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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Analytical Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Analytical Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Volatile organic compounds of pyroligneous liquor of bamboo sprout produced in damyang-gun
Lee, Eunsil ; Jang, Hyejin ; Lee, Songjin ; Ha, Jaeho ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 299~306
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.299
Pyroligneous liquor as a byproduct from charcoal production of bamboo sprout produced damyang-gun has the broad benefits such as improvement of soil quality, plant growth control and is mainly used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, fungi and many other skin diseases. In this study, flavor compounds of pyroligneous liquor from bamboo sprout produced in Damyang-gun were analyzed and compared using three different methods including direct analysis (DA), headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE). Simultaneously, the analytical conditions of GC-MS for the determination of volatile compounds were optimized. Based on volatile organic compounds detected by GC-MS, SBSE and SPME methods showed higher sensitivity than direct analysis. Major compounds of pyroligneous liquor were cresol, guaiacol, p-ethyl guaiacol and syringol. These phenolic compounds are reported as the useful chemicals with medicinal activity.
Quantitative analysis of selenium species in sea food using solid phase extraction and HPLC-ICP/MS
Kim, Eunju ; Joo, Minkyu ; Kwon, Hyosik ; Pak, Yongnam ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 307~314
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.307
Selenium exists in various forms of chemical species. The activity and bioavailability is strongly dependent on its chemical form and concentration. Consequently the information on each selenium species and its concentration must be exactly determined for the food we take in. In this study, selenium species in seafood were separated and quantified by RP (reversed phase) HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) coupled with ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) using post-column isotope dilution.
, which interferes on
, has mostly been removed by solid phase extraction and then mathematical correction has been applied for the more accurate correction. The experimental result for CRM (certified reference material) DOLT-4 agreed well with the certified value but each selenium species could not be compared. SeCys (selenocysteine) and SeMet (selenomethionine) were the major species detected in seafood such as belt fish, spanish mackerel, and squid that have been serving as Korean diet. The concentrations found in Korean sea food for SeCys and SeMet were in the range of 0-661.6 mg/kg and 137.3-462.7 mg/kg, respectively.
Assessment of correlation between markers of ambient monitoring and biological monitoring of dimethylformamide for workers in synthetic leather manufacturing factories in Korea
Hwang, Yang In ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Chung, Yun Kyung ; Kim, Eun A ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 315~325
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.315
The possibility of acute hepatotoxicity caused by dimethylformamide (DMF) requires regular monitoring of the workers who are using DMF to prevent the occupational disease. The authors performed ambient and biological monitoring of workers involved in synthetic leather manufacturing processes using DMF to assess the correlation between the markers of ambient and biological monitoring of DMF. The authors monitored 142 workers occupationally exposed to DMF from 19 workshops in the synthetic leather and ink manufacturing industries located in northern region of Gyeonggi-do. The subjects answered questionnaire on work procedure and use of personal protective equipment to be classified by exposure type. DMF in air samples collected using personal air samplers, diffusive and active sampler, was analysed using gas chromatograph-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) with DB-FFAP column (length 30 m, i.d. 0.25 mm, film thickness 0.25
). Urinary N-methylformamide (NMF) was analysed using gas chromatograph-mass selective detector (GC-MSD) at selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode with DB-624 column (length 60 m, i.d. 0.25 mm, film thickness 1.40
). Geometric mean (GM) and geometric standard deviation (GSD) of the ambient DMF was
ppm, and GM and GSD of urinary NMF was
mg/L. The ratio of subjects with DMF level over 10 ppm was 44%, and those with urinary NMF over 15 mg/L was 87%. NMF in urine adjusted by DMF in air was
mg/L/ppm, respectively, with or without respirator. There was seasonal differences of NMF in urine adjusted by DMF in air,
mg/L/ppm in summer and
mg/L/ppm in winter. The urinary NMF concentration which corresponds to 10 ppm of ambient DMF was 52.7 mg/L (r=0.650, n=128). Considering the difference of the route of exposure which resulted from the compliance of wearing personal protective equipment, the estimated contribution of respiratory and dermal exposure route for DMF was 48.5% vs. 51.5%.
