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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Gender differences in healthy lifestyle clusters and their relationship with depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older adults in Korea
Park, Young Shin ; Kim, Hongsoo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.1
Objectives: This study was to examine by gender the clustering patterns and correlates of healthy lifestyle clusters and the relationships between healthy lifestyle clusters and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older adults. Methods: The observed/expected ratio of physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption were calculated to analyze clustering effects. The correlates of those healthy lifestyle clusters were evaluated using logistic regression models, and the relationship between those healthy lifestyle clusters and depressive symptoms was investigated using multiple regressions by gender. Results: Based on the guidelines this study adopted, we obtained three healthy lifestyle clusters: active healthy lifestyle; passive healthy lifestyle; and unhealthy lifestyle. All three clusters were found in men, but two in women, who did not have an unhealthy lifestyle cluster. High socio-economic status was positively related to healthy lifestyle clusters. Social participation and residence location (in men) and marital status (in women) were significant factors. Having an active or a passive healthy lifestyle was negatively associated with depressive symptoms in women, but such a relationship was not observed in men. Conclusions: The study findings imply that health promotion programs for middle-aged and older adults in Korea should be comprehensive and integrated, considering healthy lifestyle clusters and gender differences.
An empirical approach to analyzing effects of disease and activity limit on depression prevalence rate in the elderly depending on stress experience: KNHANES Data Analysis
Jeon, Hyeon Gyu ; Sim, Jae Mun ; Lee, Kun Chang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.13
Objectives: By using six years of KNHANES dataset (2008~2013) about 60 ages older people, we analyzed how the depression prevalence rate in the elderly is influenced by disease and activity limit. Especially, to add a sense of more reality, we adopted stress experience as a control variable to see how the depression prevalence rate in the elderly is influenced by disease and activity limit depending on the stress experience. Methods : We adopted six years of KNHANES dataset, indicating that our results were based on long period of time capable of considering temporal patterns in the depression prevalence rate in the elderly. Total 1,160 elderly people in KNHANES were selected for our empirical analyses. Dependent variable is either 0 or 1 depending on whether the elderly people feel depression. Main explanatory variables for our study include disease and activity limit. Logistic regression analysis was applied for two group such as stress experience and non-experience. Results : According to the empirical results, stress factor is found to be significant in explaining the depression in the elderly. Depression prevalence rate increased when the elderly has stress experience: chronical disease(OR
Effects of home-based cognitive and physico - occupational therapy program on cognitive function, depression and quality of life in dementia patients of a community
Yoon, Hyun-Sung ; Lee, Kang-Sook ; Jeong, Won-Mee ; Park, Yong-Jun ; Park, Hanul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.23
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of home-based cognitive physico-occupational therapy(HBCPOT) on cognitive function, depression, and quality of life in dementia patients, using a cognitive impairment model. Methods: The data was analysed for Mini-Mental State Examination-Korean version (MMSE-KC) for assessing cognitive function, Quality of life-Alzheimer`s Disease (QOL-AD) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) in 31 dementia patients who received home-based cognitive physico-occupational therapy for one hour once a week for 12 weeks by a trained occupational therapist at the Dementia Prevention and Management Center of Y-city during 20111-2013. Results: Among these 31 patients, 18(58.1%) were female, and 25(80.6%) had Alzheimer`s Disease. After HBCPOT, the mean scores of MMSE-KC and QOL-AD were significantly improved, but GDS score was not significantly decreased. Conclusions: It was suggested that HBCPOT was effective in improving cognitive function and quality of life.
Stress and musculoskeletal symptom of undergraduates
Kim, Soo Jeong ; Cho, Kyoung Won ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.33
Objectives: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of and the relationship between stress and musculoskeletal symptoms among undergraduate students. Methods: The convenience sampling method was used for this cross-sectional survey that was conducted from June 16, 2014 to June 21, 2014. A total of 223 subjects (88 men, 135 women) participated in the study and completed a comprehensive self-administered questionnaire requesting information on demographics, medical history, lifestyle, and musculoskeletal symptoms. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) was also administered to the subjects. A total of 223 subjects from 12 universities completed the questionnaires; the data obtained was used for the final statistical analysis. Results: Women had a higher prevalence of stress and musculoskeletal symptoms. Adjusting for sex and age, subjects who were stressed had a 2.85-fold higher risk of musculoskeletal symptoms than subjects who were not stressed. Stratified analyses by sex also showed that women had a higher risk of musculoskeletal symptoms (Modified OR 2.98, 95% CI 1.38-6.45). Conclusions: We found a positive association between stress and musculoskeletal symptoms in undergraduate students; sex differences were present. Further dose-response relationship between stress and musculoskeletal symptoms will be identified by a longitudinal study with a larger sample size.
