Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis and Reinforcing Method of Greenhouse Frame for Reducing Heavy Snow Damage
Park, Soon-Eung ; Lee, Jong-Won ; Lee, Suk-Gun ; Choi, Jae-Hyouk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 1~7
Recently, the damage of the farmhouse has been increased due to frequent collapsing accidents of the pipe greenhouse caused by the heavy snow load derived from unusual weather phenomena. However, the study about it is rare and tenuous so that the damage is happened repeatedly. Although there are a few ways to improve the greenhouse such as increasing section, decreasing the distance between rafters in order to avoid the collapsing accidents, those ways have some shortcomings like cost and frame ratio increase, etc. Therefore, this study performed the large displacement analysis considering geometric non-linearity on each load level with respect to many kind of reinforcement methods and analyzed combined strength ratio and stress so as to search the ways, which enhance the structural stability of greenhouse and minimize the frame ratio increase. As a result, this paper is aimed at suggesting the optimal reinforcement method model.
Optimal Sensor Placement for Structural Parameter Estimation Using Genetic Algorithm
Bahng, Eun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 9~16
In the health monitoring of civil engineering structures, the optimal sensor placement has a major influence on the quality of the results. This paper considers the problem of locating sensors with the aim of maximizing the data information so that structural parameters or damage of structures can be assessed. An proposed technique using a genetic algorithm is introduced to find the optimal placement of sensors. The sensitivity on modal vectors by structural parameters and the orthogonality of modal vectors have been taken as the fitness function of the genetic algorithm. A simple tower structure is used for example analyses to investigate the feasibility and applicability of the proposed approach. The example analyses show the way how the modal sensitivity and the modal orthogonality in the fitness function have influence on the optimal sensor placement. It is shown that the present method using the proposed fitness function can provide the reliable results.
A Parameter Study of Internally Confined Hollow Reinforced Concrete Piers
Choi, Jun-Ho ; Yoon, Ki-Yong ; Han, Taek-Hee ; Kang, Young-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 17~24
The hollow RC(Reinforced concrete) pier has the merit of lightweight pier compared with solid RC pier. However, the hollow RC pier shows a low ductile behavior due to brittle failure of inside concrete. To overcome this problem, the internally confined hollow reinforced concrete column has been developed. In this study, the behavior of internally confined hollow RC piers were evaluated with safety ratio, ductility, total material cost, the total weight of the pier, etc. The chosen parameters for the study are hollow ratio, thickness of internal steel tube, intervals between vertical re-bars, numbers of horizontal re-bars, and strength of concrete. As a result of parameters study, the usage of a minimum necessary thickness of the internal steel tube is the most effective.
A Study on Rheology Properties of High Performance Wet-mix Shotcrete
Choi, Sung-Yong ; Yun, Kyong-Ku ; Kim, Jin-Woung ; Kim, Yong-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 25~32
High performance shotcrete has been recently researched partly as a result of high consensus on high strength and durability. However, they are very initial step compared from the advanced countries. For instance, they has been mainly on high strength or durability without any consideration on pumpability and shootability which are very crucial on workability. The purpose of this dissertation was to make a high performance wet-mix shotcrete (high workability) which would solve the general problems of wet-mix process in Korea. For this, the main experimental variables were selected to be silica fume(0.0, 4.5, 9%), air entrained agent(0.0, 0.005%). Rheology with IBB rheometer was measured for evaluating pumpability and shootability as well as pump pressure, rebound rate and build-up thickness. The conclusions from a series of experiments were as follow: The results of analyzing the effects of AE agent and silica fume on rheology indicated that AE agent reduced both of flow resistance(G) and torque viscosity(H) and silica fume increased flow resistance (G) and reduced torque viscosity(H). An increase in the value of torque viscosity(H) produces an increase in the requried pumping pressure. These result indicated that the reduction of torque would work better at improving pumpability. And an increase flow resistance(G) improved shootability(increase build-up thickness and reduce rebound).
