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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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A Study on the Compression Moldability for Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composites -Part II : Effect of Correlation Coefficient on Compression Moldability-
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~10
During the compression molding process of the continuous fiber-reinforced polymeric composites, two main problems such as fiber-matrix separation and fiber orientation are produced by the difference of flow velocity. Molded parts are lead to be nonhomogeneous and anisotropic. As the mechanical property of the products are dependent on the separation and orientation, it is important to research the fiber mat structure and molding condition. If the fiber mat structure is changed by the increment of needling, the separation decreases and after compression molding the orientation is easily aligned. As it were, the compression moldability is good. But the defects as tears, thin thickness are produced in the products. Therefore, it is important to clarify the moldability in relation to the usage of products and the expenses of produce on the actual process. Therefore we must make the measurement methods that can define the moldability of products. In this research, the effects of the fiber mat structure(NP = 0, 5, 10, 25, 50 punches/
) and the mold geometry(
= 1, 25, 50 mm) on the moldability of products were discussed. We investigated the case of one-dimensional flow in order to obtain the degree of nonhomogeneity and the fiber orientation function. In result, we could gain the correlation coefficient of the continuous fiber-reinforced polymeric composites. Also we experimented on the cup-type compression molding which was appeared the wrinkle on the flange part by the complex stress condition in order to gain the degree of nonhomogeneity and area ratio. In result, the moldability of products was expressed as the correlation coefficient and area ratio.
Finite thickness and tow phase shift effects on the mechanical behavior of plain weave textile composites
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 11~24
In this paper, finite thickness and tow phase effects on the mechanical behavior were studied numerically for plain weave textile composites. Unit cell analysis based on a superposition method was employed to simulate uniaxial tensile loading condition and macro-element post-processor was used to reduce computer resource requirement. The effective moduli and micro-stress distribution were calculated for finite thick plain weave composites with phase shifts. Single layer and infinitely thick configurations were also considered for comparison.
Postbuckling Analysis of laminated composite-stringer stiffened-Curved panels Loaded in Local compression.
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~32
In this paper, postbuckling behavior of laminated composite-stringer stiffened-curved panels loaded in local compression is analyzed using the finite element program developed. Postbuckling Analysis is performed in dividing the panel behavior into three basic parts. The eight node degenerated shell element is used in modelling both panel and stiffeners, and the updated Lagrangian description method based on the 2nd Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor and the Green strain tensor is used for the nonlinear finite element formulation. The progressive failure analysis is adopted in order to grasp the failure characteristics. The postbuckling experiment of the laminated composite-stiffened-curved panel had been done to verify the finite element analysis. The buckling load and the postbuckling ultimate load are compared in parametric study.
Prediction of Laminate Composite Strength Using Probabilistic Approach
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~39
A numerical approach for predicting the ultimate strength of laminate composites has been studied using the Weibull distribution of the strengths of lamina plies. The probabilistic initial failure strengths of laminates were calculated using Tsai-Hill failure criterion. The ultimate strength of the laminate composites has been predicted using progressive failure analysis. The experimental results show that the strength prediction based on the Weibull distribution of ply strength reasonably agrees well with the experimentals better than equal strength assumption.
Impact Damage Detection of Smart Composite Laminates Using Wavelet Transform
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 40~49
The objective of this research is to develop the impact monitoring techniques providing impact identification and damage diagnostics of smart composite laminates susceptible to impacts. This can be implemented simultaneously by using the acoustic waves by the impact loads and the acoustic emission waves from damage. In the previous research, we have discussed the impact location detection process in which impact generated acoustic waves are detected by PZT using the improved neural network paradigm. This paper describes the implementation of time-frequency analysis such as the Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) and the Wavelet Transform (WT) on the determination of the occurrence and the estimation of damage.
