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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Analytical Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Analytical Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 15, Issue 1 - 00 2002
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Cyclofenil and its Metabolites in Human Urine using GC/MS
Myung, Seung-Woon ; Min, Hye-Ki ; Cho, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Myungsoo ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 185~189
International Olympic Committee (IOC) prohibits the use of cyclofenil for male. To prove whether cyclofenil product was taken or not, the analytical method in urine using GC/MS was established. The extraction recoveries of cyclofenil and its metabolites were higher in the range of pH 5-9. Because the parent drug (cyclofenil) was not excreted in urine, metabolites were detected and theses were used as a criteria of cyclofenil dose. Therefore the metabolites were hydrolyzed, extracted at pH 9.6, derivatized with MSTFA and analyzed by GC/MS.
Mutation Analysis in β
-Adrenergic Receptor Gene by Denaturing High Performance Liquid Chromatography (DHPLC)
Park, Sang-Bum ; Oh, Chung-Hun ; Kim, Jong-Wan ; Jang, Won-Cheoul ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 190~195
We analysed mutation of
-adrenergic receptor gene that controls bronchial asthma by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) according to ion-pair reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (IP-RP-HPLC). We extracted genomic DNA from 50 asthma patients, amplified DNA using PCR, and analysed PCR product by DHPLC. As a result, we obtained that mutation frequency was 15 (30%) among 50 cases. Consequently DHPLC mutation detection was confirmed that the result of direct sequencing was coincide exactly.
Comparison of isoButoxycarbonyl derivatives, tert.-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives, with US EPA Method in the sensitivity of Alkylphenols, Chlorophenols, and Bisphenol A Potential field-screening applications of GC/MS-SIM
Kim, Hyub ; Hong, Jong-Ki ; Kim, Yong-Hwa ; Kim, Kyoung-Rae ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 196~213
The alkylphenols, chlorophenols and bisphenol A were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring mode followed by three work-up methods for comparison; EPA method, isoBOC derivatization method and TBDMS derivatization method. Eleven phenols in water samples were extracted with dichloromethane. Also, solid-phase extraction (SPE) with XAD-4 and subsequent conversion to isobutoxycarbonyl derivatives or tert.-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives for sensitive analysis with the selected ion-monitoring (SIM) mode. The recoveries were 85.1~109.9% (EPA method) and 90.3~126.6% (isoBOC derivatization and TBDMS derivatization), respectively. The method detection limit of bisphenol A for SIM were 0.732
(EPA method), 0.002
(isoBOC derivatization) and 0.021
(TBDMS derivatization). The SIM responses were linear with the correlation coefficient varying 0.9755~0.9981 (isoBOC derivatization), and 0.9908~0.9996 (TBDMS derivatization). When these methods were applied to treated wastewater sample from a polyethylene plant, the concentrations of 11 phenols were below the method detection limit.
Adsorptive Catalytic Wave of Chromium-Cupferron Complex
Kwon, Young-Soon ; Seo, Soh-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Mi ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 214~220
The interfacial accumulation of the chromium-cupferron complex and the catalytic wave of its redox process is characterized by cyclic voltammetry. One cathodic peak is observed in the forward scan at -1.45 V. Scanning in the reverse direction produces a inverted peak at -1.39 V, which is indicative of a catalytic process. The optimal conditions of inverted peak were found to be 1 mM borate buffer solution(pH 9.48) containing
cupferron, holding potential of -1.8 V and scan rate of 20 mV/s. Using main peak, a preconcentration time of 1 min results in a detection limit of
Analysis of derivatized MX by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Yoo, Eun-Ah ; Park, Do-Yeon ; Lee, Hyang-Ki ; Myung, Seung-Woon ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 221~228
AMX is one of extremely high mutagenic compound produced from the reaction of the chlorine and the organic compound during the disinfection of tap water. In this paper, the chemical derivatization of MX with 2% sulfuric acid-methanol, iso-propanol, sec-butanol and n-butanol derivatives for the GC/MS analysis were tested or compared. Limit of detection for the EI and NCI mode were 25 pg and 1.25 pg, respectively. The good linear calibration curve was obtained the range of 25~2500 pg by EI and NCI
Wettability and Aging Effect of Polystyrene Film Treated by PSII according to the Molecular Weight
Kim, Youngsoo ; Lim, Hyuneui ; Han, Seunghee ; Lee, Yeonhee ; Kim, Youngsang ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 229~235
Plasma source ion implantation (PSII) technique was utilized to improve the wettability of polystyrene surfaces. It is well known that treated surfaces undergo aging, leading to hydrophobic recovery with time. We investigated the aging effect of polystyrene thin film on the various molecular weights. Polystyrenes with several molecular weights (
= 760, 2430, 31600, 115700, 280000, 903600) were treated in different experimental conditions including gas species and pulse energy, and their hydrophilicity was measured by contact angle goniometer. To study wettability decay as a function of the molecular weight, PSII-treated samples were aged at different temperatures. Hydrophobic recovery of high molecular weight polystyrene was much slower than that of low molecular weight, even at high temperatures. The methods used to characterize treated surfaces were water contact angle measurement, TOF-SIMS, XPS, SEM and AFM.
