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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Dec 2012
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Oct 2012
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Factors Relating to Use of Food Labels among Adults with Metabolic Syndrome
Kim, MyoSung ; Kim, JungSoon ; Yu, JungOk ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~12
Objectives: Dietary modifications are common treatment strategies for adults with metabolic syndrome, but it is unclear how often these individuals read food labels. The objective of this study was to examine if adults with metabolic syndrome read food labels when buying packaged foods and to determine factors related to label use. Methods: From the database of the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES-V), 1,335 adults with metabolic syndrome and 3,696 those without were selected. Data were analyzed using frequency distributions,
test and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS win 18.0 program. Results: Adults with metabolic syndrome read food labels less than individuals without it when they purchase packaged foods(12.5% vs 29.0%). Among those without metabolic syndrome, food label use was significantly higher among participants who were women, younger, educated, and trying to control weight. Conclusions: Strategies to use food label as a diet management tool for metabolic syndrome are needed.
Resilience and Mental Health among Migrant Workers in Busan, Korea
Im, Hyuk ; Lee, Hyo Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 13~26
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between resilience of migrant workers and their mental health for improving their quality of life and adaptation in Korean society. Methods: Data were collected from March 21 to May 7, 2011. The participants included 488 migrant workers who lived in Busan Metropolitan City or Gyoungnam province. Results: First, heavy working burdens and lack of rests, low wages, poor living environments, low economic status & deficiency of living necessities, hard physical labors, and conflicts with Korean workers had negative effects on mental health. Second, high perceived stress caused by usual 'living difficulties', high 'cutural shock', high feeling of 'social isolation', and high discomfort from 'lack of Korean language proficiency' gave negative effects on migrant worker's mental health. Third, the most important factor on the mental health was the 'cultural shock' among stressors. Even though many stressors existed among migrant workers, these negative effects on mental health were lessened by their high resilience level. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of migrant workers in Busan, Korea. To improve their mental health, social support including financial supports and educational programs that foster resilience needed.
Readability of Health Messages and Its Communicative Effect
You, Myoung Soon ; Ju, Young Kee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 27~36
Objectives: Developing efficient health messages is important for improving health behaviors at a societal level. This study attempts to test a few variables that could constitute the elements for measuring readability of health message. The number of subject-verb relationships in a sentence, placement of jargon, i.e., explication before or after each jargon, and the number of less familiar Chinese characters were manipulated to hypothetically differentiate readability. Methods: In a
mixed factorial experiment, 152 college students read two health messages regarding side effect of health functional food and energy drink. The participants' perceived readability was asked, and eight questions were developed to measure the participants' recognition of the health information. Results: Those who read messages manipulated to have high readability rated the message significantly higher than those who read messages with low readability. Also, the former answered the questions more correctly than the latter, implying the association between readability and knowledge acquisition regarding health. Conclusions: Readability is suggested as a factor determining the effect of health messages in affecting the public's health risk perception and relevant behaviors. Further studies to sophisticate the measurement itself and to examine the effect of actual public messages with different readabilities are suggested.
A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Healthy School Canteen Program at Middle and High Schools
You, Chang Hoon ; Kim, Mi Kyung ; Lee, Weon Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 37~48
Objectives: The economic evaluation of health promotion programs has increasingly become an imperative activity for securing public fund or budget. The purpose of this study is to conduct an economic evaluation for the healthy school canteen program using the contingent valuation method(CVM). Methods: To estimate the benefit from the healthy school canteen program, double-bounded dichotomous choice method as a sort of willingness to pay was employed. Four hundred parents who lived in Seoul and have students at middle or high schools, were administrated by semi-constructive questionnaire containing the necessary information for benefit estimation. Cost estimation of healthy school canteen program was made referring to three types of pilot programs. Finally, the benefit against the cost was worked out according to the three levels of estimated cost. Results: Cost estimate is 8,488 and 9,311 won depending on the two senarios about how to invest on the program, respectably. The results of benefit estimate shows that the average cost willingness to pay(WTP) for healthy school canteen program is 21,275 won(16,963-59,838 won, 95% CI) and total benefits turned out 14.7 billion won. According to the cost-benefit analysis, average benefit-cost ratio is from 2.3 to 3.6. Conclusions: Healthy school canteen program could be economically accepted, and government can take consideration of expanding beneficiaries of healthy school canteen program for health promotion.