Determination of geosmin and 2-MIB in Nakdong River using headspace solid phase microextraction and GC-MS
Lee, Injung ; Lee, Kyoung-Lak ; Lim, Tae-Hyo ; Park, Jeong-Ja ; Cheon, Seuk ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 326~332
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.326
Geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB) are volatile organic compounds responsible for the majority of unpleasant taste and odor events in drinking water. Geosmin and 2-MIB are byproducts of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) with musty and earthy odors. These compounds have odor threshold concentration at ng/L levels. It is needed to develop a sensitive method for determination of geosmin and 2-MIB to control the quality of drinking water. In this study, geosmin and 2-MIB in water samples were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SMPE). The detection limits of this method were 1.072 ng/L and 1.021 ng/L for geosmin and 2-MIB, respectively. Good accuracy and precision was also obtained by this method. Concentrations of the two compounds were measured in raw waters from Nakdong River in the cyanobacterial blooming season. Water bloom formed by cyanobacteria has been occurred currently in Nakdong River. It is needed to investigate the concentrations of geosmin and 2-MIB to control the quality of drinking water from Nakdong River. Both geosmin and 2-MIB were detected in raw waters from Nakdong River at concentrations ranging from 4 to 24 ng/L and 6 to 16 ng/L, respectively.
Characterization of lead isotope emission profiles in non-ferrous smelters in South Korea
Park, Jin-Ju ; Kim, Ki-Jun ; Park, Jin-Soo ; Yoo, Suk-Min ; Park, Kwang-Soo ; Seok, Kwang-Seol ; Shin, Hyung-Sun ; Song, Guem-Joo ; Kim, Young-Hee ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 333~339
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.333
This study was conducted to build up the inventories of Pb isotopic compositions of major Pb pollution sources in South Korea. Since non-ferrous metal smelters are one of major anthropogenic sources, two smelters for zinc, each one of smelter for lead and copper were selected for the study. The Pb concentrations and isotopic compositions of metal ores, wastewater, sludge, metal rod and produced sulfuric acid were analysed to understand the Pb isotopic patterns in environment. The isotopic ratio,
, of zinc ores from zinc smelter were in the range of 1.179~1.198 and the ratio of waste, flue gas and products samples were 1.105~1.147. This results implied that the isotopic patterns of output samples showed mixing patterns between two distinct metal ore soerces. In 2011, major importing countries of zinc ore were Australia, Peru and Mexico. Thus Pb isotopic patterns from zinc smelter is originated from the mixing patterns between less radiogenic Australian ores and more radiogenic South America's ores. Lead smelters also showed the same mixing patterns with those of zinc smelters. However copper smelter showed same Pb isotopic patterns with more radiogenic South America's ores.
The analytical application for cement using X-Ray diffraction and X-Ray fluorescence spectrometer
Jung, Ji Eun ; Jang, Yu Rim ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Heo, Sangcheol ; Min, Ji-Sook ;
Analytical Science and Technology, volume 26, issue 5, 2013, Pages 340~351
DOI : 10.5806/AST.2013.26.5.340
The chemical element and structural characterization of different types of cements and its brick stones are been investigated under forensic aspects using X-ray florescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrometer. The XRF provides rapid compositional data for controlling almost all stages of raw materials, clinker and cement. The decisive advantage of XRD methods is based on the unique character of the diffraction patterns of crystalline substances, the ability to distinguish between elements and their oxides, and the possibility to identify chemical compounds, polymeric forms, and mixed crystals by non-destructive examination. Therefore, combination of these examinations is useful and able to apply for the forensic analysis in comparison of cements and brick stones. There are more study remained to determine the viability of method for forensic analysis of brick stones and the limits of the discrimination that can be achieved.