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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Development of a Combined Model for Flood Inundation Simulation
Yu, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Cho, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~8
In this study, a numerical model combined by a river model and an inland model developed to simulated a flood event. The river model describing an inundation in a river solves the two-dimensional Saint Venant equations with a finite difference method. The inland model based on the ILLUDAS describes the conveyance capacity of a storm sewer system. The combined model is applied to a real situation. The model simulates reasonably the real flood event occurred in a river and inland simultaneously.
A Study on the Control of Hazard Facilities Management system in Urban area by utilizing GIS
Ham, Eun-Gu ; Roh, Sam-Kew ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 9~15
This research developed the RMIS(Risk Management Information System) which focus on works of risk management fields required of apply of a space information, and focus on the DB to establish and apply the space information efficiently with research scope on the LPG refueling station in city. On the basis of the RMIS, this research provides the baseline to lead on an efficiency of safety inspection of LPG refueling station, advance risk assessment, and efficient making decision of an accident correspondence assessment with interlocking the GIS representing risk through the automation of a quantitative risk assessment standardize requirement to control at real-time. The RMIS development process is as follows. firstly, Relational Database(RDB) was developed by using fundamental data both On-site and Off-site relating data as peforming risk assessment on the LPG refueling station in city. Second, the risk management integral database system was developed to monitor and control the risk efficiently for user with using the Visual Basic Program. Third, through interlocking the risk management integral database system and the GIS(Falcon-map) was suggested the decision making method. Represented results through out the RMIS program development are as follows. Firstly, the RMIS was established the mutual information to advance management the risk efficiently for user and inspector with using the risk management data. Second, as this study managed risk for on-site and off-site separately and considered effect for inside and outside of facility, constructed the basis on safety management which can respond to major accident. Third, it was composed the baseline to making decision that on the basis of user interface.
Study on the Runoff Estimation Considering Stream Order
Choi, Jong-In ; Kang, Sang-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 17~27
In this paper the watershed is divided by stream order law of Horton to estimate the runoff with stream order. We use the contour data to extract spatially distributed topographical information like stream channels and networks of sub-basins. A contour model is developed, validated, and adopted to estimate the effective stream order number for the runoff. The results show that the peak discharge which is divided into first river order was close to observed one. The contour model will provide effective informations to plan river works classified by sub-basins for river restoration.
Unconfined Compression Strengh Characteristics and Degree of Disturbance of Busan Marine Clay
Kim, Byoung-Il ; Lee, Seung-Won ; Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Cho, Sung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 29~36
In this study, relations among unconfined compressive strength, strain at maximum strength and depth were compared with each other. Test specimen is marine clay originated from the place near Ga-duck island in Busan city. In addition, influence of impure material contained in specimen and that of total core recovery(TCR) on unconfined compressive strength and degree of disturbance were investigated. As a result of tests, unconfined compressive strength decreases as strain corresponding to maximum strength increases. Also, the deeper the sampling depth and the bigger the TCR, the unconfined compressive strength increases. Especially, as the TCR increases, the unconfined compressive strength Increases and quality of specimen is enhanced.
Bearing Capacity and Settlement Characteristics of Weathered Granite Masses in Gyeonggi Area
Kim, Dong-Eun ; Huh, Kyung-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 37~47
The purpose of this study is to estimate the bearing capacity and settlement characteristics of the weathered granite masses, and on the process to achieve the purpose, in the first place, the weathered degree according to the absorption index was examined and reviewed, then plate bearings test in in-situ depth were tested, and finally the result was compared and examined with the result of the existing, estimate method and pressuremeter test. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a typical area distributed with weathered granite masses, gyeonggi area, was chosen as a sample site for testing, and in the result, it appeared and found out that the more the weathered degree increases when the plate bearing test are tested, the more the bearing capacity decreases a numerical indexes and the more greatly the width of the decrease of bearing capacity increases around the boundary of specific, weathered degrees. Also, In the result from estimating the bearing capacity of weathered granite masses by the existing, suggested formula, it appeared that there is a tendency that the more the weathered degree increases, the more similar the bearing capacity becomes with the result of plate bearing tests.
Model Test for the Behavior of Retaining Walls Under Surcharge Load
Jung, On-Su ; Huh, Kyung-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 49~57
The purpose of this study is to closely examine the influence of the surcharge load applied to the retaining wall through some model tests, in which wall stiffness in each stage of excavation, horizontal displacement of the retaining wall and surface displacement of the backfill according to wall stiffness and ground conditions, and change and distribution of the earth pressure applied to it were measured and their values were produced, then these values were mutually compared with their theoretical values and their values after analysis of the data obtained at the field, and they were analytically studied, in order to closely examine the influence of the surcharge load applied to the retaining wall. Findings from this study are as follows: The shape of ground surface settlement curve on the model ground under surcharge load, different from the distribution curve of regular probabilities which is of a shape of ground surface settlement under no surcharge load, appears in that settlement in an arching shape shows where the center part of surcharge load shows the maximum settlement. In examining the maximum horizontal displacement with the surcharge load applied to each stage of excavation, it occured at the point of 0.8H(excavation depth) when finally excavated. Regarding the range in which the displacement of the retaining wall increases according to application of surcharge load, the increment of displacement showed till the point of depth which is of two times of the distance of load from the upper part of the wall. Also since each displacement of the foundation plate caused by the ground surface settlement according to each stage of excavation occured most significantly at the final stage. Also since regarding wall stiffness, the wall of its thickness of 4mm(flexible coefficient
), produced maximum 3 times of wall stiffness than its thickness of 9mm(flexible coefficient
), it was found out that influence of wall stiffness is so significant.
