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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Setting Time and Strength of Slip-form Method Applied Caisson in Low-temperature Period
Kim, Bong-Joo ; Kim, Jae-Hun ; Kim, Chan-Soo ; Jo, Ho-Kyoo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~7
In the harbor construction work, caisson is made by slip-form method and curing temperature of caisson concrete need heating in the low-temperature. To get the setting time and compression strength of slip-form method applied caisson at various curing temperature. The curing temperature is divided to the temperature of slip-form and the temperature of second curing curtain. In consideration of setting time, compression strength of concrete and form-removal time, the best temperature is
at 6 hours slip-form curing time.
Seismic Performance of Rib Plate H Beam to Column Connections
Kim, Sung-Yong ; Shin, Chang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 9~16
The moment resisting frame has been well-known as it had very excellent seismic performance, and it has been widely used and constructed in the design of a lot of buildings. However, the moment resisting frame system did not exert the seismic performance during the earthquake in Northridge and Kobe sufficiently, and it produced the crack or brittle fracture on the joint. this study was to ]m tests with the full-scale test subject as parameters of existence of H-beam web high tensile bolt shearing joint and reinforcement of H-flange rib. This researcher was to anticipate the decrease of number of high tensile bolts and the improvement of workability through the double shear joint by the experiment, and improve the seismic performance through the reinforcement of rib plate. In addition, this study was to prevent the brittle fracture by the stress concentration through the non scallop.
Fire Endurance Estimate of Reinforced Concrete Structure Using Nonlinear Finite Element Method
Byun, Sun-Joo ; Im, Jung-Soon ; Hwang, Jee-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 17~27
To estimate the retained strength of reinforced concrete structure after fire is very difficult because the complex behavior of structure is hard to understand during course of a fire. However, the damages which is caused by fire of the traffic facility infrastructure are enormous. Therefore the security against fire is important element that must not be overlooked. For this reason, an exact estimate method of the fire endurance is highly demanded. In this study, the validity of the nonlinear finite element method approach for the fire endurance of reinforced concrete structure is verified. The results of fire endurance estimate of underground road way by nonlinear finite element method approach are compared with those by ACI 216R-89.
Analysis of the Actual State of Direction Guidance System on Road Traffic Signs in Urban Area -Centering around Suwon City-
Yoon, Hyo-Jin ; Park, Mi-So ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 29~38
There are increasing needs to provide sufficient information on road directions through road signs for expanding cities and traffic networks. Improving efficiency of direction guidance information from road signs not only requires criteria for but also systematic approach to selecting place names that appear on road signs. As such, this paper looks at road direction information from existing road signs that leads to Suwon and investigates whether the current system of road signs provides efficient, systematic and continuous direction information for road users to easily reach their destination. In this paper, Suwon's city hall is set up as the final destination, which is linked from five other cities, Anyang, Osan, Ansan, Yongin and Seongnam. The paper attempts to find out whether there is continuity and suitable number of road signs for direction information by analyzing the road signs between these 5 cities and Suwon with respect to direction, direction advance notice and direction guidance. It is found that drivers cannot easily find the needed information on their destination from the existing road signs and that continuity of selected place names that systematically appear on road signs is insufficiency. In addition, direction guidance on road signs is problematic, because the appearance frequency of road signs is not adequate and the continuity of road signs is not effective. Moreover, there is insufficient information on local direction guidance for immediate destinations on road signs with respect to turning left or right or going straight.
Fundamental Comparison of Moduli Values in Asphalt Concrete Mixture due to Various Sinusoidal Loadings
Kim, Nak-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 39~48
A laboratory investigation was performed to estimate the moduli values of asphalt concrete mixture due to various sinusoidal loadings in compression and tension. Total five modes of loading were used under five testing temperatures of 32, 50, 68, 86, and
(0, 10, 20, 30, and
); repeated compressive haversine loading with rest period, repeated tensile haversine loading with rest period, cyclic compressive loading, cyclic tensile loading, and alternate tensile-compressive loadings. The test results showed that, due to the repeated haversine loading with rest period, asphalt concrete demonstrated similar moduli in tension and compression at low temperatures,(0 and
) while those moduli were different at high temperatures (20, 30, and
). At high temperatures the compressive moduli were always higher than the tensile moduli. The uniaxial tensile moduli were higher than indirect tensile moduli at low temperatures. However, those moduli were similar at high temperatures. In uniaxial cyclic tension, compression, and alternate tension-compression tests, compressive moduli were higher than tensile and alternate tensile-compressive moduli throughout the temperatures. Generally, the moduli from the repeated haversine loading with rest period were always lower than those from the cyclic sinusoidal loading. The difference in moduli from the repeated haversine loading with rest period and cyclic sinusoidal loading becomes more significant as the temperature decreases.
