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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Secular trends in height, weight and obesity among Korean children and adolescents in 2006-2015
Kwon, Eunjoo ; Nah, Eun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.1
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate secular trends in height, weight, obesity among Korean children and adolescents in 2006-2015. Methods: The study participants were 1,249,698 children and adolescents 6-17 years in age who participated in health examinations for school students supervised by Korean Ministry of Education and conducted by the Korea Association of Health Promotion in 2006-2015. Height and weight were measured unified procedures at each period. Obesity was defined as being 95th percentile of sex-specific body mass index(BMI) for age in the 2007 Korean National Growth Charts or
. Results: Between 2006 and 2015, the median of height and weight, BMI of Korean children and adolescents has increased significantly. The overall prevalence of obesity was 10.7%(boys 12.6%, girls 8.7%). In 2012-2015, the prevalence of obesity 12.2%(boys 14.1%, girls 10.2%), compared to 9.1%(boys 10.9%, 7.2%) in 2006-2008. The increase in obesity prevalence was statistically significant(p<0.05). The prevalence was highest in Gyeonggi area, lowest in Chungcheong area when compared to other regions(p<0.001). Conclusions: During the period 2006-2015, growth trends, prevalence of obesity among Korean children and adolescents increased significantly. Health promotion and intervention programs promoting healthy growth and development of Korean children and adolescents were need consider the demographic and regional characteristics.
Health behavior and status associated with junk food consumption in adolescents: Data from the Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey
Doo, Young-Taek ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 15~25
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.15
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of soda, fast food, and ramen consumption on dietary habit and health behavior of adolescents and to investigate pathway of which junk food influencing health status. Methods: The findings of this study were based on the data obtained from the 2015 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. The analysis was accomplished using structural equation model which was designed based on the ideas that junk food consumption affects health status not only directly but also indirectly through eating habit and health behavior. Results: The structural models of both sexes revealed that the more they consumed junk food, the more negative effects it had on eating habit and health behavior. In addition, junk food consumption had an negative influence on health status directly and indirectly through eating habit and health behavior. Conclusions: The study results imply that school health education regarding proper eating habit should be implemented and that related policies should be established since complex individual, social, and environmental factors contribute to adolescents' eating habit.
Effect of physical health conditions on suicidal ideation in Korean adolescents
Kim, Yeji ; Chang, Hyejung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 27~37
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.27
Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between adolescents' suicidal ideation and their physical health conditions to contribute to lower suicide rates among adolescents. Methods: Secondary analysis of 2108 high school students of
grade was conducted using the Korean Child and Youth Panel survey in 2013. The association between suicidal ideation and socio-demographic and health characteristics were analyzed using Chi-square tests and regression models. Results: Adolescents' physical health conditions were significantly related to suicidal ideation. In particular, rhinitis and various symptoms such as feeling feverish, low appetite, feeling of nausea, stomachache while studying, and sleeping problem showed statistically significant relationships with suicidal ideation (P < .05). Furthermore, the higher frequency of diseases and body symptoms increases the rate of suicidal ideation. Considering socio-economic characteristics, family structure was also important. Conclusions: Physical health condition is a major contributor to adolescent's suicidal ideation. results suggest that improving social support system for adolescents' physical health conditions across family and school may be important in suicide prevention efforts.
The effects of inconsistent parenting attitude on smart phone addiction of adolescents
Choi, Jin ; Kwon, Ho-Jang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.39
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to parenting attitudes perceived by adolescents into different groups and to examine the impact of sub-factors of parenting attitudes on smart phone addiction. Methods: Data was collected by distributing questionnaires to high school students located in the nationwide regions and a total of 1,020 people were surveyed. Inconsistent parenting attitudes were divided into the consistent group and inconsistent group to carry out descriptive statistics, multiple regression, and path analysis. Results: In both the consistent and inconsistent parenting attitude groups, it was found that among the sub-factors, interest(p<.01) had the biggest impact on smart phone addiction. Inconsistent parenting attitude group was found that smart phone addiction levels in adolescents were more higher than consistent parenting attitude group. Conclusions: Through the above results, it was confirmed that smart phone addiction to directly impact parenting attitude. This implies that when raising their children, parents should display consistent attitudes in order to prevent addictive smart phone usage among adolescent.
