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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Analytical Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Analytical Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Determination of phenols in water by derivatization and GC/MS
Park, Gyo-Beom ; Lee, Sueg-Geun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 453~459
Phenol compounds in water were simultaneously analyzed by extractive derivatization. Aqueous solution was controlled to pH 13 with sodium hydroxide, and then
of benzoyl chloride was added to the solution. The solution was shaken for 15 minutes and extracted with diethyl ether and then analyzed using GC/MS-SIM. The calibration curves of phenolic compounds in the range of 0.05 to
showed a good linearity having the correlation coefficient of
and standard deviation of
, respectively. The recoveries by this method ware 58.4-114.0%.
Characterization of biotin-avidin recognition system constructed on the solid substrate
Lim, Jung-Hyurk ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 460~468
The biotin-avidin complex, as a model recognition system, has been constructed through N-hydroxysuccinimide(NHS) reaction on a variety of substrates such as a smooth Au film, electrochemically roughened Au electrode and chemically modified mica. Stepwise self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of biotin-avidin system were characterized by surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). A strong SERRS signal of rhodamine tags labeled in avidin from the SAMs on a roughened gold electrode indicated the successful complex formation of stepwise biotin-avidin recognition system. AFM images showed the circular shaped avidin aggregates (hexamer) with ca.
thick on the substrate, corresponding to one layer of avidin. The surface coverage and concentration of avidin molecules were estimated to be 90% and
, respectively. SPR technique allowed one to monitor the surface reaction of the specific recognition with high sensitivity and precision.
Sequential separation of
Pu by radioanalytical techniques
Lee, Myung Ho ; Park, Kyoung Kyun ; Kim, Jong-Yun ; Park, Yeong Jae ; Kim, Won Ho ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 469~474
This paper presents a quantitative method of sequential separation of
and Pu radionuclides with an anion exchange resin and a Sr-Spec resin. The Pu isotopes were purified with an anion exchange resin. The americium and strontium fractions were separated from the matrix elements with an oxalate co-precipitation method. Americium fraction was separated from the strontium fraction with iron co-precipitation method and purified from lanthanides with anion exchange resin. Strontium-90 was purified from other hindrance elements with the Sr-Spec resin after oxalate co-precipitation. The measurement of Pu and Am isotopes was carried out by an
-spectrometer. Strontium-90 was measured by a liquid scintillation counter. The radiochemical procedure of
and Pu radionuclides investigated in this study has been validated by application to IAEA-Reference soils.
Measurement uncertainty for QC/QA applied to the chemical analysis
Woo, Jin-Chun ; Oh, Sang-Hyub ; Kim, Byoung-Moon ; Bae, Hyun-Kil ; Kim, Kwang-Sub ; Kim, Young-Doo ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 475~482
The expression of uncertainty applied to the chemical analysis is highly recommended with increasing demands upon the systematic quality assurance and control(QA/QC) with ISO 17025. For the quantification of quality source, 7 major common sources of uncertainty, normally contributing to the quality of the chemical analysis, were selected from QA/QC literatures of chemical analysis. They were classified into repeatability, drift, uncertainty in standards, linearity of calibration, homogeneity, stability of sample, and matrix effect. And, the quantification of the sources by means of measurement uncertainty was proposed as a prerequisite steps for QA/QC. Examples applied to the quantification procedures of modelling, combination and expression of standard uncertainty for the 7 major common sources were presented as a reference guide for QA/QC in chemical analysis.
Study on increasing the mass resolution in aerosol TOF mass spectrometer by using post focusing method
Kim, Dukhyeon ; Yang, Kiho ; Cha, Hyungki ; Kim, Dohoon ; Lee, Sang Chun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 483~490
Mass resolution of the time of flight aerosol mass spectrometer for an aerosol component analysis depends on the initial direction and the initial energy of the ions. We have found that the shape of the optimum post focusing electric field is not linear. The maximum electric potential should be applied to the ions whose initial direction is 90 degree. To check on the post focusing effects, we have installed a laser ablation mass spectrometer. By using this LA-MS, we have found that the average energy distribution of the laser ablated ions is 8 eV. To establish the optimum mass resolution, a time delay and a high voltage are needed, and the results of the study show that 1500 nsec, and 3.7 kV are the optimum parameters for our system respectively. The isotope mass signals of copper show a good resolution.