Role and Competencies for Health Education Specialist in Physical Activity Programs
Kim, Young-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 49~59
Objectives: Physical activity provides economic benefits and contributes in improving health and quality of life. Opportunities for physical activity continue to decrease with the increasing prevalence of sedentary lifestyles. In various settings, there have been many efforts to enhance physical activity to prevent chronic disease for people of all ages. This study was performed to define competencies of physical activity specialists in health promotion and compare with those of health education specialists. Methods: The study employed official data and manuals of health promotion programs that have been published and uploaded on public websites. Results: Competencies for physical activity in health promotion included needs assessment, analysis of data and scientific information, planning and evaluation, developing strategies and materials, management, building healthy environment, research. To compare with the competency of health education specialists, competencies of physical activity were almost similar to that except the developing individual-based physical activity program in exercise science. Conclusions: Physical activity programs for health promotion should be planned and implemented throughout various health topics and in coordination with multiple sectors. To increase efficiency of the utilization of human resources in health promotion, health education specialists needs to participate in physical activity programs and would require empowerment in exercise science.
Metabolic Syndrome Perception and Exercise Behaviors in the Elderly
Lee, Jung-A ; Lee, Jin-Seok ; Park, Jong-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 61~75
Objectives: A great number of the elderly are not aware of having metabolic syndrome, and this pattern differs among regions of the nation. This issue is particularly important for the elderly people with chronic diseases. This study was conducted in order to identify the prevalence, predicting factors of perception and exercise behaviors of among the elderly population. Methods: Using data from the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey, we employed two-level logistic regression models to determine whether individual and community factors are associated with perception and exercise behaviors among the elderly population. Results: Results from weighted two-level logistic regression analyses indicated the individual-level factors of smoking, education level, health center education, community exercise program participation and unmet needs in men, and marital status (being separated), health center education women predicted the elders' perception. As for the community-level predictors, higher smoking and living in regions with high suicide rates significantly predicted the elders' perception and exercise behaviors of metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that education according to stage would increase the perception and motivation toward healthier behavior particularly for the elderly with lower perception levels of metabolic syndrome.
Dimensions of Community Capacity: A Case of a Resident Committee in a Public Residence Lease Apartment Complex in Seoul
Kwak, Min-Son ; Yoon, Nanhe ; Jang, Sarang ; Cho, Byong Hee ; Yoo, Seunghyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 77~88
Objectives: This paper aims to identify the dimensions of community capacity in a public residence lease apartment complex in Seoul as a case study, and discusses their application to community health promotion. Methods: The research team performed a focus group interview and a brief survey with resident committee representatives to explore community context and to identify the dimensions of community capacity and their order of priority. Results: We identified many groups with different senses of community and various dynamics in the community. Seven dimensions of community capacity were identified. However, there are different developmental stages among them. Also there are some influences with the different directions in a dimension, e.g. leadership and citizen participation. Conclusions: This study illustrated the identification of the dimensions of community capacity focused on the perspective and recognition of the community and community member, as an effort to understand community capacity in domestic community health promotion context.
The Effects of "Healthy Life Plan" Program on the Management of Obesity for Korean Adults: A Pilot Study
Park, Jiyoun ; Kim, Hyekyeong ; Cho, Seon ; Cho, Han-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 89~101
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention on the improvement of obesity, health behaviors and behavioral determinants among Korean adults. Methods: Obese adults aged 30 to 59 years (n=76) were randomly assigned to the intervention group (IG) or the comparison group (CG). The IG received a 3-month multi-component lifestyle intervention, while the CG received minimal information on obesity. The program consisted of health counseling, health education booklet and health diary. Health examination and self-administered survey were conducted before and after the intervention to determine the effectiveness of the program. Results: After the intervention. health indices of the IG were significantly improved in weight(p=.003), waist circumference(p=.011), % body fat(p=.021), and total abdominal fat area(p=.041). The reduction of waist circumstance among IG participants was better than that of those in the CG(p=.017). The IG demonstrated significant improvements in dietary behaviors(p=.013), periodic measurement of waist circumstance(p=.005), pros of weight control(p<.001) and awareness of one's current biomarkers(p=.038) better than the CG did. The proportion of normalized participants in waist circumference was 21.1% in the IG and 8.7% in the CG(p=.017). Conclusions: Lifestyle intervention program can improve the obese status and health behaviors in adults.
