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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Temperature Compensation Technique for Steel Sleeve Packaged FBG Strain Sensor and Its Application in Structural Monitoring
Yun, Ying-Wei ; Jang, Il-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1~5
As bare Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors are very fragile, bare FBG without encapsulation is not properly applied in practical infrastructures directly due to the harsh environment in practical engineering. Steel sleeve packaged FBG strain sensor is widely used in civil engineering. Since FBG senses both strain and temperature simultaneously, for accurate measurement of strain, temperature compensation for FBG strain sensors is indispensable. In this paper, based on the FBG's strain and temperature sensing principles, the temperature compensation techniques for steel sleeve packaged FBG sensors are brought forward. And the experiment of concrete early-age shrinkage monitoring by dual FBG sensors is carried out to test the feasibility of the temperature compensation technique.
Rehabilitation Priority Decision Model for Sewer Systems
Lee, Jung-Ho ; Park, Moo-Jong ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 7~14
The main objective of sewer rehabilitation is to improve its function while eliminating inflow/infiltration (I/I). If we can identify the amount of I/I for an individual pipe, it is possible to estimate the I/Is of sub-areas clearly. However, in real, the amount of I/I for an individual pipe is almost impossible to be obtained due to the limitation of cost and time. In this study, I/I occurrence of each sewer pipe is estimated using AHP (Analytic Hierarch Process) and RPDM (Rehabilitation Priority Decision Model for sewer system) was developed using the estimated I/I of each pipe to perform the efficient sewer rehabilitation. Based on the determined amount of I/I for an individual pipe, the RPDM determines the optimal rehabilitation priority (ORP) using a genetic algorithm for sub-areas in term of minimizing the amount of I/I occurring while the rehabilitation process is performed. The benefit obtained by implementing the ORP for rehabilitation of sub-areas is estimated by the only waste water treatment cost (WWTC) of I/I which occurs during the sewer rehabilitation period. The results of the ORP were compared with those of a numerical weighting method (NWM) which is the decision method for the rehabilitation priority in the general sewer rehabilitation practices and the worst order which are other methods to determine the rehabilitation order of sub-areas in field. The ORP reduced the WWTC by 22% compared to the NWM and by 40% compared to the worst order.
Evaluation of Emergency Water Supply Plan for Block System of Water Network using WaterGEMS
Baek, Chun-Woo ; Jun, Hwan-Don ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ; Yoo, Do-Guen ; Lee, Kwang-Choon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 15~20
Hydraulic analysis of water distribution system can be divided into demand-driven analysis and pressure-driven analysis. Demanddriven analysis can give unrealistic results to simulate hydraulic conditions under abnormal operating conditions such as sudden demand increase and pipe failure. In Korea, demand-driven analysis has been used to establish emergency water supply plan in many water projects, but it is necessary to use pressure-driven analysis for establishment of emergency water supply plan. In this study, WaterGEMS model that was developed for pressure-driven analysis is used to evaluation of emergency water supply plan of J city. As the results, it was able to draw up more efficient plan for water supply in small block, and established emergency water supply plan of J city was determined to be appropriate.
Aerodynamic Stability Assessment of PWS and CFRC Hanger Ropes for Suspension Bridge by Experiments
Park, Hyung-Ghee ; Kang, Seon-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 21~30
In this study, to evaluate the aerodynamic stability of suspension bridge hanger ropes, the wind tunnel tests are carried out. It is found that the vortex induced vibration is detected only in single PE-coated PWS cable case. And the wake galloping is occurred in twin cables spaced
cable diameters of cable center to center when the incidence angle of wind is only zero degree. In case of other incidence angles of wind except zero degree, the wake galloping or the wake flutter are showed in twin cables even outside range of the bounds of
cable diameters. CFRC cable shows very stable for the twin cables regardless of the distance between two cables, and also for various incidence angles of wind. Thus the characteristic of CFRC rope overwhelms one of PWS cable in aerodynamic stability.
