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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Dec 2011
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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A Multi-level Study of Contextual Effects of Community Capacity on Health Status among Seoul Residents: Focused on Social Quality
Jung, Min-Soo ; Cho, Byong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~14
Objectives: The aim of the present study is to elucidate the relationship of community capacity to health in a metropolitan area in Korea. To do so, a multi-level model to verify the contextual effects of community capacity is presented. Methods: The study materials are the "The 4th Seoul Citizens Health Indicators Surveys" on 404 dong in Seoul. The community capacity indicators were developed in two strata: individual-level indicators with community identity domain; and community-level indicators with participation in community organizations, number of non-profit organizations, degree of organizing of community-based organizations, and volunteer activities. Results: Higher unhealthy probability occurs among those with lower community capacity at the community level, lower individual income, and lower community satisfaction at the individual level. It contributed to explaining self-rated health status and showed that there were contextual effects of the community going beyond the compositional effects of the individual. Conclusions: In the process of building community capacity, a community autonomously finds pending issues and solves related problems, and in so doing, raises the social quality and establishes the conditions for health promotion. Thus, the significance of neighborhood needs to be discovered and created in a new way through the development of community capacity.
Smoking Rate of Workers according to Employment Status and Industry: 1992-2006
Kim, Il-Ho ; Park, Ki-Soo ; Chun, Hee-Ran ; Noh, Samuel ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 15~25
Objectives: The present study examined whether smoking rate has declined in 1992-2006 and who the high risk groups were on industry classification and employment type. Methods: Data from 91,263 persons aged 25-64 years were analyzed from three rounds of the Social Statistical Surveys of Korea between 1992 and 2006. Industry indicators were divided by the 9th Korean Standard Industrial Classification. Age-adjusted prevalence of smoking was calculated. Prevalence ratios(PR) and differences(PD) were estimated using log-binomial regression analysis. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence of smoking decreased between 1992 and 2006, specially the smoking prevalence of regular employees decreased most. PD in age-adjusted prevalence of smoking were the biggest between regular and daily employees. PR of the temporary employees', daily employees', self-employed persons' in order was wider than that of regular employees. PR increased significantly increased between 1999 and 2006 for those in manufacturing, construction, wholesale & retail trade, service industries. Increases in PR(regular/irregular) for women in service industry were statistically significant. Conclusions: Despite reducing overall cigarette smoking rates in males, the smoking rate was not reduced equally by industry classification and employment type in both genders. More adjustable antismoking policies and consideration of employment type are requested to reduce inequalities in smoking.
Evaluation of an Education Program for Public Health Service Workers in Public Hospitals: Learning Achievement and Satisfaction Levels
Hwang, Eun-Jeong ; Moon, Jung-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 27~37
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of an education program for public health service workers in public hospitals, utilizing the Kirkpatrick model. Methods: The study participants were 118 staff in 48 public hospitals. Of the stages in the Kirkpatrick model(reaction, learning, behavior, and result), reaction and learning stages were analyzed in this study. A 10-item self-evaluation questionnaire was used to measure satisfaction level for the reaction, and achievement of learning purposes for the learning. The education program consisted of general courses and special two tract courses(Tract A: chronic diseases, Tract B: health promotion). Results: The highest score for reaction was for Tract A(score=4.4), whilst the lowest score for reaction was for lecture(score=3.0). Learning achievement was significantly different between pre-education and post-education(p<0.01), except for health technicians. Conclusions: The results of this study could be utilized to develop effective systematic education programs for public health service workers in public hospitals.
