior for Novel Influenza A(H1N1), it was affected by variables such as perceived threat, perceived efficacy, behavior intention. Behavior intention was the most influencing variable and has shown influence in order of self efficacy, sensibility, severity and respond efficacy as follows. Conclusion: The results showed effects on preventive behavior of perceived threat, perceived efficacy and behavior intention. It may be beneficial to improve empowerment for students to prevent influenza A(H1N1) by focusing on perceived threat, perceived efficacy, behavior intention.
Risk Factors for Falls in the Elderly by Life-cycle
Kim, Jong-Min ; Suh, Hye-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~34
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate risk factors for falls in the elderly by life-cycle. Methods: This study used the data on 435 male and female elderly generated from a survey taken at 21 Welfare Centers for the Elderly in Seoul. The incidence of demographic characteristics, physical changes brought about with ageing, health-related behavior, chronic diseases, and environmental characteristics on falls in the elderly was analyzed. Hierarchical Logistic Regression analysis was also conducted to investigate the incidence by life-cycle (early-mid-late stage) and the results were used for predicting falls. Results: The incidence of risk factors on falls varied across life-cycle. Among the elderly in the early (ages from 65 through 74), marital status, the existence of a companion, the quality of sleep, the chronic diseases, and the condition of the bathroom floor were found to be related to falls. Among those in the mid-stage (ages from 75 through 84), sex, marital status, the existence of a companion, hearing capacity, sense of balancing, chronic diseases, the exclusive use of rooms, and the side bar with bath tub were found to affect falls. Finally, for the elderly in their late stage (85 years of age and older), drinking and vision were found to be related to falls. Conclusion: The incidence of risk factors on falls was found to vary according the stage in the elderly. A key implication of this finding is that falls prevention programs and interventions must be catered to specific age sub-groups.
Factors Influencing the Obesity of Senior Elementary Students
Kang, Seo-Young ; Ryu, Hyun-Sook ; Cho, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~48
Objectives: This study was to identify the food habits, dietary attitudes and exercise habits of senior elementary students and provide basic data for the development an obesity management program for these children. Methods: The survey participants were 626 fourth to sixth grade elementary students in G city. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of obesity was 9.1%. The score of food habits and dietary attitudes at normal-weight group was higher than that of obese group. The food habits of obese group were significantly different according to gender and consideration eating between meals too often as bad habits. The dietary attitudes were significantly different according to interest in obesity control and consideration eating fast and fat food preference as bad habits in obese group. The factors such as grade, intension in weight control and consideration eating fast, overeating, fat food preference and predilection for some food as bad habits were related to obesity. Conclusion: Food habits and dietary attitudes have relation with obesity of senior elementary students. Thus, to develop of obesity management program for senior elementary students, we considered the food habits and dietary attitudes of them.
The Effectiveness of a Participatory Road Traffic Safety Education Program for the Elementary School Students
Shon, Ju-Hyun ; Lee, Myung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 49~60
Objectives: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of participatory road safety education program for the lower grade in elementary schools. This program was developed based on the Activated Health Education model. Methods: Study design was compromise experimental group pre-post design. 456 students in 8 schools were nonrandomly assigned to study group(n=224) or control(n=232). The students finished self-administered questionnaire before and after education. Collected data was analyzed by using the SPSS. Results: 1. The common relevant factors in road safety knowledge and attitude were 'residential state' and 'experience of traffic accident'. 2. The knowledge showed that the case and control scored at 6.48 and 6.41 points before. After this intervention, the case and control scored at 8.38 and 6.51. The difference of the case was significant(p<0.001). 3. The attitude showed that the case and control scored at 19.67 and 19.63 before. After this, the case and control scored at 19.86 and 19.63. The difference of the case was significant(p<0.05). Conclusion: In order to implement the road safety education, children's socio-demographic characteristics were considered. Because this education was effective in both improving knowledge and attitude and bringing interest, various participatory program will be applied in road safety education for children.
The Effect of Socioeconomic Status, Oral Health Consciousness and Behaviors on the Periodontal-health Disparities among Korean Adults
Park, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Jun-Hyup ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~69
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine socioeconomic inequalities in oral health and to investigate the extent to which socioeconomic disparities in oral health are attenuated by oral health related consciousness and behaviors. Methods: We used data from the third 2006 Korea National Oral Health Survey(KNOHS) and a total of 3,457 subjects aged over 18 years were analyzed. The dependent variable was periodontal conditions which is devided into dichotomy, that is, health and ill-health, using the Community Periodontal Index(CPI) in KNOHS. Socioeconomic status(SES) were measured by educational attainment, income and residential area. Age, gender, oral health consciousness(self-assessed oral health status, concern about oral health and self-perceived dental treatment needs and behaviors(brushing, use of dental floss and dental visits) were adjusted in binary logistic regression analysis. Results and Conclusion: The results show that oral health consciousness and behaviors do not mediate the relationship between SES and periodontal health and there might be limitations to attenuate socioeconomic disparities in oral health only by changing of either oral health consciousness or(and) behaviors. Our findings suggest that more definite oral health policies and dental health education among adults with lower education will need in order to improve oral health.