Development of a Method to Reduce Damages by Pipe Failures
Jun, Hwan-Don ; Kim, Seok-Hyeon ; Park, Moo-Jong ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ; Lee, Hwan-Goo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 31~36
A water distribution system should be constructed reasonably to supply water for the customer with proper quality and pressure as demands at nodes fluctuate with time. Also it should be reliable to minimize undesirable effects on the customer when various accidents happen such as pipe failures. A new method is presented here to reduce damages by pipe failures. For the work, two methods, namely, the method for estimating practical extent of damage by pipe failures and for estimating water distribution reliability, are adopted to analyze a water distribution system and to explore the damage reduction by pipe failures. As the results from the analysis of the model, the damage can be reduced effectively by increasing durability of each pipe in minimum cutsets according to the order of priority. The suggested method was applied to the Cherry-Hill network to verify its applicability.
Utility of Climate Model Information For Water Resources Management in Korea
Jeong, Chang-Sam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 37~45
It is expected that conditions of water resources will be changed in Korea in accordance with world wide climate change. In order to deal with this problem and find a way of minimizing the effect of future climate change, the usefulness of climate model simulation information is examined in this study. The objective of this study is to assess the applicability of GCM (General Circulation Model) information for Korean water resources management through uncertainty analysis. The methods are based on probabilistic measures of the effectiveness of GCM simulations of an indicator variable for discriminating high versus low regional observations of a target variable. The formulation uses the significance probability of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for detecting differences between two variables. An estimator that accounts for climate model simulation and spatial association between the GCM data and observed data is used. Atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) simulations done by ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) with a resolution of
, and METRI (Meteorological Research Institute, Korea) with resolutions of
, were used for indicator variables, while observed mean areal precipitation (MAP) data, discharge data and mean areal temperature data on the seven major river basins in Korea were used for target variables. The results show that GCM simulations are useful in discriminating the high from the low of the observed precipitation, discharge, and temperature values. Temperature especially can be useful regardless of model and season.
Field Investigation of Chloride Penetration and Evaluation of Corrosion Characteristics for Deicer
Yang, Eun-Ik ; Kim, Myung-Yu ; Park, Hae-Geun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 47~52
Deicer has been generally used for prevention of a road freezing in winter, and the usage amount is increasing every year. However, deicer may induce the decrease of bond strength, surface scaling, and environmental pollution. In this study, the field test was performed to investigate the deterioration of concrete road structures used for 17 years. And, the corrosion resistance characteristics were compared for the existing deicer and eco-friendly deicer. According to the field test results, the penetration depth of limit chloride amount was about 40mm, and the average concentration of chloride was
at the surface of structures. On the contrary, the carbonation depth was slight. The penetration depth of eco-friendly deicer was less than the existing deicer, and the corrosion resistance of eco-friendly deicer was higher.
A Study on Moment Gradient Factor for Inelastic Lateral-Torsional Buckling Strength of Stepped I-Beam Subjected to Linear Moment Gradient
Park, Jong-Sup ; Son, Ji-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 53~60
The cross-sections of continuous multi-span beams sometimes suddenly increase, or become stepped, at the interior supports of continuous beams to resist high negative moments. The three-dimensional finite-element program ABAQUS (2007) was used to analytically investigate the inelastic lateral-torsional buckling behavior of stepped beams subjected to linear moment gradient and resulted in the development of design equations. The ratios of the flange thickness, flange width, and stepped length of beam are considered for the analytical parameters. Two groups of 27 cases and 36 cases, respectively, were analyzed for doubly and singly stepped beams in the inelastic buckling range. The combined effects of residual stresses and geometrical imperfection on inelastic lateral-torsional buckling of beams are considered. First, the distributions of residual stress of the cross-section is same as shown in Pi and Trahair (1995), and the initial geometric imperfection of the beam is set by central displacement equal to 0.1% of the unbraced length of beam. The new proposed equations definitely improve current design methods for the inelastic lateral-torsional buckling problem and increase efficiency in building and bridge design.
