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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Strategic Direction of Urban Management through Evaluation of Value-for-Money for Urban Development Projects - Focused on the Region of Gugal Station Area in Yongin City -
Hwang, Eui-Pyo ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~11
In this study, we studied strategic directions of urban management through evaluation the value of the investment with the consideration of the development plan, the condition of the location, the potential of the site, green and disaster prevention infrastructure, focused on Gugal-dong(Gugal Station area) and the region of Bora, Jung-dong, in Yongin city. In terms of the methodology, we tried to decide using Analytic Network Process which can consider the relation between the evaluation items. In conclusion, for the development plan, the order of evaluation items is development purpose, key tenant, fund raising and marketing, and for the condition of the location, the order of evaluation items is land use, surrounding environment, and traffic environment, and for the development potential, the order is marketability, identity, and historic character, and for the green and disaster prevention infrastructure, the order is prevention of human, natural, social disaster. The significance of the conclusion of this study is that it can be utilized in pre-evaluation in planning the urban development.
Performance Sensitivity of Flexible Barriers to Input Parameters
Yi, Gyu-Sei ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 13~20
To evaluate the performance of safety apparatus without the full scale crash test, the computer simulation is inevitable. But, to improve the accuracy of computer simulation, it is important to reasonably determine the input parameters in which the interaction of vehicle-guardrail-soil should be accounted for. This study is focused on how to enhance the reliance of the dynamic performance of guardrail obtained by computer simulation. Analyses were done on the sensitivity of output variables to the change of input parameters by using BARRIER VII of which the usefulness was proved on the barrier-vehicle impact analysis. Through the analyses important input parameters, which give sensitive effects to output of computer simulation, are found out, and methods to determine such parameters are suggested to improve the accuracy of simulation.
Characteristics of Natural Disaster in North Korea
Park, So-Yeon ; Kim, Baek-Jo ; Ahn, Suk-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 21~29
In this study, characteristics of natural disaster and damage in North Korea are examined by using CRED(Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters) data from 1980 to 2008. Result shows that most natural disasters are caused by summertime typhoon and floods with typical floods of 1995 and 2007. Also, synoptic weather condition associated with heavy rainfall in North Korea is analyzed by using satellite image and weather chart provided by JMA(Japan Meteorological Agency). The heavy rainfalls associated with flood in North Korea are mainly related to the effect of Changma front, abrupt development of southeastward moving low over Yellow Sea, convective instability at the edge of North Pacific high and passage of weakened tropical cyclone(typhoon).
Development of Reliability-Based Optimum Design of High-Speed Railway Bridges Considering Structure-Rail Longitudinal Interaction and Structure-Vehicle Interaction Using Heuristic Decision Method
Ihm, Yeong-Rok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 31~38
In this study, it is suggested that it has to reliability-based design methodology with respect to bridge structure-rail longitudinal interaction and bridge structure-vehicle interaction. For the structural analysis, commercial package, ABAQUS, are used for a three-dimensional finite element analysis. The optimization process utilizes a well-known optimizer, ADS(Automated Design Synthesis). Optimization technique is utilized the ALM-BFGS method for global area search and Golden Section Method for 1-D search. In general, ALM-BFGS method don't need the 1-D search, and that algorithm converge a 0.1~0.2 of Push-Off factor. But in this study, value of Push-Off factor is used 90, therefore 1-D search should be needed for effective convergency. That algorithm contains the "heuristic decision method". As a result of optimum design of 2-main steel girder birdge with 5
(1@50m), design methodology suggested in this study was demonstrated more economic and efficient than existing design and LCC optimization not considering bridge-rail longitudinal interaction and bridge-vehicle interaction.
Development of Fatigue Performance Model of Asphalt Concrete using Dissipate Energy
Kim, Nak-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 39~43
The main objective of this research is to develop a mechanistic performance predictive model for fatigue cracking of asphalt-aggregate mixtures. Controlled-stress diametral fatigue tests were performed to characterize fatigue cracking of asphalt-aggregate mixtures. Performance prediction model for fatigue cracking was developed using the internal damage ratio (IDR) growth method. In the IDR growth method, the general concepts of the dissipated energy, the reference tensile strain, the threshold tensile strain, and the strain shift factor were introduced. The source of the dissipated energy in the fatigue test is from the intrinsic viscoelastic material property of an asphalt concrete mixture and the damage growth within the asphalt concrete specimen. In controlled-stress mode test, the dissipated energy is gradually increased with an increasing number of load applications.
