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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Aug 1991
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The Construction of Health Supporting Environment and Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~4
Comprehensive Measures for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 5~13
While the threat from traditional communicable diseases have been decreasing non communicable chronic diseases are increasing due to the aging of population and change in life pattern of the people such as over intake of cholesterol and lack of physical exercise etc. On the other hand, since 1980s, AIDS is spreading rapidly throughout the globe and environmental pollution, accidents, addictive diseases such as drug abuse and alcoholism are becoming serious factors to hinder the health promotion of the people. In order to improve general public health and promote individual health status, existing program for communicable disease control by the government such as tuberculosis, leprosy, STD and acute communicable diseases should be effectively continued. In principle, effort should be placed on eradication of source of infection, reduction of communicability of source in infection, treatment of source of infection as well as increase of individual registance to the diseases through immunization and improvement of physical status. Since the pattern of illness is being shifted from communicable diseases to non communicable chronic diseases such as cancer, cerebral hemorrhage, heart disease and hypertention etc., special emphasis should be placed on the prevention and control of those adult diseases. Early detection of the patients, registration and treatment of patients and health education should be systematically developed for effective control of the diseases. In addition, program activities on MCH, nutrition, dentistry, mental health, environmental health, accident prevention. medical delivery system, health insurance. and all other health issues should be improved in order to achieve our goal of health promotion.
Effective Strategies for the National Health Promotion Movement
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 14~21
In accordance with the rapid industrialization in Korea, there have been remarkable changes in the health environment. The major changes are ; the change of disease structure, the aging of population structure, the diversification of health needs and the increase of health care costs. Because most of health problems stems from the environment, national health policy should be conducted according to the environmental changes. It is necessary for the voluntary organizations as well as the government ones to plan and participate the national health promotion movement on a national level so as to make the people form the attitude that health promotion is better than cure. Also, it is desirable that national health promotion movement be implemented gradually especially by four steps, 1) preparation step; 2) enlightenment step: 3) implementation step: 4) evaluation step.
A Study on Program Development for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 22~33
The Korean people are all the beneficiaries of medical insurance or medical aid. It is important and needful to develop the preventive health program such as health examination and health education for disease prevention and health promotion of the beneficiaries. This paper diagnoses the status and problems of the current preventive health services to the beneficiaries and recommends how to develop the preventive health program in the medical insurance. This paper suggests that the government should strengthen the political support and supervision in order to develop the preventive health program in the medical insurance. In addition to the above suggestion, the following are recommended ; 1) to designate the large number of qualified hospitals for health examination. 2) to use the supplementary methods such as the health questionnaires in order to give the accurate health examination services. 3) to combine the health examinations by both laws of medical insurance and industrial health. 4) to arrange the manpower in charge of health education and to establish the health promotion centers. 5) to develop the effective mass media and materials for health education by use of TV, radio, VTR and slide projector.
Community Involvement and Health Policy - New Approach to Health Education and Behavioral Science -
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 34~44
Since it was found out that the degree of medical contribution to health was timid. the direction of health policy studies has been focused on the personal health behavior. Participation in health has been closely related to the behavior. Those who have insisted on the new direction believe that the health policy laying stress on low cost and personal responsibility can avoid the pathology of medical policy and medical crisis. Participation in health has been very important method of changing health behaviors. It is certainly important to change bad health behaviors. But there is no deliberation of social structure here. Most health behaviors are the adaptation to social structure. The attempt to change the established adaptation behaviors without considering social structure is difficult to succeed. It is little meaningful to say the importance of the health behavior to those who have no choice but to be ill due to the poor environment and health risks. What can guarantee the real direction of community participation at least is the consciousness and behaviors of people's right.
A Study on the Determinants of Stop Smoking by Some Middle-aged Men in Seoul
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 45~58
The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of stop smoking. The data on which the analysis was based come from a survey of 355 middle-aged men in Seoul. The data was analyzed using proportion, x²-test, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The following were the results; 1. Success rate of stop smoking is 19.9% of 229 persons who attempted to quit smoking. 2. As for the number of quit attempts, 33.3% of ex-smokers tried once; 25.4% of current smokers tried twice. 3. As for methods of quit attempts ex-smokers showed higher tendency in using will power and books/guides than current smokers who in using will power alone. 4. For the attitudes on smoking of family, the majority of ex-smokers and current smokers were opposed absolutely. 5. The main opposite to smoking were wives in cases of both ex-smokers and current smokers, but More ex-smokers answered that the main opposite to smoking were others than current smokers. 6. As for the measures of smoking in the office, more ex-smokers answered inviting than current smokers and more current smokers assigned a smoking spot than ex-smokers. 7. Majority of ex-smokers approve of restriction at public spot strongly. 8. As for the attitude about caution on a cigarette case, more ex-smokers insisted than current smokers. 9. There was a relation between the degree of exposure about knowledge and the degree of knowledge. 10. Stepwise Multiple Regression portray that following factors influence stop smoking in order named. (1) attitude on the smoking restriction at public spot, (2) methods of quit attempt, (3) attitude about caution on cigarette case. Even so, it turned out that these factors alone can explain only 20% of self-examination. Therefore study for the other factors ought to be continued. I submit following suggestions ending this study. 1. Continuous study of the other factors affecting stop smoking must be carried on. 2. Since there was a relation the degree of exposure about knowledge and the degree of knowledge, efficient health education is required using campaign and mass media.
