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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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A Study on Fatigue Damage Accumulation of MMC using Ultrasonic Wave and Acoustic Emission
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 1~10
SiC particulate reinforced metal matrix composites(MMCs) are emerging as candidate materials for the automobile and aerospace industries due to their significant increase in elastic modulus and strength compared to conventional metallic materials. However, in order to make successful application of MMCs, it is very important to understand micro-failure mechanism under cyclic loading because failure mechanism of MMC is dominated by accumulation of micro-failure due to applied loading. In this study, ultrasonic Lamb wave and acoustic emission(AE) have been used to monitor microscopic damage accumulation under cyclic loading for SiC particulate reinforced metal matrix composite(SiCp/A356). It was found that the change in velocity and attenuation of ultrasonic Lamb wave due to the increase of loading cycles could be characterized by three different stages corresponding to the microscopic fracture processes. The characteristic of AE signal at each stage was analyzed and discussed by comparing with the change of ultrasonic characteristic in MMCs.
A Study on the Effects of Additives on the Friction and Wear Properties of PTFE Composite
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 11~18
This study is mainly concerned with friction and wear properties for the piston ring of non-lubricating air compressor which made of PTFE-polyimide composites. At the PTFE and polyimide alone mixture specimens, PTFE80%-polyimide20%, which shows the lowest mean friction coefficient and specific wear rate at 0.94m/s sliding speed. In case of the specific wear rate, copper30% specimen shows the lowest value of 2.537-5(mm3/Nm) in all specimens. It considered that the friction coefficient is affected by generating speed and quantity of wear film. In case specific wear rate, it is attributed to the fact that the surface hardness of wear film is proportioned to specific wear rate.
Reheating Process of Metal Matrix Composite for Thixoforming
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 19~32
The fabrication process of particulate metal matrix composites(PMMCs) with homogeneous distribution of reinforcement and reheating for thixoforming has been studied. Both of eletro-magnetic stirring and mechanical stirring were used to fabricate particulate metal matrix composites(PMMCs) for variation of particle size. The electrical and mechanical processing conditions for fabricating PMMCs are also suggested. For thixoforming of PMMCs, fabricated bi1lets are reheated by using the designed optimal coil with as function of length between PMMC billet and coil surface, and coil diameter and billet. The effect of reinforcement distribution according to variation of billet temperature were investigated with solid fraction theory with a function of matrix alloy and volume fraction of reinforcement.
Studies on the Modeling of the Preparation of the C/SiC Composite for catalyst support by CVI
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 33~41
In this research, the mathematical modeling of the formation of SiC layer on the activated carbon was studied to improve the durability and the oxidation resistance of catalyst supports. SiC layer on the activated carbon was formed by permeating SiC from dichlorodimethylsilane(DDS) into pores and depositing while the porous structure was kept. The best conditions of manufacturing the support were found by studying the characteristics of SiC/C which was modelled under various deposition conditions. Changes of the amount of deposition, the pore diameter, the surface area with time were obtained by simulating convection, diffusion and reaction in an isothermal reactor at a steady state. The uniform deposition in the pores of samples was obtained at a lower concentration of the reactant and a lower pressure. Additionally, it was observed that the pore diameter and the surface area have points of inflection at certain times of deposition, because deposition occurred on the inside surface of the pore at first and then on the outside surface of the particle.
Pre-treatment condition and Curing method for Fabrication of Al 7075/CFRP Laminates
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 42~53
A study has been made to establish an optimum condition in the surface treatment and curing method that is important for the fabrication of Al 7075/CFRP laminates. PAA(Phosphoric Acid Anodizing) provided a good adhesive strength and FPL(Sulfuric / Sodium Dichromate Acid Etching) had a similar adhesive strength with PAA. On the other hand, the poor adhesive strength was shown on vapor degrease and CAA(Chromic Acid Anodizing). By using the atomic force microscope(AFM), it was found that the PAA oxide surface obviously had a greater degree of microroughness as compared to vapor degrease, CAA and FPL treated surfaces. These results support the concept of a mechanical interlocking of the adhesive with-in the oxide pores as the predominant adhesion mechanism. In curing methods, the adhesive strength of co-curing method was higher than that of secondary curing method. With respect to stability of specimen shape, the secondary curing method was better than co-curing method. DMA(Dynamic Mechanical Analysis) test revealed
in curing times over 60 min is nearly same, so it is estimated they will have similar degree of curing and joint durability in using FM300M adhesive film.
A Study on Microfailure Mechanism of Single-Fiber Composites using Tensile/Compressive Broutman Fragmentation Techniques and Acoustic Emission
Park, Joung-Man ; Kim, Jin-Won ; Yoon, Dong-Jin ;
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 54~66
Interfacial and microfailure properties of carbon fiber/epoxy matrix composites were evaluated using both tensile fragmentation and compressive Broutman tests with an aid of acoustic emission (AE) monitoring. A polymeric maleic anhydride coupling agent and a monomeric amino-silane coupling agent were used via the electrodeposition (ED) and the dipping applications, respectively. Both coupling agents exhibited significant improvements in interfacial shear strength (IFSS) compared to the untreated case under tensile and compressive tests. The typical microfailure modes including fiber break of cone-shape, matrix cracking, and partial interlayer failure were observed during tensile test, whereas the diagonal slippage in fiber ends was observed under compressive test. For both loading types, fiber breaks occurred around just before and after yielding point. In both the untreated and treated cases AE amplitudes were separately distributed for the tensile testing, whereas they were closely distributed for the compressive tests. It is because of the difference in failure energies of carbon fiber between tensile and compressive loading. The maximum AE voltage for the waveform of carbon or basalt fiber breakages under tensile tests exhibited much larger than those under compressive tests, which can provide the difference in the failure energy of the individual failure processes.
The Curved Interfacial Crack Analysis between Foam and Composite Materials under Anti-plane Shear Force
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 67~74
The general solution of the anti-plane shear problem for the curved interfacial crack between viscoelastic foam and composites was investigated with the complex variable displacement function. Kelvin-Maxwell three parameter model is used to present viscoelasticity and the Laplace transform was applied to treat the viscoelastic characteristics of foam in the analysis. The stress intensity factor near the interfacial crack tip was predicted by considering both anisotropic and viscoelastic properties of two different materials. The results showed that the stress intensity factor increased with increasing the curvature of the curved interfacial crack and it also increased and eventually converged to a specific value with increasing time. The stress intensity factor increased with increasing the ratio of stiffness coefficients between foam and composites and the effect of fiber orientation on the stress intensity factor decreased with increasing the ratio of stiffness coefficients between foam and composites.
Surface Fracture Response of Glass Eabric/Epoxy Lamina-Bonded Glass Plates to Impact with a Small-Diameter Steel Ball
Composites Research, volume 13, issue 4, 2000, Pages 75~82
A small diameter steel-ball impact experiment was performed to study the impact resistance of the surface of glass plates bonded with glass fabric/epoxy lamina. Five kinds of materials were used in this study: soda-lime glass plates, glass/epoxy lamina(one layer)-bonded and unbonded glass plates, glass/epoxy lamina(three layers)-bonded and unbonded glass plates. The range of impact velocity was 40 120m/s. The maximum stress and absorbed fracture energy were measured on the back surface of glass plates. With increasing impact velocity, various types of surface cracks such as ring, cone, radial and lateral cracks took place in the interior near the impacted site of glass plates. The cracks drastically decreased with glass/epoxy lamina coating. The surface fracture behavior could be evaluated using the maximum stress and the absorbed fracture energy.