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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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Fatigue and Cyclic Deformation Behavior with the Unreinforced Matrix Alloy and Al/
Metal Matrix Composites
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 1~11
Cyclic deformation and fatigue behavior of $Al/
metal matrix composites and matrix alloy were studied. Hatigue strength Al/
composites was about 210MPa, and that of Al matrix alloy was 170MPa. Most of the resultant displacement due to permanent plastic deformation occurred in less than the first 5% of fatigue life. In case of composites, decrease of cyclic displacement was smaller than that of matrix because the reinforcements acted as barriers to dislocation movement. Consequently, cyclic stress-displacement response curve can be considered to have these atages ; an initial few cycles of rapid hardening, followed by progressive hardening for most the fatigue life, and then just prior to failure, an instantaneous drop in stress carrying capability of the material due to multiple microcrack initiation, eventual coalescence of microcrack to form a macrocrack and then rapid macroscopic crack growth.
Abrasive Wear of Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites for High Wear Resistance
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 12~22
Aluminum based metal matrix composites(MMCs) are well known for their high specific strength, stiffness and hardness. They are gaining further importance because of their high wear resistance. In this study wear behavior of
hybrid MMCs fabricated by squeeze infiltration method was characterized by the abrasive wear test under various sliding speeds at room and high temperature. Wear resistance of MMCs was improved due to the presence of reinforcements at high sliding speed. Especially wear resistance of carbon hybrid MMCs was superior to other materials because of its solid lubrication of carbon. The friction coefficient of MMCs was not affected by the sliding speed.
3-Dimensional Deformation Analysis for Compression Molding of Polymeric Composites with Random/Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Laminates
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 23~30
Fiber reinforced composite materials are widely used in automotive industry to produce parts that are large, thin, lightweight, strong and stiff. It is very important to know a charge shape in order to have good products in the compression molding. In particular, the product such as a bumper beam is composed of the random and unidirectional fiber mats. The characteristics of flow fronts such as a bulging phenomenon for random mat and unidirectional fiber mat and slip parameters are studied numerically. And the effects of viscosity ratio and stack type on mold filling parameters are also discussed.
A Study on the Compression Moldablity for Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composites ―Part 1 : The Mechanical Propertis and the Cup-type Compression Moldability for Numbers of Needling―
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 31~39
Glass-fiber reinforced polymeric composites provide the desitable properties of high stiffness and strength as well as specific weight. Hence, they have become some of the most important materials in several industries. These composites can be grouped into thermoplastic and thermoset composites, with thermoplastic composites having several advantages over thermoset composites in mechanical properties and processing. As a result, the study of the material behavior and forming techniques of such composites has attracted considerable attention in recent years. When the continuous fiber-reinforced polymeric composites are molded by flow molding, the molded parts leads to be nonhomogeneity and anisotropic because of the separation and orientation of fibers. As the characteristics of the products are greatly dependent on the separation, it is very important to clarify the separation in relarion to molding conditions, fiber mat structures and mold geometry. In this study, the effects of the mold geometry and the fiber mat structure on the compression moldability are studied using the cup-type molding.
Effects of Flexural Modulus and Fiber Bridging on the Interlaminar Fracture Energy of Multidirectional Composite Laminates under High Rate Loading
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 40~53
The interlaminar facture behavior of multidirectional carbon-fiber/epoxy composite laminates under low and high rates of test, up to rate of about 11.4m/s has been investigated using the double cantilever beam specimens. The mode I loasing with rates above 1.0m/s had considerable dynamic effects on the load-time curves and thus revealed higher values of the average crack velocity than thet expected from a simple proportional relationship with the test rate. The modified beam analysis utilizing only the opening displacement and crack length exhibited an effective means for evaluating the dynamic fracture energy
. Flexural modulus increased gradually with an increase of the test rate, which was utilized in the evaluation of
. Values of
at the crack initiation and arrest were scarcely changed with increasing test rate up to 1.0m/s. However the maximum
was much enlarged at 11.4m/s due to the large amount of fiber bridging the crack tip. The larger the initial crack length, the smaller the maximum
at high rate.
