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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Dec 2015
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Oct 2015
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Epidemiology and challenges on the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in Korea, 2015
Lee, Moo-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.1
Objectives: The purpose of this article was to assess epidemiological characteristics and recommendations for strengthening national response and preparedness after MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea, 2015. Methods: The author reviewed epidemiological reports and policy recommendations on MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea, 2015. Results: There was no evidence that genetical difference between the MERS viruses in the Republic of Korea and recent viruses in the Middle East. From the index case to last laboratory-confirmed case, there were 186 laboratory-confirmed cases that included 36 deaths(19.4%), all of whom appear epidemiologically linked to the index cases or subsequent secondary, tertiary, and quaternary cases. This outbreak spread to hospitals through nosocomial transmission. At least, three large clusters were investigated. However, there was at least one case of community transmission of MERS-CoV. Several factors had contributed to the MERS outbreak in Korea, 2015 that including epidemiological characteristics, and infrastructure of national healthcare system for preventing and controlling emerging infectious diseases. Conclusions: It is very important that to share experiences and identify underlying causes of this outbreak for prevention and control of emerging infectious disease in the future; including epidemiology, clinical features, and public health response and preparedness.
An ecological study on factors associated with community mortality rates
Chi, Tae-Keun ; Kwag, Kyung Hwa ; Jekarl, Jung ; Park, Min Su ; Kim, Kwang Kee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.11
Objectives: This study was to examine the influences of community characteristics on the mortality rates. Community characteristics included socioeconomic environmental characteristics, health care resources, and health lifestyle practice. Methods: This study used secondary data whose units of analyses were 249 administrative districts. Mortality rates were estimated with hierarchical regression models entered in the order of (1) socioeconomic environmental characteristics, (2) health care resources, and (3) health lifestyle practice. Results: About 70% of mortality rate was explained by socioeconomic environmental characteristics, health care resources, and health lifestyle practice. In particular, socioeconomic environmental characteristics showed the strongest impact on mortality rate. Among socioeconomic characteristics, community with lower rate of households headed with college or more, lower number of inhabitants per on-premise license, higher rate of population in poverty, and rural region showed higher mortality rate. Among health care resources, community with higher number of inhabitants per doctor and lower number of inhabitants per hospital bed showed higher mortality rate. Among health lifestyle practice, community with higher current smoking rate and lower moderate physical activity practice rate showed higher mortality rate. Conclusions: The results suggest that policy makers should take into account socioeconomic environmental characteristics of community in developing community-based health promotion rather than focusing on lifestyle changes of residents.
Health behavior affecting on the regional variation of standardized mortality
Han, Jin A ; Kim, Soo Jeong ; Kim, Se Rom ; Chun, Ki Hong ; Lee, Yun Hwan ; Lee, Soon Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.23
Objectives: The contribution of health behavior is high in the mortality variation. Mortality variation can be decreased through the policies and programs for improving health behavior. We investigated that health behaviors effected with standardized mortality in community. Methods: We examined the distribution of health determinant factors and correlation analyzed between factors and performed multiple linear regression. Data were collected from 2012 Community Health Survey in 253 communities, annual regional statistics, and statistics from Statistics Korea. Results: This study defined that the variation of standardized mortality and there are exist inequality level of health determinant factors in 253 communities. This study showed that the higher standardized mortality explained through health behavior factors of the current smoking rate, walking exercise rate and diagnosis of hypertension or diabetes rate after adjusted other factors(adjusted
, p<0.001). Conclusions: Smoking, walking exercise and diagnosis chronic disease affecting on the regional variation of standardized mortality. These factors can be improved by the local residents themselves.
