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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Internal Strain Monitoring of Filament Wound Pressure Tanks using Embedded Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors
Kim C. U. ; Park S. W. ; Kim C. G. ; Kang D. H. ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~7
In-situ structural health monitoring of filament wound pressure tanks were conducted during water-pressurizing test using embedded fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. We need to monitor inner strains during working in order to verify the health condition of pressure tanks more accurately because finite element analyses on filament wound pressure tanks usually show large differences between inner and outer strains. Fiber optic sensors, especially FBG sensors can be easily embedded into the composite structures contrary to conventional electric strain gages (ESGs). In addition, many FBG sensors can be multiplexed in single optical fiber using wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) techniques. We fabricated a standard testing and evaluation bottle (STEB) with embedded FBG sensors and performed a water-pressurizing test. In order to increase the survivability of embedded FBG sensors, we suggested a revised fabrication process for embedding FBG sensors into a filament wound pressure tank, which includes a new protecting technique of sensor heads, the grating parts. From the experimental results, it was demonstrated that FBG sensors can be successfully adapted to filament wound pressure tanks for their structural health monitoring by embedding.
In-plane Stress Analysis of Relating Composite Disks
Koo Kyo-Nam ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 8~13
Rotating circular disks are widely used in data storage devices as well as in traditional industrial machines. Faster rotating speed is required in data storage devices for higher data transfer rate. In this Paper an application of composite materials to CD is proposed to increase critical speeds and the strength analysis was performed. A differential equation of displacement is derived for the analytic stress distribution of rotating polar orthotropic disk. The stress distributions for typical GFRP and CFRP disks and the maximum allowable speeds subjected to a constraint of tensile strength are presented in addition to polycarbonate disk. The results show that the application of CFRP to rotating disk can increase the maximum allowable rotating speed but this may not be applicable to GFRP disk.
Chemo-Mechanical Analysis of Bifunctional linear DGEBF/Aromatic Amino Resin Casting Systems
Lee Jae-Rock ; Myung In-Ho ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 14~20
To determine the effect of chemical structure of aromatic amino curing agents on thermal and mechanical properties, standard epoxy resin DGEBF (diglycidylether of bisphenol F) was cured with diaminodiphenyl methane (DDM) and diaminodiphenyl sulphone (DDS) in a stoichiometrically equivalent ratio. From this work the effect of aromatic amino curing agents on the thermal and mechanical properties is significantly influenced by the chemical structure of curing agents. In contrast, the results show that the DGEBF/DDS system having the sulfone structure between the benzene rings had higher values in the thermal stability, density, shrinkage (
), thermal expansion coefficient, tensile modulus and strength, flexural modulus and strength than the DGEBF/DDM system having methylene structure between the benzene rings, whereas the DGEBF/DDS system presented low values in maximum exothermic temperature, conversion of epoxide, and grass transition temperature. These results are caused by the relative effects of sulfone group having strong electronegativity and methylene group having (+) repulsive property. The result of fractography shows that the grain distribution of DGEBF/DDS system is more irregular than that of the DGEBF/DDM system.
Interfacial Properties and Sensing of Carbon Nanofiber/Tube and Electrospun Nanofiber/Epoxy Composites Using Electrical Resistance Measurement and Micromechanical Technique
Jung Jin-Gyu ; Kim Sung-Ju ; Park Joung-Man ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 21~26
Nondestructive damage sensing and load transfer mechanisms of carbon nanotube (CNT) and nanofiber (CNF)/epoxy composites have been investigated by using electro-micromechanical technique. The electrospun PVDF nanofibers were also prepared as a piezoelectric sensor. The electro-micromechanical techniques were applied to evaluate sensing response of carbon nanocomposites by measuring electrical resistance under an uniform cyclic loading. Composites with higher volume content of CNT showed significantly higher tensile properties than neat and low volume
CNT composites. CNT composites showed humidity sensing within limited temperature range. CNT composites with smaller aspect ratio showed higher apparent modulus due to high volume content in case of shorter aspect ratio. Thermal treated electrospun PVDF nanofiber showed higher mechanical properties than the untreated case due to crystallinity increase, whereas load sensing decreased in heat treated case. Electrospun PVDF nanofiber web also showed sensing effect on humidity and temperature as well as stress transferring. Nanocomposites and electrospun PVDF nanofiber web can be applicable for sensing application.
