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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1989
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jul 1989
Selecting the target year
Recent tendency of Health Education role in public health
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 1~3
A Study of relationship between Housewives' Health KAP level and Family Health in Buan and Chunan Area.
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 4~22
This study aims to explore the relationship between housewives' health KAP level and the physical health of families. The data used in this study are obtained from the Last Evaluation Program of the National Note for Health surveyed in July, 1989. The respondents for this study are 770 housewives residing in Chunan and Buan. The reason why this study focus on KAP level of housewives is to find out whether a housewife as a emotional supporter contributes to the physical health of her families. A housewife gives her families emotional satisfaction insteade of economic satisfaction. So she has the most interest in family health among the members of her family. Therefore, housewife's KAP level will influence her family health. The independent variables chosen for the analysis are the general characteristic variables and KAP level. And the dependent variable is the physical health of families which excluded psychosocial one. This level of family health includes weight for family health and seriouseness of disease. The result of this study was summarized as follows. (1) KAP level was significantly correlated with variables which have mainly the socioeconomic characteristics. The variables were: area of residence, education level occupation, self assessment on wealth, and exposure to mass communication. (2) In the analysis of relationship between the general characteristic variables and family health, family health was significantly correlated with almost all variables. The variables were: Presence of the aged, Health status, Experience in disease, Self assessment on health, No. of families, Occupation, Education level, Self assessment on wealth, Concern on health, and Exposure to mass communication. (3) In the analysis of relationship between family health and KAP level, family health was not significantly correlated with KAP level but. (4) Also in the stepwise regression analysis, the general variables account for about 32.1 percent of the variance in the dependent variable, family health. The variable with the greatest explanatory power was presence of the aged. On the contrary, KAP level explain about 0.4 percent of the variance in the dependent variable. In sum, the study shows that housewives' health KAP level has relatively weak relationship with the physical health of families
A Study on the Health Insurance Management System; With Emphasis on the Management Operating Cost
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 23~39
There have been a lot of considerable. discussion and debate surrounding the management model in the health insurance management system and opinions regarding the management operating cost. It is a well known fact that there have always been dissenting opinions and debates surrounding the issue. The management operating cost varies according to the scale of the management organization and component members characteristics of the insurance carrier. Therefore, it is necessary to examine and compare the management operating cost to the simulated management models developed to cover those eligible for the health insurance scheme in this country. Since the management operating cost can vary according to the different models of management, four alternative management models have been established based on the critical evaluation of existing theories concerned, as well as on the basis of the survey results and simulation attempts. The first alternative model is the Unique Insurance Carrier Model(Ⅰ) ; desigened to cover all of the people with no classification of insurance qualifications and finances from the source of contribution of the insured, nationwide. The second is the Management Model of Large-scale District Insurance Carrier(Ⅱ) ; this means the Korean society would be divided into 21 large districts; each having its own insurance carrier that would cover the people in that particular district with no classification of insurance qualifications arid finances as in Model I. The third is the Management Model of Insurance Carrier Divided by Area and Classified with Occupation if Largescale (Ⅲ) ; to serve the self-employed in the 21 districts divided as in Model Ⅱ. It would serve the employees and their dependents by separate insurance carriers in large-scale similar to the area of the district-scale for the self-employed, so that the insurance qualifications and finances would be classified with each of the insurance carriers: The last is the Management Model of the Multi - insurance Carrier (Ⅳ) based on the Si. Gun. Gu area which will cover their own self- employed people in the area with more than 150 additional insurance carriers covering the employees and their dependents. The manpower necessary to provide services to all of the people according to the four models is calculated through simulation trials. It indicates that the Management Model of Large-scale District Insurance Carrier requires the most manpower among the four alternative models. The unit management operating costs per the insured individuals and covered persons are leveled with several intervals based on the insurance recipients. in their characteristics. The interval levels derived from the regression analysis reveal that the larger the scale of the insurance carriers is in the number of those insured and covered. the more the unit management operating cost decreases. significantly. Moreover. the result of the quadratic functional formula also shows the U-shape significantly. The management operating costs derived from the simulated calculation. on the basis of the average salary and related cost per staff- member of the Health Insurance Societies for Occupational Labours and Korean Medical Insurance Corporation for the Official Servants and Private School Teachers in 1987 fiscal year. show that the Model of Multi-insurance Carrier warrants the highest management operating cost. Meanwhile the least expensive management operating cost is the Management Model of Unique Insurance Carrier. Insurance Carrier Divided by Area and Classified with Occupation in Large-scale. and Large-scale District Insurance Carrier. in order. Therefore. it is feasible to select the Unique Insurance Carrier Model among the four alternatives from the viewpoint of the management operating cost and in the sense of the flexibility in promoting the productivity of manpower in the human services field. However. the choice of the management model for health insurance systems and its application should be examined further utilizing the operation research analysis for such areas as the administrative efficiency and factors related to computer cost etc.