Potentiometric performances of polymer membrane electrode based on cyclosporin
Rhee Paeng, Insook ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 491~494
The main component governing selectivity in ion-selective electrodes and optodes is the ionophore. For this reason, a member of natural products that possess selective ion-binding properties have long been sought after. By applying this principle, the performance of cyclosporin used as neutral carriers for calcium selective polymeric membrane electrode was investigated. The calcium ion-selective electrode based on cyclosporin gave a good Nernstian response of 26.6 mV per decade for calcium ion in the activity range
. The optimized calcium ion-selective electrode displayed very comparable selectivity for
ion against alkali and alkaline earth metal ions,
Preparation of a thin film type of plastic scintillation detector for beta-ray detection
Seo, Bum-Kyoung ; Kim, Gye-Hong ; Woo, Zu-Hee ; Oh, Won-Zin ; Lee, Kune-Woo ; Han, Myeong-Jin ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 495~499
Notwithstanding antipathies against radiation, radiations are extensively used in various fields with development of the radiation technology. In order to safely manage such radiation it is necessary for development of the radiation measurement materials. In this paper a thin film type of plastic scintillator using in the contamination measurement devices was prepared. The plastic organic scintillator was prepared by simple solvent methods. It was possible to prepare in easy way and in various forms. The polysulfone which has high transparency and solubility was chosen. As the radiation measurement scintillator, the optical properties and radiation detection abilities were estimated.
The chemical composition and biological activities of volatile flavor components of Elsholtzia splendens
Jeong, Jae Hoon ; Lim, Heung Bin ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 500~510
This study was conducted to investigate the chemical composition of essential oil, absolute and oleoresin isolated from Elsholtzia splendens and their biological activities. Yields of essential oil, absolute and oleoresin extracted from Elsholtzia splendens were 0.28%, 12.45% and 9.95%, respectively. The major component was 2-cyclohexen-1-one in essential oil, methyl linolenate in absolute and 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid in oleoresin. Essential oil and oleoresin showed the inhibitory activities in enzyme-dependent, enzyme-independent and autooxidative lipid peroxidation system.
values in nuetral red uptake (NRU) assays for the exposure times of 24 h were
in essential oil, absolute and oleoresin, and oleoresins showed the cytotoxic effect at the only high dose. Any mutagenic and antibiotic activity did not show in absolute and oleoresin, but, there were mutagenic and antibiotic activities only when treated with essential oil
above in Ames test. Essential oil and oleoresin might be somewhat effective in prolongating the ciliostasis of rat trachea.
Analysis of toluene diisocyanate of adhesives in food contact materials by GC/MS
Oh, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Jo, Cheon-Ho ; Park, Heera ; Kwun, Ki-Sung ; Kim, Meehye ; Myung, Seung-Woon ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 511~519
A method for determination of toluene diisocyanates (TDI) in toluene diisocynate (TDI)-based polyurethane (PUR) packing material was investigated, and also the migration of TDI to food was studied. TDI was extracted using food simulants such as n-haptane and 4% aqueous acetic acid. The determinations were performed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). One of major components for polyurethane, toluene diisocyanates, were detected in ten samples among twenty six food contact materials with the concentration range of
. However the highest extracted amount was just 0.7% of
if the contact surface of food packing for extracting liquid was limited to the outer layer without exposure of the cutting edge of food packing multi-layers. The result of this study and the analysis method for TDI diisocyanate will be very useful for further study about food contact material, and the monitoring result could be used for evaluating the safety of food contact material before it is to be used for food, preservation.
Determination of trace elements in food reference materials by instrumental neutron activation analysis
Cho, K.H. ; Zeisler, R. ; Park, K.W. ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 520~528
Two biological Certified Reference Materials (CRMs), KRISS 108-04-001 (oyster tissue) and 108-05-001 (water dropwort stem), were prepared by Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS)during FY '01. The certified values of these materials had been determined by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) for six elements (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb and Zn). Additional analytical works are now progressing to certify the concentrations of a number of the environmental and nutrimental elements in these CRMs. The certified values in a CRM are usually determined by using a single primary method with confirmation by other method(s) or using two independent critically-evaluated methods. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) plays an important role in the determination of certified values as it can eliminate the possibility of common error sources resulting from sample dissolution. In this study INAA procedure was used in determination of 23 elements in these two biological CRMs to acquire the concentration information and the results were compared with KRISS certified values.
Analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls in shellfish collected from a market
Lee, Ga-Jeong ; Moon, Ji Yong ; Lee, Eun-Hwa ; Ha, Hye-Sook ; Jeong, Gi Ho ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 529~534
We collected seven species of shellfish; all originating from the southern coastal areas of Korea, from a market every three months from Dec. 2001 to Sept. 2002, and determined the total polychlorinated biphenyl(PCB) levels by the sum of 26 individual congener levels. A GC-ECD system was applied for identification and quantification of these PCB congeners. Mussel showed the highest level in Sept. 2002 at 34.5 ng/g dry weight(d.w.). All species except mussel showed the lowest total PCB level in Dec. 2001 and their levels in tissue ranged from 0.6 to 5.5 ng/g d.w. The total PCB levels ranged from 0.8 to 17.3 ng/g in Mar. 2002, 2.2 to 9.5 ng/g in June 2002, and 1.8 to 34.5 ng/g d.w. in Sept. 2002. The principal congener group was penta-CBs, which accounted for 32% of the total PCBs, followed by hexa-CBs at 23%, and tetra-CBs at 21%.
