Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Passive Damping Enhancement of Composite Beam Using Piezo Ceramic Connected to External Electrical Networks
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 1~9
The piezoelectric material connected to external electric networks possesses frequency dependent stiffness and loss factor which are also affected by the shunting circuit. The external electric networks are generally specialized for two shunting circuits: one is the case of a resistor alone and the other is the combination of a resistor and an inductor. For resistive shunting, the material properties exhibit frequency dependency similar to viscoelastic materials, but are much stiffer and more independent of temperature. Shunting with a resistor and inductor introduces an electrical resonance, which can change the characteristics of structural resonance optimally in a manner analogous to a PMD (proof mass damper). Passive damping enhancement of composite beam using piezoelectric material connected to external electrical networks is achieved and presented in this paper.
A New Evaluation Method for Interfacial Properties of Composites using the Gradual Multi-Fiber Fragmentation Test
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 10~25
A new evaluation method for the interfacial properties of fibrous composites based on a fragmentation technique is proposed by using the gradual multi-fiber composite, in which the inter-fiber spacing is gradually changed. The results showed that as the inter-fiber distance increased, the aspect ratio of broken fibers decreased while the interfacial shear strength between the fiber and matrix increased. When the reciprocal of the inter-fiber destance was taken for the above relations, both the aspect ratio and interfacial shear strength showed a saturated value. This means that the gradual multi-fiber composite indicates an upper bound in aspect ratio and an upper bound in interfacial shear strength. It was concluded that this fragmentation test could be a new method for composite evaluation, since reducing a difference between these two bounds is effective for composite strengthening. In addition an elastoplastic finite element analysis was carried out to relate the above results with fiber stress a distribution around fiber breaks. It was proved that the bound obtained in the gradual multi-fiber composite test is closely related to stress concentrations caused by a group of multi-fiber breaks.
Analysis of the Vibration Damping of a Single Lap Joint Beam with Partial Dampers
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 26~35
This paper presents the vibration damping characteristic of a single lap joint beam with partial dampers analyzed using the model strain energy method and the harmonic response analysis which were based on a finite element model. The two finite element analysis methods exhibited very similar results of the resonant frequency and system loss factor which were comparable to those by the theoretical analysis. Effects of the location of partial dampers and elastic moduli and thickness of their layers on the system loss factor were studied. The damping effects due to changes of modules and loss factor of the viscoelastic layer in lap joint and partial dampers were also studied. Consequently, the geometrical and material conditions at maximizing the system loss factor were suggested.
A Study on the Grinding Characteristics of Carbon Fiber Epoxy Composite Hollow Shafts
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 36~45
Since carbon fiber epoxy composite materials have excellent properties for structures due to their high specific strength, high modulus, high damping and low thermal expansion, the hollow shafts made of carbon fiber epoxy composites have been widely used for power transmission shafts for motor vehicles, spindles of machine tools and rollers for film manufacturing. However, the molded composite shafts are not usually accurate enough for mechanical machine elements, which require turning or grinding of composite hollow shafts. In this paper, the grinding characteristics of composite hollow shafts, which are flexible in the radial and circumferential directions, were investiaged experimentally and analytically with respect to the stacking angle, thickness and outer diameter.
Elastic Buckling Strength of Orthotropic Plate under Combined In-Plane Shear and Bending Forces
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 46~52
In this paper result of an analytical investigation pertaining to the elastic buckling behavior of orthotropic plate under combined in-plane shear and bending forces is presented. The existing analytical solution developed for the isotropic plates is extended so that the orthotropic material properties can be taken into account in the buckling analysis of web plate. For the solution of the problems Rayleigh-Ritz method is employed. Graphical form of results for finding the elastic buckling strength of orthotropic plate under combined in-plane shear and bending forces is presented. Brief discussion on the design criteria for the shear and bending interaction is also presented.
