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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Health Policy and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Policy and Administration
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Development of dental services markets segmentation and strategy by use of conjoint analysis
Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ; Kim, Myeng-Ki ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~20
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.001
Objectives : This study is purposed to segment dental service markets with reflecting customer's preference and to suggest some marketing strategies applied to each segmented market. Methods : The customer's data collected from a series of online survey comprise such factors as expertise of dentist, courtesy, clinic size, equipment, price and distance, including some socio-demographics. A conjoint analysis and a clustering analysis with estimated coefficients were performed to find out some dental market segments for three dental service types such as dental caries, esthetic treatments and dental implants. Results : Three or four market segments for each dental service type are derived from the analysis, and subsequently market characteristics for each derived segment are explored. Furthermore, some dental marketing strategies for each segment are suggested for better management. Conclusion : A conventional way of developing dental marketing strategies can be improved, while specific customer's preference are responded.
The Trend of the Specialization of Hospitals in 2003 to 2005 in Metropolitan Cities
Lee, Kwang-Soo ; Chun, Ki-Hong ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 21~35
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.021
This study examined the changes in the service mix of Korean hospitals in 6 metropolitan cities between 2003 and 2005, and assessed whether the sample hospitals exhibit consistent trend or chance variation in multiple years. Three measures of hospital service mix, focusing on the specialization of services, were applied: information theory index, internal Herfindahl index, and number of distinct diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) treated. National Health Insurance claims were used to calculate the indexes. Specialization indexes were calculated in each year, and then examined to identify the pattern over time. Kappa analysis was applied to assess the agreements of specialization score between two years after hospitals were categorized into 4 groups with quartiles. Kappa score showed that the service mix of hospitals were changed during the study years. Specialization scores were increased given the market structure for three years. Hospitals which showed higher or lower specialization scores than the average of the scores consistently classified into the same group. Specialization indexes showed relatively consistent pattern over 3 years, and such consistencies were evident for hospitals regardless of the specialization status. Policy makers can identify the degree of specialization with the indexes, and it could provide a picture of how hospital services were mixed and changed over time.
The Effect of Health Care Expenditure on Income Inequality
Song, Eun-Cheol ; Kim, Chang-Yup ; Shin, Young-Jeon ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 36~57
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.057
The degree of income inequality deepened by health care expenditure was useful in assessing the health security level. This exploratory study was conducted to provide a basic evidence to prove the necessity of reinforcement the benefit coverage of South Korea's health security systems. Data from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey of Korea and Luxembourg Income Study were used. Income inequality indices before and after deduction of health care expenditure were computed, and the degree of the increase in the indices was compared among 13 countries. The degree of decrease against the effect of income inequality reduction policies by health care expenditure was determined. The relationships between the national characteristics and the increase in income inequality were examined. In South Korea, all income inequality indices increased after deducting health care expenditure, but the difference was not high compared to the mean of 13 countries. However, the degree of decrease against the effect of income inequality reduction policies by health care expenditure was high, compared to the mean of 13 countries. The proportion of public sector spending on health care proved to be statistically significant with the increase of income inequality indices (p<0.05). In the context of the continuous increase in health care expenditure, if benefit coverage of health security systems is not reinforced, income inequality will all the more increase due to health care expenditure. In the establishment of the policies for reinforcement of the benefit coverage, income inequality after deduction of health care expenditure should be continuously monitored.
Determinants of the Intent to Use a Wireless Technology of a University Hospital Nurses
Lee, Eun-Ju ; Seo, Young-Joon ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Oh, Ji-Young ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 58~72
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.058
The purpose of this study is to investigate determinants of intent to use a wireless information technology(WIT) of University Hospital Nurses. The independent variables used in the study are usefulness, compatibility, social environment, perceived readiness, technical readiness, organizational readiness and socio-demographic characteristics. The dependent variable is the intent to use a wireless information technology(WIT). The sample used in this study consisted of 297 nurses selected from a university hospital located in Wonju, Gangwon-do, Korea Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results of the study revealed that 5 independent variables of usefulness, compatibility, perceived readiness, technical readiness, and organizational readiness were found to have significant effects on the nurses' intent to use a WIT. As a conclusion, it is important to make organizational, clinical, and technical environment WIT-friendly prior to applying WIT to hospital nurses. In addition, it is also important to provide an education and training for nurses to improve their skill of using WIT and to make the new WIT compatible with the existing nursing information system.
