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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Dec 2012
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Oct 2012
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Network Analysis to Describe Service Link for Customized Visiting Health Care Program
Jang, Soong-Nang ; Cho, Sung-Il ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~11
Objectives: The nurse visiting health service named Customized Visiting Health Care Program(CVHCP) requires the service innovations incorporating community support into a local service network. The purpose of this study was to assess the community network in CVHCP and inform improvement in this network. Methods: We used Social Network Analysis(SNA) in one CVHCP at H city. Network links were generated by self-administered questionnaires by the 14 community resource centers who quantified their links to all other 25 agents on the list. Links were analyzed by a dichotomous scale for any experience of collaboration and a scored scale of 0 to 3 for level of collaboration using UCINET v6. Results: A list of 14 agents was generated, and local network was dominated by the Public Health Center and a local welfare center named Unlimited Care Center(UCC). According to centrality score, UCC was the most prominent agent, and Public Health Center was the most influential agent, being a link in the pathway flow between other agents for 9.5% of contribution. CVHCP scored lower rank of prominent with 30.8% of other agents reported referring to it. Conclusions: Social network analysis provides a useful network description for informing and evaluation service network improvement in maximizing its service for the CVHCP.
Trends in the Prevalence of Health Risk Behaviors among Korean Adolescents, 2005-2009: The Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey
Kim, Keon-Yeop ; Park, Soon-Woo ; Kim, Jong-Yeon ; Bae, Ji-Suk ; Lee, Won-Kee ; Jeong, Seong-Hwa ; Kim, Ki-Su ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Park, Sun-Min ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 13~25
Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure secular trends in health risk behaviors among middle and high school students in Korea between 2005 and 2009 by using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey(KYRBS). Methods: The analyses were performed using data from the 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 KYRBS, which included a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students. A total of 34 health behavior indices were used for the assessment of secular trends in health risk behaviors. Logistic regression models were used to identify statistically significant secular trends in health risk behaviors, after adjusting for gender and grade. Linear and higher-order time variables were simultaneously entered into the statistical models. Results: There was evidence of small, but statistically significant increasing or decreasing trends in certain health risk behaviors. Secular trends in health risk behaviors varied by gender. Conclusions: This study indicates that between 2005 and 2009, changes in health risk behaviors among Korean adolescents were generally small, but represented statistically significant increases or decreases. Further research should explore why certain health risk behaviors are increasing or decreasing and what types of interventions are most effective.
The Moderating Effects of the Perceived Economical Difficulty on the Adolescents' Attitude to Prostitution: Focused on Gender Equality Consciousness and Sexual Subjectivity
Shin, Jung-Yi ; Hwang, Hye-Won ; Park, Hyun-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~38
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find the influences of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution to examine the moderating effects of gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution, and to provide some recommendations for intervention to improve more appropriate attitude of adolescents on prostitution. Methods: The data used for this study is from the survey with a sample of 1,151 students from 14 middle and high schools in Chungbuk province. Results: The main results of this study are as follows: First, there are statistical differences in the adolescents' attitude to prostitution according to gender, grade, and the type of school. Second, there is a positive effect of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Third, there are positive moderating effects of sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Conclusions: Intervening in the sex education at an early stage, advertising prostitution's harmful effect at the level of a social concern and developing diverse programs to enhance the sexual subjectivity of students are recommended to promote appropriate attitude of adolescents about prostitution.
The Measurement of Individual-level and Community-level Community Capacity and their Association with Self-Rated Health Status: A Comparison of D-gu and Y-gu in Seoul
Jung, Min-Soo ; Cho, Byong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 39~57
Objectives: This study was to measure community capacity using individual-level and organizational-level capacity indicators and illuminated the relationship of community capacity and self-rated health status in two regions in Seoul, Korea. Methods: The data from individual surveys were obtained by quota sampling the residents of two autonomous gu in Seoul (N=1,000). The data from organizational surveys were obtained by snowball sampling lists of organizations in the possession of gu offices with a sampling frame (N=153). The survey tools were 6 indicators regarding residents' social capital and a sense of community and 5 indicators regarding community-based organizations and their networks. The analysis methods consisted of the effect of the components of capacity on health status and social network analysis. Results: As for capacity on individual levels, while D-gu was mainly developed inn individual capacity in terms of social interaction, Y-gu was stronger in a sense of community and cohesion among residents. As for capacity on organizational levels, Y-gu was more developed than was D-gu in associational networks. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop health promotion program per community and to strengthen partnerships with and among grassroots organizations based in local communities through the measurement of community capacity.