Health-related quality of life assessment according to socio-demographic characteristics and health behavior among Gyeonggi-do citizens: focused on gender difference
Joung, Sun-Hee ; Hong, YeogSeon ; Sohn, AeRee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.33
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between the health-related quality of life assessment according to socio-demographic characteristics, health behavior, and BMI for Gyeonggi-do community population. Methods: The 2012 Community Health Survey data was used. The data were collected by using a cross-sectional study with face-to-face interview. The variables of smoking, AUDIT, exercise, BMI, and Euroqol EQ-5D instrument were selected for analyses. The Difference on the EQ-5D index among groups were tested with Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test. Results: The EQ-5D index for Gyeonggi-do community was 0.951(
). The index were significantly different by sex, age, marital status, education level, and occupation. The health-related quality of life showed lower EQ-5D index in women than men, older than young, and less educated. The index were significantly different by health behavior (smoking, drinking, moderate physical activity and exercise) for both men and women). For BMIs, the index was lower to under-weighted male and over-weighted female. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the future intervention of health promotion programs should be carefully designed and tailored by health behavior and obese groups.
Sociopsychological factors associated with depressive symptoms among some urban middle-aged men and women: focused on social support and stress coping strategy
Jeon, Seo-Heui ; Park, Kyoung Ok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 43~55
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.43
Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the associations with social support, stress coping strategy and depression among some urban middle-aged men and women. Methods: Considering the regional distribution 4 districts of Seoul were conveniently selected for this study and a total of 329 middle-aged men and women participated in the self-administered survey. The survey questionaries included social support, stress coping strategy, depression and general characteristics. Results: Avoidance and problem solving strategies were significant independent variables to the men's depression scores, but social support was not significant. However middle aged female's social support more explained the variance of the depression scores than the problem solving strategy. Conclusions: Significant sociopsychological factors that affected middle-aged depression were different by sex and according to the results, stress coping strategy for men and social support for woman were significant factors on depression control in urban middle-aged population.
The effects of problem drinking on life satisfaction focusing on mediating effects of family conflict and depression
Um, Soon Ok ; Moon, Jae Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 57~71
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.57
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of problem drinking on life satisfaction and to analyze the mediating effect of family conflict and depression between two variables. Methods: The data of this study were selected in the 9th Korea Welfare Panel Survey(KYPS, 2014). The SPSS Ver. 18.0 statistical package was used for descriptive statistics analysis, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: The major findings were as follows; First, problem drinking was found to have a negative impact on family conflict, depression, and life satisfaction. Second, family conflict and depression were identified to cause decreasing life satisfaction. Third, family conflict and depression was found to have a mediating effect between problem drinking and life satisfaction. Conclusions: In order to enhance life satisfaction through overcoming problem drinking, drinking prevention programs and recreational programs based on economic and social context are required.
Effects of sleep quality and occupational stress on health-related quality of life among a university's security workers
Park, Gun Woo ; Goh, Su-Jin ; Kim, Dong Ha ; Kim, Hye Lim ; Park, Jin Kwan ; Yu, Soo-Young ; Jeong, Du Young ; Chun, Jin-Hee ; Hwang, Soon-Young ; Cho, Sung-Il ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 73~83
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.73
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of sleep quality and occupational stress on health-related quality of life among a university's security workers. Methods: 128 security workers voluntarily participated in the study. The survey asked demographic, health related, job related factors, the Korean Occupational Stress Scale Short Form(KOSS-SF), sleep quality questionnaire, and 12-Short Form Health Survey version 2.0(SF-12v2). The data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, multiple linear regression, and multiple logistic regression. Results: The interrupted rest time was significantly negatively related to occupational stress. The occupational stress significantly affected sleep quality. The significant variable affecting Physical Component Score(PCS) and Mental Component Score(MCS) was sleep quality and occupational stress, respectively. Conclusions: HRQOL was founded to be affected by occupational stress and sleep disorder among the security workers. Based on this study, we suggest that the management of both occupational stress and sleep quality is crucial to improve the HRQOL.