A Study on Specificity of Cancer Incidence in Daegu-Kyungbuk Area
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 59~67
Cerebrovascular disease have been replaced by neoplasm as first cause of death on 1980's. So, many epidemiological studies on cancer have been reported. However, most of them were performed on beses of biopy data or of histological examination. We had reported that valuable results could be obtained from surgical data for cancer patients, previously. In this paper, 5,103 surgically treated cancer patients in Daegu-Kyungbuk area during 1985-1989 were analyzed in terms of sex, age and organ. Mean age on male cancer patients was increased, but in the case of female, the trend of age distribution is inverse to other reports. It is considered as regional specificity to cancer incidence and it is due to higher frequency of breast and uterine cervical cancer than other areas. Especially, in the case of breast cancer, the mean age of patients was 30's and be considered as most dangerous cancer to famale.
A Study on the Status of Physical Exercise of Community People in City Area
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 68~86
This study was carried out to investigate consciousness level of physical exercise and analyze factors affection to the practice of exercise. The main purpose of the study was to give basic and necessary data in developing of program regarding to the physical exercise of the people and social athletics. This study was conducted by trained surveyers, for dweller in three cities(Seoul, Taegu and Ulsan) during January 4. 1990 to January 24. 1990. The results of this study can be summarized as follows 1. The subject of criticism an investigation for general charactristic be conducted in Seoul, Taegu and Ulsan city area an objective 417 person, 432 person and 366 person was among those comparatively little more by male was higher rate than female. Those in classification was adopted by age group 20 years old adult 41.3% of most higher rate, age group evaluation, were 24.9％ and other group were 18.4％ comprehensively appearanced by adult group has most many value rate. 2. An objective of investigation survey was made to personnel were comparative an educated level significantly higher such as college graduated 48.8％ this rate of value has most higher, High school graduated ; 30.1％ and middle School gratuated were 11.7％. In addition the native comes from large city, Farming and fishing villages an rural area rate were shown as 29.6％, 28.4% and 19.9% each other. There by classification of occupational job was shown by students has 27.4％ are most higher significantly, also there sales and service field job appearanced 15.1％ and expert technical job is 9.0% Although nonreligion person rate were 37.3%, buddist, Christianity, Roman Catholicism all them each other shown 33.6％, 16.7％ and 12.4%. An evaluation in economic situation value rate was appearanced by middle class level 61.7％ and higher and low level are 14.4％ and 23.9% with each other and married were 59.2％. 3. The people resident in cities area has pratice of health development by exercise person were 43.5% and value of rate for male has exercise practice is 52.5％, was significantly higher than female has by age group 10 years old and age group 50 years old is 52.6％ and 47.3％ was comparative higher rate also age group 30 is 35.1％ of low factor was indicated. Although evaluated an economic situation rate was higher level get more taken the practice of health develop exercise(higher level 60.0％ and low level is 32.9％). Although by higher level of educated were more taken pratice of their proper physical exercise(college graduated rate ; 52.2％ of most higher and high school graduted ; 39.7％ and then middle school graduated is 19.1％) unmarried taken exercise rate ; 48.4％ is significantly higher than married person rate ; 40.8％. Although objective of native area of exercise rate of Urban area cities ; 52.5％ are significantly higher farming and fishing native person rate ; 40.4％ shown is most low.
A Regressional Study on the Relation between Marriage Variables and Fertility
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 1, 1991, Pages 87~97
The purpose of this study is to identify the important marriage variables influencing fertilty. The data on which this study is based was selected from the survey data which was nation-widely collected from 2,824 married women in 1989 as the Korean. Family Function Study performed by the Korea Institute for Population and Health. The data was analyzed by the methods such as Cross Tabulation, Pearson's Correlation, and Multiple Regression. And the data analysis was processed by SPSS. The results are as follows. 1. There are differences in fertility according to the socioeconomic factor. The higher the educational level of a married woman is the lower the fertility level. And if the decision of marriage was made by herself, the fertility level is significantly low. As the duration of living in a large city is longer and the educational level of her husband is higher, the fertility level is low. 2. There are differences is fertility according to the demographic factor. As the first marriage age of her and her husband, the fertility level was low. And when a couple doesn't live with the husband's parents and the size of a family is small, the fertility level is low. 3. Finally the factors affecting fertility were analyzed by the Stepwised Multiple Regression. The result shows that as the educational level of a married woman is higher, she herself decides the marriage, the first marriage level of her is higher, the size of a family is small, her husband is higher, the fertility level is low.