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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Sep 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Longitudinal Behavior of 2-Span Continuous Railway Bridge
Im, Jung-Soon ; Jo, Jae-Byung ; Bahng, Yun-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 81~90
This paper presents the results of the parametric study on the longitudinal behavior of 2-span continuous railway bridge. To perform the main objective of this paper, the effects of pier shaft stiffness, pier height, the size of pier foundation, and the bearing stiffness on the longitudinal behavior of the bridges are studied. Within the limits of this study, the research result has revealed that the variation of the fixed pier is more effective than that of the moved pier. In addition, the control of the hearing stiffness is much less expensive than that of any other parameters.
Development of Expert-System for Municipal Solid Waste Collection and Transportation
Kang, Dong-Gu ; Ryu, Don-Sik ; Lee, Hae-Seung ; Lee, Chan-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 91~102
This study aims to provide a program for the municipal solid waste collection and transportation management through data consolidation and field research of the materials about waste collection and transportation in a small city. The field research was conducted in the collection zone of the housing, apartment and business section within C city area. As a result, the main factor of collection and transportation plan required at the waste collection and transportation process and the central mean applying at the small city were calculated. The process that systemize the waste collection and transportation step and the expert system were constructed. In conclusion, the developed management system of the municipal solid waste collection and transportation can be wildly used by adding the data of other zone.
Derivation of Probable Rainfall Intensity Formula Using Genetic Algorithm
La, Chang-Jin ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ; Lee, Eun-Tai ; Ahn, Won-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 103~115
The current procedure to design hydraulic structures in a small basin area is to estimate the probable rainfall depth using rainfall intensity formula. The estimation of probable rainfall depth has many uncertainties inherent with it. However, it has been inevitable to simplify the nonlinearity if the rainfall in practice. This study attend to address a method which can model the nonlinearity in order to derive better rainfall intensity formula for the estimation of probable rainfall depth. The results show that genetic algorithm is more reliable and accurate than trial-and-error method or nonlinear programming technique(Powell's method) in the derivation of the rainfall intensity formula.
Numerical Analysis of Stress Regimes in and around Inactive and Active Fault Zones
Jeong, Woo-Chang ; Song, Jai-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 117~125
This paper presented the analysis of stress regimes in and around inactive and active fault zones. The stress regime in the vicinity of an existing inactive fault zone is dependent on the orientation of the fault with respect to the current stress field and the contrast between the elastic properties of the faulted rock and those of the surrounding rock. In the analysis of stress regimes around an active fault zone, if the yielding stress is exceeded during loading, the localized shearing in a fault zone will result in weakness with mean stresses in the fault becoming lower than those in the surrounding rock. It can be expected that such stress gradients will induce fluid flow towards the faults zone.
High Temperature Combustion Behavior of Carbon/Carbon Composites Coated with SiC
Choi, Don-Mook ; Kim, Joung-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 127~138
Although Carbon/Carbon Composites(CFRCs) have excellent mechanical properties at high temperature, the disadvantage of combustion in air restricts their applications. Thus a lot of investments have been studied to improve the drawback of CFRCs. In this study, SiC used as a thermal protective coating material possesses almost the same expansion coefficient compared to that of carbon, so SiC was coated on 4D (directional) CFRCs by Pack-Cementation process. For the 4D CFRCs coated with SiC, optical microscopy observations were performed to estimate the coating mechanism involved and TGA tests were also performed to evaluate the improvement of combustion resistance. And their high temperature combustion properties were investigated by the arc torch plasma test. From the results, it is found that the mechanical properties and high temperature combustion properties of the 4D(directional) CFRCs coated with SiC were much better than bare 4D CFRCs.
Moho Discontinuity Studies Beneath the Broadband Stations Using Receiver Functions in South Korea
Kim, So-Gu ; Lee, Seong-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 139~155
We investigate the vertical velocity models beneath the newly installed broadband seismic network of KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration) by using receiver function inversion technique. The seismic phases are primarily P-to-S conversions and reverberations generated at the two highest impedance interfaces like the Moho (crust-mantle boundary) and the sediment-basement contact. We obtained the teleseismic P-wave receiver functions, which were derived from teleseismic records of Seoul (SEO), Inchon (INCN), Tejeon (TEJ) , Sosan (SOS/SES), Kangnung (KAN), Ulchin (ULC/ULJ), Taegu (TAG), Pusan (PUS), and Ullung-do (ULL) stations. For Kwangju (KWA/KWJ) and Chunchon (CHU) stations, the Moho conversion Ps arrivals and waveforms of radial receiver functions are azimuthally inconsistent and unclear. From the receiver function inversion result, we found that crustal thickness is 29 km at INCN, SEO, and SOS (SES) stations, 28 km at KAN station in the Kyonggi Massif, 32 km at TEJ station in Okchon Folded Belt, 34 km at TAG, 33 km at PUS station in the Kyongsang Basin, 32 km at KWJ station (readjusted station by prior KWA station) included in the Youngdong-Kwangju Depression Zone, 28 km at ULC station in the eastern margin of the Ryongnam Massif, and 17 km at ULL station in the Ullung Island of the East Sea, respectively. The Moho configuration of INCN, SOS, KWJ, and KAN stations show a laminated smooth transition zone with a 3-5 km thick. The upper crusts(
) of KAN, ULC, and PUS stations show complex structures with a high velocity. The unusually thick crusts are found at the TAG and PUS stations in the Kyongsang Basin compared to the thin (29-32 km) crust of the western part (INCN, SEO, SOS, TEJ, and KWA stations) The crustal thickness beneath Ullung Island (ULL station) shows the suboceanic crust with about 17 km thickness and complex with a high velocity layer of the upper crust, and the amplitudes of Incoming Ps waves from the western direction are relatively large compared to those from othor directions.
A Numerical Study on the Fire Behavior Phenomena in a Special Fire Protection Compartment
Kim, Tae-Kuk ; Son, Bong-Sei ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 157~163
The objective of the present study is to predict the characteristics of the fire and smoke propagations in a clean room. Numerical calculations have been performed by using the finite volume method to obtain temperature and velocity distributions in the clean room. In odor to account for the turbulent flow characteristics, the standard
model is used. From this study, it was found that the fire propagation could be fully developed only after 150 seconds when the ventilation system in the clean room was off. And the smoke mass fraction showed a similar distribution as the gas temperature. Since the simulated fire was proceeded up to
of the room within 60 seconds. it could be recommended that the occupants should be evacuated from the room within 30 seconds.