Prediction of the Intensity of Vibration Around the Crossing Part of Manganese Turnout
Eum, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 61~66
In railroad operation, turnout is the device designed to provide very critical functions of moving the train to the neighboring rail. It's the only movable section among the rail and track equipment, which has a complicated structure and as rapid movement between the wheel and rail during operation is unavoidable, the safety and the vibration caused by the impact load of the passing train becomes always the major concern. Response to rail vibration tends to vary depending on physical properties of the rail, rail base and the ground, making it difficult to estimate the quantitative outcome through the measurement. Thus, experimental or empirical approach, rather than an analytic method, has been more commonly employed to deal with the ground vibration. To predict the vibration of the turnout, an experimental value and the measured values are applied in parallel to the factors with a high degree of uncertainty. This study hence was intended to compare and analyze the vibration values measured at the crossing part of manganese turnout by type of train and turnout and distance, as well as predict the intensity of vibration generated at the crossing part of manganese turnout when tilting train accelerates.
A Study on Construction policy for Seoul Metropolitan Railway
Woo, Nam-Jik ; Lee, Won-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 67~71
This study is to retest of seoul traffic, all sorts of statistical data, the present condition of urban railway that local government and all sorts of research institution had researched. Even though, or something else with population and regional industrial distribution of seoul with worker and the present condition of the registrated cars and the change of increase, we have predicted the medium term and long-range solution. we have proposed the alternative plan about both of the problem that is the developmental construction direction of seoul urban railway and the resource insurance for urban railway construction.
Rapid Earthquake Location for Earthquake Early Warning
Kim, Kwang-Hee ; Rydelek, Paul A. ; Suk, Bong-Chool ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 73~79
Economic growth, industrialization and urbanization have made society more vulnerable than ever to seismic hazard in Korea. Although Korea has not experienced severe damage due to earthquakes during the last few decades, there is little doubt of the potential for large earthquakes in Korea as documented in the historical literature. As we see no immediate promise of short-term earthquake prediction with current science and technology, earthquake early warning systems attract more and more attention as a practical measure to mitigate damage from earthquakes. Earthquake early warning systems provide a few seconds to tens of seconds of warning time before the onset of strong ground shaking. To achieve rapid earthquake location, we propose to take full advantage of information from existing seismic networks; by using P wave arrival times at two nearest stations from the earthquake hypocenter and also information that P waves have not yet arrived at other stations. Ten earthquakes in the Korean peninsula and its vicinity are selected for the feasibility study. We observed that location results are not reliable when earthquakes occur outside of the seismic network. Earthquakes inside the seismic network, however, can be located very rapidly for the purpose of earthquake early warning. Seoul metropolitan area may secure
seconds of warning time before any strong shaking starts for certain events. Carefully orchestrated actions during the given warning time should be able to reduce hazard and mitigate damages due to potentially disastrous earthquakes.
A Study on profession Stresses of Fire official -Based on G. fires school and G. fire station-
Kim, Seong-Gon ; Kong, Ha-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 81~92
As the process of the Korea is highly industrialization and knowledge information the extent of fire fighting business is getting wide with the development and change. But work environment is not improved much compared with the past. For the situation that threaten life is exposed greatly, compared with the other profession there are also much stress. Moreover, the professional stress of fire official influence not only the safety of fire official. In this paper based on the reduction countermeasure for professional stress of fire official the following are proposed: Lively communication activity between constituents, application of people system as a result work field, improvement of treatment and welfare institution, safety of fire official and health rule enactment, the establishment of specialty hospital for fire fighting and appointment of fire medical specialist.
A Study on the Ripple Effect Economy of Busan Ubiquitous-Safety Realization on Using an Input-Output Model
Ryu, Tae-Chang ; Kim, Tae-Min ; Kim, Gyeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 93~100
Dense of population construction and high density of skyscraper, and geological characteristics caused natural disasters(e.g. typhoon, tsunami, flood, storm, earthquake, etc.) and manmade disasters(e.g. fire, collapse, explosion, traffic accident, etc.). the extent and scale of the disaster are getting larger. To cope with such problems, Busan City has established the basic plan to secure the life and property of the citizens through model strategy and design of Ubiquitous-Safety Busan. This study quantitatively analyzed the ripple effect on local economy through the fulfillment of Ubiquitous-Safety. The production inducing effect of 250 billion won directly and indirectly can be estimated due to the realization of Ubiquitous-Safety. The value added effect of 115 billion won can be estimated. the employment effect of 5,580 persons can be generated with income effect of 51 billion won.