The Effect of Leadership and Organizational Culture on Organizational Effectiveness : A Dental Clinics-Based Study
Kim, Yong-Tea ; Shin, Dong-Myeon ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 73~103
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.073
This study aims to explore how the transformational leadership (consisting of three factors"charisma, individualized consideration, and intellectual stimulation) and the organizational culture (typified by developmental, rational, consensual, and hierarchical culture) are related to the organizational effectiveness (consisting of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and intention to leave a job) of dental clinics. We found the following empirical results through a survey of 378 persons who work in dental clinics. Firstly, the respondents acknowledged charismatic leadership as the typical type of leadership ; as for organizational culture, a culture of consensus is recognized as the representative type. Secondly, transformational leadership has different effects according to the type of organizational culture: a positive influence in developmental and rational cultures, but a negative influence in consensual and hierarchical cultures. Thirdly, developmental culture has proven to be the most suitable for increasing job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The developmental, rational, and consensual cultures have all contributed to reducing intention to leave among clinic staff, whereas in the hierarchical culture, intention has been elevated. Fourthly, transformational leadership has a positive effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment; the intent to leave has been lessened under individualized consideration and charismatic leadership, but has been increased under leadership of intellectual stimulation. Fifthly, it is consideration and charisma that help to increase organizational effectiveness. These influences will become more effective through a developmental culture. Based on the above empirical results, we propose practical measures to improve the organizational effectiveness of clinics, in particular dental clinics. In order to build developmental culture, the doctor (manager) should produce an atmosphere in the clinic in which staff members are able to create and jointly own ideas and then promote awareness of staff participation. Additionally, in order to bring leadership of charisma and consideration into full play, the doctor should shape a relationship of mutual trust mainly by recognizing and praising the work of clinic staff. Finally, the doctor needs to acknowledge that organizational effectiveness can be significantly improved by increasing the transparency of the business.
Observations on Long-Term Care Insurance Utilization and Implication for its Expansion
Yun, Hee-Suk ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 104~122
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.104
Long-term care insurance has been introduced in Korea a year ago, and we are in a stage requiring to set principles regarding the generosity of coverage and how to gradually extend the coverage. This study empirically analyzes how the long-term care insurance in Korea is operated. Special attention is given to who is the main beneficiary of the long-term care insurance introduction, and what is the factors influencing the elderly's decision to apply for or use long-term care services. Use of a detailed information of individuals' public health insurance and long-term care insurance from administration data made it possible to control for health status, socioeconomic status including family type, housing tenure, income level. Logit models were employed to analyze the effects of various socioeconomic factors on the likelihood of applying and using long-term care services. Also, this study employed a survey questioning whether to ever willing to take other option as a alternative to residential care or home-care and the level of cash benefit for which they are willing to replace the formal care with informal care. The result indicated that although the poorest elderly population groups are in the greatest need for the long-term care service, they are in difficulty using the service due to economic burden. This implies the copayment amount needs to be adjusted in order for the poor elderly group to be able to get the benefit of the long-term care service.