Positive and Negative Influence of Social Network on Self Rated Health and its Gendered Pattern
Park, Su-San ; Cho, Sung-Il ; Jang, Soong-Nang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 39~49
Objectives: This study was to examine the association between structural and functional characteristics of social network and self-rated health in middle-aged Korea population. We also explored gender difference in the relationship between social network and health. Methods: Data were collected from individuals aged 40-69 years old participating in the 2005 survey for the Korean Genome & Epidemiology Study. We examined the association between social network, social support, social conflict and self-rated health using multiple logistic regression analysis stratified by gender. Results: The extent and contact frequency of close people, and social participations were associated by not only the positive function but also the negative function of social network. Both the positive and negative functions of social network affected self-rated health. The relationship between the function of social network and health showed a gender difference: only positive function was significantly associated with health in men while only negative function had significant relationship with health in women. Conclusions: Social support and social conflict affected the health in both genders through different ways. The ambivalent effect of social network on health should be explored further.
Depression, Self-esteem, Type A Behavior Pattern, and Locus of Control in Middle School Students
Choi, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 51~61
Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with depression of middle school students in relation to self-esteem, type A behavior pattern, and locus of control. Methods: A survey was administered to a convenience sample of 309 middle school students. The data analysis procedure included frequency distribution, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using depression as the dependent variable. Results: The prevalence of depression was 27.2%. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that the factors such as self-esteem(
=0.422, p<0.001), type A behavior pattern(
=0.166, p<0.001), and locus of control(
=-0.165, p<0.001) turned out to be significant affecting factors. Forty nine percent of variance in depression was explained by these factors(40% of variance by self-esteem). Conclusions: The findings suggest that personal internalizing variables should be considered when developing mental health education program to prevent the occurrence of depression for middle school students.
Unveiling the Meaning of Walking for Health Promotion: The Perspectives of Urban Walkers
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Yoo, Seung-Hyun ; Sim, Sor-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 63~77
Objectives: This study identifies the meaning of walking and its facilitating factors and barriers from the perspective of urban walkers in Seoul. Methods: The participants consisted of twelve people who either lived or worked in Gangnam district of Seoul. The study applied the data collection process featured in the photovoice, in which the participants took photographs and shared their stories through focus group interviews. Results: Walking is regarded as one of the easiest types of physical activity. While walking, participants find mental tranquility, communication opportunities, and a chance to step back from their everyday lives. Facilitating factors include: access to walking-friendly venues and attractive surrounding environments; the participant's assimilation into the surrounding area; having the feeling of ease and relaxation; and friends and family to walk together. Barriers consist of physical factors such as street design and the busy urban streets, insensitive traffic and low civic awareness, and personal situational factors. Conclusions: The benefit of walking exceeds beyond those of physical health promotion. Actions to encourage walking in urban areas should address the multiple meanings perceived by their citizens.
The Effects of Smoking Cessation Clinics in the Korean Armed Forces: Application of the Transtheoretical Model and Life Skill Approaches
Kim, Hye-Kyeong ; Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Lim, Jae-Ho ; Jung, Hye-In ; Cha, Jae-Ku ; Cho, Seon ; Kim, Su-Young ; Uhm, Soo-Jin ; Park, Ji-Youn ; Cho, Han-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 28, issue 4, 2011, Pages 79~94
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of smoking cessation clinics for soldiers in the Korean armed forces. In so doing it attempted to identify the predictors of smoking cessation and positive transition of stages of change. Methods: In a single-group pre-post test study design, 5,362 smokers from Korean armed forces participated in the smoking cessation clinic programs based on both the Transtheoretical model and life skills approaches. Changes in stages of change and related variables were measured before the intervention and at 3-month follow-up after the intervention. Results: The cessation rates was 66.0% at 3-month follow-up. With the positive transition to action/maintain stage, proportion of participants in action/maintain stage increased more than 5 times after the intervention. Cons of smoking, self-efficacy, processes of change, and life skills increased, and pros of smoking decreased after the intervention. Predictors of smoking cessation included nicotine dependency, pros of smoking, high levels of self-efficacy, processes of change and life skills. Positive stage transition was predicted by pros of smoking and high self-efficacy. Conclusions: Application of the Transtheoretical model and life skills approaches provided useful strategies for a smoking cessation program in armed forces.