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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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Investigation of Mix Design Method in Concrete Mixed with SSPCM Based on Mechanical Behaviors
Min, Hae-Won ; Kim, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.001
As energy consumption of building and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions have been emphasized, phase change materials(PCM) have been introduced as building materials due to its high heat storage performance. Using shape-stabilizing technique, octadecane/xGnP shape-stabilized PCM(SSPCM) can prevent leakage and improve heat storage performance. The objectives of this study are to propose mix design method of concrete mixed with SSPCM and to evaluate mechanical behaviors of the concrete mixed with SSPCM manufactured according to the proposed mix design. Based on the previously reported material test result, the existing mix design of plain concrete(Concrete standard specification, 2009) is modified to consider reduction of strength in concrete due to the addition of SSPCM. To verify the proposed mix design, specimens are fabricated according to the proposed mix design and axial strength tests and three-point loading tests are performed. Test results show that compressive strengths of the tested specimens reach the designed strength even when two different mix ratios of SSPCM are used. From three-point loading tests, flexural stresses decrease as mix ratio of SSPCM increases.
An Experimental Study on the Precast Segmented PSC Girder with I-Shape and Box-Shape Cross-Section
Kim, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Seng-Hoo ; Park, Joon-Seok ; Cheon, Jinuk ; Yoon, Soon-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 8~16
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.008
Prestressed concrete (PSC) is a method in which prestressed tendon is placed inside and/or outside the reinforced concrete member and the compressive force applied to the concrete in advance to enhance the engineering properties of concrete member which is weak under tension. In this paper we suggested the precast PSC girder assembled with segments of portable size and weight at the factory. The segments of precast PSC girder will be delivered and assembled as a unit of PSC girder at the site. Consequently, we suggested new-type of precast segmented PSC girder with different shapes of segment cross-section (i.e., I-shape, Box-shape). To mitigate the problems associated with the field splice between the segments of precast PSC girder anchor system is attached near the neutral axis of the girder and relatively uniform compression throughout the girder cross-section is applied. Prior to the experimental investigation, analytical investigation on the structural behavior of precast PSC girder was performed and the serviceability (deflection) and safety (strength) of the girder were confirmed. In addition, 4-point bending test on the girder was conducted to investigate the structural performance under bending. From the experimental investigation, it was found that the precast PSC girder spliced with 3 and 5 segments has sufficient in serviceability and safety conditions and it was also observed that the point where the segments spliced has no defects and the girder behaves as a unit.
The Area Measurement of Composite Specimen using Digital Image Processing
Son, Byung Jik ; Lee, Kyu Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.017
In this paper, we study the calculation for the fracture area of the composite material specimens using digital image processing techniques. This study was able to calculate the area of the fracture region through the main operation step 7 on the basis of improved image. To extract the area in the original image, we have to use opening operation, close operation, the Hit-or-Miss operation and Bottom hat filter, Top hat filter, etc. In particular, to extract the area of the composite specimen discussed in this study, we have to use the combination of the operations and filters because it is non-isotropic material, or should develop a new algorithm based on it.
P-M Relations of Slender Welded Built-up Square CFT Column under Eccentric Loads
Lee, Seong-Hui ; Choi, Sung-Mo ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.023
CFST columns are structurally superior because the concrete inside the steel tubes prevents local buckling at the tubes and the tubes confine the concrete. And, the thickness of steel tube in CFST column has been thinner with development of high-strengh steel. The thinner the steel tube of a square CFST column is, the more local buckling is likely to occur. For this reason, we developed welded built-up square steel tube with stiffeners which are placed at the center of the tube width acts as an anchor. In this study, we conduct experimental test for three specimens of the 4m long span welded built-up square CFT column with parameters of L/D and D/t. And, the test results were compared with the analysis results by M-
Resistance and Flexure Behavior of Slender Welded Built-up Square CFT Column Using Internal Reinforced Steel Tube under Eccentric Loads
Lee, Seong-Hui ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Choi, Sung-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 32~39
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.032
So far, square concrete filled tubular(CFT) columns have been used in a limited width thickness ratio. The reason is that local buckling occurs in steel tube easily. Once the local buckling occurs, the confinement effect of steel tube on concrete disappears. In this study, we developed welded built-up square steel tube with reinforcement which are placed at the center of the tube width acts as an anchor. 3 specimens of slender welded built-up square CFT columns and 3 specimens of slender welded built-up square steel tube columns were manufactured with parameters of width(B) of steel tube, width thickness ratio(B/t). we conducted a experimental test on the 6 specimens under eccentric load, and evaluated the structural resistance and behavior of 6 specimens.
A Numerical Study on Application of the Integrated Track System for a Magnetic Railway
Ham, Junsu ; Jung, Sub ; Hwang, Won-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 40~45
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.040
The load of a maglev train, which is being considered a future transportation, is uniformly loaded on a levitated surface of a rail unlike a typical train because the maglev train is magnetically levitated and propelled. In addition, the driving performance is superior since the maglev train doesn't directly contact the railway. A integrated track system, to which a sleeper is installed toward a longitudinal direction instead of a perpendicular direction, is suggested, considering this loading characteristic. The longitudinal sleeper of this system is expected to contribute to stiffness increase of a bridge and weight-reduction of a girder. In this study, the structural characteristics of proposed and typical systems have been numerically compared and analyzed. In addition, the improvement of the integrated system has been proposed.
