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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
Selecting the target year
A New Perspective in Health Approach and the Effect of Health Life on Health Status
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 1~9
This paper discusses a new perspective in health approach and the effect of health life on health status, and suggests some points to be improved in the establishment of health policies hereafter. Today's health problems changed from the acute epidemic diseases caused by simple factor to the multifactorial chronic diseases. Therefore, the health approach tries the holistic health approach, that is, the integrative approach by the interdisciplinary cooperation. With the advent of holistic health and holistic medicine in 1970's, the behavioral medicine was born in 1977, which is the interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science knowledge and techniques relevent to prevention, diagnosis and treatment. As a means to the reducement of the unnecessary medical utilization and medical expense, the medical self care and self-help movement is well under way in the countries of America, England, and Canada, in which lay persons are encouraged to actively function for themselves to prevent, detect and treat common illnesses and to promote positive health habits through the health activation programs such as The Course for Activated Patients and The Health Activated Person. This study shows that the individual health life gives great positive effect to his health status with the reducement of medical expense. These above facts suggest that the preventive health programs such as health education should be developed and strengthened instead of medical care-oriented health policy.
A Study on the Selection of Health topic areas and major concepts for Health Education in Primary and Junior High Schools
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 10~26
In Korean education, the health contents are scattered in various course subjects throughtout the primary and junior high school curriculum. So it is very difficult to provide systematic health education. The purpose of this study was to provide a guide for health education using health topic areas and major concepts that represent the scope of material that should be covered in health instruction. The steps used in selecting these health topic areas and major concepts were as follows: 1. A review of the literature related to health and health education was done to develop the rationale underlying this study. 2. Health topic areas basic to the growth and development characteristics of children, to human needs and to societal needs for healthful living were indentified. 3. The major concepts for each health topic area based on health sciences and children's growth and development levels were selected. 4. The major concepts selected were organized in sequence to guide health education from grade one to grade nine. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The identification of eleven health topic areas essential for health education. These include: personal habits and health healthy growth and development nutrition and health prevention of disease and disorders drugs and health mental health family life and health sex education accident prevention consumer health community health 2. The identification of the major concepts(generalizations) for each health topic area: 33 major concepts were identified as a guide in determining the health content of health education programs. These are 1) body cleaniness, 2) health of the sensory organs, 3) dental health, 4) exercise and rest, 5) growth and development, 6) body structure and function, 7) developmental tasks, 8) balanced nutrition, 9) eating habits, 10) food preparation and food storage, 11) sources of disease and disorders, 12) disease preventive behavior, 13) care during illness, 14) drug use and misuse, 15) drug addiction, 16) emotional responses, 17) human relationship, 18) self concept, 19) social adjustment, 20) health habits of the family, 21) interdependence of family members, 22) origin of life, 23) characteristics of man and woman, 24) sexual instinct, 25) safety behavior, 26) emergency measures, 27) criteria for selection of health products, 28) proper use of health information, 29) utilization of health and medical services, 30) environmental conservation, 31) environmental pollution, 32) population control, 33) function of public health services. 3. The organization of the concepts(generalizations) in sequence and for continuity in health instruction at the primary and junior high school level.
Changing Pattern of Patients in the Tertiary Care Hospitals after National Medical Insurance Implementation
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 27~32
Since the medical insurance covered the total population in Korea in July, 1989, the number of patient's visitation to the tertiary care hospital had changed because of referral regulation. In the referred patients through the secondary care hospitals such as out-patients of departments of internal medicine, general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics had decreased as well in-patients in these departments. However, departments of urology, dermatology, dentistry, ophthalmology and ear-nose-throat had more or less similar number of patients after medical insurance implemented for the total population. Contrarily, the number of patients visited emergency clinics and department of family medicine had increased very many. Thus, expansion of emergency clinic department, new special clinic set-ups, establishment of family medicine department in each hospital etc are strongly recommend.
A Study on Variables Related to Morbidity Perceived by Residents Lived in An Urban Poor Community
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 33~38
This study was carried out to identify variables related to morbidity perceived by residents who lived in an urban poor community in Seoul city, to analyze correlation between varibles and morbidity, and to find out factors related to the morbidity. Chi-square test, t-test, Pearson's C. C., and factor analysis were employed in this study. The factors labelled by this study are family expenses, housing environment, consumption level, and health care. It may be concluded that a morbidity pattern in specific communicty is strongly associated with socio-economic factors as we observe it at macro level. If the conclusion is acceptable, the health care system should pay attention to reducing the incidence itself through controlling socio-economic aspects of the community and should be reoriented. In this context, the primary health care approach which World Health Organization has advocated can be justified.
A Study on the Oral Health Knowledge and Attitude of Elementary School Nursing Teachers in Seoul
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 39~46
Nursing teachers at elementary schools in Seoul were surveyed to determine their sources of information about oral health and their knowledge and attitudes about dental diseases and disease prevention. Questionaires were completed by 305 school nursing teachers. The questionaire included 8 items: demographic characteristics of the study population, sources of oral health information, reasons for maintaining good oral hygiene, ranking of methods of caries prevention in children, knowledge about fluorides, percieved effectiveness of fluorides for children, knowledge about periodontal disease, and the role of school nursing teachers in promoting oral health. Major findings are as follows: 1. The most frequently cited sources of information about dental health were continuing education courses(69.8％). 2. Most respondents had old concepts about the reasons for maintaining good oral hygiene. 3. Elementary school nursing teachers' knowledge about fluorides and preventive methods of caries and periodontal disease was found to be incomplete and sometimes inaccurate. 4. Respondents were likely to agree to accept roles that promote oral health except the supervising of fluoride mouthrinsing. Thus, it was considered that cooperation of all school members is necessary for improving oral health status by following fluoride mouthrinsing
Evaluation of the quality assurance program in general hospitals
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 47~53
Aiming to investigate the program of the quality assurance program in the hospital, this study was carried out. This study gave basic informations for an effective quality of medical care as the result. Nine general hospitals which are located in a metropolitan areas in Korea were adopted as the study subject. The results are shown as follows : 1. With the range of 5~7 medical recorders in the hospital are serving. 2. In observing the frequency of quality assurance programs, five general hospitals implemented the program only once a year and other hospitals performed twice in two hospitals and three times in two hospitals respectively. 3. The reasons such ans ignorance about programs, suspicious attitude toward the result of the program, other infavorable circumstances implementing medical care system in Korea seemed to influence the unsatisfactory frequencies.
