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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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Fatigue Life Prediction of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials having Nonlinear Stress/Strain Behavior
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 1~7
Fatigue life prediction of matrix dominated composite laminates, which have a nonlinear stress/strain response, was studied analytically and experimentally. A stress function describing the relation of initial fatigue modulus and elastic modulus was used in order to consider the material nonlinearty. New modified fatigue life prediction equation was suggested based on the fatigue modulus and reference modulus concept as a function of applied stress. The prediction was verified by torsional fatigue test using crossply carbon/epoxy laminate tubes. It was shown that the proposed equation has wide applicability and good agreement with experimental data.
Fatigue Damage of Quasi-Isotropic Composite Laminates
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 8~16
In this study, when the applied directions of tensile loading is changed fatigue damage of quasi-isotropic composite laminates was discussed. Low cycle fatigue tests of
laminates were carried out. Material systems used were AS4/Epoxy and AS4/PEEK. The fatigue damage of
laminates differed from that of
laminates. The position of delamination generated at AS4/Epoxy and AS4/PEEK
laminates appeared differently according to the kind of matrix. Critical values of strain energy release rate were obtained by using the strain measured at the initiation of delamination. The experimental results agreed well with the results obtained by the proposed method for determining strain energy release rate.
Residual Deformation Induced by the Repair of Composite Shell Structures
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 17~24
Finite element analysis and experiment are performed to investigate residual deformation induced by the repair of composite shell structures using a prepreg patch method. The finite element program is developed on the basis of a three-dimensional degenerated shell element and the first order shear deformation theory. The results analyzed for the laminated shell with free boundary conditions are compared with strains measured during the prepreg patch repair. Final residual stresses occur greatly near the patch when the laminated shell with all edges clamped is repaired using the prepreg patch. Stacking sequences of the laminated shell and patch affect significantly the residual stresses which occur even if they are the same.
Vibration Analysis of Special Orthotropic Plates on Elastic Foundation with Arbitrary Boundaries
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 25~32
A method of calculating the natural frequency corresponding to the first mode of vibration of beams and tower structures, with irregular cross sections and with arbitrary boundary conditions was developed and reported by Kim, D. H. in 1974. In this paper, the result of application of this method to the special orthotropic plates on elastic foundation with free boundaries is presented. Such plates represent the concrete highway slab and hybrid composite pavement on bridges. Any method may be used to obtain the deflection influence surfaces needed for this vibration analysis. Finite difference method is used for this purpose, in this paper. The influence of the modulus of the foundation and the aspect ratio of the plate on the natural frequency is thoroughly studied. The effect of neglecting the mass of the plates on the natural frequency, as the ratio of the point mass/masses to the plate mass increases, is also studied, in deep.
A Simple Method of Vibration Analysis of Speical Orthotropic Plate with A Pair of Opposite Edges Simply Supported and the Other Pair of Opposite Edges Free
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 33~41
In this paper, a simple but accurate method of vibration analysis of structural elements with or without attached mass/masses is presented. The method used has been developed by D.H., Kim since 1974. This method is very effective for the plates with arbitrary conditions and irregular sections. This method is applied to the special orthotropic plate with two opposite edges simply supported and the other two opposite edges free. Such plate represents the most of the simply supported bridges/decks, including concrete and girders-cross beam systems. Detailed illustration is given for beams and plates for easy understanding. Some laminate orientation for which the special orthotropic equations can be applied are identified.
Stacking Sequence Design of Fiber-Metal Laminate Composites for Maximum Strength
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 42~54
FMLC(Fiber-Metal Laminate Composites) is a new structural material combining thin metal laminate with adhesive fiber prepreg, it nearly include all the advantage of metallic materials, for example: good plasticity, impact resistance, processibility, light weight and excellent fatigue properties. This research studied the optimum design of the FMLC subject to various loading conditions using genetic algorithm. The finite element method based on the shear deformation theory was used for the analysis of FMLC. Tasi-Hill failure criterion and Miser yield criterion were taken as fitness functions of the fiber prepreg and the metal laminate, respectively. The design variables were fiber orientation angles. In genetic algorithm, the tournament selection and the uniform crossover method were used. The elitist model was also used to be effective evolution strategy and the creeping random search method was adopted in order to approach a solution with high accuracy. Optimization results were given for various loading conditions and compared with CFRP(Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic). The results show that the FMLC is more excellent than the CFRP in point and uniform loading conditions and it is more stable to unexpected loading because the deviation of failure index is smaller than that of CFRP.
Enhanced Interfacial Adhesion of Carbon Fibers by Poly (arylene ether phosphine oxide) Coatings
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 55~61
Interfacial shear strength (IFSS) of poly(arylene ether phosphine oxide) (PEPO) coated carbon fibers was evaluated via microdroplet test and compared with results obtained from carbon fibers coated with poly(arylene ether sulfone) (PES), Udel
P-1700 and Ultem
1000. Interfacial adhesion between thermoplastics and uncoated carbon fibers was also measured in order to understand the adheion mechanism. PEPO coated carbon fibers showed the highest IFSS, followed by PES, Udel and Ultem coated fibers. A similar trend was observed for thermoplastic/uncoated fibers. SEM analysis indicated that only PEPO coated fiber exhibited cohesie failure in the vinylester resin, while others showed failure at or near the interface of polymer coating and vinylester resin. The enhanced interfacial adhesion by PEPO coating could be attributed to the strong interaction of P = 0 moiety to the fiber as well as to the vinylester resin.
A Study on Microscopic Damage Behavior of Carbon Fiber Sheet Reinforced Concrete using Acoustic Emission Technique
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 62~70
It was well recognized that damages associated mainly with the aging of civil infrastructrues were one of very serious problems for assurance of safety and reliability. In recent, carbon fiber sheet(CFS) has been widely used for reinforcement and rehabitation of damaged concrete beam. However, the fundamental mechanism of load transfer and its load-resistant for carbon fiber sheet reinforced concrete are not fully understood. In this study, three point bend test has been carried out to understand the damage progress and micro-failure mechanism of CFS reinforced concretes. For these purposes, four kinds of specimens are used, that is, concrete, respectively. Acoustic Emission(AE) technique was used to evaluate the characteristics of damage progress and failure mechanism of specimens. In addititon, two-dimensional AE source location was also performed to monitor crack initiation and propagation processes for four types of these specimens.
Chemo-Mechanical Analysis of Bifunctional Linear DGEBA/Linear Amine (DDM, DDS) Resin Casting Systems
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 4, 1999, Pages 71~78
To determine the effect of chemical structure of linear amine curing agents on thermal and mechanical properties, standard epoxy resin DGEBA was cured with diaminodiphenyl methane (DDM), diaminodiphenyl sulphone (DDS) in a stoichiometrically equivalent ratio. From this work, the effect of aromatic amine curing agents. In contrast, the results show that the DGEBA/DDS cure system having the sulfone structure between the benzene rings had higher values in the conversion of epoxide, density, shrinkage (%), glass transition temperature, tensile modulus and strength, flexural modulus and strength than the DGEBA/DDM cure system having methylene structure between the benzene rings, whereas the DGEBA/DDM cure system presented higher values in the maximum exothermic temperature, thermal expansion coefficient, and thermal stability. These results are caused by the relative effects of sulfone group having strong electronegativity and methylene group having (+) repulsive property and stem from the effect of the conversion ratio of epoxide group. The result of fractography shows that the each grain size of the DDM/DGEBA system with feather-like structure is larger than that of the DDS/DGEBA system.