The Studies of Conductive and Non-Conductive Multi-Layer Depth Analysis by Radio Frequency Gas-Jet Boosted Glow Discharge Atomic Emission Spectrometry
Cho, Won Bo ; Lee, Seong Hun ; Jeong, Jong Pil ; Choi, Woo Chang ; Borden, Stuart ; Kim, Kyu Whan ; Kim, Kyung Mi ; Kim, Hyo Jin ; Jeong, Seong Uk ; Lee, Jung Ju ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 236~242
A method was investigated to determine the thickness of coating on steel sheet using rf glow discharge atomic emission spectrometer. The RF gas-jet boosted glow discharge has such salient feature as good pleasure stability and high sputtering efficiency that it was possible to determine the thickness of silicon resin film on zinc electroplated steel. The erosion speed variation is dependent on discharge power, gas flow rate and discharge pressure. therefore determine discharge condition to measure the thickness of coating on steels. The fundamental studies have been carried out to investigate an optimum condition for in-depth analysis and composition of zinc coating on steel. In this study, the calibration curve for thickness determination of silicon resin film was found to be linear in the range of
film thickness. The developed rf gas-jet boosted glow discharge was applied to the analysis of zinc coating and silicon resin film on steel made by RIST.
Determination of Diazepam in Intact Diazepam Tablets Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Choi, Hyun Cheol ; Kang, Shin Jung ; Youn, Mi Ok ; Lee, Su Jung ; Kim, Ho Jung ; Kim, Ji Yeon ; Cha, Ki Won ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 243~247
A rapid and simple determination of diazepam in intact diazepam tablets has been investigated using the near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS) combined with partial least squares regession. The separate calibration curves of 2 mg and 5 mg diazepam tablets were studied, as well as the linearity, concentration range and reproducibility of those calibration curves were evaluated. The correlation coefficients of calibration curves of 2 mg and 5 mg diazepam tablets are 0.9416 and 0.9159, respectively and the standard errors of calibration curves(SEC) are 0.018% and 0.032%, respectively.
Liquid chromatographic determination of α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherol in sesame oils of different origin
Kim, Shin-Ok ; Kim, Nam-Sun ; Noh, Bong-Soo ; Lee, Dong-Sun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 248~255
The contents of
-tocopherols in sesame oils were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with UV detection.
-Tocopherol contents ranged from 10.28 to 19.79 mg/g oil,
-tocopherol contents from 8.22 to 20.10 mg/g. However, both
-tocopherol were less than 1.49 mg/g or not detected.
-Tocopherol was not detected from both unroasted white and black sesame seed oils. Significantly higher level of tocopherol in sesame oil than other oils is an evidence of the reason why it is highly stable and prevents oxidation. The tocopherol composition for twenty sesame oils was classified by using principal component analysis.
Simultaneous Removal of NOx/SOx by Catalyst-loaded Cordierite Porous Filter
Lee, Shi-Hee ; Chung, Koo-Chun ; Kim, Jee-Woong ; Shin, Min-Chul ; Lee, Hee-Soo ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 256~262
After porous filters were manufactured using cordierite powder whose mean paricle size was 200
, they were loaded with catalysts such as
, CuO and
by vacuum impregnation method. And the NOx/SOx simultaneous removal efficiency was measured by passing NO and
through catalyst-loaded ceramic filters. The cordierite porous filters had the apparent porosity of 61.6%, the compressive strength of 12.3 MPa and the pressure drop of 147 pa at the face velocity of 5 cm/sec. According to the analysis of NO/
simultaneous removal efficiency, perovskite
catalyst was the most efficient for the simultaneous NO and
catalyst-loaded filter could remove more than 90% for NO and more than 80% for
A Study on the Characteristics of VOC Removal by Cordierite Filter Loaded with Catalyst
Chung, Kyung-Won ; Kim, Yong-Nam ; Park, Jeong-Hyun ; Choi, Beom-Jin ; Cho, Eul-Hoon ; Lee, Hee-Soo ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 263~269
After porous filters were manufactured using cordierite powder whose mean particle size was 200
, they were loaded with catalysts such as Pt, Pd, Cu, Co, La,
by vacuum impregnation method. And we investigated the activity of catalysts used for catalytic oxidation of VOC by passing toluene through catalyst-loaded filters. The porous filters had the apparent porosity of 62%, the compressive strength of about 10 MPa and the pressure drop of 15 mmHg at the face velocity of 5 cm/sec. The loading of catalyst decreased the porosity of the filters and increased the pressure drop and the compressive strength of them. Among the catalysts, Pt had the highest activity for catalytic oxidation and could remove more than 90% of toluene at 250