Status of Local Disaster Prevention by Regional Types - Focusing on Gangwon-do -
Kim, Kyoung-Nam ; Kwon, Gun-Ju ; Back, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 33~46
The 14 cities and guns within Gangwon-do were divided into three regions (urban-rural-integrated type, urban type, and ruralcoastal type), and local voluntary disaster prevention organizations in those regions were surveyed as sample groups. As a result, the urban-rural-integrated type and the urban type were found to be lower than the rural-coastal type in all domains including recognition of disaster crisis, evacuation guidance, preparation of voluntary evacuation, maintenance of disaster prevention system, surveillance & guard, and information delivery. In particular, three types had higher information delivery but considerably lower preparation of voluntary evacuation. As for information delivery, foundations for rapid delivery of disaster information due to establishment and extension of systems for forecasting and warning of local governments were prepared, but as for preparation of voluntary evacuation, it is needed not only to perform consistent training and promotion for preparation for disasters for residents to accurately understand status of disasters but to take measures to secure safe places for evacuation beforehand.
A Study on the Development Lightweight Aggregate using Recycled-Paint for Reduction in Freezing Ground
Moon, Jong-Wook ; Back, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 47~54
This study is progressed function ratio, it's trued taste by an experiment to present data for human work light weight aggregate development that use clink ash progressed liquid limit, small success limit, wear loss in quantity, sand equivalent, sieve cutting examination. 80:20's match of function rain examination is 1.4, and that use rubble aggregate as recyeled-panit lightweight aggregate's capacity ratio increases by 1.0 increase of function rain many. Also, examination multiplied delicate flavor gradually according to increase of the mixing rate, and absorption coefficient increased. This is judged by phenomenon that appear by special quality upper recycled-panit of polystyrene bid and porosity's increase between lightweight aggregate. It is case that use aggregate of wear loss in quantity is 13.5 in sand equivalent and a wear loss in quantity experiment and although case that mix 20% increases by 14.4, this phenomenon by weak tissue of lightweight aggergate be judged. When it's as a these experiment, the statue prevention floor of a street improvement specifications is prescribing so that satisfy by sand equivalent 20, CBR 10. This is showed result that this satisfies in quality standard all in match experiment ago that see.
A Study on the Emergency Stairway Evacuation of Skyscraper
Back, Min-Ho ; Shin, Ho-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 55~61
In this study, the construction trend of skyscraper was summarized chirologically to examine the characteristics and current, and the issue in evacuation was examined through the case of fire breakout in skyscraper. Based on this, the type of evacuation using the emergency stairway during the fire breakout in skyscraper was decided on six types and empirical experiment was conducted for each type. The issues on the participants that participated in the emergency stairway evacuation experiment from the fire breakout in skyscraper and the difficulties in the evacuation were qualitatively evaluated to summarize each element of hindrance to summarize basic information on emergency stairway evacuation.