Evaluation of Durability for Glass fabric/Phenolic Composites under Salt Water Environment
Yoon, Sung-Ho ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 27~34
Salt water spray and immersion tests were experimentally conducted for over 6 months to investigate the durability of glass fabric/phenolic composites under salt water environment. Mechanical properties such as tensile properties, flexural properties, and shear properties were evaluated and thermal analysis properties such as storage shear modulus, loss shear moduls, and tan 6 were obtained through a DMA. A change in chemical structures was analyzed through a FTIR. According to the results, mechanical properties and thermal analysis properties were sensitive to salt water environment and these properties began to degrade in increasing in exposure times. However, tensile and flexural moduli started to decrease and then slightly increase as increasing in exposure times due to plasticization and crosslinking in matrix as well as physical swelling in composites. Beyond a certain exposure times, these properties began to decrease as further increasing in exposure times. Also the shape and location of peaks in FTIR curves were insensitive to exposure times, but the intensity of peaks would be. finally we found that the durability of glass fabric/phenolic composites were affected on salt water immersion environment rather than salt water spray environment.
A Study on Real Time Control of Resin Transfer Molding
Jeon Young Jae ; Um Moon Kwang ; Byun Joon Hyung ; Lee Woo Il ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 35~43
In resin transfer molding(RTM), race-track effects and non-uniform fiber volume fraction may cause undesirable resin flow patterns and thus result in dry spots, which affect the mechanical properties of the finished parts. In this study, a real time RTM control strategy to reduce these unfavorable effects is proposed. This control rule is accomplished by means of the permeability mapping and pressure regulation. Through numerical simulations, the validity of the proposed scheme is demonstrated.
low Velocity Impact Behavior Analysis of 3D Woven Composite Plate Considering its Micro-structure
Ji, Kuk-Hyun ; Kim, Seung-Jo ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 44~51
In this paper, we developed the direct numerical simulation(DNS) model considering the geometry of yams which consist of 3D orthogonal woven composite materials, and using this model, the dynamic behavior of under transverse low-velocity impact has been studied. To build up the micromechanical model considering tow spacing and waviness, an accurate unit structure is presented and used in building structural plate model based on DNS. For comparison, DNS results are compared with those of the micromechanical approach which is based on the global equivalent material properties obtained by DNS static numerical tests. The effects with yarn geometrical irregularities which are difficult to consider in a macroscopic approach are also investigated by the DNS model. Finally, the multiscale model based on the DNS concepts is developed to enhance efficiency of analysis with real sized numerical specimen and macro/micro characteristics are presented.
Optimized Structure Design of Composite Cyclocopter Rotor System using RSM
Hwang In Seong ; Hwang Chang Sup ; Kim Min Ki ; Kim Seung Jo ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 52~58
A cyclocopter propelled by the cycloidal blade system, which can be described as a horizontal rotary wing, is a new concept of VTOL vehicle. In this paper, optimized structure design is carried out for the aerodynamically optimized cyclocopter rotor system. Database is obtained fer design variables such as stacking sequence (ply angles), number of plies and spar locations through MSC/NASTRAN and optimum values are determined by RSM and some other optimizing processes. For the rotor system including optimized blade and composite hub m, the maximum stress by static analysis is within the failure criteria. And the rotor system is designed for the purpose of avoiding possible dynamic instabilities by inconsistency between frequencies of rotor rotation and some low natural frequencies of rotor.
Reinforcing System(MFRI) for Concrete Structure using FRP ROD & High-performance Mortar
Bae Ki-Sun ; Park Sing-Hun ; Lee Sang-Uk ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 59~65
This report is on the Reinforcing System(MFRI) for Concrete Structure using FRP ROD & High-Performance Mortar. The main characteristic of this system is as follow. First, the fiber rods in this system have seven times greater tensile strength than general reinforcing steel bars(re-bar) and the weight is a fifth lighter. Camels coated on the fiber rods' surfaces to improve adhesive strength and pull-out strength. Second, high strength shotcrete mortar is has very good workability and low rebound rate. After installing the Fiber Rods, Shotcrete mortar Is applied or sprayed to finish reinforcement. Finally, MFRI system has excellent fire-resisting performance and sogood tolerance against external environment by inserting fiber rods and reinforcing materials into mortar which has high compressive strength. It is applied to bridge slab, utility box and tunnel of civil engineering works, and beam and slab of building structures.
Repair and Strengthening Method Using Near Surface Mounted FRP Rods and Overlay
Hwang Gum-sic ; Park Chin-ki ; Won Jong-pil ;
Composites Research, volume 18, issue 4, 2005, Pages 66~74
This paper reports new repair and strengthening mathod using improved material. This mathod have two type according to covering thickness of reinforcement. One type is near surface mounted FRP rod. Anther type is overay. Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) materials has become very popular in recent years. FRP material used to rehabilitate many types of structures with superior characteristics such as high strength and stiffness and corrosion resistance. This strengthening mathod were used FRP rod which have better bond and shear strangth than current FRP rod. Development of FRP rod due to 3-D winding system. In addition, Ductile hybrid FRP has a certain plastic deformation and an elongation greater than
at maximum load is usually required for steel reinforcement in concrete structures. Moerover this mathod can be effective repair of base concrete by sprayed polymer mortar