A Study on Rainfall-Runoff Analysis by Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (GIUH)
Choi, Hung-Sik ; Park, Chung-Soo ; Moon, Hyung-Geun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 49~58
Rainfall-runoff characteristics are analysed based on the geomorphological instantaneous unit hydrograph(GIUH) derived by geomorphological parameters using geographical information system in watershed ungaged or deficient of field data. Observed data of Seom river experiment watershed at upstream of Hoengseong dam and variable slope method for hydrograph separating of direct non are used. The 4th stream order of Seom river experimental watershed is developed with a regular correlation referred to the Horton-Strahler's law of stream order. The characteristic velocity to determine shape parameter of GIUH is 1.0m/s and its equation is modified for accurate results. Hydrograph at the outlet of 4th stream order of Maeil gage station and at the outlets of 3rd stream order of Sogun and Nonggeori gage stations show a little differences in falling limb of hydrograph but agree well to the observed data in general. The results by hydrological routing with HEC-HMS to the outlet of 4th stream order of Maeil gage station which the hydrograph by GIUH obtained at Sogun and Nonggeori gage stations of 3rd stream oder are applied as upstream inputs give better agreement with observed data than those by hydrograph by GIUH obtained at Maeil gage station of 4th stream order. In general, the rainfall-runoff by GIUH has applicability to the watershed routing of ungaged project regions.
Analysis of Flood Characteristics at Confluence by Lateral Inflow
Choi, Hung-Sik ; Cho, Min-Suk ; Park, Young-Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 59~68
Flow separation of recirculation zone by increasing of flow and change of its direction at confluence results in backwater due to conveyance reduction. The hydraulic characteristics of flow separation are analysed by experimental results of flow ratios of tributary and main streams and approaching angles. The boundary of flow separation by dimensionless length and width is defined by the streamline of zero and this definition agrees well to the existing investigation. Because flow separation doesn't appear in small flow ratio and approaching angle of
, the equation of flow separation with flow ratio and approaching angle is provided. In flow separation consideration and comparing with previous results, the existing equations of dimensionless length and width ratios by function of approaching angle, flow ratio, and downstream Froude number are modified and also contraction coefficient and shape factor are analysed. Dimensionless length and width ratios are proportional to the flow ratio and approaching angle. In analysis of water surface profiles, the backwater effects are proportional to the flow ratio and approaching angle and the magnitude at outside wall is greater than that of inside wall of main stream. The length,
from the beginning of confluence to downstream of uniform flow, where the depth is equal to uniform depth, is characterized by width of stream, flow ratio, approaching angle, and contraction coefficient. The ratios between maximum water depth by backwater and minimum depth at separation are analysed.
Prediction of River Bed Change due to Yongdam Dam Discharge
Kim, Young-Bok ; Jung, Seung-Kwon ; Shim, Soon-Bo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 69~81
The purpose of this study is to identify the downstream influences due to the dam discharge by using 2-dimensional model, SMS(Surface water Modeling System). RMA-2 and SED-2D in SMS were applied to Yongdam multipurpose dam watershed located in Gum river basin. Through the simulation, erosion and deposit quantitative analysis of sinuous channels and scour pattern analysis of bridges have been done. A differences erosion depths between deposit are simulated as
at No.176(1.4 km) and
at No.146(7.4 km), sinuous channel. The river bed at Kamdong bridge in straight channal is simulated as uniform erosion. However, the river bed at Dumdul bridge in sinuous channal has been shown as different erosion depths at each sides. Consequently, the parts that could not be simulated on the existing 1-dimensional model, can be improved results by using a 2-dimensional model, about weakness points for hydraulic modeling such as extreme bend, tributary confluence.
Measurements of Vertical Profiles in Suspended-Load Concentration Using the ASM-IV
Lee, Jong-Seok ; Myeng, Bong-Jae ; Cha, Young-Kee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 83~95
This study aims to analysis of suspended-load concentration in related to those data by measuring vertical sediments distribution with rainfall using the ASM (Argus Surface Meter)- IV at the channel reach of a upstream and a downstream in small river. The watershed, small river basin where had taken for experimental study was selected, which is a drainage area lied at Walha in Yunkee-Gun, Chungnam Province. Measured data of suspended-load concentration consists of two groups with 2,145 data during 1hr 11min 30sec and 1,216 data during 40min 32sec for measuring time of 2 second in the study reaches at river, respectively. In order to analyze of the vertical concentration distribution, using the data sets are selected the measuring time 16 sets one of these data by random in the study reaches. As a results, the Rouse number of a measured and a calculated value show that a rang of
, averaged value of 0.01129 md, a rang of
, averaged value of 0.00436 in upstream reaches, and also a rang of
, averaged value of 0.06521, and a rang of
, averaged value of 0.05795 in downstream reaches, respectively. These difference show that measured Rouse number compared with downstream reach errors of less than in upstream reach, but between measured and calculated of the Rouse number compared with downstream reach errors of more than in upstream reach, respectively. It seems to will be included one of the occurrence errors of variable estimations when Rouse number of calculated value to be made computed by the fall velocity with a high temperature of water using equation of empirical kinematic viscosity was derived in this study.