Performance Evaluation of Steel Frame with FRP Composite Panel according to Guide System
Lim, Jeong-Hee ; Kwon, Min-Ho ; Seo, Hyun-Su ; Kim, Jin-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 46~51
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.046
Since it is impossible to predict earthquakes, they involve more casualties and property damage compared to meteorological disasters such as heavy snow and heat waves, which can be predicted through weather forecasts. This has highlighted the need for seismic design and reinforcement. Recently, the use of composite materials as reinforcement has surged because steel plate reinforcement and section enlargement are likely to result in increased weight and physical damage to structures. This study evaluates the seismic performance of panels created from composite materials, and their guide systems. The specimens were miniature versions of actual steel structures, and displacement loads were applied in the transverse direction. Seismic performance was found to improve when structures were reinforced with seismic panels.
Analysis on the Flexural Behavior of Existing Reinforced Concrete Frame Structures Infilled with L-Type Precast Wall Panel
Yu, Sung-Yong ; Ju, Ho-Seong ; Son, Guk-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 52~62
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.052
This study aims at developing a new seismic resistant method by using precast concrete wall panels for existing low-rise, reinforced concrete beam-column buildings such as school buildings. Three quasi-static hysteresis loading tests were performed on one unreinforced beam-column specimen and two reinforced specimens with U-type precast wall panels. Top shear connection of the PC panel was required to show the composite strength of RC column and PC wall panel. However, the strength of the connection did not influence directly on the ultimate loading capacities of the specimens in the positive loading because the loaded RC column push the side of PC wall panel and it moved horizontally before the shear connector receive the concentrated shear force in the positive loading process. Under the positive loading sequence(push loading), the reinforced concrete column and PC panel showed flexural strength which is larger than 97% of the composite section because of the rigid binding at the top of precast panel. Similar load-deformation relationship and ultimated horizontal load capacities were shown in the test of PR1-LA and PR1-LP specimens because they have same section dimension and detail at the flexural critical section. An average of 4.7 times increase in the positive maximum loading(average 967kN) and 2.7 times increase in the negative maximum loading(average 592.5kN) had resulted from the test of seismic resistant specimens with anchored and welded steel plate connections than that of unreinforced beam-column specimen. The maximum drift ratios were also shown between 1.0% and 1.4%.
Resistance against Chloride Ion and Sulfate Attack of Cementless Concrete
Lee, Hyun-Jin ; Bae, Su-Ho ; Kwon, Soon-Oh ; Lee, Kwang-Myong ; Jeon, Jun-Tai ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 63~69
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.063
It has been well known that concrete structures exposed to chloride and sulfate attack environments lead to significant deterioration in their durability due to chloride ion and sulfate ion attack. The purpose of this experimental research is to evaluate the resistance against chloride ion and sulfate attack of the cementless concrete replacing the cement with ground granulated blast furnace slag. For this purpose, the cementless concrete specimens were made for water-binder ratios of 40%, 45%, and 50%, respectively and then this specimens were cured in the water of
and immersed in fresh water, 10% sodium sulfate solution for 28 and 91 days, respectively. To evaluate the resistance to chloride ion and sulfate attack for the cementless concrete specimens, the diffusion coefficient for chloride ion and compressive strength ratio, mass change ratio, and length change ratio were measured according to the NT BUILD 492 and JSTM C 7401, respectively. It was observed from the test results that the resistance against chloride ion and sulfate attack of the cemetntless concrete were comparatively largely increased than those of OPC concrete with decreasing water-binder ratio.
Influence of Measurements of Lathe Scrap on the Characteristics of Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites
Kwon, Soon-Oh ; Bae, Su-Ho ; Lee, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Sung-Wook ; Park, Jung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 70~76
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.070
It should be noted that the use of the lathe scrap for making fiber reinforced cementitious composites(FRCCs) raised friendly environmental effect as well as economy because the lathe scrap is a by-product of steel manufactures and is occurred when lathe and milling works of them are conducted to process steel manufactures. Thus, the purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of measurements of lathe scrap on the characteristics of FRCCs. For this purpose, various lathe scraps were collected from processing plants of metal, and then these were processed 10mm, 20mm, and 40mm in lengths for 2mm and 4mm in widths, respectively. FRCCs containing lathe scraps were made according to their widths and lengths, and then characteristics such as the workability, compressive strength, and flexural strength of those were evaluated. As a result, it was observed from the test results that the optimum measurements of the lathe scrap for manufacturing FRCCs was 2mm in width and 40mm in length.
