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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
A Phenomenological Study on Smoking Experience among Female College Students
Jeong, Jin-Hong ; Jeon, Eun-Ju ; Lee, Jung-Hee ; Han, Ji-Youn ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Won, Young-Soon ; Seo, Mi-A ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~12
Objectives: This study was to understand the essence and the meanings of smoking experience in female undergraduate students. Methods: Colaizzi's phenomenological method was used. Data were collected by in-depth interviews with six undergraduate female students. Field notes, recording under the subjects' agreement, and telephone interview were also used. Results: In the analysis, 131 significant statements, 15 themes, 7 categories emerged. The seven categories were as follows; 'the first smoking for change and adaptation', 'becoming a part of self', 'good friend without any reason', 'a bond with friends', 'gazing with bad eyes', 'unexpected guest without realizing it', 'willingness to smoke more'. Conclusion: The results of this study will help professionals to understand the smoking behavior of female undergraduate students. We should consider positive experience toward smoking in young women for considering to plan smoking cessation program.
Health Behaviors of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Subjects across Age Groups
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Chu, Su-Kyung ; Moon, Ju-Ryoung ; Song, Min-Sun ; Kim, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 13~22
Objectives: The aims of this study were to provide basic information on health behaviors of diabetics by age groups, compared to non-diabetics group. Methods: 2007 National Health Nutrition and Examination Survey Data were used to compare health behaviors between the diabetics group (191 diabetics who had been diagnosed by a doctor) and the non-diabetics group (382 general population) according to age groups. For the purpose of analysis,
-test (Fischer's exact test) and conditional logistic regression were used. Results: There were significant differences in health behaviors between the diabetics group and the non-diabetics group according to the history of health screening, BMI and alcohol consumption, and there were different pattern of health behaviors by age group. Conclusion: When developing and implementing health education and specific intervention programs for the correction of health behaviors among diabetics, one should consider age, age-adjusted health behavior patterns and priority.
Factors Associated with Physical Activity among Female College Students: Using TPB
Lee, Byung-Hoon ; Ko, Dae-Sik ; Bae, Sang-Yeol ; Noh, Ji-Sook ; Choi, Moon-Sil ; Park, Jong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 23~31
Objectives: This study aims to identify factors related to exercise of some female college based on Theory of planned behavior. Methods: This study surveyed 500 female students attending a university to answer to self-reported questions using a questionnaire from May 3 to May 22 2010 and used 462 copies of the responses except insincere ones for the final analysis. Results: Of the 462 subjects, 30.7%(142) did regular exercise more than 3 times a week. As a result of the univariate analysis, there were relations between drinking, need of Exercise, attention to health, health habits, perceived behavior control and intention of exercise, and regular exercise. As a result of the multiple Logistic regression, there was a statistically significant relation between regular exercise and perceived behavior control and intention and drinking. Conclusion: This study identified that there were relations between drinking, perceived behavior control and intention of female college students and their regular exercise. Therefore, to promote their regular exercise, it is suggested that educational programs which consider such factors should be developed.
Factors Associated with Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior among Elementary School Students
Kim, Bong-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 33~47
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify personal and social environmental factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior among elementary school students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-reported data were collected from a conveniently clustering sample population of 1538 grade 5 to 6 students attending 19 elementary schools in Seoul metropolitan city and Gyeonggi province. Data were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: In multiple logistic regression analyses, significant factors that were associated with schoolchildren's physical activity were gender, father's job, social support for physical activity, friend support, participation in school physical education class. Father's education level, mother's job, family functioning and urban residents were significantly associated with TV viewing and gender, age, BMI(obesity), mother's job, family functioning and urban residents were significantly associated with playing computer games among elementary schoolchildren. These results showed that physical activity among elementary school students was most associated with social environmental factors and sedentary behavior among school students was most associated with personal and family environment factors. Conclusion: Health care providers should develop interventions to improve these family and social environmental factors to increase physical activity levels and to decrease sedentary behavior among elementary schoolchildren.
Egg Positive Rates and Risk Factors of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection among Kindergarteners in Ulsan, South Korea
Kim, Dong-Hee ; Yu, Hak-Sun ; Son, Hyun-Mi ; Kang, In-Soon ; An, Hye-Gyung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 49~57
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence and possible risk factors of enterobiasis among children in kindergartens. Methods: A total of 3,921 children were examined from 36 kindergartens in Ulsan, Korea. The parents were asked to complete questionnaires and to detect Enterobius vermicularis infection using the anal swab technique. Results: The overall rate of being positive for E. vermicularis egg was 7.8% ranged from 0 to 29.0%. The infection rate was related to age, gender, thumb sucking, pre-medication of anthelmintics, employment status of mother and number of siblings. The risk factors significantly associated with E. vermicularis infection were gender(OR 1.628), thumb sucking(OR 1.643), pre-medication of anthelmintics(OR 0.614), employment status of mother(OR 0.574) and number of siblings(OR 0.388). Conclusion: We propose that E. vermicularis infection screening among children in kindergartens should be continued on a regular basis. In addition, more intensive control program should be developed and applied to children.