Depression in family members of a patient with asthma: The Korean national health and nutrition examination survey 2007-2012
Lee, Kyoung Won ; Kim, Hyekyeong ; Choi, Jung Mi ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.47
Objectives: We investigated whether the rate of depressive symptom is higher among family members of asthmatic patient compared to people who had no asthmatic family member. Methods: This study used data from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012). In this cross-sectional study, 15,987 men (mean age 46.4) and 20,906 women (mean age 47.4) were included. To compare the rate of depressive symptoms in individuals who had a family member with asthma and those who did not have, we analyzed data using survey logistic regression. Results: Diagnosed depression was reported by 3.0% of the study population, by 4.2% of asthmatic patient's family member, and by 3.0% of individuals who did not have a family member with asthma. Family members of asthmatic patient increased odds of diagnosed depression compared with those who did not had an asthmatic family member (odds ratio = 1.56, p = 0.008). Conclusions: To prevent depression among family members of asthmatic patient, health education for entire family of asthmatic patient need to be considered. Also, government and policy makers should give more attention to caregivers who had a family member with asthma.
The relationship between smoking and depressive symptoms among Korean adults
Sung, Han Na ; Kim, Jong Sung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.57
Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between smoking status and depressive symptoms among Korean adults. Methods: We used the data of 17,871 adults aged 19 years or older from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(2010-2012). The subjects were classified as nonsmokers, former smokers, and current smokers by gender. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratios(ORs) and the 95% confidence intervals(CIs) for the effects of smoking status on depressive symptoms, and depression diagnosed by a doctor. Results: Compared to nonsmokers, the ORs of depressive symptoms for current smokers were 1.11(95% CI, 1.11-1.12) among males, and 1.64(95% CI, 1.63-1.64) among females. Compared to former smokers, the ORs of depressive symptoms for current smokers were 1.05(95% CI, 1.05-1.05) among males, and 1.89(95% CI 1.88-1.90) among females. Compared to nonsmokers, the ORs of depression for current smokers were 0.94(95% CI, 0.94-0.95) among males, and 1.40(95% CI, 1.39-1.41) among females. Compared to former smokers, the ORs of depression for current smokers were 1.09(95% CI, 1.09-1.10) among males, and 0.99(95% CI, 0.99-1.00) among females. Conclusions: Smoking is associated with depressive symptoms among Korean adults. Therefore, it is necessary to consider depressive symptoms with the management of tobacco control policies.
Electronic cigarettes recognition and influence factors of electronic cigarettes of among smoking university
Choi, Ryoung ; Hwang, Byung-Deog ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.67
Objectives: This study is purpose to recognition the of smoking behavior and the electronic cigarette of university students have a current smoking. Methods: The subjects were university living in Busan, the survey was conducted from March 23 to April 12, 2015, 314 except for 24 copies of non-response and error response among a total of 340 questionnaires were analyzed. Statistical analysis methods used in this study are
-test, Linear Regression Analysis and other basic statistics such frequency, percentage using SPSS version 22.0. Results: Electronic cigarette has been analyzed to be recognized non smoking, smoking reduces, good health than conventional cigarettes, convenient to use, there is no smell, can smoke in any place and as safe. Gender, grade, non smoking experience, non smoking and accept factors were analyzed to influence the use of electronic cigarettes. Conclusions: We suggest an established institutional arrangements and regulations, take advantage of various health programs development, and ongoing health education.
Determinants of women's contraceptive use in rural Ethiopia using Andersen's model
Sim, Boram ; Nam, Eun Woo ; Jin, Ki Nam ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 33, issue 2, 2016, Pages 77~87
DOI : 10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.2.77
Objectives: This study was conducted to provide data in order to develop effective family planning programs by analyzing the factors which affect contraceptive use among women in Ethiopia. Methods: The community health survey was conducted on women of childbearing age. The research model was developed based on Andersen's Model. A total of 320 respondents were analyzed through Chi-square analysis, t-tests and logistic regression analysis. Results: Contraceptive prevalence rate was 43.1% and most of them were using modern and short-term methods. Among three factor categories, the need factor(unwanted pregnancy experience) was revealed as the most important factor, following enabling factor which was knowing the FP services in health center. Conclusions: These results lead to several conclusions. First, the results imply that programs should focus on women who are in the over 30yr. as well as the poorer economic group and urban residents. Second, to improve the effectiveness of the program, it is important to help them to be motivated themselves and to promote knowledge on various methods. Third, in terms of service delivery, community health workers are expected to take a crucial role. To improve the availability of services, they should provide practical services as those in health center.