A Study on the Fire Prevention Activities and Suppression Measures of Utility-Pipe Conduit
Lee, Jung-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 63~68
Utility-Pipe Conduit is, Housing and city effectively accommodate what they absolutely need power, communications, gas, pipeline, water supply, drainage, energy facilities etc, according to expansion of urban infrastructure are derived, several ways to solve problems in, collection facilities in place are maintained and managed facility. If Utility-Pipe Conduit is damaged, as well as national security, because their impact on society as a whole, by introducing large vulnerability in the fire prevention activities and suppression measures and disaster for our situation by introducing measures, comprehensive analysis of the fire risk, it shall establish fire prevention activities and suppression through analysis of Utility-Pipe Conduit design, institutional issues, the problem of fire protection facilities, fire spread phenomenon etc. Because of Utility-Pipe Conduit is an enclosed place, so incomplete combustion due to lack of oxygen supply that there are problem such dark smoke, carbon monoxide etc, toxic combustion products and heat generation and visual impairment is an issue difficult to enter. As well as fire prevention activities, the fire In light of the particularity of the under ground than above ground fire, so this phenomenon is weak fire fighting that fire to become effective fire fighting tactics, basically it is necessary difficulty softening, non-burn softening and prevent combustion expansion of the cable is installed on the Utility-Pipe Conduit, having to considering the specificity of the response command system and relevant organizations to establish an on-site, Structural identification and other information gathering required to record of Response agencies, keep air conditioning system 24 hours and strengthening Virtual Total Training of Response agen
A Study on the Future Direction of Fire Industry in Korea
Lee, Jeong-Il ; Lee, Seong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 69~79
Fire industry has been an important role in from the fire and disaster to protect life and property of citizens. In recent years the national fire industry in Japan and the United States Fire industrialized countries with respect to the fire industry in quality and technology challenges facing the competition, and fire Industry for China and other poor countries and vulnerable to the price competition in the fire industry's difficulties with this study is necessary. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the fire industry, the development is aimed to provide direction. The proposed development direction for the future industrial development of the fire, setting goals, fostering the promotion of industrial development direction, running through the fire in the actual application will be available.
Estimation of the Flash Flood Index by the Probable Rainfall Data for Ungauged Catchments
Kim, Eung-Seok ; Choi, Hyun-Il ; Jee, Hong-Kee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 81~88
As there occurs recently and frequently a flash flood due to the climate change, a sudden local flood of great volume and short duration caused by heavy or excessive rainfall in a short period of time over a small area, it is increasing that significant danger and loss of life and property in Korea as well as the whole world. Since a flash flood usually occurs as the result of intense rainfall over small steep slope regions and has rapid runoff and debris flow, a flood rises quite quickly with little or no advance warning to prevent flood damage. The aim of this study is to quantify the severity of flash food by estimation of a flash flood index(FFI) from probability rainfall data in a study basin. FFI-D-F(FFI-Duration-Frequency) curves that present the relative severity of flash flood are developed for a study basin to provide regional basic information for the local flood forecasting and warning system particularly in ungauged catchments. It is also expected that FFI-D-F curves can be utilized for evaluation on flash flood mitigation ability and residual flood risk of both existing and planned flood control facilities.
Runoff Characteristics Change of a Basin under Urbanization
Son, Kwang-Ik ; Kim, Min-Chol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 89~93
It is well known that the drastic change of hydrological characteristics of an urbanized basin causes severe runoff, sediment yield, and peak flow. High vulnerability of urban flood disasters is caused by land-use change and development of a basin. A typical site suffering urbanization was selected and the experimental site has being operated last three years. Hydrological and hydraulic characteristics of the urbanizing basin were examined by observation of runoff, sediment loads and precipitation with T/M. The effects of land-use change were analyzed by examination of the hydrological characteristics, such as run-off ratio (runoff volume/rainfall volume), sediment yields. Runoff coefficient of rational equation was increased as basin was urbanized. Suspended sediment yields due to a urban development activities were raised almost 10 times compare to undisturbed condition for small runoff less than 1 cms. Meanwhile, no big change could be detected for bed loads.
Evaluation of Parameter Characteristics of the Storage Function Model Using the Kinematic Wave Model
Choi, Jong-Nam ; Ahn, Won-Shik ; Kim, Hung-Soo ; Park, Min-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 95~104
The storage function model is one of the most commonly used models for flood forecasting and warning system in Korea. This paper studies the physical significance of the storage function model by comparing it with kinematic wave model. The results showed universal applicability of the storage function model to Korean basins. Through a comparison of the basic equations for the models, the storage function model parameters, K, P and
, are shown to be related with the kinematic wave model parameters, k and p. The analysis showed that P and p are identical and K and
can be related to k, basin area, and coefficients of Hack's law. To apply the storage function model throughout the southern part of Korean peninsular, regional parameter relationships for K and
were developed for watershed area using data from 17 watersheds and 101 flood events. These relationships combine the kinematic wave parameters with topographic information using Hack's Law.