Subjective awareness characteristics, knowledge and behavior of oral health among some university students
Shin, Ah Ra ; Kim, Ji-Hye ; Park, Dong-Ok ; Choi, Youn-Hee ; Song, Keun-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.41
Objectives: This study is aimed to evaluate oral health knowledge and behavior according to subjective awareness characteristics of oral health in university student. Methods: The data was collected from June, 2015 in K university, Korea. It was investigated about subjective awareness characteristics, knowledge and behavior of oral health by questionnaires in university students. The data was analysis into t-test and one-way ANOVA by SPSS 22.0. Results: Subjects who responded that they had a problem with oral health in subjective awareness characteristics were a statistically significant differences according to gender. Subjects who were interested of oral health and responded to their subjective oral health state as good condition were higher than the others in oral health knowledge. According to subjective awareness characteristics of oral health, the oral health behaviors were a statistically significant differences. Conclusions: There were statistically significant differences in oral health knowledge and behavior according to subjective awareness characteristics of oral health.
Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior among children in Seoul
Lee, Eun Young ; Park, Sohyun ; Choi, Bo Youl ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 49~60
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.49
Objectives: This study aims to assess the relationships between individual, social and physical environmental correlates and physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in Korean children. Methods: A total of 1,134 elementary school students (512 boys,
graders) in Seoul participated in the survey including self-reported moderate and vigorous intensity PA and SB as well as demographic and psychological correlates. These data were matched them with school- and community-level environmental data from the government sources. The relationships of the multilevel correlates with PA and SE were analyzed using gender-specific hierarchical regression analysis. Results: Boys were more active than girls, but there was no gender difference in SB. Students with higher levels of self-efficacy were more likely to participate in moderate and vigorous PA. There were gender-specific associations between social and physical environments correlates and PA. Boys with higher levels of self-esteem and self-efficacy were less likely to involve in SB. Girls in the
grade were more likely to involve in SB. Conclusions: In order to encourage PA and discourage SB in children, school- and community-level environmental support should be considered along with programs to improve self-efficacy and self-esteem.
Comparing the smoking rates between people with and without disabilities: Using propensity score matching
Choi, Minhyeok ; Choi, Jinhyeok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 61~70
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.61
Objectives: It has been well documented that people on the lower socioeconomic position are significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes. The purposes of this study were (a) to identify a potential difference of socioeconomic factors, and (b) to compare a smoking rate, one of the most representative health behavior between people with/without disabilities after the controlling socioeconomic factors. Methods: The Korea Panel Survey of Employment for People of Disabilities (2012) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (2012) were employed for calculating the smoking rates of persons with/without disabilities. Results: The results demonstrated that the socioeconomic position indicators (education, occupation and household equivalent income) of persons with disabilities were lower than persons without disabilities. The smoking rates of the persons with/without disabilities were 35.9% and 19.0% respectively before propensity score matching. After propensity score matching with the socioeconomic factors, however, ATT of people with disabilities was 0.201 which is lower than ATT of people without disabilities (0.227). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the socioeconomic level of persons with disabilities is important to improve the smoking rates and health level regardless of their disabilities.
Factors related to suicidal ideation by gender among adolescents in Peru : Focused on baseline survey for adolescents in poor urban area of Peru
Kim, Ha Yun ; Nam, Eun Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 1, 2016, Pages 71~85
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.71
Objectives: The aim of this study is to verify relationship between suicidal ideation and associated socio-demographic, psychological and behavioral, violence, protective factors among in poor urban area adolescents in Peru. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a sample of 981 secondary school adolescents in 2014 collaborating with Korea International Cooperation Agencies (KOICA) Peru office. For statistical analysis, Chi-square test, logistic regression analysis methods were used. Results: 14.0% of male and 37.1% of female were reported having suicidal ideation during the past 12 months. Suicidal ideation experience of male is affected by mother`s education level, depression, life satisfaction, sexual intercourse experience, fight experience, insulted experience. Female is affected by depression, life satisfaction, sexual intercourse experience, insulted experience and physical abuse experience. Conclusions: Suicidal ideation experience in poor urban area of Peru is affected by socio-demographic, psychological and behavioral, violence factors. To solve and prevent suicide of adolescents in this kind of area, it is necessary to apply an integrated development program for parents and teachers to participate. For the sustainable preventive program, there is a need to introduce a counseling program, such as psychological counseling to adolescents suicide prevention programs.