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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Composite Pressure Vessel for Natural Gas Vehicle by Filament Winding
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 1~6
Composite pressure vessels with HDPE (high density polyethlyne) liner with metal boss at each end were developed by Filament Winding Process. The vessel is composed of a dome-shaped part at each end and a cylinder-shaped part at the middle of the vessel. The environmental tests carried out for possible vessel materials such as High Density Polyethlyn (HDPE), resins and reinforcing fibers up to a year showed no significant damages. The boss was designed to minimize the gas leak which was verified by FEM analysis. Most ideal fiber tension was obtained by experimental method and the fiber volume fraction,
, obtained by image analyzer were 55.4 % in cylinder and 55.6 % in dome parts, respectively. Winding pattern is programmed to control the composite thickness in the dome areas such that the failure of the vessel may occur in the cylinder. During the cure, the vessel was rotated and a constant internal pressure of 0.62 bar was applied. From this, the vessel's burst pressure is improved by 28 %. The burst and fatigue tests for under-wound and fully wound vessel showed satisfactory results.
Vibration Control of Composite Thin-Walled Beams with a Tip Mass Via Fuzzy Algorithm and Piezoelectric Sensor and Actuator
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 7~14
This paper deals with adaptive fuzzy logic controller design to achieve proper dynamic response of a composite thin-walled beam with a tip mass. In order to check the effectiveness of this controller, three different types of control logic are selected and applied. The adaptive control capabilities provided by a system of piezoactuators bonded or embedded into the structure are also implemented in the system. Results show that the fuzzy logic controller is more effective than the proportional or velocity feedback controller for the vibration control of composite thin-walled beam with a tip mass.
Strain Analysis in the Skin and Core Layers of Cross-Ply Composite Laminates Using A-EFPI Optical Fiber Sensor
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 15~24
Longitudinal strains (
) of the core and skin layers in glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) cross-ply composite laminates have been measured using the embedded optical fiber sensor of absolute extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer (A-EFPI). Transmission optical microscopy was used to investigate the damage behavior around the A-EFPI sensor. Foil-type strain gauges bonded on both the upper and lower surfaces were used for the measurement of the surface strains. It was shown that values of
in the interior of the skin layer and the core layer measured by embedded A-EFPI sensor were significantly higher than that of the specimen surface measured by strain gauges. The experimental results agreed well with those from finite element analysis on the basis of uniform stress model. Large strains in the core layer led to the occurrence of many transverse cracks which drastically reduced the strain at failure of optical fiber sensor embedded in the core layer.
Stiffness Prediction of Spatially Reinforced Composites
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 25~38
In this study, the stiffness of spatially reinforced composites (SRC) are predicted by using superposition of a rod and matrix stiffnesses in an arbitrary direction. To confirm the predicted values, the material properties of SRC are measured. The predicted values from the volume average of stiffness matrix are consistent with the tested values in a rod direction, but are inconsistent in an off-rod direction while reverse is true fur the volume average of compliance matrix. Therefore, the harmony function from superposition of stiffness and compliance matrix is introduced. The predicted values from the harmony function are consistent with the tested values in both the rod and the off-rod directions.
Strength Prediction of Spatially Reinforced Composites
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 39~46
In this study, the strength of spatially reinforced composites (SRC) are predicted by using stiffness reduction for each structural element composed of a rod stiffness in each direction and a matrix stiffness proportional to its rod volume fraction. Maximum failure strain criteria is applied to rod failure, and modified Tsai-Wu failure criteria to matrix failure. The material properties composed of the tensile failure strain of a rod, the compressive failure strain of 3D SRC, the tensile and compressive strength of the 3D SRC in the
rotated direction from a rod and the shear strength of the 3D SRC are measured to predict the SRC strength. The strength distributions of the 3D/4D SRC in rod and off-rod direction have the largest and the smallest values, respectively. A variable load step is selected to increase an efficiency of strength distribution calculation. Uniform load step is applied when a load history is needed. The results of compressive strength from analysis and experiment show the 18 % difference though the initial slop is coincident with each other.
Cure Behaviors and Thermal Stabilities of Epoxy Resins Initiated by Latent Thermal Catalyst
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 47~53
In this work, two thermal latent catalysts, i.e., N-benzylpyrazinium hexafluoroantimonate (BPH) and benzyl-2,5-dimethylpyrazinium hexafluoroantimonate (BDPH), were synthesized. The cure behaviors and thermal stabilities of diglycidylether of bisphenol A (DCEBA) epoxy resins initiated by 1 wt.% of the catalysts were investigated by DSC, NIR, TCA, and DMA Latent properties of the catalysts were examined by conversion of epoxy resins using NIR from
From the resultes of near-IR, DGEBA/BPH system showed higher conversion than that of DGEBA/BDPH system. The thermal stabilities of DGEBA/BDPH system based on the initial decomposition temperature (IDT) and integral procedural decomposition (IPDT) were relatively lower than those of DCEBA/BPH system. These could be attributed to the hindered structure of BDPH, resulting in decreasing the thermal stability in the DGEBA/BDPH system.