. Below 250
, the content of Pt catalyst had an influence on the conversion of toluene but didn't show any influence above 250
Residue and Risk Assessment of Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/dibenzofurans in the Korean Population
Kang, Youn-Seok ; Park, Jong-Sei ; Min, Byung-Yoon ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 270~286
The human adipose and milk samples analyzed in this study were collected at hospitals in Seoul, Masan and Jinju. The mean values of International Dioxin Toxic Equivalents (I-TEQ) of PCDDs and PCDFs in human adipose samples from the three regions were calculated as 9 pg I-TEQ/g(0.2 ~ 30 pg TEQ/g, lipid weight basis) and 8 pg I-TEQ/g (0.8 ~ 25 pg TEQ/g), respectively. The residue levels of PCDDs-TEQ and PCDFs-TEQ in human milk collected from Masan were 13 pg I-TEQ/g (lipid wt.) and 4.8 pg I-TEQ/g, respectively. On the whole, the contamination levels of these compounds in the Korean population were lower than those in the other countries. Based on the analytical data and assuming a daily intake consumption of 800 mL milk with 3% fat, the average daily intake of PCDDs/DFs via human milk for a baby weighing 5 Kg could be calculated. The daily intake of PCDDs/DFs via breast-feeding was estimated to be 39 pg/kg body weight/day for 2,3,7,8-TeCDD and 86 pg/kg/day for TEQ. These levels are far above all virtually safe dose(VSD) or tolerable daily intake(TDI) values proposed by health authorities in various countries, ranging from 0.001(US EPA) to 4 pg/kag/day (WHO).
The Distributions of PCBs in Inchon Coastal Sediments
Lee, Dong Hoon ; Kim, Kyeo Keun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 287~299
The residue levels of total PCBs in the surface samples were detected low concentration compared to the coastal area in Korea, and the PCBs pattern were very similarly to the arochlor mixture(1016+1232+1248+1260). The selected area divided into three area(Kanghwa:A, Yellow:B and Jangdo:C) by depending on the chlorine ratio. The PCBs were mainly detected dichlorinated and trichlorinated biphenyls in far sea, and heptachlorinated and octachlorinated biphenyls in the near the Incheon coastal area. The residue levels of PCBs were detected 0.72
9.20 ng/g in the surface samples, 1.60~3.00 ng/g for Kanghwa and 0.34~9.20 ng/g for Jangdo in the core samples, and the PCBs concentration increased from bottom to top.
Method for the Analysis of Polybrominated Biphenyls(PBBs) in Environmental Samples
Shin, S.K. ; Kim, T.S. ; Hwang, S.Y. ; Lee, W.S. ; Chung, Y.H. ; Na, J.G. ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 300~316
The extraction methods of PBBs from environmental samples by soxhlet extraction for solid phase and liquid-liquid extraction for liquid phase were compared. After extraction, silicagel and florisil as column clean up methods were used for the comparison of cleanup efficiency with different solvent system. Also, the analytical instruments were used GC/MSD. The 22 kinds of PBBs standards were used to establish the analytical methods to perform the experiments of recoveries and detection limits in water and soil. The detection limits of PBBs represented 5~10 ng/L for water and 0.5~3.5 ng/g for soil samples, respectively. The recoveries of water samples represented 96~107% in n-hexane, dichloromethane and toluene for water, and 60~80% in combined solvent with n-hexane and acetone. The recoveries of soil sample were surveyed 67~97% in soxhlet extraction and 64~76% in ultrasonic extraction with selected solvents.
Synthesis and Structural Analysis of the Diaquabis(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) Bis(p-toluenesulfonate) Monohydrate
Kim, Chong-Hyeak ; Lee, Sueg-Geun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 317~320
The layer structure of the title compound,
(en = ethylenediamine), consists of discrete cations, anions, and solvate water molecules linked by a hydrogen bonding network. The central Ni atom of the cation layer has a slightly distorted octahedral coordination geometry with the ethylenediamine ligands functioning as a N,N'-bidentate and the water ligands bonding through oxygen in a trans arrangement. The p-toluenesulfonate of the anion layer has an alternate sulfonate group directed toward opposite side of the cation layer. This layer structure is stabilized by a hydrogen bond involving the O atoms of the sulfonate, the water ligand, solvate water molecule, and the N atoms of the ethylenediamine.