Calculation of the Disbenefit on Roads by Climate Changes
Sohn, Jhi-Eon ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Joo-Young ; Kim, Chang-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 45~52
The relationship between climate changes and transportation could be separated by two approaches. One of methods was to find how climate changes affected transportation, and the other way was how transportation affected climate changes. In this study, we reported from the former standpoint, how climate changes affected transportation fields. When there is a lot of snowfall in Seoul, it starts ripple effect through the travel patterns. They can be explained by travel time and operating cost. The travel costs were calculated in this paper for analysing the effect of disbenefit by climate changes. Snow Melting System was also studied for relieving negative influences under the unpredictable weather condition. As a result, the system was effective for minimizing disbenefit by climate changes.
Study on the Plan for Disaster Prevention Town Development
Back, Min-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 53~59
Globally, the actual circumstance is that local downpours are occurring and the droughts are extensively continuing on and the occurrence of large-scale earthquakes is increasing as a result of changes in nature environment. It is being pointed out also in the case of Korea for the urgent countermeasures against the situation of repeated occurrence of disasters in the regions where the concept of disaster prevention has not been applied. Accordingly, the National Emergency Management Agency has been implementing the formation of disaster prevention trial towns since 2009 for the regions vulnerable to disasters and searching for plans to improve disaster prevention measures. Therefore, the concept of disaster prevention town and the program type were summarized in this study, and the development strategy for developing disaster prevention town was presented through the related laws and policies and the case analysis of domestic and international trial programs, and the basic concept of forming disaster prevention town was presented to present basic information for developing disaster prevention town.
A Study on Establishing Disaster Management Plan for Central Administration Office
Kim, Mu-Jun ; Kim, Kye-Hyun ; Kwon, Moon-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 61~69
Disasters have been diversifying and the scale of disaster has been increasing worldwide due to the global warming and urbanization. Consequently, it is essential to establish the systematic disaster management because the scale of damages has been rapidly increasing. Nowadays, the importance of the standardized disaster management have been realized internationally due to the 9.11 terror and Tsunami. Also, the activities of research and development to utilize and establish the disaster management standards have been increasing. This study mainly focused on generating an efficient operating manual to support the systematic disaster management of the central administration office based on disaster management standard in South Korea. Firstly, the activities and status of disaster management performed by the central administration office were investigated. Accordingly, libraries of work, functions, organizations, references and behavior for disaster management were designed. Then, a method to make the efficient operation manual based on the constructed libraries was presented to maximize the efficiency of disaster management. This emergency operation manual could support the systematic disaster management by defining the work, function, references and the codes of conduct. Thus, central administration office would be able to define methods and procedures from preparation to recovery through the utilization of the operation manual.
Fire Risk Assessment of Temple Components in Young-dong Areas using Fire Loads
Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Kim, Su-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 71~75
In this study, we have assessed the fire risk of Buddhist temples located in Youngdong area by means of fire loads of components. First, we categorized the components into Buddhist temples (Dae-Ung-Jeon, Pal-Sang-Jeon), Sam-Seong-Gak (Chil-Seong-Gak, San-Sin-Gak), a Buddhist temple dormitory (Sim-Geom-Dang, Seol-Seon-Dang), Lu, Il-Ju-Mun and then carried out a field survey. Then, we examined the area of each room, types as well as quantity and dimension of combustibles. The fire loads calculated in this way were 446.96
for Buddhist temples, 331.71
for Sam-Seong-Gak, 164.14
for the Buddhist temple dormitory, 463.91
for Lu and 1042.14
for Il-Ju-Mun, thus showing Il-Ju-Mun with the biggest fire load. We speculate that this is because construction materials were similar in size and quantity to others albeit the area of Il-Ju-Mun is smallest.