A Study on the Effects of Smoking Habit to Health Status in Some Male Employees
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 54~63
This study aims to find out the prevalence of smoking, and to analyze the effect of smoking for health status, and then to emphasize the necessity of stop smoking. The data used in this study are obtained from periodic health care programe at Health Care Center in a suburban hospital, and selected 435 males who have occupation. The independent varibles chosen for the analysis are general charactersitic variables and smoking habit. The dependent variables are designed to cover the health status of individual cases, and include blood pressure, blood cholesterol level with HDL-cholesterol and blood triglyceride level, recent symptoms and recently being managed diseases. The result of this study are summarized as follows. 1) Percentage of smoker by the age groups is highest in 4th decade, being 71.1%. The second and third ranks are 6th and 7th decades, being 53.5% and 44.4%, respectively. 2) In the view of socio-economic levels, smoking rate is higher in the groups who live at rural area and whoes occupation is labor or merchant. Smoking rate is significantly higher in the heavy drinking group. 3) Among the atherosclerotic risk factors, which include hypertension, HDL-cholesterol by total cholesterol ratio lower than 0.2 and triglyceride level higher than 200gm/dl, hypertension was not statistically associated with smoking, but others revealed statistically high association with smoking. 4) The groups who have the symptoms of severe fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, pulmonary symptoms, palpitation and chest tightness havepositive association with smoking. 5) The groups who have hypertension with cardiovascular diseases and gastrointestinal diseases showed highly significant association with non-smoking. 6) In relation of the smoking habit to the atherosclerotic risk factor index, smokers have more atherosclerotic risk factors, but that is not statistically significant. 7) In relation of the smoking habit to the recent symptom index, smokers have more symptoms than non-smokers with statistical significance. In conclusion, smokers have worse health status than non-smokers especially in the atherosclerotic risk factors such as hypertension or abnormal blood lipid status and have more symptoms such as severe fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, pulmonary symptoms, palpitation and chest tightness. And the campaingn against smoking should direct for the male in 4th decade because they have highest smoking rate.
A Study on Breast Cancer self-examination Compliance in the Context of Health Belief Model
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 64~71
The purpose of this study is to identify the main factors influencing breast cancer self-examination, a preventive health behavior, thereby increasing self-examination compliance for early detection of the disease. The data on which this study was based were collected from a survey of 601 ladies, aged 20∼59 years and residing in Seoul, employing such mehtods as X²-test, ANOVA, t-test, F-test, Person's Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The resulting conclusions are as follows; 1. Discrepancies in self-examination compliance rate are found in accordance with the differences of general characters of the surveyed persons. For instance, those who are well educated and better off are better compliers than those who are not (p<0.001), and those around whom breast cancer patients are better ones than who are not (p<0.01). 2. Self-examination compliers have higher health belief than non-compliers. Compliers have more knowledge in health and have higher susceptibility, barriers and health concern (p<0.001), and higher benefits (p<0.01), and higher seriousness (p<0.05) than non-compliers. 3. Whereas those who have loftier health belief show higher compliance rate (p<0.001), seriousness turned out to have no correlationship with self-examination compliance. 4. Stepwise Multiple Regression portray that following factors influence self-examination compliance in arder named. (1) barriers (2) susceptibility, (3) health concern, (4) age, (5) benefits, (6) education level. Even so, it turned out that these factors alone can explain only 20％ of self-examination compliance. Therefore study for the other factors ought to be continued. I submit following suggestions ending this study. 1. Since breast cancer self-examination is an essential health behavior needed for early detection of the disease, efficient and proper health education program eyed for regular and periodic self-examination is required to be developed, thus reducing the deaths and pains caused by the disease. 2. Proper policies of the government for the prevention of breast cancer is strongly urged to be formed in concrete manner. 3. Continuous study of the other factors affecting self-examination compliance must be carried on.
A Study on the Actual Condition of Drug Abuse by Some Juveniles in Seoul - Based on Third School Year Students of Some Senior High Schools -
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 7, issue 1, 1990, Pages 72~82
The actual condition of drug abuse by some Juveniles in our country and effects of some elements on their drug abusing were observed providing basic materials for health education to juveniles to contribute to the health improvement of them and the reduction of the harmfulness of drug abuse. 1035 third school year students of some senior high schools in Seoul were subjected to the questionnaire survey. The results could be summarized as follows : 1. Among the twelve kinds of drug involved in the study, alcohol (72.0%), cigarette (44.2%), stimulants (23.9%), analgesics (7.9%) appeard abused in the order named. 2. As for the motives of using antitussives, 30.1% of students answered because of curiosity, then 28.8%, in order to get a calm condition, and then 16.4%, to get along with friends. 3. As the result from seeing how much each drug abuser is contact with his family, frends, school, social surroundings and himself, every abuser appeared having higher degree of discontentment with family, school, society and himself excepting friends. 4. And when analyzed the relationship between their misconducting and drug-abusing, a close relationship was shown : mere abusers among misconduct-experienced students, and more misconduct-experienced students among abusers.