Socioeconomic Status and the Trajectory in Depressive Symptoms - The Mediating Role of Alcohol Use
Kwon, Tae-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 59~72
Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the trajectory of depressive symptoms among aged 20 years adults and examine the direct and indirect pathway linking socioeconomic status(education attainment, household income, occupation), alcohol use and depressive symptoms. It particularly focused on whether alcohol use would mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and depressive symptoms. Methods: This study analysed 13,763 households of Korean Welfare Panel Study 1st, 2nd, 3rd data using Latent Growth Curve Modeling. Results: The results showed that study participants tend to decrease depressive symptoms with years. Similar to the findings of the previous studies, education attainment and household income among the socioeconomic status factors effected directly depressive symptoms and indirectly by mediating alcohol volume controlling sex and age. Conclusions: Based on findings of this study, the policy and practical implications were discussed.
Development of a Simplified Version of SC-IQ in Korea
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Bae, Sang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 73~87
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the compositional fitness and independence of the original six dimensions and the newly-designed six dimensions of Integrated Questionnaire for the Measurement of Social Capital[SC-IQ], and to explore the more simplified version for convenient use in public health-related social capital studies. Methods: This study reanalyzed social capital items included in a 2004 community health survey of K-city conducted by Hallym Health Services Research Center. Data was collected from 1,000 adults using core questions of SC-IQ. Explanatory factor analyses to all questions were done, and the new six dimensions were established. Confirmatory factor analyses[CFA] were done on the original and new six dimensions. And then reliability and validity test were done. SPSS 15.0 and AMOS 7.0 were used. Results: The final CFA module to the new SC-IQ exhibited Root Mean Square Error of Approximation[RMSEA] 0.028 and only compositional fitness and independence, and was composed of four dimensions and eight questions, and covers all elements of social capital including structural, cognitive, operational, outcome, bonding and bridging elements. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the utility of a new, simplified version of SC-IQ as well as its convenience.
Factors Affecting the Intention of Vaccination in Parents with Noncompliance of Vaccination
Cha, Hye-Gyeoung ; Ryoo, Eon-Na ; Park, Sung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 89~96
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the intention of vaccination in parents with noncompliance of vaccination. Methods: The participants of this study were 296 parents with noncompliance of vaccination. Data were collected by self-report questionnaires consisted of questions about parents' characteristics, intention of vaccination, attitude toward vaccination, perceived benefit of vaccination and perceived barriers to vaccination. Results: Factors affecting the intention of vaccination were perceived benefit of vaccination, attitude toward vaccination and mothers' education level. Conclusion: The intention of vaccination in parents with noncompliance of vaccination was decreased by decreased perceived barriers of vaccination in due consideration of negative attitude toward vaccination and mothers' high education level.
The Evaluation of a Health Coaching Program on Metabolic Syndrome Patients
Jo, Heui-Sug ; Jung, Su-Mi ; Lee, Hey-Jean ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 97~108
Objectives: We assessed the feasibility of health coaching for health coaching program on metabolic syndrome. Methods: We developed a 6 month health coaching program on metabolic Syndrome. We recruited people with metabolic syndrome according to modified NCEP-ATP III. The participants were 9 men over 30 years of age who had taken a health screening at general hospital. We collected data such as demographics, BMI, body fat, blood pressure, HDL-cholesterol blood sugar and triglyceride. The program was analyzed by using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Participants showed significantly decreased BMI, weight, waist circumference, body fat after 6 month program. They talked the awareness about their own behavior. They changed into better for eating habits, physical activities, and self management. Their discipline increased and eating habits became regular. They were satisfied to this program and showed strong confidence about their own change. Conclusions: Coaching did not direct certain behavioral change but guided self awareness and practice. Health coaching program showed long maintained effect to participants. We suggested health coaching as a helpful individual program to intervene risky health behavior especially for metabolic Syndrome.
Implementation Status and Related Factors of Health Promoting Schools among Elementary, Middle and High Schools: Based on the WHO Guidelines
Lee, Eun-Young ; Park, Kyung-Ok ; Shin, Young-Jeon ; Choi, Bo-Youl ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 1, 2012, Pages 109~120
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the implementation status of Health Promoting Schools (HPS) among elementary, middle and high schools and to identify characteristics of the schools that affect the implementation of HPS. Methods: A total of 703 teachers (male 32.2%, females 67.8%) from 70 elementary, middle and high schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi participated in the survey. A 60-item self-evaluation questionnaire was used to assess implementation status of HPS. Results: Implementation of HPS in elementary schools were more favorable than middle and high schools after controling for participants' characteristics, such as age, gender, and their duties at school (<0.001). Being a private school was associated with higher score on implementation of HPS in both elementary (
=0.170) and middle/high schools (
=0.275). However, being located in rural areas (
=-0.409) and having larger number of students (
=-0.521) were associated with lower score on implementation of HPS in middle/high schools. Conclusions: Middle and high schools, especially large public and/or rural schools, were less favorable in implementing HPS. Therefore, supporting those schools are necessary and developing evaluation and monitoring system for HPS implementation will contribute to promote students' health.