Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Micromechanical Model for the Consolidation Behavior in SiC-Ti Metal Matrix Composites
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~8
Densification occurs by the inelastic flow of the matrix materials during the consolidation processes at high temperature for MMCs, and the results depend on many process conditions such as applied pressure, temperature and volume fraction of fiber and matrix materials. This is particularly important in titanium matrix composites since material failure may occur by either the applied conditions or microstructural parameters through the processes, and thus a generic model based on micro-mechanical approaches enabling the evolution of density over time to be predicted has been developed. The mode developed is then implemented into FEM so that practical process simulation has been carried out. Further the experimental investigation of the consolidation behavior of SiC/Ti-6Al-4V composites using vacuum hot pressing has been performed, and the results obtained are compared with the model predictions.
Prediction of Fatigue Life in 2 Ply Rubber/Cord Laminate
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 9~17
In order to simulate the crack connection between cords and the interply crack growth in the belt-layer of real tire, 2 ply rubber/cord laminate specimens with exposed edges were tested in 4~11mm displacement control. Measurement of the crack connection is evaluated when crack reaches the half of the length between 45
aligned cords, and the amount of the crack growth is measured by the steel probe method. 2 dimensional analytic modeling was performed to simulate the crack connection between cords at the exposed edges. Also, the theoretical life of the specimens was calculated from the crack connection life between cords(critical value) and from the critical value to the final failure by the use of Tearing energy(T); the strain energy release per unit area of one fracture surface of a crack. Then, theoretical life was compared with those of experiments. The life prediction up to the critical value has about 20% error compared to experimental life, and up to the final failure about 65% error. Therefore, total theoretical life has about 45% error compared to the experimental life, which is conceivable in the case of rubber.
Influence of Design Variables on Failure Loads of Sandwich Beam
Jongman Kim ;
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 18~24
Sandwich structures have been widely used in the applications of vessel industry, where high structural stiffness is required with small addition of weight. It is so significant to think of the effect of the variables in the design process of the sandwich structure for the concentrated loads. This paper describes the influence of design variables, such as core density, core thickness and face thickness ratio, on the strength of sandwich beam. The theoretical failure loads based on the 2-D elasticity theory agree well with the experimental yield or failure loads, which are measured at the three point bending laboratory test using AS4/3501-6 facing and polyurethane foam core sandwich beam. The comparison of those yield or failure loads was also done with the ratio of the top to bottom face thickness. The theoretical optimum condition is obtained by finding the intersection point of failure modes involved, which gives optimum core density of the sandwich beam for strength and stiffness. In the addition, the effect of unequal face thickness for the optimized and off-optimized sandwich beams for the strength was compared with the ratio of loading length to beam length, and the variations of strength and stiffness were discussed with the relative ratio of core to face mass.
Effect of Surface Treated SiC on Thermal Stability and Mechanical Interfacial Properties of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Resin Composites
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 25~31
In this work the effect of surface treated SiC on thermal stability and mechanical interfacial properties of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composites. The surface properties of the SiC were determined by acid/base values and contact angles. The thermal stabilities of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composites were investigated by TGA. The mechanical interfacial properties of the composites were studied in ILSS, critical stress intensity factor (
), and critical strain energy release rate(
) measurements. As a result, the acidically treated SiC(A-SiC) had higher acid value than untreated SiC(V-SiC) or basically treated SiC(B-SiC). According to the contact angle measurements, it was observed that chemical treatments led to an increase of surface free energy of the SiC surfaces, mainly due to the increase of the specific(polar) component. The mechanical interfacial properties of the composites including ILSS,
had been improved in the specimens treated by chemical solutions. These results were explained that good wetting played an important role in improving the degree of adhesion at interfaces between SiC and epoxy resin matrix.
Experimental Investigations on the Flexural Behavior of One-Way Concrete Slabs Reinforced with GFRP Re-Bar Bundle
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 32~40
In recent years, the investigation on the development of fiber reinforced plastic(FRP) Re-Bar has been greatly increased due to the attractive physical and mechanical properties of FRP. The primary reason of such a tendency is in the fact that it does not ordinarily cause durability problems such as those associated with steel reinforcement corrosion. This study is an experimental investigation on the flexural behavior of one-way concrete slabs, which can be used to construct bridge deck, reinforced with GFRP Re-Bar bundle. The tensile tests of GFRP Re-Bar produced by domestic industry and third point bending tests of one-way slab specimens reinforced with GFRP Re-Bar bundle are peformed. For all slab specimens, load-deflection relations are predicted by using the ACI committee 440 and the results are compared with experimental ones. In order to establish the design criteria or guidelines of concrete flexural member reinforced with FRP Re-Bar, it is needed to evaluate the serviceability limit state as well as the strength limit state.