Safety Evaluation of 40m Combined Modular Bridge Super-Structures Based on Transportation Lifting Methods
Park, Sung-Min ; Jung, Woo-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.077
The purpose of this study was the analytical safety evaluation on the super-structure of precast modular bridge using standardized modular members and robotic construction during the transportation routing and lifting conditions. In order to evaluate the safety performance of the bridge system, 3-D full scale Finite Element (FE) of 40 m standardized modular block was developed in ABAQUS, followed by the analytical study to classify the structural system according to steel girder structures: 1) modular bridge block lifting method including the steel girder system; 2) modular bridge block lifting method without the steel girder system. The results from the analytical study revealed that the maximum stress of each modular member was within the maximum allowable stresses during lifting condition. However, the stress concentration at the connected area was more critical in comparison to the behavior of 40 m combined modular blocks during lifting time
Finite Element Stress Analysis of Large Sized Rectangular Water Tank Structures Made of Stainless Steel Materials
Son, Byung-Jik ; Lee, Sang-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.085
The finite element stress analysis of large sized rectangular water tank structures made of stainless steel materials is carried out for various combined load cases. The combined load cases for a large size of 5,000ton are further determined using the specification(KS B6283) established from the Korean Standards Association. The changed water capacity due to the size of reservoirs could be heavily dependent for evaluating seismic effects, especially for large reservoirs. For the better numerical efficiency, the rectangular panels are modelled using the ANSYS ADPL module. The numerical results obtained for different load cases mainly show the effect of the interactions between the different load combination and other various parameters, for example, the water capacity, and different stainless steel materials. The structural performance for various load combinations is also evaluated.
An Investigation of Structural Behavior of Underground Buried GFRP Pipe in Cooling Water Intake for the Nuclear Power Plant
Lee, Hyoung-Kyu ; Park, Joon-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 91~96
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.091
GRP pipe (Glass-fiber Reinforced Plastic Pipe) lines making use of FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) are generally thinner, lighter, and stronger than the existing concrete or steel pipe lines, and it is excellent in stiffness/strength per unit weight. In this study, we present the result of field test for buried GRP pipes with large diameter(2,400mm). The vertical and horizontal ring deflections are measured for 387 days. The short-term deflection measured by the field test is compared with the result predicted by the Iowa formula. In addition, the long-term ring deflection is predicted by using the procedure suggested in ASTM D 5365(ANNEX) in the range of 40 to 60 years of service life of the pipe based on the experimental results. From the study, it was found that the long-term vertical and horizontal ring deflection up to 60 years is less than the 5% ring deflection limitation.
Numerical Analysis Study on Damping Performance of Cable Damper
Yhim, Sung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.097
Compared with a strong axial rigidity due to large intial tension, cable has a weak laterally flexural rigidity. A variety of dynamic loads such as traffic loads and wind loads etc. cause the cables to vibrate significantly and affect the mechanical properties and the performance of cables. Therefore, vibration reduction design is an urgent task to control the vibration of cable-supported bridges. Because a various kind of dampers have shown to reduce the amplitude and duration time of vibration of cable from measured date in field test, damper can be considered that it is effective device significantly to reduce the amplitude and duration time in vibration of cable. Vibration characteristics of cable can change according to manufacturing method and type of established form, and damper has been designed according to distribution of natural frequencies and vibration modes. In this study, numerical analysis is used to show the reduction effects of vibrations and present the design of damper for vibration reduction of cable.
Analysis on the Shear Behavior of Existing Reinforced Concrete Frame Structures Infilled with L-Type Precast Wall Panel
Yu, Sung-Yong ; Ju, Ho-Seong ; Ha, Soo-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures, volume 6, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~117
DOI : 10.11004/kosacs.2015.6.2.105
The purpose of this study is to develop a new seismic resistant method by using precast concrete wall panels for existing low-rise, reinforced concrete beam-column buildings such as school buildings. Three quasi-static hysteresis loading tests were experimentally performed on one unreinforced beam-column specimen and two reinforced specimens with L-type precast wall panels. The results were analyzed to find that the specimen with anchored connection experienced shear failure, while the other specimen with steel plate connection principally manifested flexural failure. The ultimate strength of the specimens was determined to be the weaker of the shear strength of top connection and flexural strength at the critical section of precast panel. In this setup of L-type panel specimens, if a push loading is applied to the reinforced concrete column on one side and push the precast concrete panel, a pull loading from upper shear connection is to be applied to the other side of the top shear connection of precast panel. Since the composite flexural behavior of the two members govern the total behavior during the push loading process, the ultimate horizontal resistance of this specimen was not directly influenced by shear strength at the top connection of precast panel. However, the RC column and PC wall panel member mainly exhibited non-composite behavior during the pull loading process. The ultimate horizontal resistance was directly influenced by the shear strength of top connection because the pull loading from the beam applied directly to the upper shear connection. The analytical result for the internal shear resistance at the connection pursuant to the anchor shear design of ACI 318M-11 Appendix-D except for the equation to predict the concrete breakout failure strength at the concrete side, principally agreed with the experimental result based on the elastic analysis of Midas-Zen by using the largest loading from experiment.