Prediction of Biaxial Strength and Fatigue Life using the Concept of Equivalent Strength
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 53~61
A failure criterion must be considered in each failure mode and loading condition to provide easy determining strength parameters, flexibility and rational simplicity. In this study, new failure criterion was developed by introducing equivalent strength under biaxial loading of tension and torsion. The experimental results showed that the equivalent biaxial strength has a power law relation with respect to a parameter, cos(
). Failure strength under biaxial loadings could be predicted as a function of tensile strength, torsional strength and biaxial ratio. The scattering of experimental data could be predicted using a Weibull distribution function and the concept of equivalent biaxial strength. Also, in this study, a fatigue theory was developed based on a plane stress model which enabled the S-N curve for combined stress states to be predicted from the S-N data for uniaxial loading. The prediction models can be predicted a biaxial strength and fatigue life of general laminated composite naterials under multi-axial loadings.
Study on Fatigue Damage Model and Multi-Stress Level Fatigue Life Prediction of Composite Materials (II) -Fatigue Damage Model using Reference Modulus-
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 62~69
During fatigue loading of composite materials, damage accumulation can be monitored by measuring their material properties. In this study, fatigue modulus is used as the damage index. Fatigue life of composite materials may be predicted analytically using damage models which are based on fatigue modulus and resultant strain. Damage models are propesed as funtions of applied stress level, number of fatigue cycle and fatigue life. The predicted life was comparable to the experimental result obtained using E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy resin materials and pultruded glass fiber reinforce polyester composites under two-stress level fatigue loading.
A Study on the Resin Flow through Fibrous Preforms in the Resin Transfer Molding Process
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 70~81
Resin transfer molding(RTM) as a composite manufacturing process is currently of great interest in the aerospace industry requiring high performance composite parts. In this study, an analysis of mold filling in the RTM process was carried out by numerical simulation using finite element/control volume technique. Experimental work for the visualization of resin flow through fibrous preform was also conducted in order to quantitatively measure the permeabilities of the fiber mats and to evaluate the validity of the developed numerical code. The different types of fiber mats and silicon oils were selected as reinforcements and resin materials, respectively. The effects of fibrous preform structure, mold geometry, and preplaced insert on the flow front patterns during mold filling were examined by integrating the model predictions and experimental results. The flow fronts predicted by numerical simulation were in good agreement with those observed experimentally. However, according to the regions of the mold, some deviations between predicted and observed flow fronts could be found because of non-uniform fiber volume fraction. Weldline locations for the resin flow through round insert preplaced in the mold could be qualitatively deduced based on predicted flow fronts.
Reduction of Coupling in Tensile and Flexure Composite Specimens
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 82~90
The mechanical properties of generally orthotropic materials are conventionally measured by performing off-axis tensile and flexure tests. However, the inevitable coupling between tension and shear in case of tensile test or bending and twisting in flexure test case induces nonuniform displacement and stress fields. Consequential stress concentration along the boundary of specimens would result in inaccurate modulus and underestimated strength. This paper proposes the variation of specimen geometry in terms of appropriate obliquity of loaded boundary. For the purpose, classical lamination theory is transformed into skewed coordinate, and characteristic equations for both of unidirectional and laminated composite specimens are formulated. Finite element analysis is employed to show the validity of the skewedness in tensile and bending test specimens.
Characteristics of High Strength Polyethylene Tape Yarns and Their Composites by Solid State Processing Methods
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 2, 1999, Pages 91~100
The manufacture of high strength polyethylene(HSPE) tape yarns has been accomplished by a solid state processing(SSP) method as the compaction of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene(UHMWPE) powders and drawing of the compacted film under the melting point without any organic solvents. In this study, the characteristics of HSPE tape yarns produced by SSP which is desirable for production cost and environmental aspect were analyzed. As the results, tensile strengths of HSPE tape yarns increased with increasing the draw ratio and the fracture morphology of highly drawn HSPE tape yarns showed more fibrillar shape than the low drawn one. Interfacial shear strengths of HSPE tape yarns with vinylester resin increased by
plasma treatment and maximum interfacial shear strength was obtained in the plasma treatment condition of 100W and 5min. In addition, mechanical properties of HSPE tape yarn reinforced composites were investigated and compared with those of the gel spun HSPE fiber reinforced composites.