An Analysis of Hydraulic Effect due to the Outflow of Paldang Dam at Hangang Parks
Lee, Jae-Joon ; Kwak, Chang-Jae ; Lee, Sang-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 101~111
Hangang Parks have been played an important role as the source of various Civilian activities by providing a natural space near Han River ever since it was developed. Due to the local-heavy rain caused by recent climate change, the Hangang Parks tends to be easily overflowed. Evacuation of the park in emergency and its controlled system should be made for the sake of Civilian's safety. In this study, various basic data and several parameters were analyzed to simulate the hydraulic effect of Hangang Parks based on the outflow in
Dam. Rising effects of flood water level were investigated through the one-dimensional and twodimensional numerical hydraulic models. Relationships of water level and travel time of flood between key station and centeral part of each park were also identified. It can be used to forecast the future flood water level of each individual park in Hangang Parks. Obtained results can be used to establish the rational plan of usage, management, citizen's safety, and emergency action plan of the Hangang Parks as the flood is occurred from the outflow of Paldang dam.
Analysis of Rainfall Spatial Correlation Structure Using Minutely Data
Yoo, Chul-Sang ; Park, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Kyoung-Jun ; Jun, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 113~120
This study analyzed the spatial correlograms of minutely rainfall data with respect to various accumulation times. A bivariate mixed lognormal distribution was applied for rainfall modelling. A total of 26 minutely rainfall data sets from rain gauge stations in the central part of Korean peninsula were analyzed, also repeated for several storm types like Jang-Ma, typhoon and convective storms for their comparison. The accumulation times 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 30 and 60 minutes were considered in this study. As results, it was found that the minutely rainfall data available was not good enough for estimating minutely rainfall intensity at ungaged locations. It seems more practical to use the hourly rainfall data with much higher rain gauge density, if proper methods for interpolation and data dis-aggregation are provided.
The Analysis of Potential Discharge to Supply the Stream Water Discharge in Paldang Dam by Dam Operation
Choi, Gye-Woon ; Kim, Young-Kyu ; Ham, Myeong-Soo ; Hwang, Young-Man ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 121~128
Instream flows are defined as the stream flows needed to protect and preserve instream resources and values. They are supplied by the essential discharge for maintaining the channel. However, due to the lack of precipitation during the dry season, which is usually between the months of January and April, natural flows are not enough for the instream flows, thus leaving the dams at a shortage. In this paper, the method which will be discussed will show a physical way to improve water quality by the dilution of water that is supplied from a reservoir or dam, and how it is analyzed at the Han River basin. For the sake of this analysis, the basin has been divided into 33 catchments. Each catchment's natural flow has been simulated by SWAT-K, and the future water demand has been estimated using statistical data. It has also been assumed that the Han River basin has two large reservoirs(Chung-ju dam, and So-yang dam). The supply of potential discharge has been calculated using a case of water separately from each dam, as well as supply water from both dams.
A Study on the Effective Operating System for Water Supply of Andong Dam Considering the Flow of Nak-dong River
Lee, Che-Chan ; Jang, Suk-Hwan ; Lee, Chang-Hae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 129~136
The purpose of this study is to find an effective operating system for water supply of Andong Dam. The reliability of water supply was assessed by HEC-5 model based on operated water supply data of Andong Dam and data of Jin-dong water level gauge station in Nak- dong river. In addition, estimated additional amount of water supply was evaluated for each alternative by additional retention of Andong Dam in rainy season from June to September. As the result, additional amount of water supply of each alternative in non-rainy season (excluding rainy season) is increased as
, it shows that additional amount of water supply can be made by effective operating system for water supply in every dam as Andang Dam.