A Study on the Preventive Health Behavior of Housewives in Some Areas of Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 40~57
The purpose of this study is to find factors associated with the preventive health behavior in the daily lives of housewives of a region in Korea, with a hope that knowledge on the health behavior obtained from this study can be of use in promoting practice of good health behavior of the people. The data this study was collected from 672 persons, randomly selected among residents in Wonseong-Dong Chu-nean City and BuanGun, Junbug. Chisquare test, Pearson's C. C., and Stepwise multiple regression are major statistical methods used in this study. Major findings are as fellows: 1) Health behavior of the respondents was found to be related to their characteistics such as residence. age, educational attainments, and standard of living. However, no statistical significant relation has been found between respondent's health behavior and their characteistics such as size of household living together with children or not, yes or no elderly living together. and yes or no Sick family menber. 2) The preventive health behavior of respondents were found to be significantly related to their interests in their own health status. But the association between the practice of certain health behavior and their recognition of their own health status was statistically insignificant. 3) Practice rates of certain preventive health behavior were found different depending their general knowledge on health(P<0.05). 4) Respondents had significantly different preventive health behavior depending on their attitude on health(P＜0.001). 5) Degree of contact with mass-media had shown to be significantly associated with preventive health behavior(P＜0.001). 6) In the stepwise regression analysis on preventive health behavior. independant variables representing attitude and knowledge on health and contact of mass-media all together explained 20.4 ％ of the variance of dependent variable.
A Study of the Changes in Korean Population structure - 1955~2020 -
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 58~65
This study analyzes the structural characteristics of rapid changes in Korean population, using the data of a census and other data on the changes in the population. Major findings are : 1. During 1950~1955, annual increase rate of population was about 1.02%, about 2.88% during 1955~1960, and 1.36% during 1980~1985. It is expected to decrease to 0.07% during 2015~2020. 2. Major Age Composition 0~14 is expected to reduce to 16.5% in 2020 from 41.2% in 1955, while the ratio of population aged 15~64 is expected to increase to 72.1% from 55.5%. Furthermore, for the population group of age 65 and over is expected to increase from a mere 3.3% to 11.4%. 3. The aging index of population is expected to increase to 69.5 in 2020 from 8.0 in 1955 and so the old dependency ratio is expected to 15.9 from 6.0 4. The median age is expected to 40.2 in 2020 from 19.0 in 1955. 5. In 2020 the child-woman ratio is expected to reduce to 22.3 from 64.7 in 1955. 6. In 2020 the age index of 0~4 is expected to 57.4 from 169.4 in 1955, and the age index of 65~69 to 261.7 from 95.6 on the contrary.
Smoking and Health Control
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 66~75
About smoking and health control by theorize of common with various records investigation prevent an injury from smoking Further, should be contribute for the national health improvement for application of guide to health education. The results of investigation are as follows; 1) Tobacco be transmitted the first year of KwangHea's(reign) from GeeRu(the year of GeeRu), before sixth year of KwangHea's GapIn. 2) By reason of smoking an extreme poison ingerdients is Nicotine, Co, Tar etc three kinds. 3) The number of chemicalcompound in the tobacco smoking. Nicotine play an important part of it makes continue to smoking act. 4) Co, Not only injury vascular in the cell wall but also influence in ardiac muscular tissue. 5) Tar, is play an important part tl determine taste of tobacco or fragrace(a sweet smell). 6) Be demaged in the body with harmful objects of tobacco is first lung cancer, next heart disease, and chronic lung disease etc. 7) Passive smoke(indirect smoke)is first smoker's when have smoking and blow smoke from cigarette take smoking. On second when take smoking as it is burning cagar to end. 8) Female smoker are no good and bring many trouble to the mother's body and fetal body(an unborn child). 9) Nicotine also, like drug and alcohol break out reliance, introspection, poisonous or obstinence syndrome 10) A counterplan about smoke should be settlement with propriety control of smoking and an antismoking(non-smoker).
A Study on the Image for Smoking among the Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 6, issue 2, 1989, Pages 76~86
In order to promote an anti-smoking education, we must understand how students imagine about smoking. The author has studied the image for smoking among 856 students in an openended method. The survey was conducted in April and May of 1989. The answers have been grouped into 49 response categories. 79.7% of the categories reflect a negative view of smoking. 34.4 % of the 49 evaluate smoking from a physical viewpoint; 33% from an emotional viewpoint; and 23.9% from an ethical viewpoint. "The most common response is that smoking is "Bad for the health". The next most common responses are "Harmful for people nearby". In order to effectively carry out anti-smoking education for your people, emotional and ethical aspects, as well as physical aspects, should be considered. Other important considerations are sex, grade.derations are sex, grade.