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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Health Policy and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Policy and Administration
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
A comparative Study on the Combined Oriental and Western Medicine(COWM) in Four Northeast Countries
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~22
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.001
Since 1990s, the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine(CAM) has been rising rapidly all of the world. In 1983, WHO recommended that the traditional medicine actively be utilized. At the end of 20th century, as chronic and intractable diseases increased in western countries, traditional medicine has attracted considerable attention. COWM shows possibilities of new approaches for these intractable diseases. Thus, we try to show our proper approach of COWM through the international comparative study. In order to fulfill the objectives, we applied the following methodology: 1) Literature review on previous study, 2) Local survey using self-administered questionnaire, and 3) FGI(Focus Group Interview) with local experts. The results were as follows : Three Asian countries, China, Korea and Taiwan, are very active in implementing COWM policy. Japan, however, has independent system of unified medicine. In regards to the combined care policy and system, China has the most advanced COWM system among four countries. In respect to combined care education, it is needed to increase the COWM education contents and the amount of cross educational curriculum. Based on the current COWM system, Chinese, Japanese and Taiwanese doctors can prescribe both oriental and western drugs. But, Korean medical law prohibits western doctors and oriental doctors from prescribing the counterpart´s medicine. So, the revision of current medical law is urgent for COWM in Korea. And when it comes to patient satisfaction, more than fifty percent responded positively in China, Korea and Taiwan. To achieve the goal of COWM ; 1) mutual understanding and recognition of COWM is essential. 2) institutional and legal support system for COWM is desperately urgent. 3) possible international collaboration and cooperation should be sought to untangle these complex cultural dilemmas.
Determinants of Induced Abortion among Married Women in Korean
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 23~43
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.023
The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of induced abortions of married women in Korea, with focus on the socioeconomic factors including fertility behaviors and ideation regarding family values. Data from the 2000 Korea National Fertility Survey by Korea Institute of Health and Social Affairs were used for the research. In particular, the women´s fertility history from 1998 to 2000 was served as the main data for this study. Among 1,901 pregnancies in total, 1,612 pregnancy outcomes were selected for the final analysis. Chi-square test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and multivariate logistic regressions were employed to identify influential factors on induced abortions. According to the results, working women was more likely than those who did not work to terminate their pregnancy by an induced abortion. Women´s religion did not show any significant impact on an induced abortion. A pregnant woman already having more than or equal to two children was very likely to choose an induced abortion. Likewise, those in unwanted pregnancy showed high probability of induced abortions. However, contrary to what we believe, it turned out that the number of sons did not affect the choice of induced abortions.
A study on development of health indicator system in Korea
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 44~66
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.044
I. Background and Purpose Health Indicator system and measurement of health status are an important fields in national health fields. This study reviewed the overall concepts of health and health indicators, health indicator system. The purposes of this study are to build the conceptual health framework, and suggest a health indicator system, in order to correspond to the situation of national health and the demand of International organizations. II. Scope and Contents The scope of this study ; - Review of tile conceptual health framework, health indicators, and health Indicator system - Selection and development of tile new individual health indicators - Suggestion of tile revised health indicator system III. Results of Study This study intented to build the conceptual and framework of national health and provide the measurement tools of health status. This study developed the health indicator system through the conceptual and hierarchial approach to national health. The health indicator system contains 6 concern: areas and each sub-areas. The major concern areas are health state and behavior, deathㆍdiseaseㆍdisability, health care utilization, health resources, health expenditure and finance, other affecting factors on health. This health indicator system is corresponding to the situation of health status patterns and the demand of international organizations. And this health indicator system is considering the present health data production system and the availability of health data.