Impact Behaviors of Stitched Sandwich Composites Under Low Energy Impact Using Drop Weight Impact Tester
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 54~64
This study investigated the impact behaviors of the stitched sandwich composites under the low energy impact by the use of drop weight impact tester. These sandwich composites condidted of the glass fabric faces with a urethane foam core. The upper face and the lower face were stitched to combinr through the core thickness direction using the polyester reinforcements. Four types of the stitched sandwich composites, each having a different core thickness, were tested to determine the effects of the core thickness. The impact conditions were changes with the variations of the mass and drop height of the impact tup. The test results showed that the core thickness and the impact condidtions such as the drop height and the mass of the impact tup affected the impact force, the contact time, and the strain behaviors of the stitched sandwich composites. The stitched sandwich composites are able to avert the damage and also maintain the structural integrity even thouth the presence of the damage owing to the through-the-thickness reinforcements. However, it is important to improve the wetting ability of the stitched reinforcements so that the conventional structures are substituted for the stitched sandwich composites effectively.
Free Vibration of Composite Cylindrical Shells with a Longitudinal, Interior Rectangular Plate
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 65~79
This paper descrives the method to analyzed the free vibratioin of supported composite cylindrical shells with a longitudinal, interior rectangular plate. To obtain the free vibration characteristics before the combination of two structures, the energy principle based on the classical plate theory and Love's thin shell theory is adopted. The frequency equation of the combined system is formulated using the receptance method. When the line load and moment applied along the joint are assumed as the the Dirac delta and sinusolidal function, the continuity conditions at the joint of the plate and shell are proven to be satisfied. The effects on the combined shell frequencies of the length-no-radius ratios and radius-to-thickness ratios of the shell, fiber orientation angles and orthotropic modulus ratios of the composite are also examined.
Mechanical Behavior of Laminated Composites Using Scrim Prepregs for Fishing Rods
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 80~86
Mechanical characteristics of composite laminates and cylindrical shell using scrim of glass scrim are evaluated in this paper. Composite laminates and cylindrical shells are made by inserting carbon scrim or glass scrim between layers. The mechanical properties are routinely characterized by ASTM stands. Experimental results show that the mechanical properties of UD prepreg in the transverse direction are highly improved by inderting scrims between layers.
Extrusion Process Analysis of Al/Cu Clad Composite Materials by Finite Element Method
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 87~97
A clad material is a different type of the typical composites which are composed of two or more matericals joined at their interface surface. The advantge of cald material is that the combination of different materials can satisfy both the need of good mechanical properties and the other demand of user such as electrical properties instantaneously. This paper is concerned with the direct and indirect extrusion processes of copper-clad aluminum rod. Extrusion of copper-clad aluminum rod was simulated using a commercially available finite element package of DEFORM. The simulations were performed for copperclad aluminum rod to predict the distributions of temperature, effective stress, effective strain rate and mean stress for sheath thicknesses, die exit diameters and die temperatures.
Structural Analysis and Design of Artificial Hip Joint by Using Finite Element Method
Composites Research, volume 12, issue 5, 1999, Pages 98~109
An investigation has been performed to develop a nonlinear finire element method for the analysis of the long-term behavior of an artificial hip joint. The three dimensional multi-layered brick element is used to analyze the design performances of hip prodtheses with various materials and the thick laminated composite hip prostheses with various layup sequences. The used element can accommodate the varying material properties of the element and allow the ply-drop-off along the eleement edge. The nonlinear finite element analysis program has been verified by the comparison with the exact solution of the bean problem subjected to uniaxial loading. By using the program, the density changes and strength ratios of artificial hip joint are calculated according to the hip prosthesis materials and the layers of composite hip prosthesis. The numerical results are easily applied to evaluate design performances of a hip prosthesis, and decrease the difficulty and time of hip prosthesis design.