Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Dec 2013
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Oct 2013
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Smoking Scenes in Films on Audiences' Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors on Smoking: A Systematic Review
Choi, Go-Eun ; Cho, Hye-Lim ; Yoon, Ji-Hye ; Jung, Minsoo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.001
Objectives: While many studies have been conducted on whether smoking scenes in films actually affect audience members' smoking, a comprehensive conclusion has yet to be derived. This study systematically reviewed the effect of smoking scenes in films on audience members' attitudes, beliefs, and actions. Methods: We analyzed a total of 146 studies searched on PubMed and PsycINFO (41 qualitative studies, 72 cross-sectional studies, 20 longitudinal studies, and 13 experimental studies). Results: Whereas qualitative studies have only demonstrated that audience members tend to perceive smoking scenes in films not as negative information but as positive information, cross-sectional studies have reported a significant association between smoking scenes and smoking behavior notwithstanding the problems of classifying the groups studied and measuring the degree of exposure. Through follow-up observations, longitudinal studies have reported that such media exposure can serve as a predictor of future smoking. Finally, with exposure and confounding variables under control, experimental studies have confirmed that smoking scenes in films indeed affect audience members' attitudes, beliefs, and actions regarding smoking. Conclusions: Scenes of actors and actresses smoking can be imitated or learned through audience members' immersion and identification and reproduce positive images that may render smoking socially acceptable.
Health Effects of Electronic Cigarettes and Regulations on Them in Other Countries
Cho, Jun Ho ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 15~26
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.015
Objectives: To present the bases for health education on electronic cigarettes, we analyze the present state of electronic cigarettes. Methods: We applied descriptive study, reviewing the literature from domestic and foreign electronic databases such as National Discovery for Science Leaders and PubMed. Results: Electronic cigarette has been the subject of much controversy but very little study. I reviewed and summed up the definitions, device safety, health risk, smoking cessation effects, addiction, second hand smoke, and regulations of electronic cigarettes. Conclusion: Finally,I presented the evidence-based contents and desirable direction for health education about electronic cigarettes. The results suggested that the health educators focus on the potential addiction to electronic cigarettes, instead of the cessation effects.
Public Health Education at a Crossroad
Kim, JeoungHee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 27~46
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.027
Objectives: The objective of this review article was to verify the accreditation plan of the Korean council on school of public health(KCSPH). Methods: Two data were used in order to review the topic of this article. The first one was a catalog compiled by journal articles published in Korea. Second data was accquired from websites created by 24 member universities of KCSPH. Results: The issue of accreditation has been discussed officially for decades. The confusion in the essence of public health seems to be intensified by the influence of Japanese health education system. Accordingly current SPHs in Korea are relatively multifarious and seem to suffer from an identity problem. Conclusions: The accreditation plan issued by KCSPH is valid and public health problem in Korea.
Current Status and Challenges of Research Methology for Health Promotion Research: Focusing on Research Funded by the Korea Health Promotion Foundation, 2005-2011
An, Ji-Young ; Kim, Kwang Kee ; JeKarl, Jung ; Moon, Hyunjung ; Cha, Sun Kyung ; Jeong, Eunha ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 47~59
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.047
Objectives: To investigate the current status and challenges of research methodology for health promotion research (HPR), this study analyzed HPR funded by the Korea Health Promotion Foundation (KHPF) from 2005 to 2011. Methods: All of the research reports funded by the KHPF for the period were included in this study. From the literature reviewed, a framework of this study was developed. Results: Quantitative research was 67.7%. The most common quantitative research design was cross-sectional survey (46.6%). Only 7.3% of quantitative research employed theoretical frameworks, and more than a half (53.4%) used primary data. For qualitative research (2.8%), most cases were conducted together with quantitative research. No qualitative research employed a philosophical underpinning. Only 7.0% of research received consent form, and 2.1% was approved by institutional review board. The results of this study indicate that there is a need to employ various research methods to study key concepts of HPR more in-depth. Efforts should be made to reduce statistical errors and also employ newly introduced statistical methods. Conclusions: Overall, a lack of scientific evidence from the HPR reports analyzed in this study was observed. Therefore, the KHPF and the academia should work together to solve the problems indicated from this study.
Efficacy of Smoking Cessation and Prevention Programs by Intervention Methods: A Systematic Review of Published Studies in Korean Journals during Recent 3 Years
Kim, Hye Kyeong ; Park, Ji Yeon ; Kwon, Eun Joo ; Choi, Seung Hee ; Cho, Han-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 61~77
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.061
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate program methods for effective smoking cessation and prevention through systematic review of studies published during recent 3 years in Korea. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in DBPIA, RISS, KISS and other databases looking for studies published from 2010 to 2012 that dealt with the effects of intervention on smoking prevention and cessation. A total of 25 studies were included in the final analysis. Three independent reviewers critically evaluated the study quality and evidence of effectiveness based on The Community Guide methodology. Results: Multi-component intervention showed strong evidence of effectiveness for adolescents and sufficient evidence for patient smokers. Cognitive-behavioral intervention for adolescents and child-parent interaction program for adults demonstrated sufficient evidence of effectiveness on the smoking cessation and its determinants. There was insufficient evidence showing effectiveness of smoking prevention programs. Conclusion: Improving the quality and quantity of the intervention studies on smoking could help to expand evidence base for effective intervention methods and strategies on smoking.
Effects of Chronic Disease Education for Hypertension, Diabetes Patients's Knowledge
Lee, Joseph ; Yim, Jun ; Im, Jeong-Soo ; Oh, Dea-Kyu ; Han, Jin-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 79~90
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.079
Objectives: This study is based on Public Care Service for Chronic Diseases in Incheon Metropolitan City featuring Health-Point Service. It is objective to evaluate whether the service could improve self-management ability of hypertension and diabetes patients. Methods: The knowledge about diabetes and hypertension, which can be improved by educational intervention, is considered as one of the most important factor for self-management ability. While the education service have been conducted, 194 patients who have been diagnosed as hypertension and diabetes within 3 months were included. They completed questionnaires two times within 4 months period, which give information about the knowledge, service registration and education experiences. For further inspection, 396 patients who had been diagnosed formerly were studied by cross-sectional analysis. Results: Regardless of service registration or educational intervention, there wasn't statistically meaningful difference between the initial and the follow-up assessments on the knowledge. However, when investigating formerly diagnosed patients, educated patients had better knowledge on hypertension compared with non-educated patients and registered patients, educated patients had the better knowledge on diabetes compared with non-registered patients, non-educated patients. Additionally, analyzing each questions, educated patients got higher grades in questions about definition of hypertension, diabetes managements which they can practice in daily lives. Conclusions: It is probable that long-term service registration and education experiences could improve the knowledge and self-management ability.
The Relationship between Educational Attainment and Obesity among Korean Adults : Focusing on Age Variations
Paek, Eunjeong ; Kim, Jinyoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.091
Objectives: Despite the considerable interest in the increase in obesity particularly of socially disadvantaged group in Korea, how obesity varies according to various socio-demographic characteristics still remains largely unanswered. To further develop the understanding of obesity in Korea, the present study focuses on the possibility that the relationship between educational attainment and obesity varies across age. Methods: Using 2010 Korea National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), this study divides the adults into male and female groups and examines the interaction effect of age and educational attainment on obesity through binominal logit models for each group. Results: The most educated male group is more likely to be obese than those who did not complete high school. And the relationship between male's educational attainment and obesity does not significantly change across age. In contrast to male's obesity pattern, female educational attainment has a significant negative association with obesity. The gap in obesity across educational groups converges after middle ages in female. Conclusions: Health policies should pay more attention to those who are more vulnerable to obesity risk in order to effectively reduce obesity.
A Comparison between Seoul and Gangwon-do in Elementary Students' Eating Habits and Their Mothers' Parenting Attitude toward Eating Habits
Kwon, Myung Soon ; Cho, Haeryun ; Park, Dong-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.101
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare eating habits and parenting about eating habits of the elementary schoolers in two regions, Seoul and Gangwon-do, in order to understand regional differences. Methods: The respondents of this study included 365 pairs of children and their mothers (150 pairs from Seoul and 213 pairs from Gangwon-do). Data was collected using a structured questionnaire from July to August, 2013. Results: Perceived body type, weight control, and eating habits were significantly different in two regions. Children's eating habits were significantly different by their perception of health status and body type. Their mother's parenting attitude toward eating habits was significantly different by children's weight control and mother's and children's perception of body type. Parenting attitude toward eating habits was not different between two regions by their mothers. eating habits and parenting attitude toward eating habits were significantly correlated. Conclusions: Health provider should consider regional difference when designing health promotion program for elementary students. Especially, when practicing eating habits related program, parents should be participated from the planning stage and provided with the information of the proper body image and weight control.
Development of HIV Prevention Program for Female Youth in A Rural Area of Ethiopia
Ahn, Hyunmi ; Lee, Hyeonkyeong ; Lee, Taewha ; Lee, Chung Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 113~124
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.113
Objectives: The objective of this study was developing a community-based HIV prevention program to enhance the safe sexual behavior among rural Ethiopian female youth. Methods: A community-based HIV prevention program was developed using the Cox's Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior. The program development was carried out in four phases using a mixed research method: need-assessment which consisted of three steps (secondary-data analysis, key-informant interview, and focused-group interview); identification of preliminary program contents; expert's review of the program contents for the validity and cultural acceptability of the program; and refinement of the proposed program contents. Results: The HIV prevention program developed in this study consisted of three modules; the first module was for enhancing the youth's self-esteem, the second was for providing the youth with information regarding HIV/AIDS and safe sexual behavior, and the third was for improving the youth's communication skills and refusing skills. Conclusions: The need assessment and expert's review was very effective way to reflect sociocultural factors of rural Ethiopia for developing HIV prevention program for female youth. Further research is desirable for verifying the effectiveness of the developedprogram.
Factors Associated with Depression among Workers by Socio-economic Factors, Health Behaviors, and Characteristics of Work Environment
Lee, Hyunkyung ; Sohn, Minsung ; Choi, Mankyu ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 125~138
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.125
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze factors associated with depression among workers in South Korea by socio-economic factors, health behaviors, and working conditions. Methods: Study subjects include 4,251 adults (19 and older) who are currently working using the data from 2009 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Data were analyzed using frequency test,
test, and multiple logistic regression. Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that gender (OR=1.91, p<.001), age (OR=1.53, p=.030), marital status (31-39: OR=1.88, p=.029) were significantly related to depressing among socio-economic factors. Next, among health behaviors factors, perceived health status (Poor: OR=1.76, p=.049; Very poor: OR=3.46, p=.002) was statistically significant. Among characteristics of work environment, trust and respect (OR=1.34, p=.049) and working with hidden emotion (OR=1.88, p<.001) were significantly related to depression. Conclusions: In order to manage and reduce depression among workers, it is important to develop appropriate mental health promotion programs both in work places and in regulations.
A Prediction Model for Depression in Patients with Parkinson's Disease
Bae, Eun Sook ; Chun, Sang Myung ; Kim, Jae Woo ; Kang, Chang Wan ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 139~151
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.139
Objectives: This study investigated how income, duration of illness, social stigma, quality of sleeping, ADL and social participation related to Parkinson's disease(PD) predict depression in a conceptual model based on the International Classification of Functioning(ICF) model. Methods: The sample included 206 adults with idiopathic Parkinson's disease(IPD) attending D university hospital in B Metro-politan City. A structured questionnaire was used and conducted face-to-face interviews. The collected data were analyzed for fitness, using the AMOS 18.0 program. Results: A path analysis showed that the overall model provided empirical evidence for linkages in the ICF model. Depression was manifested by significant direct effects of social stigma(
, p<.001), quality of sleeping(
, p<.001), ADL(
, p<.01), and social participation(
, p<.05), indirect effects including income(p<.05), duration of illness(p<.05). These variables explained 45.9% of variance in the prediction model. Conclusions: This model may help nurses to collect and assess information to develop intervention program for depression.
Effect of Horticultural Activities Program on the Stress, Self-Esteem and Quality of Life in a High School Students
Mun, Youn-Jung ; Oh, Jin-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 153~162
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.153
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the horticultural activity program on high school students' stress, self-esteem and quality of life. Methods: Research method used in this was nonequivalent control group pre-test and post-test design. The number of students in experimental and control group were 25 students; The horticultural activities were conducted 15 times twice a week from May
2012 to July
2012. Results: There were statistically significant differences of stress scores(F=12.678, p=.001) self-esteem scores(t=-2.836, p=.009), quality of life scores (t=-2.958, p=.007) between the experimental and control group. Conclusions: Based on the results, horticultural activity program for high school students was effective in decreasing stress, increasing self-esteem and quality of life. Therefore the horticultural activity program can be adopted as a effective intervention for high school students.