An Application of Various Drought Indices for Major Drought Analysis in Korea
Lee, Jae-Joon ; Lee, Chang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 59~69
Drought is difficult to detect and monitor, but it is easy to interpret through the drought index. The Palmer Drought Severity Index(PDSI), which is most commonly used as one of drought indices, have been widely used, however, the index have limitation as operational tools and triggers for policy responses. Recently, a new index, the Standardized Precipitation Index(SPI), was developed to improve drought detection and monitoring capabilities. The SPI has an improvement over previous indices md has several characteristics including its simplicity and temporal flexibility that allow its application for water resources on all timescales. Keetch-Byram Dought Index(KBDI) was defined as a number representing the net effect of evapotranspiration and precipitation in producing cumulative moisture deficiency in deep duff or upper soil layer. The purpose of this study is to analyze drought in Korea by using PDSI, SPI and KBDI. The result of this study suggests standard drought index by comparing of estimated drought indices. The data are obtained from Korea Meteorological Administration 56 stations over 30 years in each of the 8 sub-basins covering the whole nation. It is found that the PDSI had the advantage to detect the stage of drought resulting from cumulative shortage of rainfall, while SPI and KBDI had the advantage to detect the stage of drought resulting from short-term shortage of rainfall.
Assessment of Earthquake Disaster Risk in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Lee, Chang-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 71~78
The principal basic concepts of aseismic design minimize damage of human-life and have little probability during life of structures. For detailed understanding of the design, the best reasonable countermeasure can be possible equally the smallest damage of human-life and economic loss. As a result, it can be achieved by notion of not structure-centered but city-centered, the notion is actualized by development of a macro-level evaluation. A seismic damage between city and country is different. And the larger the city then, the greater the loss by rather collateral hazards than collapse of structures. Hence, the macro-evaluation of an earthquake disaster is suitable for an old city where is center of political and economic activity, and is concentration of population and infrastructure. This study aims to develop comprehensive earthquake desaster risk index, and assesses relative earthquake risk of six zones in Seoul metropolitan area.
A study on combustion gas toxicity of polymeric materials using FTIR gas analysis
Lee, Doo-Hyung ; Kong, Young-Kun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 79~84
When polymeric materials are exposed to fire condition, a lot of heat and toxic gases evolved and cause damage to property and human being. Especially toxic gases are major hazard to life safety. This study FTIR(Fourier Transform Infrared) spectrometer analysis was performaed to etermine the gas analysis and the concentration of gases evolved from PVC, FRP, SMC and Ureathane foam using ASTM E 1678 fire model. And FED toxicity index calculated from FTIR data also presented. By the comparison of animal test adopted in KS F 2271 and FTIR gas analysis method, FTIR gas analysis method can replace current animal toxicity test and produce precise and quantitative combustion gas data.
A Study on the Deduction of performance Point of Nonseismically Designed Reinforced Concrete Apartment
Kwon, Ki-Hyuk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 85~93
It has been commonly assumed that during the 21st century, the korean peninsula may suffer huge earthquake damage to people, society, and economic system. The recent report of "Seoul Earthquake Response model development" conducted by the city of Seoul indicated that a magnitude 6.3 earthquake possibly hit Seoul, the capital of Korea. However, due to the insufficient amount of study on seismic performance of structures reflecting the various types of element peculiar to Korea application of the currently available earthquake damage evaluation methods has limitations. In order to conduct various studies on seismic hazards that are suitable for the actual conditions in Korea, therefore, fundamental studies first have to be properly conducted. The purpose of this study is to serve as the basis of establishing a reliable earthquake damage estimation system, and to provide essential data for the seismic damage evaluation of nonseismically reinforced concrete apartment structures. In this study, a standard type of nonseismically reinforced concrete apartments has been determined based on an extensive survey and careful review of such structures in Korea, and their performance level on seismic loading has been estimated.
A Study on Earthquke Damage Estimation of Non Precede Designed Reinforced Concrete Apartment in Korea
Kwon, Ki-Hyuk ; Ko, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 5, issue 4, 2005, Pages 95~105
Korea is located away from plate boundaries which are not safe from earthquakes. However, having witnessed the large-scale earthquake in the Tangshan region in 1976 deemed as a safe plate, it should not be assured that Korea is absolutely safe from earthquakes. In addition, many seismologists have claimed that there indeed is a high possibility of earthquakes above mid scale that would occur in Korea. Because it is impossible to prevent earthquake, studies on seismic design and earthquake disaster control system are widely being conducted. However, studies on early response to earthquakes or recovery process are still very limited, and only a few studies for establishing earthquake damage evaluation system are being conducted. Thus, this study aimed to present essential data for establishing earthquake damage evaluation system that takes into account the real situation of structures in Korea. In this study, a nonseimically reinforced concrete apartment structure in Gangnamgu was selected as an standard type of such structures and its earthquake damage was estimated. The result of damage evaluation based on the derivation of vulnerability function and realtive story displacement was compared to that abtained using HAZUS Program Vulnerability Function.