Effects of the Community Environmental Characteristics on Drinking Problems of Adults: A Multilevel Analysis
Kim, Kwang Kee ; JeKarl, Jung ; Kwon, Yong Mi ; Park, Min Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 103~113
Objectives: This study aims to identify the effects of environmental characteristics of the community on adults' drinking problems with held constant effects of characteristics of drinkers themselves. Methods: A multi-level regression analysis was employed to differentiate the variances accounted for by measurements both at individual and group levels. Data on individual demographic, behavioral, and mental health status were obtained from the Community Health Survey conducted in 2009 in the province of Kyunggido, which include 41,376 respondents aged 19 and over. This study included 28,335 adults who were classified as drinkers. They were from 45 communities(si, gun, or gu) for which data on contextual characteristics were collected by secondary data available on local government websites and KOSIS(Korea Statistical Information System). Results: Multi-level analyses showed that the variance of the dependent variable, harmful use of alcohol measured by alcohol use disorder identification test was independently accounted for by variance of independent variables at group level, including number of on-premises alcohol outlet per inhabitant and divorce rate, with held other independent variables of the model controlled. Conclusions: This study confirms that in order to prevent and reduce harms caused by harmful use of alcohol requires restricting physical availability of alcohol in the community where the drinker lives.
Relationship between Smoking Initiation and School Characteristics According to Grade Level among High School Students in Korea
Woo, WonKyu ; Kim, Dongsik ; Cho, Youngtae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 115~123
Objectives: Students' life changes substantially as grade increases. It implies that risk factors that trigger students' smoking may not be consistent across grades. Most previous studies on student smoking have considered grade simply a control variable. This study examines which and to what extent risk factors are differently associated with smoking initiation according to grade level among high school students in Korea. Methods: Data from the Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) in 2007 and 2008 were analyzed in this study. Results: Among boys, school location, school type and pocket money etc. significantly influence smoking initiation in the first grade than in any other grades, but the strength of the association decreased as grade increases except academic performance. Among girls, most independent variables were associated with smoking initiation in the second grade except school location, pocket money per week and academic performance. Conclusions: Our results suggested that the variables related smoking initiation in Korean high school students were notably different by grade and gender. These findings can serve as the basis of policy recommendations with regard to school efforts to prevent student smoking.
Development and Application of Participatory Mapping for Healthy Agricultural Village
Kim, Jin-Seok ; Yoon, Seong-Yong ; Jo, Seong-Yong ; Kim, Joo-Ahn ; Jo, Seo-Hyeon ; Cha, Hea-Ji ; Park, Ki-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 29, issue 5, 2012, Pages 125~133
Objectives: We used participatory mapping as a tool for empowerment training for promoting health and safety of farmers. We would like to introduce the application of participatory mapping method and report our experiences in a rural community in Korea. Methods: A one-day workshop was offered in six rural villages which were designated as 'safe farm zones'. Each workshop started with an orientation session, followed by a village rounding, presentations of best cases, a group exercise to draw and present a healthy village map. Participants were requested to express their ideas and experiences about healthy and safe residential and working environments on their map. Results: A total of 206 farmers(100 male, 106 female) participated in the workshops. In each workshop, an average of 34.3 farmers participated, and their mean age was 59 years. In the six workshops, the participants proposed a total of 137 action plans. The action plans included improvement of co-working condition, building facilities for recreation, improving traffic safety measures, and improving residential environment. Conclusions: Participatory mapping was successfully developed and applied as a tool for empowering Korean farmers. The participants were able to express their ideas and thoughts about healthy and safe village and action plans on the map. Moreover, some of the actions in the action plans were carried out immediately after workshop.