Influence of Oxidation Inhibitor on Carbon-Carbon Composites: 9. Studies on Impact Properties of the Composites
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 41~48
In this work, the effect of molybdenum disilicide(MoSi
) content on the impact properties of carbon-carbon composites(C/C composites) was investigated in the presence of MoSi
. The content of MoSi
was varied in 0, 4, 12 and 20 wt% on the basis of resin matrix for anti-oxidation properties of the composites under high temperature. As a result, the composites made with MoSi
resulted in an increase of interfacial adhesion between fibers and matrix, which could improve the impact properties of the composites. Especially, 12 wt% Mosi
composites showed the highest impact properties in the present system. This was probably due to the existence of brittle-to-ductile transition(BDT) properties of MoSi
in the vicinity of 90
, resulting from increasing the interfacial adhesion force among fibers, filler, and matrix in the composites.
The Tensile Characteristics of Carbon and Silica Reinforced Composites Under Elevated Temperature
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 49~57
This paper presents the tensile characteristics for carbon/epoxy, carbon/phenolic and silica/phenolic composites under elevated temperature, which are considered for vehicle structure or thermal protection materials. The tensile test was conducted with servo-hydraulic testing machine and high temperature furnace, and the mechanical properties such as tensile strength, elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio were evaluated by using high temperature strain gages. Also, they were compared each other with respect to fiber orientation and temperature effect. These test results were used for designing and analyzing some airframe structures with these composites.
Study of Optical Fiber Sensor Systems for the Simultaneous Monitoring of Fracture and Strain in Composite Laminates
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 58~67
To perform the realtime strain and fracture monitoring of the smart composite structures, two optical fiber sensor systems are proposed. The two types of the coherent sources were used for fracture signal detection - EDFA with FBG and EDFA with Fabry-Perot filter. These sources were coupled to EFPI sensors imbedded in composite specimens. To understand the characteristics of matrix crack signals, at first, we performed tensile tests using surface attached PZT sensors by changing the thickness and width of the specimens. This paper describes the implementation of time-frequency analysis such as short time Fourier transform (STFT) and wavelet transform (WT) for the quantitative evaluation of fracture signals. The experimental result shows the distinctive signal features in frequency domain due to the different specimen shapes. And, from the test of tensile load monitoring using optical fiber sensor systems, measured strain agreed with the value of electric strain gage and the fracture detection system could detect the moment of damage with high sensitivity to recognize the onset of micro-crack fracture signal.
The Effect of Fabrication Process Parameters on the Microstructures of Intermetallic/Metal Laminated Composite by Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 68~74
In this paper, intermetallic/metal laminated composites have been successfully produced that utilizes SHS reactions between Ni and Al elemental metal foils. The reaction between Ni and Al started from the nucleation and growth of NiA1
and was followed by the diffusional growth of Ni
between Ni and NiA1
. The SHS reaction was thermodynamically analyzed through the final volume fraction of the non-reacted Al related with the initial thickness ratio of Ni:Al and prior heat treatment. Thermally aging these 1aminates resulted in formation of a functionally gradient series of intermetallic phases. Microstructure showed that the intermetallic volume percent was 82, 59.5, 40% in the 1:1, 2:1, 4:1 thickness ratio specimen. Main phases of the intermetallic were NiAl and Ni
Al having higher strength at room and high temperatures.
Wear Properties of Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites
Composites Research, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 75~84
The purpose of this study is to investigate the wear properties of Saffil/Al, Saffil/A12O3/Al and Saffil/SiC/Al hybrid metal matrix composites fabricated by squeeze casting method. Wear tests were done on a pin-on-disk friction and wear tester under both dry and lubricated conditions. The wear properties of the three composites were evaluated in many respects. The effects of Saffil fibers,
particles and SiC particles on the wear behavior of the composites were investigated. Wear mechanisms were analyzed by observing the worn surfaces of the composites. The variation of coefficient of friction(COF) during the wear process was recorded by using a computer. Under dry sliding condition, Saffil/SiC/Al showed the best wear resistance under high temperature and high load, while the wear resistances of Saffil/Al and Saffi1/
/Al were very similar. Under dry sliding condition, the dominant wear mechanism was abrasive wear under mild load and room temperature, and the dominant wear mechanism changed to adhesive wear as load or temperature increased. Molten wear occurred at high temperature. Compared with the dry sliding condition, all three composites showed excellent wear resistance when lubricated by liquid paraffin. Under lubricated condition, Saffil/Al showed the best wear resistance among them, and its COF value was the smallest. The dominant wear mechanism of the composites under lubricated condition was microploughing, but microcracking also occurred to them to different extents.