A Study on Analysis of Characteristics Combustion of Floor Covering Materials
Park, Young-Ju ; Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 77~83
In this study, we analyzed the combustion characteristics of four different floor covering materials(wood, monorium, laminatedpaper, and varnish-laminated paper) with regard to their ignitibility, thermal characteristics and flame retardancy by using an ignition temperature tester, a dual cone calorimeter, a thermogravimetric analyzer and limited oxygen index, for their fire risk assessment. According to the result, monorium had the lowest ignition temperature of
and the laminated paper and the varnish-laminated paper promptly ignited before 7s. Further, the wood showed the largest total heat release of
, and the varnish-laminated paper showed the highest peak heat release rate. From the thermogravimetric analysis, it was shown that all specimens underwent rapid weight loss at
. The limit oxygen indices of the laminated paper and the varnish-laminated paper were in the range of 20~21%, while it was 34% for wood. This study enabled us to confirm that wood, laminated paper and varnish-laminated paper have a relatively short ignition time and are easy to burn but they all have low heat release. In contrast, wood showed the lowest fire risk among them and had excellent flame retardancy but with high heat release.
The Characteristics of Combustion for Living Leaves in Quercus variabilis with Monthly Seasonal Variations
Park, Young-Ju ; Oh, Jin-Youl ; Lee, Si-Young ; Lee, Hae-Pyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 85~90
In this study, we have examined the monthly combustion characteristics of Quercus variabilis, a representing Quercus Spp. in Korea, using its living leaves over the period of from June to October. As a result, we were able to identify that their moisture content was about 114%~155%. The leaves of Quercus variabilis collected in October showed the lowest moisture content and nonflaming ignition temperature. The leaves of July showed the fastest flaming ignition time of 27s while those from September showed the longest persistence of flame with 105s, and also showed the highest total heat release amount. There was a noticeable difference in each month of the above period regarding total heat release amount and total smoke release amount with a gradual increase from June to October. The maximum smoke density was a bit higher in October leaves but there was no significant monthly difference. In addition, July leaves were shown to reach the maximum value in the shortest time of 795s.
Sensitivity Analyses of Influencing Factors on Slope Stability
Park, Byung-Soo ; Jun, Sang-Hyun ; Cho, Kwang-Jun ; Yoo, Nam-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 91~100
In this paper a sensitivity analysis about effects of influencing factors on the stability of soil cut and embankment slopes in field was performed. Slope stability analysis of slopes in field was carried out with dry, rainy and seismic conditions. As results of analyzing the sensitivity of factors for the dry and rainy conditions, effect of cohesion, internal friction angle and unit weight of soil on the stability of cut slope is more critical in the dry condition than in the rainy condition. However, their effects on the stability of embankment slope for both conditions are similar to each other. The horizontal seismic coefficient does also affect the stability within the similar range of values irrespective of dry or rainy conditions. Cohesion and internal friction angle are more dominant factors influencing the slope stability irrespective of dry or rainy conditions than unit weight of soil and the horizontal seismic coefficient.
Estimating the Valuation of Flood Control Reservoir Using the Contingent Valuation Method
Kim, Sang-Won ; Kim, Geun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 101~107
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the benefits of flood control reservoir and to derive the policy implication by significant variables of willingness to pay. As a result of analyzed using contingent valuation method, variables that affect the amount of willingness to pay are housing area, frequency of disasters, educational background, and family income. All variables are analyzed as the plus effect for the willingness to pay, and the annual benefits of flood control reservoir per family are estimated as approximately 32,000 won. The implication of this study is as followed. First, the value of the respondents about public goods is not small. Second, the contingent valuation method can be useful plan to estimate the value of public goods. Finally, the benefits should be compared with various aspects because of the wide deviation of the demand population.
Quantification of Flood Reduction Effect of Small Stormwater Detention Facilities by NRCS Curve Number
Yoo, Chul-Sang ; Kim, Kyoung-Jun ; Park, Min-Kyu ; Yoon, Jeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 109~118
This study quantified the flood reduction effect of small stormwater detention facilities by the NRCS curve number. The modified rational equation was used to calculate the inflow volume into the detention facilities. The NRCS curve number in the cases w/ and w/o storage facility was calculated with respect to the rainfall characteristics(rainfall frequency, duration) and the size of storage facilities. Finally, diagrams showing the curve number reduction rate versus the size of storage facility were developed. The diagrams can be used to evaluate the flood reduction effect of storage facility reasonably and efficiently when estimating the optimal location and size of storage facility. The results based on the methodology propsed in this study were also compared with those of previous study for their validation.