Mental Health and Stress by Socio-Demographic Characteristics among Seoul Citizens
Sohn, Ae-Ree ; Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Ryu, Eun-Jung ; Oh, Gyung-Jae ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 71~80
Objectives: This study furthers the currents understanding of mental health status and stress level among Seoul citizens and to identify differences according to socio-demographic variables for developing mental health programs. Methods: The study subjects using cluster-stratified sampling method were 1234 adults over 19 years old from 17 dong, S-Ku in Seoul City. A cross-sectional study with face-to-face interview was used to collect data. A questionnaire measuring socio-demographic variables, Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and psychosocial wellbeing index-short form (PWI-SF) was utilized. Results: Three findings in this study were discussed: (1) The rate of clinical mental health was low in contrary to that of border group which was high and the rate of high risk group of stress was 68.1% (men 67.0%, women 69.0%); (2) The mental health and the stress level was significantly higher among female, elderly, lower education level, divorced, and lower family income; and (3) In Pearson correlation analysis, stress were correlated to all 9 symptoms of SCL-R. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the future intervention of Mental Health programs should be carefully designed and tailored by socio-demographic variables.
Impact of Hunger Experiences in Childhood or Adolescence on Diabetes among Korean Elders
JungChoi, Kyung-Hee ; Kang, Min-Ah ; Cho, Sung-Il ; Khang, Young-Ho ; Ha, Eun-Hee ; Chun, Hee-Ran ; Jang, Soong-Nang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 81~89
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between experience of hunger in childhood or adolescence and diabetes mellitus in old age. Methods: Stratified national samples of 421 men and 554 women aged 60-89 in South Korea were analyzed. Diabetes diagnosed by a doctor was used as the dependent variable. Experience of hunger in childhood was assessed with the question, "In your childhood, have you ever gone hungry with skipping a meal?" and "In your childhood, have you ever eaten porridge or some bran cake as main dish instead of rice because of lack of food?" Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by multiple logistic regressions. Results: ORs of diabetes by experience of hunger in childhood were 1.64(95% CI 0.95-2.83) for men and 1.58(95% CI 1.01-2.47) for women. Significant association of experience of hunger in childhood with prevalence of diabetes persisted in men after adjustment for adulthood and old age socioeconomic position indicators and other risk factors(OR 1.88(95% CI 1.04-3.41)). The effect of experience of hunger in 10-19 years was more prominent than that in less than 10 years in both gender. Conclusion: Experience of hunger in childhood or adolescence may increase the risk of diabetes in Korean elders.
Associated Factors of Binge Drinking and Problem Drinking among Korean Men and Women
Jeon, Gyeong-Suk ; Lee, Hyo-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 91~103
Objectives: This study firstly examined the pattern and prevalence of drinking. Secondly, we examined the sociodemographic and health factors associated with binge drinking and problem drinking among Korean men and women. Methods: Secondary analysis of the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was conducted for 6,613 respondents aged 19 to 64. Results: Prevalence for binge drinking was 59.7% of men and 15.2% of women. Overall, 45.0% of men and 7.1% of women reported problem drinking. For both men and women, being divorced/separated/widowed was associated with binge drinking (OR=1.51 for men, OR=1.91 for women) and problem drinking (OR=1.43 for men, OR=2.12 for women), and smoking was associated with binge drinking (OR=3.20 for men, OR=3.96 for women) and problem drinking (OR=2.39 for men, OR=4.93 for women). Among women, unmarried and less educated increased the risk of binge drinking and problem drinking but being single and education level were not associated with binge drinking and problem drinking in men. Conclusion: There might be sex difference in the relationships between sociodemographic, and health factors and binge drinking, and problem drinking. Our finding suggest that the need to develop appropriate binge drinking prevention and intervention strategies for sex specified groups at greater risk.
Establishing a Standard Definition for East Asian Adolescent's Obesity
Kim, Ha-Rim ; Kim, Soo-Nam ; Kim, Hong-Baek ; Kim, She-Whan ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 1, 2010, Pages 105~113
Objcetive: The purpose of this study was to establish body mass index percentiles and cutoffs for overweight and obesity in East Asian Adolescent. Methods: Based on one's age and gender, subjects were selected and measured their weight and height in order to calculate BMI. For BMI cut off points, data were analyzed and percentile curves were established by the modified LMS method. Results were followed by comparing BMI cut off points and percentiles with one's nationality, age and gender. Results: The prevalence of male's overweight and obesity among East Asian adolescent were as follows: Taiwan (15.4%, 9.0%), Korean (14.5%, 8.5%), Chinese (13.3%, 6.6%), and Japanese (6.0%, 2.1%). And for female, Korean (13.1%, 3.7%), Taiwan (12.6%, 5.1%), Chinese (8.3%, 2.3%) and Japanese (7.9%, 3.1%) were in the order. Conclusion: Corresponded to the whole subjects, 11.0% of men were overweight, 4.7 were obesity and that appeared in women with 9.0% in overweight, 3.5% were obese.