Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Development of Payload Kick Motor for KSR-III 1. Design of Downscaled Structure & Processing Method
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~8
Thus paper summarizes the procedures to develop the downscaled payload kick motor for KSR-III by KARI. Filament winding-a well-known method of manufacturing composite motor case - is adopted to reduce structural weight. Netting and lamination theories are used to determine adequate winding thickness under required internal pressure. Dome shapes are designed considering feasible winding patterns and easiness of mandrel manufacturing. T-800 carbon fiber and Novolac type resin are selected for weight-reduction. The separate mandrels are disassembled and removed after filament winding. The manufacturing process of real payload kick motor is developed from the design experience of downscaled ones.
Characteristic Analysis of Falling Weight Impact Response in CF/Epoxy Composite Plates Using Frequency Responses
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 9~17
We have implemented a system of falling weight impact tester in order to evaluate the impact energy absorbing characteristics and impact strength of CFRP laminate plates. The absorbed energy of T-300 orthotropic composites is higher than that of quasi-isotropic specimen over impact energy 7J, but in case of using T700 fiber, much difference does not show. Also, absorbed energy of T-300 orthotropic composites, which are composed of the same stacking number and orientation became more than that of T700 fiber specimen however there was no big difference in case of quasi-isotropic specimens. Delamination area of impacted specimens was measured with ultrasonic C-scanner to find correlation between impact energy and delamination area. Delamination area and frequency responses were evaluated between impacted and unimpacted specimens. There is a strong correlation between frequency responses and impact-induced delamination. The presence and scale of damages have been investigated based on the variations of frequency responses.
Effects of Short-fiber Aspect Ratio and Diameter Ratio on Tensile Properties of Reinforced Rubber
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 18~25
The tensile properties of short nylon6 fiber reinforced NR and SBR have been investigated as functions of fiber aspect ratio(AR), diameter ratio(DR), interphase condition, and fiber content. The tensile strength increased with increasing fiber AR(20 min.) and good interphase conditions. The short-fiber(DR=3 and AR=20 min.) reinforced SBR did not show the dilution effect for all interrhase conditions. And the short-fiber(DR=3 and AR=20min.) reinforced NR did not show the dilution effect except for the no-coating. The tensile moduli were significantly improved due to fiber AR. fiber content, and good interphase at same DR. The better interphase condition showed the higher pull-out force at same DR. Also, the stress analysis near the fiber end carried out using axisymmetric FEA to be convinced of the reinforcing mechanism. It is found that the fiber AR, interphase and DR have an important effect on tensile properties.
A Development of Small-diameter Composite Helical Spring Structure for Reinforcement of Fiber Splice
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 26~32
Optical fibers, for splice, are stripped of their plastic coatings with a plastic stripper and cut off at the end. Therefore, stripped fibers often receive accidental damages and sustain small flaws or cracks. As a result, the breaking strength of a fiber splice made under normal conditions is reduced to about 0.4∼1 ㎏ on the average, nearly one-tenth of the fiber's strength. This makes it necessary to reinforce the splice. One of the most practical and reliable methods for optical fiber splicing is fusion splicing, comprising the steps of tripping the plastic coatings from the two fiber ends to be splice, placing the two bare fiber ends in an end-to-end position, and of fusion splicing, such as are fusion. Generally, steel bar (SB) sleeve is used to reinforce this fusion-splicing region. However, this type of sleeve has a critical defect to keep optical lose after bent by a sudden load. New type of composite spring (CS) sleeve is developed to make up for the weak points in the SB sleeve. This sleeve has an effect on restoration to the original state after eliminating the bending load. The optical spectrum analyzes results show the availability of reinforcement for the fusion splicing optical fiber using small diameter composite springs under the various loading conditions.
Fabrication and Characterization of 3D Woven Textile Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 33~40
In order to overcome one of the most pronounced shortcomings of conventional laminated composites, such as the low damage tolerance due to delamination, the thermoplastic materials and 3D (three-dimensional) preforms have been utilized in the manufacture of composite materials. From the newly developed process termed as the co-braiding, hybrid yarns of the thermoplastic fibers (PEEK) and reinforcing fibers (carbon) have been fabricated. In order to further enhance the delamination suppression, through thickness fibers have been introduced by way of 3D weaving technique in the fabrication of textile preforms. The preforms have been thermoformed to make composite materials. Complete impregnation of the PEEK into the carbon fiber bundles has been confirmed. For the comparison of mechanical performance of 3D woven composites, quasi-isotropic laminates using APC-2/AS4 tapes have been fabricated. Tensile and compressive properties of both the composites have been determined. Furthermore. the open hole, impact and CAI(Compression After Impact) tests were also carried out to assess the applicability of 3D woven textile reinforced thermoplastic composites in aerospace structures.
