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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Determination of Optimal Support for Cable-stayed Bridge Designs
An, Zu-Og ; Yoon, Young-Man ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 3, issue 4, 2003, Pages 103~109
A numerical analysis of cable-stayed bridge is conducted to determine optimum longitudinal modulus of elasticity which represents the boundary condition between the tower and main girder. The effect of longitudinal modulus of elasticity is investigated for different loading condition (live load, wind load, seismic load), respectively. There are significant changes in the member forces as variations of longitudinal modulus of elasticity, such as,
=e=100tonf/m/bearing (live load),
=e=1000tonf/m/bearing (seismic load), However, the wind loads do not affect member forces. The optimum longitudinal modulus of elasticity is determined from considering minimum member forces in the numerical analysis results.
The Improvement Plan for Flood Control by Local Government Caused by Typhoon RUSA in 2002 and MAEMI in 2003
Kang, Sang-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 3, issue 4, 2003, Pages 111~118
Kangwon province has been suffering from the various types of disasters and these disasters stand in the way to sustainable development. The heavy rainfall by typhoon RUSA in 2002 and HAEMI in 2003 damaged to property and bodily injury, and gave us a lesson. Even if the refuge activities plan by local government plan for disaster were established with rainfall event, it could not its role in practice. Beside it, the potential disaster risk remains still in existence because the disaster restoration work aims to original state. Therefore, in this study we focused on the point at issue of disaster countermeasure plan by local government and its integrated plan considering local characteristics.
Applications of Artificial Neural Networks for Using High Performance Concrete
Yang, Seung-Il ; Yoon, Young-Soo ; Lee, Seung-Hoon ; Kim, Gyu-Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 3, issue 4, 2003, Pages 119~129
Concrete and steel are essential structural materials in the construction. But, concrete, different from steel, consists of many materials and is affected by many factors such as properties of materials, site environmental situations, and skill of constructors. Concrete have two kinds of properties, immediately knowing properties such as slump, air contents and time dependent one like strength. Therefore, concrete mixes depend on experiences of experts. However, at point of time using High Performance Concrete, new method is wanted because of more ingredients like mineral and chemical admixtures and lack of data. Artificial Neural Networks(ANN) are a mimic models of human brain to solve a complex nonlinear problem. They are powerful pattern recognizers and classifiers, also their computing abilities have been proven in the fields of prediction, estimation and pattern recognition. Here, among them, the back propagation network and radial basis function network ate used. Compositions of high-performance concrete mixes are eight components(water, cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, fly ash, silica fume, superplasticizer and air-entrainer). Compressive strength, slump, and air contents are measured. The results show that neural networks are proper tools to minimize the uncertainties of the design of concrete mixtures.
Applicability of A Stream Evaluation Method for Stream Restoration
Lee, Joon-Ho ; Kang, Tae-Ho ; Sung, Young-Du ; Yoon, Sei-Eei ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 3, issue 4, 2003, Pages 131~143
The purpose of this study was to develop a new method for evaluation of stream naturalness in order to promote stream managers' understanding on importance of improving stream naturalness, and in order to appraise and prescribe for streams effectively in the process of ecological restoration of stream corridors. In order to analyze the evaluation method of stream naturalness and its applicability to streams, stream naturalness index(SNI) which has seven factors such as channel development, longitudinal profile, lateral section, stream bed structure, low flow channel structure, stream surroundings and water quality was suggested in this paper. For case studies, Bokha stream was selected for the evaluation of stream naturalness. At the Bokha stream, the scores of SNI factors were in range of
, and the average of SNI was 3.1, and the most frequent grade of SNI factors was grade 3. Among the 7 factors, the best was lateral section, and the worst was channel development. In this study, SNI grade can represent the characteristics of stream naturalness well and select the streams which will be restored, and can also decide the segment and the method of restoration for deteriorated streams.
Analysis of Environmental Hazard by the Leachate from Disposal Waste
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ; Bae, Hyo-Jun ; Choi, Oh-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 3, issue 4, 2003, Pages 145~151
The domestic and the industry wastes which mainly come out of human life activities have been usually processed mainly by the incineration method and/or the method of reclamation. The method of reclamation, specially open dumping, has caused significant environmental pollution problems on the local or regional soil and groundwater system by leachate. Therefore, to investigate the 3-D structure characteristics of environmental pollution area is one of the hot subjects. We applied dipole-dipole method of electrical resistivity survey to investigate 3-D environmental contamination characteristics of the Noeun landfill area. For electrical resistivity survey, the line for measurements was established parallel to the main boundary of the Noeun landfill, for effective investigation of the whole landfill area. The result shows that the uppermost layer of the Noeun landfill is believed to be stabilized completely, based on the result of electrical resistivity values. However, the lowest layer of the Noeun landfill was partially polluted by leachate. Therefore, the electrical resistivity survey method is believed to be the one of the most effective methods to investigate three-dimensional distribution of leachate occurred in the lower part of landfill area.