Low Frequency Relationship Analysis between PDSI and Global Sea Surface Temperature
Oh, Tae-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Sil ; Moon, Young-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 119~131
Drought is one of disaster causing factors to produce severe damage in the World because drought is destroyed to the ecosystem as well as to make difficult the economy of the drought area. This study, using Palmer Drought Severity Index carries out correlation analysis with sea surface temperatures. Comparative analysis carries out by calculated Palmer Drought Severity Index and past drought occurrence year. Result of comparative analysis, PDSI indexes were in accord with the past drought. Cluster analysis for correlation analysis carries out using precipitation and temperature that is input datas palmer drought severity index, and the result of cluster analysis was classified as 6. Also, principal component carries out using result of cluster analysis. 14 principal component analyze out through principal component analysis. Using analyzed 14 principal component carries out correlation analysis with sea surface temperature that is delay time from 0month until 11month. Correlation analysis carries out sea surface temperatures and calculated cycle component of the low frequency through Wavelet Transform analysis form principal component. Result of correlation analysis, yang(+) correlation is bigger than yin(-) correlation. It is possible to check similar correlation statistically the area of sea surface temperature with sea surface temperature in the Pacific. Forecasting possibility of the future drought make propose using sea surface temperature.
Analysis on Characteristics of Sediment Produce by Landslide in a Basin 1. Simulation of Sediment Produce and its Verification
Yoo, Chul-Sang ; Kim, Kee-Wook ; Kim, Seong-Joon ; Lee, Mi-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 133~145
This study analyzed the characteristics of sediment produce by landslide triggered by rainfall. One-dimensional unsaturated groundwater model and infinite slope stability analysis were used to estimate the behavior of soil moisture and slope stability according to rainfall, respectively. Slope stability analysis was performed considering on soil depth and characteristics of trees. As the results considering on recovery of the failed slopes, much amount of sediment was produced in 1963, 1970, and 2002. As the results of verification of simulation results using Landsat 5 TM images, we can find differences of landslide location between the results from model and satellite images. These differences can be caused by uncertainties of the rough parameters in the model. However, in the case that Obong-dam basin was divided into two subbasin, Wangsan-chun and Doma-chun basin, the results of each subbasin show errors around 20%. And only 4% of error occurred in the case of comparing landslide area on the entire Obong-dam basin. These errors seem insignificant considering on the errors which can be caused from the analyses in this study such as estimation of sediment produce, soil cover classification, and estimation of landslide area.
Analysis on Characteristics of Sediment Produce by Landslide in a Basin 2. Rainfall Event-based Analysis
Yoo, Chul-Sang ; Kim, Kee-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 147~154
This study analyzed the characteristics of sediment produce by landslide triggered by rainfall. One-dimensional unsaturated groundwater model and infinite slope stability analysis were used to estimate the behavior of soil moisture and slope stability according to rainfall, respectively. Slope stability analysis was performed considering on soil depth and characteristics of trees. The results of the analysis on characteristics of sediment produce according to rainfall events showed that the sediment produce by landslide was mainly contributed to rainfall intensity and its temporal clustering. The results of the analysis on characteristics of sediment produce by extreme events showed that remaining rainfall amount of typhoon 'Rusa' was much more than that of the other extreme events, and thus this remaining rainfall was to contribute to sediment transportation. Additionally, only a small number of extreme events were found to cause most amount of sediment produce in a basin.
Improvement and Application of Pump Station Operating System and Economic Analysis of the Application
Joo, Jin- Gul ; Yoo, Do-Guen ; Yang, Jae-Mo ; Jung, Dong-Hwi ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 3, 2010, Pages 155~165
In low-lying districts of urban areas, pump stations were built to protect flooding by the heavy rain. Particularly, the automatic pump operation system was installed for efficiency in the pump stations of Seoul. However, the effective pump operation is difficult under existing operating system because the system only performs operation by reservoir depth. This study would like to improve the real time operating system suggested by Jun et al.(2007) and to apply the system Gasan 1 pump station in Seoul. For various design rainfall events, maximum water levels simulated by the suggested system were 10~70cm lower than results by the existing system. And overflow volume at upstream manholes were 50% reduced. We converted the flood control effects by establishment of the suggested system to economic indicators. To obtain the same effect, approximately 4.9 billion won needs to expand pump capacities or 3.2~6.9 hundreds million won needs to construct storm water detention on upstream area. The suggested system could improve the flood control stability by efficient operation of the existing pump station.