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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Aug 1991
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Health Education in the Era of Health Promotion
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~5
Definition of health education can be various depending on historical background and individual point of view. In the industrialized era when health promotion is given a high priority in health activities, health education could be defined as a combination of planned learning experiences and social actions, which expand health knowledge and experiences of individuals and communities in order to meet their health needs, change harmful health behaviors to be desirable for health promotion and motivate them to do that. To realize the proposed definition of health education, health education should develop new policies in harmony with health promotion, facilitate the development of human resources, reflect the modern educational technology, strengthen multisectoral approach, and pay more attention to monitoring and evaluation. To fulfill the above mentioned role, health education approach should shift foci from diseases to health orientation, from individualistic health behavior modification to a systematic change of the general public, from medical domination to recognition of lay competence and from authoritarian health education to supportive health education.
Study on Health Education Providing System in Korea - Health Education Policy-
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 6~23
The method of this study is as follows : First, the interview with the civil servants concerned. Second, the review of the pertinent public ledgers. Third, the review of the existing reference. The results of this study are as follows. 1) The health education system in Korea has only the head. But it does not have the trunk and the limbs that it can move with. 2) Health educator should have the essential work that is the planning and coordinating work of intersectoral health education programs. They should also have the trust works from other sectors. 3) The proposition in the health education policy is as follows: First, the department or section of health education should be made newly in the public health organization. Second, at the level of province(Do) and county(Gun), the health educator should be stationed. Third, most training courses of health care members should involve health education subjects. Fourth, the health center at the level of county(Gun) should have a minimum material and audio-visual equipment of health education. Fifth, regular health education should be put into practice through local broadcast or CATV etc.. Sixth, school health education should be consolidated. Seventh, village health worker(nurse) should be stationed at the level of health center, so that he(she) can work as health educator. 4) The ultimate model of health education system is that of Fig. 5. But it is impossible to change the system synoptically. At first health educator should be stationed at health center. And then the system should be gradually organized.
A Study on Educational Needs of Pregnant Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 24~33
This study was conducted to assess to the knowledge and educational needs of pregnant women relating to antepartum, delivery, postpartum periods, and to identify the variables which influenced their knowledge and educational needs. The study subjects were 282 postpartum women who had delivered fullterm normal babies without any complications. Data were collected from women those who were not more than two days after delivery at general hospitals, 3 maternal child health care centers and 4 midwife's offices in Pusan using questionnaire method from Feb. 1. 1991 to Mar. 20. 1991. The results of this study are as follows 1. Relating to the antepartum period, the knowledge about the time when the sex of fetus was fixed was low, and relating to delivery, the knowledge about the method reducing labor pain was low. 2. Relating to the antepartum period, the educational needs about child rearing was high, and relating to delivery, the educational needs about newborn baby were high. Relating to the postpartum period, the educational needs about emergency care of new born baby were high. 3. There were statistically significant differences in total educational needs by educational level(P<.01), duration of marriage (P<.01), and number of pregnancy(P<.05). 4. There were positive correlation between the total knowledge and educational level and negative correlations between the total knowledge and duration of marriage and age.
A Study on the Nutrition Intake Realities to an Affect Influence Factors for Dweller in City Area
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 34~51
In the research and analysis for survey practice on stability on the nutrition intake relities to an affect influence factor for variable reason to discovers dweller in cities area which is in order to prevent an unfortunately influence that thus obviously restricted by nutrition intake would be restoration. And then attempted to avhivement of stability fulfil to correct nutrition intake needed under the establish for effectiveness measured to provide the primary required resources be considerations must accomplish certain survey of goals. Therefore subject of criticism for survey was conducted during January 4 1990 to January 24 1990 through 20 days adapted place were Seoul, Taegu and Pohang cities dweller 1206 person be conducted under the expert survey personnel by directly the survey was conducted with the questional form has atapted for its survey conclusion of result be summarixed as bellow. 1) The subject of criticism for survey was ferformed to personnel adapted age group 40 to 49 were 24.9%, Age group 50 to 59 were 18.4% shows most adult group has significant higher value rate appearenced. In consideration the education level were evaluated the college grauated ; 48.8% and High School graduated: 30.1% shows that more educated level has significant higher rate value were appearenced. 2) On the subject of criticism to evaluation for adapted personnel by native place such as larger citypeople ; 29.6%, Farming and fishing village people were 28.4%, although the classfication of job analysis for estimation appearence rate were ; students 27.4%, Sales and service field personnel rate ; 15.1% and expert technique field personnel were ; 90% comprehensively appearenced. Although consideration for ecnomics situation review to the middle level shows of rate ; 61.7% and lower level was appearenced rate ; 23.9% of each others. 3) The people of resident in cities were appearenced nutrition intake has more than 2 weeks continuousely practiced by experiance rate shows ; 72% thus intake has experianced rate were 74.6% and female was 68.5% affact is comprehensively male has more many higher rate valued. In the classfication by age group 60 year old has 100% they have experiaced of nutrition intake and age group 50 to be appearenced its rate ; 76.4 % and age group 40 were 75.5% Thus result of survey for comparative rate shows in generally say more aged group has intake significant higher than younger age of group. Nevertheless, age group 10 years old be experienced of nutrition of intake rate ; 63.2% and age group 20 shows 73.9% was comparative more significant higher than age group 30 years old level adolescents.