Aldehydes formation in the treatment of humic acid by Ozone/GAC hybrid process
Choi, Eun-Hye ; Kim, Kei-Woul ; Rhee, Dong Seok ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 535~541
The formation of aldehydes as by-product was investigated in the treatment of humic acid by Ozone/GAC hybrid process. Ozone/GAC hybrid process was operated under varying initial pH (pH 3~pH 11) and temperature (
) at an ozone dose of 0.08 g
DOC and GAC amount of 16.5 v/v%. The results were compared with those of GAC adsorption and ozone alone process. The formed aldehydes were derivatized by PFBOA method and quantified by GC/PDECD. Formaldehyde and glyoxal were identified as the substantial aldehydes in the treatment of humic acid by ozone/GAC hybrid process. Quantities of formaldehyde and glyoxal formed in ozone/GAC hybrid process were less than one in ozone alone process. In ozone/GAC hybrid process, formaldehyde was produced with a considerable concentration of 400 ppb at pH 11 and pH 7 at the beginning of the treatment, and then the concentration was decreased with time. And, the concentrations of formaldehyde and glyoxal were increased with an increase of temperature. They were respectively 520 ppb and 120 ppb at the beginning of the treatment at
Characteristics of pollutant emission from wallpapers - Around TVOC and HCHO -
Jang, Seong-Ki ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Lee, Hong-Suk ; Lim, Jun-Ho ; Jang, Mee ; Seo, Soo-Yun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 542~551
This study is to investigate the characteristics of emission concentration according to wallpaper sort and emission time using small chamber method. The target compounds included 45 VOCs and formaldehyde, which were respectively determined by adsorption sampling and thermal desorption coupled with GC/MS method, and by sampling in DNPH cartridge and HPLC method. The emission factor of TVOC and HCHO was detected to
respectively, and the wallpapers of 25 satisfied emission standard. TVOC emission factor appeared in order of the concentration of PVC, natural, and Non-PVC wallpaper, while HCHO was detected very low concentration without relation to wallpaper sort. The paraffin hydrocarbons appeared to be the most contributable class of hydrocarbons in terms of their concentrations, followed by aromatics, and olefins, halogenated hydrocarbons was not detected. PVC wallpapers plentifully emitted TVOC above other wallpapers, and toluene was showed higher concentration of 10 times than natural wallpaper. In addition to, emission factor according to elapse was gradually decreased.
Development of dimethyl sulfide gas CRM and stability test
Kim, Young-Doo ; Heo, Gwi-Suk ; Oh, Sang-Hyub ; Kim, Byoung-Moon ; Bae, Hyun-Kil ; Woo, Jin-Chun ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 552~558
A type of dimethyl sulfide gas CRM in the ppb level was developed for the analysis of trace-level odorous gas in environmental atmosphere. The concentration of dimethyl sulfide (
) was 10 umol/mol level in the cylinder filled with nitrogen, 1500 psi. And the variability of the concentration for 3 years was about 0.1% due to the adsorption or instability of
. The gas standards produced simultaneously in 4 bottles and examined by GC-FID were shown with 0.4%, reproducibility of preparation and 0.25%, standard uncertainty due to weighing and purity. The relative expended uncertainty of 1.1% (95% of confidence level, k=2) was assigned to the certified value of 10 umol/mol level of
after quantitative evaluation on the purity, mixing, weighing, analysis, adsorption and stability of dimethyl sulfide gas.
Analytical method of PCDDs/PCDFs in blood using NIST SRM 1589a
Shin, Sun Kyoung ; Park, Seok Un ; Kim, Tae Seung ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 6, 2005, Pages 559~567
For the analytical method of PCDD/Fs in blood, which have been issued recently, SRM 1589a of NIST(National Institute of Standards and Technology) was used and a practical analytical method of PCDD/Fs in blood was presented through comparison of methods of Canada and Japan. The proposed method used alkali-digestion extraction for removal of the lipid effectively using two capillary columns. The limit of quantification of TeCDD/DF and PeCDD/DF was 1 pg/g-lipid, HxCDD/DF and HpCDD/DF was 2 pg/g-lipid, OCDD/DF was 4 pg/g-lipid. With consideration the range of detected concentration, calibration standards were presented as