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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Dec 2013
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Oct 2013
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Factors Affecting Suicide Ideation among University Students
Ra, Chaelin Karen ; Lee, Changjin ; Seo, Jooyoun ; Choi, Jihee ; You, Myoungsoon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.001
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate life stressors and mitigating factors affecting suicide ideation amongst university students in Korea. Methods: Study participants were recruited online from one of the universities in Seoul. The total of 794 samples were included in the final dataset. First, correlation analyses were performed among life stressors, depression and mitigating factors. Second, factorial analysis was conducted to explore different dimensions of he life stressors experienced by the university students. Finally, we used logistic regression to find out the relationship between university students' sub-stressors or mitigating factors, and suicide ideation. Results: Three sub-stressors were identified - interpersonal relationship stress, academic stress and economic stress. All of these stressors were significantly associated with suicide ideation. However, none of them significantly predicted suicide ideation controlling for depression. All mitigating factors - health related behaviors, social support and leisure activities - were statistically significant and negatively related to depression, yet only social support had a significantly negative association with suicide ideation. Conclusions: In conclusion, Social support is the most important factor which may affect suicide ideation among university students in Korea.
The Relationship between Family Factors and Drinking/Smoking among Middle-Aged Men
Song, Yea-Li-A ; Kim, Jinyoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 13~25
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.013
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the influence of family factors on drinking and smoking of middle-aged men. Methods: This study used data from the fourth-wave of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, which was collected by the Korean Institute for Health and Social Affairs and the Social Welfare Research Center of Seoul National University. This study was conducted on 3,084 men who were between 30 and 59. Results: The family factors, except for living with children, affected drinking, heavy drinking, smoking, and current smoking, after controlling for age, education, employment status, and family income. Marital status had statistically significant influences on heavy drinking, smoking, and current smoking. Living without family had influences on drinking, and heavy drinking. family satisfaction affected heavy drinking, smoking, and current smoking. The effects of family conflicts were also statistically significant. Conclusions: Based on the results, this paper can suggest that the projects of moderation in drinking and smoking are required to consider family factors more and the plan of building up family resources should be considered in the whole aspects of the society.
Construction of a Physical Activity Model for the Elderly
Kim, Nam-Hee ; Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Choi, Myunghan ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~39
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.027
Objectives: The purpose of the study was to test a model of physical activity of elderly living in Korea, determine significant factors contributing the physical activity, and examine significant paths in the model. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sample of 207 elderly men and women, aged 60 and older, residing in Busan Metropolitan City. Data were collected from July to August 2009 and analyzed using Predictive Analytics Software (PASW) and Analysis of a Moment Structures (AMOS). Results: The fitness of the modified model was confirmed to be appropriate (
/df = 1.32, p = .078, RMSEA = .04, GFI = .96, AGFI = .91, NFI = .90, NNFI = .94, CFI = .97, PNFI = .48). The elder's age, previous exercise behavior, and self-efficacy were significant in explaining the variance in their physical activity. We found that (a) perceived health status, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and social support directly affected self-efficacy; (b) previous exercise behavior and perceived health status directly affected perceived benefits; (c) previous exercise behavior directly affected perceived barriers; and (d) and education level, extent of pocket money, and economic level directly affected social support. Conclusions: The younger the age, the more previous exercise experience, and the higher the self-efficacy, the more S. Korean elders demonstrated improved physical activity.
Compositional and Contextual Factors Related to Area Differentials in Suicide
Kang, Eunjeong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 41~52
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.041
Objectives: Rural-urban differences in suicide have been observed in many settings. However, there has been little research addressing what factors can explain these differences. The purpose of this study was to analyze which compositional factors and contextual factors in local areas might be related to local suicide. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. The data for 251 primary local governments on their age-standardized suicide mortality and their predefined indicators of compositional factors and contextual factors were obtained from Korean Statistical Information Service as of year 2010. Bivariate analysis including one-way ANOVA and chi-square test were used to identify the differences in local features by area type. Seven poisson regression models for each of total, males, and females were used to analyze which compositional and contextual factors were related to suicide. Results: There were differences in suicide between gu and goon in total, male, and female groups. For total, compositional factors including divorce and smoking rate, and contextual factors including financial independency, water and waterwaste coverage, and number of wastewater discharge factories were found to explain the urban-rural differences. Conclusions: This study provided some evidence that contextual factors at the local level as well as compositional factors are useful for predicting local suicide mortality.