A study of Assessment for Internal Inundation Vulnerability in Urban Area using SWMM
Shon, Tae-Seok ; Kang, Dong-Ho ; Jang, Jong-Kyung ; Shin, Hyun-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 105~117
The topographical depressions in urban areas, the lack in drainage capability, sewage backward flow, road drainage, etc. cause internal inundation, and the increase in rainfall resulting from recent climate change, the rapid urbanization accompanied by economic development and population growth, and the increase in an impervious area in urban areas deteriorate the risk of internal inundation in the urban areas. In this study, the vulnerability of internal inundation in urban areas is analyzed and SWMM model is applied into Oncheoncheon watershed, which represents urban river of Busan, as a target basin. Based on the results, the representative storm sewers in individual sub-catchments is selected and the risk of vulnerability to internal inundation due to rainfall in urban streams is analyzed. In order to analyze the risk and vulnerability of internal inundation, capacity is applied as an index indicating the volume of a storm sewer in the SWMM model, and the risk of internal inundation is into 4 steps. For the analysis on the risk of internal inundation, simulation results by using a SMMM model are compared with the actual inundation areas resulting from localized heavy rain on July 7, 2009 at Busan and comparison results are analyzed to prove the validity of the designed model. Accordingly, probabilistic rainfall at Busan was input to the model for each frequency (10, 20, 50, 100 years) and duration (6, 12, 18, 24hr) at Busan. In this study, it suggests that the findings can be used to preliminarily alarm the possibility of internal inundation and selecting the vulnerable zones in urban areas.
Suggestion of Weighted Utopian Approach for Combining Weighting Methods and Utopian Approach
Yoo, Do-Guen ; Jun, Hwan-Don ; Jung, Dong-Hwi ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 119~125
The most important part in the decision making is to decide the weight of attributes which indicate the relative importance of the properties to be estimated with different criteria respectively. In this study, the new MCDM method which consider typical preexisting methods all together is proposed. For doing those, Weighted Utopian Approach is newly suggested by combining typical 7 weighting methods and distance-based Utopian Approach which is one of the MCDM methods. The suggested method has the advantage of accomplishing representativeness and universality of the MCDM methods because it incorporates multiple weighting methods of diverse characteristics. It also yields not only the one final result but also the results calculated from each weighting method, broadening the options of the choice to the alternatives. The application of the new model to virtual engineering problems show that we can perform the decision making and the assessment of priority order more objectively with it and that it has high applicability to the practice, giving us simple calculation process.
Generation of Tsunami Hazard Map
Ahn, Seong-Ho ; Ha, Tae-Min ; Cho, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 127~133
In the ocean area surrounding the Korean Peninsula, the undersea earthquakes have occurred frequently during last decades. The eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula is very vulnerable to tsunami attacks which occur along the Western Coast of Japan. In special, the middle areas of the eastern coast of Korean Peninsula have been damaged due to the Central East Sea Tsunami occurred in 1983. Thus, tsunami hazard mitigation becomes an important issue at eastern coastal communities. The countermeasures against unexpected tsunami attacks are not sufficient because the government policy generally focused on not preventing but recovering. In this paper, a hazard map based on the field survey and tsunami evacuation simulation is developed to mitigate tsunami damage at Imwon port, which was severely damaged during the 1983 Central East Sea Tsunami.
Applications of Instream Flow Assessment Method for Ecologic Stream Establishment
Lee, Beum-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 135~144
Many plans of ecologic streams are developed and performed in several regions. In spite of obtaining of instream water is most important problem to composite an ecologic stream, assessment methods for instream water are too various to estimate an optimal result. This study shows practical assessment method which add regional needs such as stream view and necessary water quality level to the traditional method considering water shortage, water quality, ecologic system and necessary flows. It also shows a feasibility of instream water obtaining project in Daejeon city.