A Study on The Effects of The State Anxiety upon The Mental Health of Middle-Aged Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 52~60
The purpose of this study were to recognize the status of state-anxiety and mental health of the middle-aged women and effects of the state-anxiety upon the mental health of the their. This data on which the analysis was based come from a survey of 466 middle-aged women is Seoul. The questionaire consisted of the 20 questions of the state-anxiety inventory by Spielberger and Lee, Hoon Koo's 47 questions dervied from the SCL-90 by Derogatis and the others. The data was analyzed using percentage, T-Test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. The results are as follows: 1. The state-anxiety status showed that 16.9% of the total respondents had badness state-anxiety. 2. The mental health assessment scale (SCL-90) showed that 3.4% of the total respondents had mental health problems. The most prevalent one was somatization, the 2nd and 3rd were depression and obsessive-compulsive. 3. The test of relationship between the individual background and the status of state-anxiety revealved that, there seemed to be staistically significant correlation between the state-anxiety and the academic background (P<0.01), family in come(P<0.05), physical health status(P<0.001) and marital satisfaction(＜0.001). 4. The test of relationship between the individual background and the status of mental health revealved that, there seemed to be staistically significant correlation between the mental health and the academic backgroung(P<0.001), marriage status(P<0.05), husband's occupation(P<0.05), number of family live with(P<0.05), physical health status(P<0.001) and marital satisfaction(P<0.001). 5. Between the state-anxiety and the mental health of the subjects, there was a correlation that the lower score of state-anxiety was, the lower score of the mental health(r=0.57, P<0.001).
A Relational Study on Attitudes Toward Death between Life Satisfaction and Values of Juveniles
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 61~73
The purpose of this study was to awaken the necessity of death education and provide basic materials for healthy attitudes toward death and life. For this purpose, it observed the attitudes toward death by Juveniles and recognized life satisfaction & values related to it. The subjects for this study was based 504 students of high school in Seoul. The data was analyzed by the methods of frequency, percentage, reliability, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The higher life satisfaction was the higher value on self one's ability and life. 2. There was a negative correlation that the higher life satisfaction is the higher lever death anxiety, negative to suicide and death. 3. There was no differences between values and death anxiety. However, there was negative correlation that the higher values was negative to suicide and reject death. 4. In the relationship between the individual background and attitudes toward death, there seem to be statistically significant differences: woman, general high school, the lower grade, the higher the lever of socioeconomic statues were the lower anxiety, positive to death and awaken the necessity of death education.
Study on the Characteristics of Height Growth by PHV Age -Using longitudinal data of age 7 to 18-
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 8, issue 2, 1991, Pages 74~86
This study tried to clear the characteristics of height growth pattern depending on Peak Height Velocity age in early, average and late groups. And in it, height growth tendency of girl students in age 7 to 18 years old was compared and investigated in order to know influencing factors, menarcheal age relation. The samples were senior girl students at high school in Seoul. Longitudinal data and survey data were collected in August, 1990. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. On distance curve, the height growth line in early group tended to be the highest and in late group the lowest. On the other hand, on velocity curve late group showed the highest peak and early group showed the lowest peak. In late group, velocity curve was too steep. Of course, these early, average and late groups were classified by PHV age. 2. In these three groups, late group showed the most growth amount per year. However, on distance curve, early group showed higher line than late group. Perhaps this means that peak growth amount in late group might have an effect on mean. 3. Growth amount of adolescence spurt age in these three groups was 6.86cm at age 9(early group), 7.27cm at l1(average group) and 7.65cm at 13(late group). In early group, because. PHV age came too early, it was difficult to find exact adolescence spurt period. In early group, the adolescence spurt period is considered to come at about age 7 to 9. In average group, at 9 to 11 and at 12 to 13 in late group. Especially, spurt of late group was remarkable. 4. When the growth amount of PA, before PA and after PA was compared, growth amount of PA in all three groups was about 20%. In early group, growth amount of APV tended to be large and in late group, that of APV tended to be large and in late group, that of BPV was large. In average group, growth amount of BPV was larger than that of APV. 5. For the purpose of comparing total height growth amount of these groups at age 18, the height growth was assumed to be over. And then, the difference of three groups was studied but it's not significant. 6. Although the difference between height growth and family environment, dietary habits, exercise, disease history in these three groups was investigated, only the income was significant. The significance of all the other factors was not approved. 7. When menarcheal age was compared with PA, generally we know menarche appeared after 1∼2 years of PHV age. But in case of early group, the difference between PHV age and menarcheal age was 5.34 years. In average group, 2.45 years and 0.82 years in late group.