Influencing factors on postnatal care utility of illiteracy women in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Shin, Dong Eun ; Song, Jin Sung ; So, Ae Young ; Masiangi, Paul ; Nam, Eun Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 85~96
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.85
Objectives: This study aims to identify the influencing factors of using postnatal care among illiteracy women who live in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: Household survey was done from February 1 to 8, 2013 in the Kwango district of Democratic Republic of Congo, and 400 childbearing women who has under 5 years old children and pregnant women was randomly selected and answered through the interview with a questionnaire. For analysis the data,
test and logistic regression analysis were used. Results: Woman who can read, write and mathematical calculation was 195 (47.4%) of total 411 answers and 161 (39.2%) used postnatal care for their latest pregnancy. Age at first marriage (
, p<.001), religions (
, p=.011), languages (
, p<.001), the experience of children death (
, p<.001), antenatal care over 4 times (
, p<.001), postnatal care (
, p<.001) is significantly different from literacy level. Among illiterate women group, who are protestant (OR=.330), using Lingala (OR=.128), took elementary education (OR=.223) and farmer (OR=.040), used less postnatal care. Conclusions: For increasing usage of postnatal care among illiterate women, new approach method should be considered such as a visual communication method and a community health workers' training program for giving an outreach service to pregnant women care.
The effects of the implementation of long-term care insurance on the quality of life trajectory among older adults with disabilities
Jeon, Hae Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.97
Objectives: The current study aims to examine whether the influence of National Long-term Care Insurance(NLCI) on the quality of life(QoL) trajectory of older adults with disabilities is more positive than its influence on those without disabilities. Methods: Sample consisted of 5,362 elderly aged 65 and over who participated in the Korean Welfare Panel Study from Wave1 to Wave7. Data were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Results: Major findings are as follows. (1) Before the NLCI, the trajectories of QoL between older adults with disabilities and those without were same. (2) After the NLCI, elders with disabilities showed lower levels of QoL at the beginning, but the gaps gradually decreased with time. These results indicate that the implementation of NLCI more positively affected elders with disabilities than those without disabilities. Conclusions: These results suggest that the NLCI functions properly as one of social security nets to cope with the needs of older adults with disabilities. In conclusion, it is critical to develop a sustainable NLCI system to enhance the QoL of older adults with disabilities.
Risk factors for functional disability among community dwelling elderly
Song, Hyun-jong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.109
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors for chronic ADL, IADL disability. The study explored clinical and socio-demographic risk factors of functional status decline. Methods: Data from the Survey of Living Condition of Elderly 3-year panel study were analyzed. The study subjects were 5,928 community-dwelling people aged 65 years or older who were no disability in ADL and IADL at baseline. Predisposing factors, pathology, impairment, and functional limitations were regarded as risk factors. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results: During the 3-year study period, 3.9% participants developed chronic ADL disability, 9.4% participants were IADL disabled. After controlling for predisposing factor, the best predictors for ADL disability at 36 months were fall as a pathology factor, cognitive decline, disability judgement, lower limb functional limitation. Comorbidity, fall, cognitive decline, disability judgement, lower limb and upper limb functional limitation were risk factors for IADL disability. Conclusions: Health promotion program focusing elderly is essential to prevent ADL and IADL disability. Mobilizing physical activity should be included in health promotion program for elderly.
Factors that affect Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma(CIAS) in patients with Parkinson's disease
Kim, Mi-Jung ; Bae, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 32, issue 3, 2015, Pages 121~133
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2015.32.3.121
Objectives: This study aimed to examine factors that affect chronic illness anticipated stigma among patient living with Parkinson's disease. The attributes of stigma measured in this study were labeling, expectation of prejudice, negative stereotyping, and discrimination. Chronic illness anticipated stigma was correlated with measures of mental and physical health as well as certain health behaviors. Methods: The sample included 250 adults with idiopathic Parkinson's disease that attended D university hospital in B metropolitan city from June to August 2014. Results: The chronic illness anticipated stigma were significantly correlated to depression, anxiety, Schwab & England ADL, Hoehn & Yahr stage, and age. The significant predictors of chronic illness anticipated stigma were anxiety, depression, and age. These factors accounted for 47% of variance in chronic illness anticipated stigma. Conclusions: In order to reduce the chronic illness anticipated stigma, nurse involved in the treatment and care of patients with Parkinson's disease should encourage patients to attend programs of depression and anxiety management in Parkinson's disease and systemic education programs on stigma.