Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Health Policy and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Policy and Administration
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
The Research for the New Institutional Analysis in Change of the Separation of the Dispensing of Drugs : On the focus of Rational Choice Institutionalism
Park, Min-Jeong ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~30
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.001
This study aims to analyze the policy change which is caused by conflicts between interest groups when the Separation of the Prescribing from the Dispensing of Drugs (SPDD) was enforced. With the theory of New Institutionalism, the reason why the policy was to be changed can be explained by the concept of property right and transaction cost. As the government did not consider the change of property right and transaction cost between actors before introducing new institution, it was hard to adapt the SPDD. Though, under the established institution, the institutional change can cause the alteration in property right and transaction cost, government just focused on the new institution's execution. Therefore, the group which suffers the loss could not accommodate to the change of institution. For this reason, the adaptation of SPDD also caused huge conflicts between doctors and pharmacists. Then, this research shows that the reason why they conflict to the some issues in the content of PSPDD and why the issues was changed with the property right and transaction cost.
The Determinants of Health Outcome between Two Health Care Financing Systems
Jeong, Ae-Suk ; Lee, Kyu-Sik ; Shin, Ho-Sung ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 31~53
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.031
The purpose of a national health care system is to improve health care outcome among population. The objective of the study was to explore the determinants of health outcome in the 24 OECD countries between two health care financing systems. The study employed the pooled time series and cross-sectional analysis with tax-funded and social insurance-funded countries over the period of 1980 to 1999 using OECD Health Data 2002. The study revealed that health expenditure per capita, physicians per 1,000 of the population and calorie intake were positively significantly associated, smoking rate was negatively associated with health outcome while controlling all variables in the tax-funded countries. But in the insurance-funded countries, health expenditure per capita and the number of physicians were not statistically significant factors explaining health outcome. Only the calorie intake was positively associated with, and smoking rate, alcohol consumption per capita, and total nitrogen oxide emission per capita were negatively significantly associated with health outcome. In conclusion, healthy life style factors were much more important to improve health outcome in the both systems.
The Network Analysis for Community Voluntary Organizations and Its Implication for Community Capacity Building Toward Health Promotion
Jung, Min-Soo ; Cho, Byong-Hee ; Lee, Sung-Cheon ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 54~81
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.054
The paradigm of health promotion requests community participation and its active problem-solving. Community is conceptualized as a resource pool to be organized. Such resource is called community capacity. Community participation is a process of capacity building. Community voluntary associations are considered as valuable resource to be used for health promotion. This paper tried to identify the network structure among community voluntary associations and to infer the possibility to make such network of organizations participate in health promotion programs. Two survey data were used for this research: 1) Measurements and Evaluations of Community Capacity on Dobong-gu (N=94) 2) A development plan of health medicine service to be Healthy Gangdong-gu (N=69). The questionnaire included such variables measuring community capacity as leadership, membership, organizational resources, and inter-organizational network, etc. Both regions had the following common characteristics: 1) There were positive correlations between the organization's budget and membership. 2) Organizational types were associated with their founded years. Two regions showed the following differences: Dobong displayed the high density of community organizations, but Gangdong showed the low density. Dobong community organizations were able to be classified into three network clusters such as women & environments, youth & adolescent, and sports organizations. Each cluster of organizations favored the different type of health promotion programs. Gangdong community organizations were less developed, and not possible to be clustered. Depending upon the level of community capacity or community organizations' differentiation, the strategy of community participation could be settle down in different ways. Particularly the health agency had to pay more attention to support the growth of civil organizations.
Analysis of Influencing Factors that Influence on the Job Satisfaction of Nurses involved in Medical Insurance Reviews
Park, Jeong-Lang ; Jung, Sang-Hyuk ; Chae, Yoo-Mi ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 82~98
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.082
This study aimed to analyze the factors that influence the job satisfaction of nurses involved in medical insurance reviews. The study involved a self-administered questionnaire survey which was conducted with to 297 nurses who were in charge of medical insurance reviews between April 10 and April 28, 2000. The average job satisfaction of the subjects was 3.04. The sub-items of job satisfaction were noted to be high for 'professional status'(3.79) and low for wage (2.46). The job satisfaction of subjects showed statistically significant differences with regard to education, career, and volume of service(p<0.05). The average job stress of subjects was 2.57. The sub-items of job stress included problems pertaining to human relationships problem(2.84), conflicts with doctors at work (2.79), and the burden of excessive workloads(2.79), in that order. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that job satisfaction was significantly low when the job stress was higher. It also showed that the job satisfaction was significantly high as there was more frequency of judgements and higher education. These results suggest that the job stress of nurses involved in medical insurance reviews has a profound impact on their job satisfaction. Therefore, the efforts should be made to reduce their job stress. It may also be beneficial to reinforce the training with the doctors and nurses in order to improve their communication skills. Disseminating more information about insurance standards may also be considered.
Differences in Incidence of Lower Back Pain according to Fire Fighters' Duty Type
Hong, Sung-Gi ; Im, Jeong-Soo ; Youn, Sung-Tae ; Yim, Jun ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 99~112
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.099
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of fire fighters' duty type on occurrence and severity of low back pain. Data were collected with questionnaire to 450 fire fighters working at 119 safety center and rescue unit of 30 fire stations in Gyeonggi-do. Finally the study was analyzed for 360 persons among them. The risk of experiencing of lower back pain occurred in the order of Rescue[odds ratio(OR) 3.36, 95% confidence interval(95% CI) 1.18-9.52], Vehicle operation(OR 2.63, 95% CI 1.26-5.50), First aid(OR 2.18, 95% CI 1.03-4.59), and Putting out a fire. The risk on severity of lower back pain occurred in the order of Vehicle operation(OR 4.00, 95% CI 1.57-9.80), First aid(OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.00-4.81), Putting out a fire, and Rescue. These result suggest that duty type of fire fighters may be a prognostic factor for occurrence and severity of low back pain. The potential implications of these findings are discussed about different approach for primary and secondary prevention by duty type of fire fighters.
Measuring Utility for Menopausal Symptoms Based on Time Trade-Off and Visual Analogue Scale Methods
Lim, Seung-Ji ; Kang, Hye-Young ; Kang, Young-Ju ; Lee, Byung-Seok ; Park, Hyoung-Moo ; Shin, Dong-Hyeok ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 113~133
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2007.17.4.113
The present study was conducted to measure health-related utility for post-menopausal symptoms among Korean woman. A survey questionnaire was developed to measure utility based on visual analogue scale(VAS) and time trade-off method (TTO). From January 29 to February 3, 2007, a face-to-face interview was conducted with 274 women aged 45 to 60 to ask about their subjective utility for hypothetical health status of mild or severe post-menopausal symptoms. Among the participants, 160 were recruited from outpatient departments of 3 hospitals and 114 from 2 sports centers located in Seoul. For mild symptom, the average utility score of the respondents was
based on VAS and
based on ITO. For severe symptoms, the average utility was
(TTO). For severe symptom, a higher utility score was observed for TTO than for VAS, which is consistent with earlier studies and thus supports the validity of the utility measurement in this study. Overall, the severity of post-menopausal symptoms of the respondents themselves was not significantly associated with the utility score that the respondents answered for hypothetical health status. Multiple regression analysis results showed that the utility score was significantly higher among respondents with older age, higher education, higher family income, and from hospitals. It is expected that the utility score measured in this study will enhance the understanding of the quality of life of women after menopause and will be used to conduct cost-utility analysis of health care interventions to treat post-menopausal symptoms.