A Multilevel Model Analysis on the Determinants of Smoking Cessation Success Rates
Song, Tae Min ; Lee, Ju Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~64
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.053
Objectives: In this study, a multilevel analysis model has been designed to investigate the effect of personal characteristics associated with smoking cessation on anti-smoking determinants with a goal of finding out the factors which have influence on smoking cessation among the entrants of smoking cessation clinic in a public health center. Methods: A total of 253,136 male smokers who received smoking cessation services for more than six(6) months in a smoking cessation clinic of public health center from July 16, 2007 to July 15, 2008 were examined. For technical analysis, SPSS Version 2.0 has been used. For multilevel analysis on smoking cessation determinants, in addition, HLM 7.0 has been adopted. Results: According to the unconditional model of multilevel analysis, the success rates of smoking cessation among the entrants of a smoking cessation clinic were 47.3%. In an unconditional slope model test to which regional variables were added, a negative effect was observed in average smoking amount, total smoking period, nicotine dependence and services while a positive effect was found in age, stress and type of social security in terms of the log of the odds of smoking cessation. In a conditional model test, a positive effect was observed in Non-Smoking Campaigns (NSC) and Frequency of Counseling (FC) in terms of the log of the odds of smoking cessation in regional variables. Conclusions: It is important to approach smokers individually and, at the same time, build healthy environment for a local community to increase smoking cessation rates among the entrants of smoking cessation clinic in a public health center.
Development and Evaluation of Comprehensive Health Care Program for Infectious Disease Management in Child Care Centers by Doctor of Korean Medicine
Park, Jimin ; Park, Minjung ; Cho, Byonghee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 65~81
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.065
Objectives: The present study was carried out to develop and evaluate comprehensive health care program to prevent infectious disease and promote health in child-care centers by Doctor of Korean medicine. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design study was conducted on 568 children and 85 child care teacher at 12 child care facilities for 12 weeks from July to October 2012. The program was consist of management, education, screening under concepts of traditional preventive medicine, Yangsaeng and Chimibyeong. Children's medical utilization due to infectious disease and attendance means functional status were measured by reports from parents. The Difference in difference(DID) estimator was applied data analysis, and added Zero-inflated negative binomial regression model. Also, attitudes on the infection of teacher was measured and analyzed through t-test. Results: After the intervention, the total medical utilization due to infectious disease decreased, but not significantly. Total absence, early leave and lateness decreased significantly. But, Attitude on the infection of child care teacher was not changed. The parent's satisfaction showed positive overall. Conclusions: The intervention program may be effective in preventing infectious disease and managing health in child-care center partially. To measure long-term effect, long-term study improved is requested.
Gender Differences in the Relationship between Alcohol Use Behaviors and Metabolic Syndrome - Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V 2010 -
Ryu, Ji Young ; Kim, Dae-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.1.083
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the gender differences in the relationship between alcohol use behaviors and the risk of metabolic syndrome among Korean adult population. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (5th, 2010) was analyzed. Using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, subjects were classified into 4 groups including non-drinking, low-risk drinking, medium-level alcohol problem, and high-level alcohol problem group. Metabolic syndrome and its components were compared among the alcohol behavior groups by gender. Results: The odds ratio vs. non-drinking group for metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in male medium and high-level alcohol problem group. In female, high-level alcohol problem group showed significantly higher odds ratio for metabolic syndrome. Blood pressure and HDL-cholesterol were likely to be higher with the excessive drinking behaviors in both men and woman. Triglyceride level in men was significantly higher in the medium and high-level alcohol problem group than non-drinking group. Although fasting glucose level did not show differences among drinking groups, the odd ratios vs. non-drinking group for the hyperglycemia (
100mg/dl) were significantly higher in female drinking groups. Conclusions: Problematic alcohol drinking is likely to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults.