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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Dec 2014
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Oct 2014
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Health Information Seeking Behaviors Among Persons with Cancer Disease
Lee, A-Reum ; Yoo, Hyera ; Chun, Mi-Son ; Cho, Eun Mi ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.1
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine health information seeking behavior of people with cancer in terms of information seeking or avoiding behavior and the differences of the two groups in demographic and disease variables. Methods: Data were collected from October 21 to December 5 in 2013 from out-patient clinics of a university affiliated hospital in Suwon, Korea. One hundred (100) patients with cancer were participated in this study. Health Information National Trends Survey Questionnaires (National Cancer Institute, 2007) was used. Results: Three quarters (n=77) of the participants were in health information seeking group while 23% were in health information avoiding group. Participants who were female, higher education were more likely to seek health information than their counter parts. Among participants, a considerable number of cancer patients intentionally avoided information due to either the lack of accessibility of information source or the lack of credibility of information from the sources. Conclusion: Significant differences in gender and educational level were found in the two groups. Different approaches for both groups were necessary to increase information seeking behavior. And barriers of the information avoiding group should be considered in designing interventions to fill the gap between seekers and avoiders.
Extraction of Hypertension-related Consumer Vocabulary and Mediator Vocabulary and Selection of Recommended Vocabulary
Kim, Myo Sung ; Jeong, Ihn Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 13~28
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.13
Objectives: This study was aimed to identify the expressions used by consumers to talk and by mediator to provide information about hypertension in the internet and suggest more understandable vocabulary for consumers. Methods: A researcher collected archival postings associated 78 hypertension-related vocabularies from internet websites for extracting consumer and mediator vocabulary respectively. Then, the consumer and mediator vocabularies with the same meaning as 78 vocabularies were extracted from postings collected by two non-professional extractors and a researcher, respectively. Both consumer and mediator vocabularies manually mapped to the 78 hypertension-related representing vocabularies. Finally, the survey was conducted from 110 inpatients and 115 nurses from December 27 to 31, 2013 for the selection of recommended vocabulary related to hypertension. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program and included descriptive statistics. Based on the survey results, the recommended vocabularies were selected for laypersons. Results: 67 consumer and 73 mediator vocabularies were linked with the 78 vocabularies. Two vocabularies unmapped to both consumer and mediator vocabularies were 'wheeze' and 'angioplasty'. 49 recommended vocabularies related to hypertension were selected for helping laypersons understand hypertension information. Conclusions: The consumer-oriented vocabularies may be helpful to overcome the vocabulary problem between non-professionals and professionals.
Development of a Scale to Measure Reproductive Health Promoting Behavior of Undergraduates
Jo, Ho Yoon ; Kim, Young Hae ; Son, Hyun Mi ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 29~43
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.29
Objectives: This study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument measuring the reproductive health promoting behavior of undergraduates. Methods: The initial questionnaires were made of 106 items from four domains through literature review. All questionnaire items were revised by an expert group and a pilot test. Data were collected using the revised initial questionnaire of men's 58 items and female's 64 items from 634 male and 685 female undergraduate students. The collected questionnaires were analyzed by factor analysis using varimax rotation to evaluate the construct validity. Results: According to the gender, two measurement were invented and analysed separately. Four common factors consisting of 'safe sex', 'sexual responsibility', 'genital health management' and 'STD prevention' were discovered in both groups. The 'genital hygiene' factor was added as a female factor. Male students' scale was made up 4 factors 16 items and female students' scale was made up 5 factors 18 items. Cronbach's alpha for male scale was estimated to be .892 and female scale to be .882. Conclusions: This scale will make it possible to measure the level of reproductive health among Korean university students. This scale may be useful for developing effective methods of education as well as policy programs for improving the reproductive health of Korean university students.
Influencing Factors and Trend of Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(2001, 2005, 2010)
Choi, Ryoung ; Hwang, Byung-Deog ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 45~58
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.45
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analysis the determinants and trend of suicidal ideation the elderly in Korea. Methods: This study participants were selected the elderly over the age of 55 from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2001(n=1,122), 2005(n=2,098), and 2010(n=2,402). Statistical analysis methods used in this study were
-test, logistic regression analysis and other basic statistics such frequency, percentage using SPSS version 21.0. Results: In 2001, the influencing factors of suicidal ideation was spouses, subjective health status and stress recognition. In 2005, the influencing factors of suicidal ideation were spouses, subjective health status, chronic disease amount, activity limitation, depression experience and stress recognition. In 2010, the influencing factors of suicidal ideation were elderly, education level, subjective health status, activity limitation, depression experience and stress recognition. Conclusions: The health education considering the characteristics of each elderly group should be developed and applied to prevent adults' suicidal ideation because the factors influencing suicidal ideation were revealed differently between the elderly group.
Contraceptive practice and influencing factors of adolescents
Cho, Yoon Hee ; Ra, Jin Suk ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 59~70
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.59
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of contraception use and analyze factors affecting contraception use among Korean adolescents. Methods: This cross sectional study used secondary data from the 2013 Adolescent Health Behavior Online Survey (KYRBS), which included a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students. A total of 3,475 adolescents who had experienced sexual intercourse were included in the study. Results: Almost 4.8% of total adolescents experienced sexual intercourse. Only 26.8% of them had sex with contraception. The significant predictors related to contraception use were as follows: sexual intercourse experience after drinking (OR=2.02) and living with mother (OR=3.00) for male middle school student, first intercourse experience (OR=2.04) for female middle school students, and first intercourse experience (OR=1.59) and intercourse experience after drinking (OR=0.56) for male high school students. On the other hand, there were no predictors for female high school students. Conclusions: Development and application of effective strategies according to gender and school level are needed to increase contraception rate of adolescents.
Comparison study on the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents in Korea
Bae, Jin-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.71
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents to use as the basis for the oral health care. Methods: The data included a subset of the Korean Youth Health Behavior Online Survey, self-administered, targeting 72,435 middle school and high school students in 2013. The questionnaire was composed of respondents characteristics, oral eating behavior, drinking, smoking, oral health behavior, oral symptoms. Results: 1. 35.7% of the multicultural adolescents were bad economic level and 26.5% of the multicultural adolescents perceived their oral health status to be poorer than native adolescents. 2. 51.1% of multicultural adolescents was 5 times more likely to intake milk and 15.5% of multicultural adolescents cookie intake was higher than native adolescent. 3. 29.9% of multicultural adolescents always brushed their teeth more in a week than native adolescents. 4. Bleeding gums and oral odor symptoms in multicultural adolescents were 24.6%, 28.0% higher than native adolescents. Conclusions: This finding suggests that the multicultural adolescent need health education including oral health food habit, oral health care, early dental visit for prevention, early treatment.
The Effect of Metabolic syndrome Management Program Applying Participatory Action-Oriented Training Principle
Yoon, Seong-Yong ; Woo, Kuck-Hyeun ; Kim, Hwa-Sung ; Kim, Yong-Bae ; Kim, Jin-Seok ; Jo, Seong-Yong ; Lee, Sung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 81~95
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.81
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to apply participatory action-oriented training (PAOT) principle for the management of metabolic syndrome and to assess its effectiveness in the workplace. Methods: The metabolic syndrome management program applying participatory action-oriented training (PAOT) principle is constructed action checklist, Group discussion, self-creation of an action plan, after 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, the practice carried out check up and encourage practice activity. Results: The seventy-seven workers who participated in the metabolic syndrome management program made a total of 246 action plans, 3.8 action plans per person and 234 action plans were achieved after one year, so that 81.0% of action plans have been achieved. After 1 year, in the intervention group, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), body mass index (BMI), the risk factors score decreased statistically significant, and metabolic syndrome prevalence decreased 54.8%. whereas the control group also showed a significant decreased in the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the risk factors score. but, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was significantly increased. Conclusions: To improve the effectiveness of metabolic syndrome management program applying participatory action-oriented training (PAOT) principle, the need to continues implementing programs and analysis of the long-term effects are required. Participatory action-oriented training (PAOT) principle can applying without cost and time, the human burden for the prevention and management of chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome.
The Association between Unemployment and Suicidal Ideation by Gender - Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 -
Lee, Hyun-Kyung ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.97
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examined the association between unemployment and suicidal ideation in Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) IV, conducted in 2009. Statistical analysis methods used in this study were
-test, Hierarchial logistic regression analysis and other basic statistics using SPSS version 19.0. Results: The suicidal ideation of unemployment workers was 24.7% in male and 35.9% in female. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health-related characteristics, the risk for suicidal ideation of unemployment workers was significantly higher than employment workers. In men, the OR for suicidal ideation of the employed workers compared with the employed was 2.13, and in women, the OR was 1.31. Conclusions: The findings suggest the impact of unemployment status on suicidal ideation and the need for further prospective investigation that lead to interventions should be required to introduce of suicide prevention program for unemployment worker.
Comparisons of obesity indicators for obesity and chronic diseases management among older adults
Chun, Heeran ; Park, Eun-Ja ; Kim, Il-Ho ; Cho, Sung-Il ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.109
Objectives: This study was to examine the associations between obesity level and major chronic diseases in older population in Korea, using different obesity indicators. Methods: Data was from the 2008 KloSA Biomarker pilot, a nationwide sample of 514 non-institutionalized subjects (age
years; women 57.2%). Anthropometric information was collected by home visiting nurses. Portable bioimpedence devices(Omran HBF359) were used for measuring fat mass. Obesity cut-offs used the Asian criteria of
for men and women. Chronic disease prevalence was defined by physician-diagnosed history of 8 specified diseases. Results: Prevalence of chronic diseases significantly increased with increment of obesity level by BMI, WC and fat %. Odds ratios of acquiring chronic diseases remained significant in the obese group (BMI OR 2.76, 95%CI 1.82-4.19; WC OR 2.73, 95%CI 1.81-4.11; Fat OR 1.87 95%CI 1.26-2.78), after adjusting for age, sex, marital status, education, work participation, household income, smoking, drinking, and exercise. Conclusions: Obesity measured by all three indicators, BMI, WC, and fat mass cannot be disregarded, accentuating the significant effect on increases in disease risks among older population. BMI and WC measure appeared better to assess the risks of chronic diseases.
Analysis of the priority of roles performed by health educators in charge of health promotion programs at community health centers
Choi, Seung Hee ; Kim, Myung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 121~133
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.121
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the roles of workforce required for effective execution of health promotion programs of community health centers in Korea. Methods: Survey was undertaken on 92 people in community health centers and the Analytic Hierarchy Process was employed in order to obtain results regarding the relative importance of role required for health educators. Results: The analysis suggests that of all 5 categories, 'Assess needs for health education' and 'Evaluate health promotion programs and Conduct related research' were relatively more important than the other categories of role. Taking into account the weightings of the main categories and the subcategories, the analysis shows that the order of importance follows, 'Use existing health-related statistical data', 'Collect health-related data', 'Survey method and knowledge and skills related to health statistics', 'Write an evaluation report', 'Understand and apply health education planning theories'. Conclusion: As a health promotion expert of community health center, a health educator is preferentially required to perform 1) the role to analyze the needs of the community and enable the planning for a customized health promotion program, 2) the role to execute evaluation throughout a health promotion programs and disseminate evaluation findings and apply them in following programs, in consideration of higher relative importance of these roles.
Enhancement for competencies of health education specialists to prevent chronic diseases in public health organizations
Kim, Young-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 135~146
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.135
Objectives: This study performed to enhance the competency of health education specialist on population-based program to prevent chronic disease in public health organizations. In addition, it will provide the basic data to enhance specialized competency for health education specialist. Method: The current operating strategy and demanded competency related to chronic disease programs were analyzed by reviewing the Korean Health Plan 2020, the guideline of integrated health promotion programs, and the job description of health education specialist. Results: Preventive programs for chronic disease provide with healthy lifestyle programs in integrated health promotion service. First, health education specialist should learn to professional knowledge on health risk factor and chronic disease. Second, they should cultivate the integrated competency to manage operations on obesity, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer prevention programs. Third, they get strengthened the-job training to implement health education, public relations, campaigns, media advocacy, and utilization of multi-media. Conclusion: It should implement the preventive programs for chronic disease in various health promotion services through coordination with multiple sectors. To identify of the job in preventive program for that, it would be required empowerment of health education specialists on disease prevention science and practical life skill.
The association of depression and suicidal behaviors with smartphone use among Korean adolescents
Kang, Min-Jung ; Lee, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 147~158
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.147
Objectives: This study aims to examine the association of depression, suicidal behaviors with smartphone use behaviors among Korean adolescents. Methods: We analyzed data from 'Youth Health and Life Skills Survey' in 2013. The survey was based on self-reported questionnaires distributed to 915 grade 7th and 8th students at four middle schools in Gangdong-gu, Seoul, Korea in 2013 to evaluate the effects of 'Youth Health and Life Skills' program. Depression and suicidal behaviors were measured in terms of the experience rate, and smartphone use behaviors were measured with average hours of smartphone use a day and overindulged behaviors in smartphone use by using 5-point Likert scales. We examined the association of depression and suicidal behaviors with smartphone use behaviors by using t-test and regression analyses. Results: 21.5% of respondents have ever felt depressed or hopeless to lose interest in school life almost everyday for 2 weeks or longer in the past year. The experience rate of suicidal ideation, suicide plan, and suicidal attempt were 21.1%, 6.1%, and 5.7%, respectively. The mean of average hours of smartphone use a day was 3.9 hours, and the mean score of overindulged behaviors in smartphone use was 2.99. The students who have experienced depression and suicidal behaviors were more likely to have more smartphone using time and higher scores of overindulged behaviors in smartphne use than those who have not. Conclusion: We concluded that for preventing addictive or problematic smartphone use behaviors among adolescents we should consider and develop more positive strategies for the moderate use of smartphone than regulatory measures, which include the implementation of skill-based health education program including life skills at schools and the development of smartphone applications useful for resolving mental stress and promoting mental health.
A Development Case on the Healthy Urban Planning in a Urbanrural Complex Area
Koh, Kwangwook ; Yun, Youngsim ; Kim, Heesuk ; Shin, Yonghyun ; Kim, Hyunjun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 31, issue 5, 2014, Pages 159~166
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2014.31.5.159
Purpose: In spite of many Healthy Cities projects in Korea, there are few research about healthy urban planning. So we tried to use available recent models to a Healthy Cities project in a medium sized city in Gyeongnam province. Methods: Using mainly European Healthy Urban Planning Model and opinion leader survey, SWOT analysis, forum and discussion have been done to a city. Secondary city health indicator obtained from Ministry of Statistics. Results: There are strong need to develop health industry, green traffic and healthy living from survey using Healthy Cities policy direction of Korean Health Promotion Fund. Among the Healthy Urban Planning objectives, improvements of physical environments, prevention of accidents and crime, improvements of healthy esthetics rated highly. Although environmental pollution was problem local government push forward to the pilot healthy urban project as active healthy water-front development. Considering secondary healthy city indicators, change of external forces and internal capacity final task for healthy urban planning for Yangsan city were development of riverside physical education park and active living and anti-ageing environments etc. Conclusions: Comprehensive assessment and plan was possible through MAPP Model using European Healthy Urban Planning objectives to draw the direction of future urban planning for Healthy Cities Projects. Further research and formal introduction would be needed.