An Analytical Study on Prestrain and Shape Memory Effect of Composite Reinforced with Shape Memory Alloy
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 54~60
A new three-dimensional model for predicting the relationship between the prestrain of the composite and the amount of phase transformation of shape memory alloy inducing shape memory effect has been proposed by using Eshelby's equivalent inclusion method with Mori-Tanaka's mean field theory. The model composite is aluminum matrix reinforced with short TiNi fiber shape memory alloy, where the matrix is work-hardening material of power-law type. The analytical results predicted by the current model show that most of the prestrain is induced by the plastic deformation of the matrix, except the small prestrain region. The strengthening mechanism of the composite by the shape memory effect should be explained by excluding its increase of yield stress due to the work-hardening effect of the matrix.
Stress-Strain Behavior and Electrical Resistive of Conductive Silver Particle/Silicone Composite Pastes with Surface Modification
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 61~67
This paper reports the electrical conductivity and the stress-strain behavior of silver particle-filled silicone composite pastes for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding gasket materials. The percolation threshold (critical concentration) of the composite paste obtained by incorporating irregular sphere-shaped silver particles and room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) silicone resin was determined from the electrical conductivity result. At about 28 vol% Beading of untreated silver particles, the percolation phenomenon occurred and at this critical concentration, the volumetric resistivity, the tensile strength, and the elongation of the pastes were investigated. This work also suggests that the stress-strain characteristics of a composite paste filled with metal particles above the percolation threshold may be effectively improved by properly selecting a coupling agent.
Dielectric Characteristics of the Polymers Containing Nano-size Conductive Carbon Black Powders
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 68~77
The electromagnetic (EM) absorption or shielding characteristics of a material is an important issue not only for military purpose but also for commercial purposes such as radar, electric or telecommunication devices. In order to design the effective electromagnetic wave absorber, the electromagnetic characteristics of the constituents of the material should be available in target frequency band. Also, it must be possible to predict the electromagnetic properties of absorbers with respect to the content of lossy ingredients. In this study, the dielectric properties of unsaturated polyester resins containing nano-size conductive carbon black powder were measured with a free space method in the X-band frequency range and analyzed with respect to the content of carbon black. Finally, the method for estimating the dielectric properties of polymeric resin containing conductive carbon black with respect to the EM frequency was developed and verified.
Analysis of Thermal Response of Rectangular Plates Made of Functionally Graded Materials
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 78~84
In this paper, a study of thermal response of two types of functionally graded materials (FCM) plates composed of
and Ti-6Al-4V is presented. The material properties of the functionally graded plates are assumed to vary continuously through the thickness of the plate according to a power law distribution of the volume fraction of the constituents. It is supposed that the top and bottom surfaces of the plate are heated and kept as constant thermal boundary conditions. The fundamental equations for rectangular plates of FGM are obtained using Hamilton's variational principles. The solution is obtained in terms of Navier Solution. The influence of volume fraction and temperature is studied on the static deflection and natural frequency of FCM plate.
How Phenolic Composites were chosen - In Case of England (5)
Nomaguchi, Kanemasa ; Forsdyke, Ken L. ; Brown, Denver E. ;
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 85~95
Other than in the fields of rolling stock and marine, in England, UK, Phenolic Composites (herein after, PCs) have been significantly utilized to fire protecting panels in construction, in particular, in architectures. In general, indeed, so-called "Plastic" or "Synthesized Resins" have been applied successfully in our societies all over the world, however, once, when ignited from somewhat reason, they burn much easily generating large amount of "SMOKE" from their nature of petroleum-borne materials as a matter of fact, people have forgotten about it. "SMOKE" caused many fire accidents horror tragedies as everyday people know today. The experts in this field such as PC engineers, researchers and others can take their responsibilities to explain it, persuade it and realize "Safer Environment for People" with well-experienced and technology innovated PCs. In this paper, the co-authors, collaborating UK and Japan, are making efforts to report how the PCs work good jobs to our societies showing some successful track records in construction or architecture fields in UK. How about on this matter in Japan\ulcorner "SMOKE fire" is always waiting fur us. We should stop smoking and SMOKE fire, in our public places.We should stop smoking and SMOKE fire, in our public places.
복합제 철도차량 설계 기술
Composites Research, volume 17, issue 5, 2004, Pages 96~100