Experimental performance evaluation and comparison for lightweight piezo-composite actuator LIPCA
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 41~47
This paper is concerned with the performance evaluation and comparison analysis fur several kinds of LIPCA (Lightweight Piezo-Composite Actuator) device system. LIPCA device system is composed of a piezoelectric ceramic layer and fiber reinforced light composite layers, typically a PZT ceramic layer was sandwiched by a top fiber layer with low CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion) and base layers with high CTE. To investigate the effect of lay-up structure of the LIPCA on the actuating performance, four kinds of actuator with different lay-up stacking sequence were designed, manufactured, and tested. The performance of each actuator was evaluated using an actuator test system consisted of an actuator supporting jig, a high voltage actuating power supplier, and a non-contact laser measuring system. From the comparison of the performance of the LIPCA prototypes, it was found that the actuator with higher coefficient of unimorph actuator can generate larger actuating displacement.
Permittivities of the E-Glass Fabric/Epoxy Composite Laminates Containing Carbon Black Dispersion
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 48~53
This paper presents a study on the permittivities of the I-glass fabric/epoxy composite laminates containing carbon black dispersions at microwave frequency. Measurements were performed at the frequency band of 5 GHz∼18 GHz. The results showed that the complex permittivities of the composites depend strongly on the natures and concentrations of the carbon black dispersion. A new scheme is proposed to obtain a mixing law for the estimation of the complex permittivities of the composite laminates as a function of concentration of carbon black. Simultaneously, the complex permittivity of carbon black itself was also calculated by the scheme. The experimental values of the complex permittivities of the composites were compared to those calculated.
Effects of Manufacturing Process Variables on Characteristics of Microcapsules with Self-Healing Agent
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 54~61
In this study, manufacturing process for microcapsules with the self-healing agent was introduced and the characteristics of microcapsules manufactured by varying with various manufacturing process variables were evaluated through a particle size analyzer, an optical microscope, and a TGA. Urea-formaldehyde resin was used for the thin wall of microcapsules and DCPD (dicyclopentadiene) was used for the self-healing agent. The various manufacturing process variables, such as (1) 24hr, 40hr, 48hr, 60hr of the solution time of the EMA copolymer, (2) pH3.5, pH4.0, pH4.5 of the hydrogen ion concentration of the emulsified solution, (3) 400rpm, 500rpm, 600rpm, 1000rpm of the agitation speed of the emulsified solution, (4)
of the reaction temperature of the emulsified solution, were considered. According to the results, the particle size distribution of microcapsules was affected on the agitation speed, and the thermal stability of microcapsules was influenced by the solution time of the EMA copolymer, the hydrogen ion concentration, and the reaction temperature of the emulsified solution. Therefore, suitable manufacturing process variables should be applied to obtain thermally stable microcapsules capable of containing the healing agent capable until the thin wall of microcapsules were to be burned.
Interfacial Evaluation and Nondestructive Damage Sensing of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy-AT-PEI Composites using Micromechanical Test and Electrical Resistance Measurement
Joung-Man Park ; Dae-Sik Kim ; Jin-Woo Kong ; Minyoung Kim ; Wonho Kim ;
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 62~67
Interfacial properties and damage sensing for the carbon fiber/epoxy-amine terminated (AT)-polyetherimide (PEI) composite were performed using microdroplet test and electrical resistance measurements. As AT-PEI content increased, the fracture toughness of epoxy-AT-PEI matrix increased, and interfacial shear strength (IFSS) increased due to the improved fracture toughness by energy absorption mechanisms of AT-PEI phase. The microdroplet in the carbon fiber/neat epoxy composite showed brittle microfailure mode. At 15 phr AT-PEI content ductile microfailure mode appeared because of improved fracture toughness. After curing, the change in electrical resistance
) with increasing AT-PEI content increased gradually because of thermal shrinkage. Under cyclic stress, in the neat epoxy case the reaching time until same stress was faster and their slope was higher than those of 15 phr AT-PEI. The result obtained from electrical resistance measurements under curing process and reversible stress/strain was correspondence well with matrix toughness properties.
Interfacial Damage Sensing and Evaluation of Carbon and SiC Fibers/Epoxy Composites with Fiber-Embedded Angle using Electro-Micromechanical Technique
Joung-Man Park ; Sang-Il Lee ; Jin-Woo Kong ; Tae-Wook Kim ;
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 68~73
Interfacial properties and electrical sensing fer fiber fracture in carbon and SiC fibers/epoxy composites were investigated by the electrical resistance measurement and fragmentation test. As fiber-embedded angle increased, the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) of two-type fiber composites decreased, and the elapsed time takes long until the infinity in electrical resistivity. The initial slope of electrical resistivity increased rapidly to the infinity at higher angle, whereas electrical resistivity increased gradually at small angle. Furthermore, both fiber composites with small embedded angle showed a fully-developed stress whitening pattern, whereas both composites with higher embedded angle exhibited a less developed stress whitening pattern. As embedded angle decreased, the gap between the fragments increased and the debonded length was wider for both fiber composites. Electro-micromechanical technique could be a feasible nondestructive evaluation to measure interfacial sensing properties depending on the fiber-embedded angle in conductive fiber reinforced composites.
신소재의 Reliable joining 및 Repair 기술(국가지정 연구실 소개)
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 74~77
항공기용 복합재 구조물의 결함에 대한 비파괴 검사법과 적용사례
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 78~86