Community Health Program Planning and Local Public Health System : The MAPP Model
Kwak, Min-Son ; Yoo, Seung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 59~66
Objectives: This paper aims to describe a public health planning model, Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnership(MAPP), and to discuss its application in Korea with a specific focus on the Local Public Health System (LPHS) component of MAPP. Methods: Literature content review was performed on research papers on MAPP development and application, MAPP handbook and guides, the guidelines for the 5th Phase Community Health Plan, and a research report on public health center evaluation system. Results: MAPP has been applied to public health planning (the 5th Phase Community Health Plan) and a performance evaluation system for public health center in Korea. The current application is limited to the early stages of the MAPP. Limited or partial application affects the integrity of the model. Follow-through should be strengthened especially for evaluation planning. Conclusion: Systems thinking approaches should be considered for the development of LPHS and strengthening logical and practical linkage between planning and evaluation of community health planning.
Relationship between High School Students' Awareness of Mental Health and Subjective Quality of Sleep
Noh, Eun-Kyung ; Park, Jong ; Choi, Cheon-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 67~74
Objectives: This study aims to identify the effect between high school students' recognition of mental health on sleep quality to present basic data for better health. Methods: The study used data obtained through the 2007 online research on adolescents' health behaviors, targeting a total of 35,228 high school students (18,628 of male students and 16,600 of female students). Results: Seventy six point ninety six percent of the male respondents and 79.67% of female respondents answered their sleep quality was not satisfactory. The subjects who had stress showed significantly lower quality of sleep than those who answered they had no stress. For female students, those who answered they had intention to suicide had significantly lower quality of sleep than those who answered they did not have, but for male students, there was no significant relations between them. There were no significant relations between sense of dispair and sleep quality both for male and female subjects. Conclusion: Factors of mental health related with sleep quality were stress and intention of suicide. The more they had stress and intention of suicide, the significantly lower sleep quality was. Therefore, in order to improve sleep quality of high school students, it is suggested that management programs based on education and counselling with experts should be provided and further studies on other mental health factors and sleep quality should be conducted.
Factors Associated with Perpetrations of Dating Violence among College Students
Kang, Hee-Sun ; Lee, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 75~84
Objectives: This study investigates factors influencing the perpetrations of sexual violence while dating among college students. Methods: With a correlational survey design, a self-report survey was conducted and collected 1,132 responses from college students with dating experiences. Methods including descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used to analyze data. Results: Compared to college students with no perpetrations of sexual violence, college students with perpetrations of sexual violence had significantly higher scores in father's violence, mother's violence, gender role stereotype, and sexual violence permissiveness. On the other hand they had significantly lower scores in sexual assault recognition than the compared group. A multiple regression model result forecasted parents' violence, sexual assault recognition, sexual violence permissiveness, and gender as prediction indicators of perpetrations of sexual violence. Conclusion: To prevent sexual violence while dating, domestic violence should be decreased through parents education and counseling from childhood. High-risk groups should be detected by surveying socio-psychological variables including experience of domestic violence, sexual assault recognition, and sexual violence permissiveness. It need to develop and implement sexual violence prevention programs to accurately inform and aware sexual violence.
Monitoring Diet and Health Related Content in Terrestrial TV Programs for Young Children
Moon, Hyun-Kyung ; Min, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Jeong-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 27, issue 3, 2010, Pages 85~96
Objectives: Television is the most influencing mass media. It has taken an important part in our daily life as the information source. Transmitted informations are the important sources for building one's conscience, value and behavior for all age groups from young children to aged. Methods: In this paper, all land-based TV programs for young children has been monitored by quantity and quality from July 1st 2008 'till December 31st. General programs for young children have been monitored by its theme, type, contents delivery method, proportion of diet and health information in the program, and appropriateness. For the analysis, SPSS was used. Results: Young children's program 2,771 programs and 47,169 minutes during the period were monitored. From programs for young children about 'general' and 'cooking', there were 48programs(30.6%) that has contents about dishes, 47programs(29.9%) about food and nutrition, 34programs(21.7%) about life habits. From the programs, diet and health has been delivered by 'practical exercise(38.9%)', by 'cartoon & puppet show(31.2%)', followed by 'explanation from experts(15.3%)', 'song & movement(8.9%)', and 'simple introduction(4.4%)'. From programs for young children about 'general' and 'cooking', there were 157programs that has contents about ideas and delivery method being considered, 'appropriate(45.7%)' for giving positive and 'inappropriate(54.3%)' for its negative influence to young children, the need of improvement was suggested. Conclusion: Considering the importance of infancy in one's lifetime, not only specific field but each program for young children itself should be monitored by experts of each field. A plan on how to deliver accurate content effectively to young children should be searched in various ways.