The evaluation of wetland sustainability for constructing a washland and Its hydrologic effect to Upo wetland
Kim, Jae-Chul ; Kim, Jin-Kwan ; Kim, Sang-Dan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 137~148
There have been many cases of using wetlands as an alternative in controlling stormwater, treating mining leachate, and agricultural discharge, and so on, recently. The reality is, however, that the wetlands are not properly applicable because of the lack of enough longterm data for wetlands due to the difficulty of long-term monitoring. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the storage of Upo, Mokpo, Sajipo, and Jjokjibeul in Topyeong watershed using SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model, one of the long-term runoff hydrologic model, for the purpose of generating the long-term data and analyzing the hydrologic behavior of wetlands based on the generated data. Also, the changes in runoff at the outlet are analyzed after applying the simulation of constructing washland in Topyeong watershed and the storage in Upo is analyzed. The result shows that the runoff at the outlet of the watershed is decreased in rainy season from July to August and increased in dry season from December to February. In addition, the analysis of Upo storage concludes that Upo can be influenced by the construction of the washland. The duration curve of washland is then analyzed in order to evaluate the wetland's sustainability in terms of washland and it appears that the runoff of washland is simulated to be less than that of the existing wetland. Moreover, runoffs of some washlands are simulated to be less even in wet season. These results lead to the fact that there should be further hydrologic management for constructed washland. Then, the changes in loads (TN and TP) because of constructing washland are analyzed. The result shows that the loads are reduced because of the construction. Also, the changes in loads due to the construction of buffer strips are analyzed to compare the load reductions caused by a washland. Finally, REMM model, a riparian management model, is applied to overcome the hydrologic ambiguousness of SWAT model, and then, the SWAT model results are compared to those of REMM.
Estimation of Optimal Size of the Treatment Facility for Nonpoint Source Pollution due to Watershed Development
Kim, Jin-Kwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 149~153
The pollutant capacity occurred before and after the development of a watershed should be quantitatively estimated and controlled for the minimization of water contamination. The Ministry of Environment suggested a guideline for the legal management of nonpoint source from 2006. However, the rational method for the determination of treatment capacity from nonpoint source proposed in the guideline has the problem in the field application because it does not reflect the project based cases and overestimates the pollutant load to be reduced. So, we perform the standard rainfall analysis by analytical probabilistic method for the estimation of an additional pollutant load occurred by a project and suggest a methodology for the estimation of contaminant capacity instead of a simple rational method. The suggested methodology in this study could determine the reasonable capacity and efficiency of a treatment facility through the estimation of pollutant load from nonpoint source and from this we can manage the watershed appropriately. We applied a suggested methodology to the projects of housing land development and a dam construction in the watersheds. When we determine the treatment capacity by a rational method without consideration of the types of projects we should treat the 90% of pollutant capacity occurred by the development and to do so, about 30% of the total cost for the development should be invested for the treatment facility. This requires too big cost and is not realistic. If we use the suggested method the target pollutant capacity to be reduced will be 10 to 30% of the capacity occurred by the development and about 5 to 10% of the total cost can be used. The control of nonpoint source must be performed for the water resources management. However it is not possible to treat the 90% of pollutant load occurred by the development. The proper pollutant capacity from nonpoint source should be estimated and controlled based on various project types and in reality, this is very important for the watershed management. Therefore the results of this study might be more reasonable than the rational method proposed in the Ministry of Environment.
Determination of Heavy Metal Unit Load from Transportation Landuses during a Storm
Kim, Cheol-Min ; Lee, So-Young ; Lee, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Lee-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 155~160
The urban areas have various landuses such as residential, commercial, industrial and official purposes that are highly concerned with human activities. The other landuses are relating to vehicle activities, which are roads, parking lots, bridges, parks etc. The mainly using landuses by human activities are possessing three different areas that are buildings, parking lots/roads and landscapes. Of these areas, the buildings and landscapes can be classified as non-pollution areas. However, the parking lots or roads are classifying as the main pollution areas because of vehicle activities. Therefore, the landuses arising the nonpoint pollution during a storm in urban areas are roads and parking lots. The vehicles are emitting lots of nonpoint pollutants such as metals and particulate matters and it is impacting on water qualities and aqua-ecosystems nearby the city areas. Therefore, this research was conducted for characterizing the pollutant types and determining the EMCs (Event Mean Concentrations) and unit pollutant loads during a storm. The monitoring was performed on 9 locations such as highways, service area, tollgates, parking lot and bridges. All of the landuses selected for monitoring are concerned with transportation. The results can be effectively used to predict the pollutant loading before urban planning and to select the BMPs (Best Management Practices) for reducing the pollution.