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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Characteristics of Sandwich Panels and Indoor Composite Materials
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1~8
In this paper, the sandwich panel composites consisting of core material and face sheet were studied to evaluate the mechanical properties, noise level and fire resistance including flammability, smoke, and toxicity. Four types of sandwich panel were prepared using various kinds of panel and honeycomb materials. It was observed that Al honeycomb/Al skin composite materials had the excellent flatwise tensile strength and edgewise compressive strength compared with other types of composites. The flatwise compressive strength and flexural strength of Nomex honeycomb/Al skin composite were higher than those of other composites. PMI form/Al skin composite showed the higher core shear strength and facing bending strength. From the experimental results of flame resistance tests, it can be said that the phenol based skin composite has the excellent flame retardation properties, which are similar to those of the commercial skin composites.
Calculation of Stiffnesses Properties for Composite Box-Beams with Elastic Couplings
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 9~15
In the present work, a linear static analysis is presented for thin-walled prismatic box-beams made of generally anisotropic materials. A mixed beam theory has been used to model and carry out the analysis. Several different constitutive assumptions for the shell-wall of the beam section are assessed into the beam formulation. Simple layup cases of box-beams representing bending-torsion or extension-torsion coupled configuration have been considered and tested to clearly show the effects of elastic couplings of the beam. A detailed finite element structural analysis using the MSC/NASTRAN has been carried out to validate the current analytical results. Numerical results show that appropriate assumptions for the constitutive relations are important and crucial for the accurate prediction of beam stiffness constants and also thor the beam behavior.
Analysis of Mechanical Behavior for a Pultruded-Wound Hollow Rod of Unsaturated Polyester Resin(UP) with Glass Fibers
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 16~23
Analysis of mechanical behavior for a pultruded-wound hollow rod is presented. For this purpose, the pultruded-wound hollow rod is manufactured by the new winder attached to the conventional pultrusion system. And the conventional pultrusion process is newly altered to manufacture pultruded-wound specimens. A computer program, POST II, is modified to perform this study, In the nonlinear finite element formulation, the updated Lagrangian description method based on the second Piolar-Kirchhoff stress tensor and the Green strain tensor are used. For the finite element modeling of the composite hollow rod, the eight-node degenerated shell element is utilized. In order to estimate the failure, the maximum stress criterion is adopted to the averaged stress in the each layer of the finite elements. As numerical examples, the behavior of glass/up composite hollow rod is investigated from the initial loading to the final collapse. Present finite element results considering stiffness degradation and stress unload due to failure shows excellent agreement with experiments in the ultimate load, failure and deformations.
Structural Analysis and Strain Monitoring of the Filament Wound Composite Motor Case used in KSR-III Rocket
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 24~31
Filament wound structures such as pressure tanks, pipes and motor cases of rockets are widely used in the aerospace application. The determination of a proper winding angle and thickness is very important to decrease manufacturing difficulties and to increase structural efficiency. In this study, possible winding angles considering the slippage between a fiber and a mandrel surface are calculated using the semi-geodesic path equation. In addition, finite element analysis using ABAcUS are performed to predict the behavior of filament wound structures considering continuous change of winding angle along the dome part. The water-pressuring tests of 3rd stage motor case are performed to verify the analysis procedure. The strain gages are attached on the surface in the fiber direction. Progressive failure analysis is performed to predict the burst pressure and the weakest region of the motor case. The effect of reinforcement is also studied to increase its performance.
Development of Embedding Methods of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor under Consideration of Strain Transfer
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 32~37
It is known that recoating or protection with glass-tube can prevent FBG sensor from being affected by birefringence. However, the effect on the strain transfer of such treatment has not been verified yet. Three types (uncoated, recoated and glass-tube protection) of FBG sensors are fabricated to verify the effect on the strain transfer of each treatment. The strain from each sensor embedded into a graphite/epoxy composite specimen was compared with that of ESG attached on the surface through the tensile test. And the signal characteristics of each sensor were also compared using the tensile test of a tapered aluminum specimen which was under the state of strain gradient.
Optimization of Microwave Absorbing Performance in Polymer Matrix Composite Laminate
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 38~46
In this study, An optimization code that can design microwave absorbing composite laminates is developed, and 3-layered microwave absorbing composite laminates are developed by optimizing the thickness of each layer. The layers are 3 different composite laminates. Many variables including lay-up angles of electromagnetically orthotropic composite layer can be considered in this code. The developed laminate is composed of an impedance matching layer of glass/epoxy fabric laminate, a glass/epoxy fabric laminate layer containing aluminum filler and carbon/epoxy fabric laminate layer. Permittivities of the materials are obtained using a network analyzer and a coaxial air line.
Applications of Cure Monitoring Techniques by Using Fiber Optic Strain Sensors to Autoclave, FW and Rm Molding Methods
Fukuda, Takehito ; Kosaka, Tatsuro ; Osaka, Katsuhiko ;
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 47~58
This paper describes applications of cure monitoring techniques by using embedded fiber optic strain sensors, which are extrinsic Fabry-Perot interoferometric (EFPI) and/or fiber Bra99 grating (FBG) sensors, to three kinds of molding methods of autoclave, FW and RTM molding methods. In these applications, internal strain of high-temperature curing resin was monitored by EFPI sensors. From theme experimental results, it was shown that strain caused by thermal shrink at cooling stage could be measured well. In addition, several specific matters to these molding methods were considered. As thor an autoclave molding of unidirectional FRP laminates, it was confirmed that off-axis strain of unidirectional FRP could be monitored by EFPI sensors. As for FW molding using room-temperature (RT) cured resin, it was found that the strain outputs from EFPI sensors represented curing shrinkage as well as thermal strain and the convergence meant finish of cure reaction. It was also shown that this curing shrinkage should be evaluated with consideration on logarithmic change in stiffness of matrix resin. As for a RTM melding, both EFPI and FBC sensors were employed to measure strain. The results showed that FBG sensors hale also good potential for strain monitoring at cooling stage, while the non-uniform thermal residual strain of textile affected the FBG spectrum after molding. This study has proven that embedded fiber optic strain sensors hale practical ability of cure monitoring of FRP. However, development of automatic installation methods of sensors remains as a problem to be solved for applications to practical products.
(주) 한텍 - 포항공과대학교 복합재료연구실 벤처기업
Composites Research, volume 14, issue 6, 2001, Pages 59~62