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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Composite Materials
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Transverse Shear Behavior of Thin-Walled Composite Beams with Closed Cross-Sections
Park, Il-Ju ; Jung, Sung-Nam ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 1~6
In this study, a closed-form analysis has been developed for the transverse shear behavior of thin-walled composite beams with closed cross-sections. The shear flow distributions and cross-section stiffness coefficients are derived analytically by using a mixed beam approach. The theory has been applied to single-celled composite box-beams with elastic couplings. The location of the shear center and the effect of transverse shear deformation on the static behavior of composite beams are investigated in the framework of the analysis. The present results are validated against those of a two-dimensional finite element analysis and a good correlation has been obtained for box-beam cases considered in this study.
Fabrication and Electromechanical Behaviors of a SWNT/PANi Composite Film Actuator
Zhang, Shuai ; Kim, Cheol ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 7~11
The improved SWNTs/PANi composite actuator films applicable to an artificial muscle were fabricated successfully using a new process of manufacture that consists of 90% pure single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and chemical polymerization. PANi is electrically conducting polyaniline polymer. The conductivities of the composite SWNTs/PANi film-type actuators and the pure PANi films fabricated were measured as 56.15 S/cm and 17.38 S/cm, respectively, by the 4-prove method. The conductivity of the composite actuator is 3.2 times higher than the pure PANi film. The fabricated composite actuator showed higher conductivity than any other similar ones. The quality of samples was investigated by an electron scanning microscope (SEM). To measure the actuating strains, a specially designed beam balance apparatus was developed and strains of the composite actuators was measured by a laser displacement sensor subjected to electric currents. During the operation, the sample was soaked in the
solution and the sine-wave voltage in the range of
was applied. The length of the composite actuator changed from
so that the change of length was l=0.043 mm and the strain was 0.34 %. This is a very high strain for this kind of a composite actuator. Other result reported by Tahhan showed 0.23 % strain, so that the present result is improved by 48%.
Structural Design and Analysis for Carbon/Epoxy Composite Wing of A Small Scale WIG Vehicle
Park, Hyun-Bum ; Kang, Kuk-Jin ; Kong, Chang-Duk ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 12~19
In this paper, conceptual structural design of the main wing for a small scale WIG(Wing in Ground Effect) among high speed ship projects, which will be a high speed maritime transportation system for the next generation in Rep. of Korea, was performed. The Carbon/Epoxy material was selected for the major structure, and the skin-spar with a foam sandwich structural type was adopted for improvement of lightness and structural stability. As a design procedure for the present study, firstly the design load was estimated through the critical flight load case study, and then flanges of the front and rear spars from major bending loads and the skin and the spar webs from shear loads were preliminarily sized using the netting rule and the rule of mixture. Stress analysis was performed by a commercial FEA code, NASTRAN. From the stress analysis results for the first designed wing structure, it was confirmed that the upper skin between the front spar and the rear spar was unstable fer the buckling. Therefore in order to solve this problem, a middle spar and the foam sandwich type structure at the skin and the web were added. After design modification, the structural safety and stability for the final design feature was confirmed. In addition to this, the insert bolt type structure with eight high strength bolts to fix the wing structure to the fuselage was adopted for easy assembly and removal as well as in consideration of more than 20 years fatigue life.
Self-Sensing and Interfacial Evaluation of Ni Nanowire/Polymer Composites Using Electro-Macromechanical Technique
Kim, Sung-Ju ; Yoon, Dong-Jin ; Hansen George ; DeVries K. Lawrence ; Park, Joung-Man ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 20~27
Self-sensing and interfacial evaluation of Ni nanowire/polymer composites were investigated using electro-macromechanical technique, which can be used fur a feasible sensing measurement on tensile and compressive loading/consequent unloading, temperature, and humidity. Mechanical properties of Ni nanowire with different aspect ratio and adding contents in either epoxy or silicone composites were measured indirectly using electro-pullout test under uniform and non-uniform cyclic loadings. Comparing apparent modulus with the conventional mechanical tensile modulus of Ni nanowire/epoxy composites, the trends were consistent with each other. Ni nanowire/epoxy composites showed the sensing response on humidity and temperature. Self-sensing on applied tensile and compressive loading/unloading was also responded for Ni nanowire/silicone composites via electrical contact resistivity showing the opposite trend between tension and compression. It can be due to the different electrically-interconnecting mechanisms of dispersed Ni nanowires embedded in silicone matrix.
A Study on Carbon Nano Materials as Conductive Oilers for Microwave Absorbers
Lee, Sang-Kwan ; Kim, Chun-Gon ; Kim, Jin-Bong ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 28~33
In this paper, we have studied the complex permittivities and their influence on the design of microwave absorbers of E-glass fabric/epoxy composite laminates containing three different types of carbon-based nano conductive fillers such as carbon black (CB), carbon nano fiber (CNF) and multi-wall nano tube (MWNT). The measurements were performed fur permittivities at the frequency band of 0.5 GHz
18.0 GHz using a vector network analyzer with a 7 mm coaxial air line. The experimental results show that the complex permittivities of the composites depend strongly on the natures and concentrations of the conductive fillers. The real and imaginary parts of the complex permittivities of the composites were proportional to the filler concentrations. But, depending on the types of fillers and frequency band, the increasing rates of the real and imaginary parts with respect to the filler concentrations were all different. These different rates can have an effect on the thickness in designing the single layer microwave absorbers. The effect of the different rates at 10 GHz was examined by using Cole-Cole plot; the plot is composed of a single layer absorber solution line and measured permittivities from these three types of composites. Single layer absorbers of 3 different thicknesses using carbon nano materials were fabricated and the -10 dB band of absorbing performances were all about 3 GHz.
Life Cycle Cost Analysis on the Application of FRP in Construction Field
Han, Bog-Kyu ; Shin, Gaon-Su ; Kim, Ki-Soo ; Hong, Geon-Ho ;
Composites Research, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 34~39
The mechanical properties and durabilities of fiber advanced composites make them ideal for widespread applications in construction worldwide. However, one of the problems of fiber reinforced advanced composites has expensive initial costs. So the efforts for lowering the initial cost have to be needed. There has been hardly assessment results of life cycle cost for fiber reinforced advanced composites in construction field, but some papers showed that total life cycle cost could be profitable, if the initial cost could be reduced. The purpose of this paper is to report assessment results of LCC(Life Cycle Cost) for application of FRP(Fiber Reinforced Plastic) in construction field.