Evaluation on the implementation of the immunization registry program at the Public Health Centers
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 67~84
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.067
Immunization has been one of the most effective measures preventing from infectious diseases. However, children routine vaccination rate of Korea was 68.2% and it was not higher than expected. Korean government revised the School Health Law for every primary school children to submit the vaccination certificate record from 2005. It is quite important national Infectious disease prevention policy to keep the immunizations rate high and monitor the immunizations rate continuously. To do this, National Institute of Health introduced the National Immunization Registry(NIR) Program at 2000. Objective : The aims of this study was to evaluate the Immunization Registry program which has been implementing since 2000 at the Public Health Centers(PHC). Methods : The mail survey was done from November 2001 to January 2002. 169 (69%) Public Health Centers among 244 PHC were responded. Results : The respondents of PHC sud the Immunization Registry(IR) program had reduced the workload (18.5%). 69.2% said they inputted the immunization data into the IR program after the shots were given. 86.5% said they hadn´t checked or retrieved the children lists who had missed the scheduled immunization. Only 17.2% said the speed of internet for the R program was good. It showed that 20% of respondents hadn´t written down documents, records on immunization any more. Even there were a lot of negative results, the respondents of PHC thought that the IR program was effective. They especially agreed that the IR program could make the job accurate (81.5%), convenient (71.3%), and reduced the chances of making mistakes (71.3%), increase the service quality (78.5%). And they were well adapting the job process of the IR (79.63%). Bivariate analysis showed that the software program was the important determinants of IR success. The only Bit Computer software program has been evaluated to be less satisfactory than the Integrated (Posdata operating system + Bit software) program. Other variables, such as age, duration of present job, and location of PHC (metropolitan, small city, rural area) were not significantly related. Conclusion : It seemed that the success of NIR might depend on the software program. Because Integrated program, which has been developed from 1994, include not only the general operating and management program for PHC but also IR program. It was natural to prefer Integrated program to Bit software program. So we can suggest that it is essential for the NIR to be successful that not only the immunization software program but also hardware equipments and public health information system should be further improved.
A Study on the Late Payment Behavior of the National Health Insurance Contribution
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 85~100
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.085
The purpose of this study is to (1) identify socio-demographic, economic, village-effect variables that influence the late payment of the National Health Insurance contribution, (2) to develop the model to predict the probability of a household to make late payment of the contribution. Data is composed of information on 78,858 households, Gangnam branch, National Health Insurance Corporation, as of September 30, 2001. We analyzed the data by using multivariate logistic regressions. The major findings are as follows; (1) an older or female householder whose family consists of smaller number of members is more likely to pay the contribution late than others, (2) as for income, one who belongs to a lower income group or nm a private business tend to pay it late, (3) more attention should be paid to a householders who does not have his/her own house or automobile so as to prevent late payment, (4) lastly, those who live in villages such as Nonhyun-l-dong are less likely to pay the contribution prior to due date.
Performance of Local Government Hospitals
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 101~124
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.101
Performance of public hospitals is difficult to define and measure because not only their managerial or financial performance but also their role as a public entity is important. The purpose of this paper is to examine the internal and external factors that influence the performance of local government hospitals. A multiple regression was performed to analyze the effects of the environmental, organizational, operational, and cost-related factors on the return on total assets(ROA), operating margin(OM), and the ratio of Medicaid patients. Empirical results show that financial performance (ROA and OM) are more influenced by operational or cost-related factors, while the ratio of Medicaid patients is more affected by environmental or organizational characteristics. It is noteworthy that competition and the contract with private sector management have negative effects on the ratio of Medicaid patients that local government hospitals treat.
A Short-Term Projection of the Government Budget in Medical Expenditures using for the Low-income Handicapped
Health Policy and Management, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 125~143
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.2.125
This study was conducted to estimate the future government budget in medical expenditures using for the low-income handicapped, because medical expenditures to the low-income handicapped is escalating in these days. It became a big problem not only to the central-government but also to the district-government because they have to subsidize a part of co-payment. This study was designed to project the future government budget using structural model. For the short-term projection, the structural model is stronger than the regression model. The data used for this study were the population projection data based on National Census Data(2000) of the National Statistical Office, the data of Ministry of Health & Welfare, and the data of National Health Insurance Corporation from November 2m to June 2001. The results of the study are summarized as follows: The future government budget in medical expenditures using to the low-income handicapped will be 15-18 billion Won in the year 2003, 16-23 billion Won in 2004, 18-30 billion Won in 2005, 19-38 billion Won in 2006 and 21-49 billion Won in 2007. It is predicted that they would be increasing rapidly. Therefore, the government budget in medical expenditures using for the low-income handicapped must be enlarged.