Sexual Desire, Sexual Function, and Quality of Life in Married Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Kim, HyeYoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 163~175
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.163
Objectives: This study was performed to identify the relationship among sexual desire, other domains of sexual function and quality of life (QOL) and to describe the effect of sexual desire on sexual function and QOL in married women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). Methods: A total of 397 women with HSDD participated in this study. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaire which were constructed to include general characteristics items, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and QOL tool. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN20 for descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan, partial correlation coefficients, and Hierarchial multiple regression. Results: There were significant correlations with sexual desire and other domains of sexual function. And also, sexual desire had a positive correlations with the psychological status and total QOL. The sexual desire was statistically significant predictors for sexual function and QOL. Conclusions: Health professionals should direct efforts toward developing sexual health-related counseling or education programs for women suffering from sexual dysfunction with the goal of helping them to achieve satisfying sex lives and improved quality of life.
Social Worker's Physical･Social Distance for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Rhee, Young Sun ; Lee, In Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 177~188
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.177
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feeling of distance of social work practitioners for people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA) and to identify related factors. Methods: A total of 409 data were collected as convenience sampling from social welfare service providers. Independent variables were socio-demographic data, AIDS related knowledge, authoritarian personality, prejudice for minority(handicapped, women, foreigner, old aged), cultural competency. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression analysis were conducted. Results: Multiple regression model was developed by integrating the significant variables from univariate analysis. Significant factors of physical distance were social prejudice against handicapped, knowledge about AIDS and critical awareness/knowledge about other culture. And significant factors of social distance were social prejudice against handicapped, knowledge about AIDS, authoritarian personality, critical awareness/knowledge about other culture. At last, we found that social prejudice against handicapped was the biggest factor for physical distance and authoritarian personality was the biggest factor for social distance of social work practitioners. Conclusions: The area of social services for PLWHA have to be expanded. Physical and social distance of professionals to provide services to PLWHA and factors affecting it is necessary to continue research. In addition, on the basis of these findings, specific training programs is need to be developed.
Gist-based Message Design Principles for Health Promotion and Public Health Education: Explication of Fuzzy Trace Theory
Shim, Min Sun ; Cho, Young Hoan ; Choi, Hyo Seon ; Son, Hee Jeong ; Ju, Young Kee ; You, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 189~199
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.189
Objectives: This paper aims to explain principles of gist-based health message design and discuss their implications for health promotion and public health education. Methods: After reviewing Reyna and Brainerd's Fuzzy Trace Theory(FTT), the authors explicate how to transform FTT into a practical guidance of health message design. Our explication is based upon FTT's reasoning that human intuition, rather than analysis, takes a primary role in message recall and comprehension, followed by judgment and decision making. We expect gist-based message design to be appropriate to serve such intuition. Results: Four principles of gist-based message design are offered: (1) provision of qualitative, as well as quantitative, information of gist, (2) inclusion of visual images corresponding to gist, (3) use of effective message formats to emphasize the gist (4) inclusion of relevant reasons and contextutal information. Conclusions: Gist-based message design has theoretical and practical implications for health promotion, specifically in the field of public health education, the press and governmental communication toward the public, and provider-patient communication in medical settings.
The Representation of Cancer Risk by Korean Health Journalism: Comparing the Crude Rates of 10 Cancers to the Amount of Cancer News in the Three Major Newspapers(1990-2010)
Ju, Youngkee ; Jeong, Da-Eun ; You, Myoungsoon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 30, issue 5, 2013, Pages 201~210
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2013.30.5.201
Objectives: The public relies on the news media to understand health risks. To examine the surveillance function of Korean health journalism, this study compared the rank-order of the 10 most frequently diagnosed cancers with that of the 10 cancers most frequently covered by three major Korean newspapers. Methods: News stories published between 1999 and 2010 by the Chosun-Ilbo, Joong-Ang-Ilbo, and Dong-A-Ilbo were examined. Data on cancer incidence were collected using the epidemiological data published by a governmental public health institution. To compare the level of the crude rates and the amount of news coverage, rank-order correlation tests and regression analyses were employed. Results: A reduction in the rank-ordered correlation coefficient was observed despite an increase in the overall number of cancer news stories released. The significance of the correlation disappeared after 2006. The big difference of the rank order between the crude rate and the amount of news coverage was observed in the cancer of breast, uteri, thyroid, and gallbladder/biliary. Finally, the three newspapers did not follow the amount change in stomach, lung, liver, and uterine cervix cancer. The four cancers' rank orders of crude rate were lowering, signifying a reduction of the comparative dangerousness of the four cancers. Conclusions: The news media's customization of news content and the negative bias in journalism are suggested as possible influences on the news media's inaccurate representation of cancer risk.