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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
A New Method for Characterization of Composites by Ultrasonics
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 1~7
A new ultrasonic test method is proposed to obtain elastic constants of unidirectional composite materials nondestructively. In the proposed test method, only longitudinal transducers are used to measure wave velocities by through-transmission method. An aluminum wedge and a flat aluminum rectangular block are placed on each side of the test specimen. Oblique incident longitudinal wave is transmitted from a wedge to the specimen and the mode conversions are occurred sequentially at two interfaces between the specimen and aluminium. Measuring wave velocities converted to longitudinal waves in the rectangular block give all information to determine elastic constants of the composites. In order to determine shear stiffness coefficients, transverse wave velocity is measured indirectly from received longitudinal wave. Effects of anisotropy on waves are also considered in this study.
Low degree of homogeneity issue on the effective moduli of plain weave textile composites
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 8~21
In th is paper. the low degree of homogeneity issue in the effective modulus was studied for plain weave textile composites. Unit cell analyses were performed using multi-field macroelements. The effective moduli were calculated for finite and infinite configurations and the statistics assessment of the results was presented. Results indicated that the effective modulus of plain weave textile composites depended strongly on the fiber tow phase shift angles and the number of layers. As the number of layers increased, however, the distribution of the modulus showed concentration and higher degrees of homogeneity was attained.
Oxidation Behavior of SiC Coated Carbon/carbon Composite by Pack-cementation Method
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 22~29
Although C/C composites have excellent mechanical properties at high temperature, the disadvantage of oxidation in air restricts their applications. Thus a lot of investments have been studied to improve this drawback. In this study, SiC used as a thermal protective coating material possesses almost the same expansion coefficient compared to that of carbon, so SiC was coated on 4D C/C composites by Pack-Cementation process. For SiC-coated C/C composites, optical microscopy observations were performed to estimate the conversion mechanism involved and air oxidation tests were also performed to evaluate the improvement of oxidation resistance. Afterwards the optimum conditions of coating process were estimated from the results of several analysis and tests.
A Simple Method of Analysis for the Preliminary Design of Structures for Civil Construction made of Particular Composite Laminated Plate
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 30~39
It is difficult for civil engineer to apply composite materials of laminated type to structure for civil construction because of complicated theory although those have much merit. A simple method by which one can predict "exact" values of the natural frequency of vibration of laminated plates is presented. Many laminates with particular orientations have negligible values of
as the number of plies increases. Such laminates, with
->0 can be solved by the same equation as for the special orthotropic laminates(1991,1995). If the quasi-isotrpic constants are used, It is possible to simplify analysis procedure since the equations for isotropic plates can be used. Use of some coefficients can produce "exact" values for laminates with such configuration. This coefficient, in fact, represents the effect of the anisotropy of the laminate. D. H. Kim proposed to use a correction factor, he developed, to produce "exact" solution out of the approximate solution obtained by using the quasi-isotropic constants(1995). In this paper, the fiber orienation studied is [
and the above-mentioned method is used to obtain the natural frequencies of plates with such orientations, and detailed result is presented for the use of engineers.nted for the use of engineers.
Optimal Design of Laminate Composites with Gradient Structure
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 40~50
In an effort to construct a structure under the design principle of minimal use of materials for maximum performances, a discrete gradient structure has been introduced in laminate composite systems. Using a sequential linear programming method, the gradient structure of composites to maximize the buckling load was optimized in terms of fiber volume fraction and thickness of each layer. The buckling load showed maximum value with the outmost [
] layer concentrated by almost all the fibers when the ratio of length to width(aspect ratio) was less than 1.0. But when the aspect ratio was 2.0, the optimum was determined in a structure where the thickness and fiber volume fraction were well-balanced in each layer. From the optimization of gradient structure, the optimal fiber volume fraction and thickness of each layer were proposed. Gradient structures have also shown an advantage in the weight reduction of composites compared with the conventional homogeneous structures.
O Analysis of Filament Wound Pressure Tank Considering Winding Angle Variation In Thickness Direction
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 51~60
Filament wound pressure vessels have been studied for the efficient design tool to consider the variation of fiber angles through-the thickness direction. Filament winding patterns were simulated from semi-geodesic fiber path equation to calculate fiber path on arbitrary surface. Finite element analyses were performed considering fiber angle variation in longitudinal and thickness directions by ABAQUS. For the finite element modeling of the pressure tank, the 3-dimensional layered solid element was utilized. From the stress results of pressure tanks, maximum stress criterion in transverse direction was applied to modify material properties for failed region. In the end of each load increment, resultant layer stresses were compared with a failure criterion and properties were reduced to 1/10 for a failed layer. Results of progressive failure analysis were compared with two experimental data.
Static Aeroelastic Optimization of a Composite Wing Using Genetic Algorithm
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 61~71
Today, the use of composite materials become an essential part in the design and manufacturing process of the flight vehicles to reduce the structural weight. Since the structural properties can be varied largely due to the stacking sequence of ply angles, it is very important problem to determine the optimized ply angles under a design objective. Thus, in this study, the analysis of static aeroelastic optimization of a composite wing has been performed. An analytical system to calculate and optimize tile aero-structural equilibrium position has been developed and incorporated with the genetic algorithm. The effects of stacking sequence on the structural deformation and aerodynamic distribution have been studied and calculated with the condition of minimum structural deformation for a swept-back composite wing. For the set of practical stacking angles, the design results to maximize the performance of static aeroelasticity are also presented.
Effect of Graphite Powder Addition on the Mechanical Properties of Carbon/Carbon Composites
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 72~80
Effect of graphite powder addition on the mechanical properties of carbon fiber reinforced carbon composites (C/C composites) was investigated. Greenbody (G/B) with 0~30wt.% graphite powder addition to phenol resin was prepared and carbonized at
to make C/C composites. Flexural strengths of 20wt.% graphite powder additions showed maximum values in the both case of G/B and C/C composites. But, at the graphite addition over 20wt.%, there was negative effect due to the matrix inhomogeneity. Flexural strength of cured resin without graphite Powder was higher than that with graphite. However, flexural strength of carbonized resin with graphite increased three times as much as that of carbonized resin without graphite. Because the addition of graphite powder effects the restraint of shrinkage after carbonization and the deflection of crack path. In Mode II ENF test, energy release rates(
) of G/B and C/C composites with the 20w1.% addition of graphite were both increased. But, the addition of graphite was more effective to the increase of
in C/C composites than that in G/B.
Formability for AA5182 sheet and AA5182/PP/AA5182 sandwich sheet
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 81~90
For automotive applications, a sandwich sheet which was made of a 5182 aluminum alloy (AA5182) sheet and a polypropylene (PP) sheet, AA5182/PP/AA5182, has been developed. In order to evaluate its formability, the forming limit diagrams (FLD) of the 5182 aluminum alloy sheet with 0.2mm thickness and the sandwich sheet with 1.2mm thickness have been obtained based on the modified Marciniak-Kuczynski (M-K) theory. To account for the anisotropy of the sheet, Hill's 1948 yield function has been applied. The FLD of the sandwich sheet was predicted to be better than that of the AA5182 sheet, which was well confirmed by experiments.