Discriminant Prediction Function and Its Affecting Factors of Private Hospital Closure by Using Multivariate Discriminant Analysis and Logistic Regression Models
Jung, Yong-Mo ; Lee, Yong-Chul ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 123~137
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.123
The main purpose of this article is for deriving functions related to the prediction of the closure of the hospitals, and finding out how the discriminant functions affect the closure of the hospitals. Empirical data were collected from 3 years financial statements of 41 private hospitals closed down from 2000 till 2006 and 62 private hospitals in business till now. As a result, the functions related to the prediction of the closure of the private hospital are 4 indices: Return on Assets, Operating Margin, Normal Profit Total Assets, Interest expenses to Total borrowings and bonds payable. From these discriminant functions predicting the closure, I found that the profitability indices - Return on Assets, Operating Margin, Normal Profit Total Assets - are the significant affecting factors. The discriminant functions predicting the closure of the group of the hospitals, 3 years before the closure were Normal Profit to Gross Revenues, Total borrowings and bonds payable to total assets, Total Assets Turnover, Total borrowings and bonds payable to Revenues, Interest expenses to Total borrowings and bonds payable and among them Normal Profit to Gross Revenues, Total borrowings and bonds payable to total assets, Total Assets Turnover, Total borrowings and bonds payable to Revenues are the significant affecting factors. However 2 years before the closure, the discriminant functions predicting the closure of the hospital were Interest expenses to Total borrowings and bonds payable and it was the significant affecting factor. And, one year before the closure, the discriminant functions predicting the closure were Total Assets Turnover, Fixed Assets Turnover, Growth Rate of Total Assets, Growth Rate of Revenues, Interest expenses to Revenues, Interest expenses to Total borrowings and bonds payable. Among them, Total Assets Turnover, Growth Rate of Revenues, Interest expenses to Revenues were the significant affecting factors.
The Effects of Information Searching Behavior and Perceived risk on Consumer Satisfaction in Medical Service Consumer
Chae, Yoo-Mi ; Lee, Sun-Hee ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 138~156
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.138
Objective : The purpose of this study is 1) to understand the information-searching behavior of health care consumers ; 2) to examine the relationship between the information-searching behavior of health-care consumers and regulatory variables such as socioeconomic factors, characteristics of medical utilization, and perceived risks ; and 3) to determine the factors that affect consumer satisfaction, especially with respect to information-searching behavior. Method : The data for this study were collected from 838 respondents in five university hospital located in three areas?Seoul, Gyeonggi province, and Chungchong province. As the first step of the study, we conducted a preliminary survey from September 23?26, 2008. At the second step, we conducted a survey on the effect of information-searching behavior on those individuals who had visited. Furthermore, personal interviews were conducted through a face-to-face survey between September 30 and October 17, 2008. Results : The major research findings that were obtained from the study were as follows : First, the age, educational level, and residential district were associated with information source utilization. Second, the level of information searching effort and quality of service had a significant effect on consumer satisfaction. Conclusion : These results show that it is essential for marketers to have in-depth knowledge about the young and educated people who actively search for information and about those who are in the prime of their life and rely on word-of-mouth communication from personal and experi in-al informers. Therefore, marketers should develop different marketing strategies to meet the needs of such consumers.
The Effects of Education of Chronic Diseases Management for the Elderly Group in Parts of Seoul
Chang, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Sae-Young ;
Health Policy and Management, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 157~172
DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2010.20.3.157
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of health-behavioral change for the elderly group after community based education of chronic diseases management. We measured self recognition of health status, medication administration of hypertension and diabetes, regular check for blood pressure and blood sugar level, recognition of body indicators (weight, hight, blood pressure, blood sugar etc), knowledge level for chronic diseases management and smoking and alcohol habitation before and after education of chronic diseases management for participants. The subjects of this study consist of 432 people with community-dwelling Seoul citizen being active churches. Education programs designed essential parts of fundamental chronic diseases management, physical exercises for health promotion, diet and nutrition etc. All data collection completed for 5 months from Aug. 2008 to Dec. 2008 by trained surveyors via interview survey. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon Singed Rank test, McNemar test and Paired t-test. The results showed that self recognition of health status, knowledge level for chronic diseases management, recognition of body indicators were statistically significantly increased after the education of chronic diseases management. Also, blood pressure were statistically significantly decreased in elderly with hypertension and blood sugar were statistically significantly decreased in elderly of high-risk group. Based on these results, it was suggested that preventive education policy of chronic diseases management should be considered with priority coming true for successful aging society.