Strengthening Mechanism of Hybrid Short Fiber/Particle Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 50~60
This paper presents an analytical method considering tensile strength enhancement in hybrid
fiber/particle/aluminum composites(MMCs). The tensile strength and elastic modulus of the hybrid MMCs are even 20% higher than those of the fiber reinforced MMCs with same volume fraction of reinforcements. This phenomenon is explained by the cluster model which is newly proposed in this research, and the strengthening mechanisms by a cluster is analyzed using simple modified rule of mixtures. From the analysis, it is observed that cluster structure in hybrid MMCs increase the fiber efficiency factor for the tensile strength and the orientation factor for the elastic modulus. The present theory is then compared with experimental results which was performed using squeeze infiltrated hybrid MMCs made of hybrid
short fiber/particle preform and AC8A alloy as base metal, and the agreement is found to be satisfactory.
Wavelet Analysis of Plate Waves in Anisotropic Laminates and Acoustic Source Location
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~68
A new approach is presented for the analysis of transient waves propagating in anisotropic composite laminates. The wavelet transform (WT) using the Gabor wavelet is applied to the time-frequency analysis of dispersive flexural waves. It is shown that the peaks of the magnitude of WT in time-frequency domain is related to the arrival times of group velocity. Experiments are performed using a lead break as the simulated fracture source on the surface of quasi-isotropic and unidirectional laminates. For predictions of the dispersion of the flexural mode, Mindlin plate theory is shown to give good agreement with the experimental results. Based on the frequency-dependent arrival times and angular dependence of group velocities of flexural waves, the problem of source location in anisotropic laminates is considered and the results are given.
Numerical Method for Nonlinear Analysis of Composite Shells under Constant Lateral Pressure and Incremented In-plane Compression
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 69~77
This paper presents a modified arc-length method for the nonlinear finite element analysis of a structure which is loaded in incremental and fixed forces, simultaneously. The main idea of the method is to separate the displacement term by the constant force from that by the incremental force. Presented method is applied to the nonlinear analysis of isotropic shell structures separately loaded by lateral pressure or compression, and shows the excellent agreement with previous results. As an illustrative example of the applicability of the present algorithm, a parametric study is performed on the nonlinear buckling analysis of composite cylindrical panels under the combined load of the incremented compression and the constant lateral pressure.
A study on Sliding Friction and Wear Characteristics of Hybrid Composites at Medium Sliding Speed
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 78~88
Tribological properties of fiber composite materials were measured and wear resistant hybrid structure was proposed based upon the understanding of tribological behavior of the composite materials. Unidirectional composites with glass fibers, carbon fibers, and aramid fibers were tested for tribological properties in order to propose a wear resistant hybrid structure. Hybrid composites which contain carbon and aramid fibers were prepared, the specimens were sliced by a water-jet cutter, and friction and wear properties were measured. An experimental set-up was designed and built for the friction and wear test of the composite specimens. Unidirectional fiber composite and hybrid composite specimens were tested to evaluated the tribological behavior for biomimetic applications. It is observed that the friction and wear behavior of fiber composites depends upon fiber orientation, sliding speed, and type of reinforcing fibers.
Fatigue Damage Detection and Vibration Sensing Using Intensity-Based Optical Fiber Sensors
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~97
Fatigue damage detection and vibration sensing for a laminated composites and impact location detection for a steel beam have been carried out using optical fiber sensor. Intensity based optical fiber sensor is constructed by placing two cleaved fiber end in a hollow glass tube, and multiple reflection within the cavity is considered. Fatigue signals are measured by embedded optical fiber, surface mounted optical fiber sensor and strain gage simultaneously. For vibration sensing, optical fiber sensor is mounted on the carbon fiber composite beam and its response to free vibration and forced vibration is investigated. In impact location detection, two optical fiber sensors are used and the information obtained from two sensors is arrival time delay of vibration caused by impact. Impact location can be calculated from this time delay. The obtained results show that the intensity based optical fiber sensor provide reliable data during long-term fatigue loading, unlike strain gage which deteriorate during the early part of the fatigue test. Optical fiber sensor signals coincide with gap sensor in vibration sensing. The precise locations of impact can be detected within 4.1% error limit.