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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Multi-physics Modelling of Moisture Related Shrinkage in Concrete
Lee, Chang-Soo ; Park, Jong-Hyok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~9
Water binder ratio combine high-performance concrete shrinkage of less than 0.4 to determine the transformation to a total shrinkage of water to move outside and internal consumption of moisture due to drying shrinkage and autogenous shrinkage, and then, the relative humidity changes and strain to be approached by surface physics describe the relationship between self-desiccation and autogenous shrinkage was set. To verify the self-desiccation in the humidity shrinkage and humidity measurements performed, and the research model, Tazawa, CEB-FIP model than to let the measure and the most similar results in this study based on self-desiccation model, autogenous shrinkage didn't represent the linear shrinkage by the drying shrinkage of the external moving but exponential relationships, unlike with the nature and rapid in the early age properly describes the attributes in shrinkage could see. After this research to move moisture and to reflect the shrinkage model, temperature, moisture transfer, strain analysis by multi-physics model is very similar to the results of mock-up specimen measurements performed for this research, the value measured by the internal consumption of moisture, therefore self-desiccation and a multi-physics model considering autogenous shrinkage might be relevant.
Elastic Stability of Thin-Walled Arches subjected to Uniform Bending - Linear Bending Normal Strain Distribution -
Ryu, Hyo-Jin ; Lim, Nam-Hyoung ; Lee, Chin-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 11~15
This paper is concerned with the elastic buckling of thin-walled arches that are subjected to uniform bending. Nonlinear strain-displacement relations with the initial curvature are substituted into the second variation of the total potential energy to obtain the energy equation including initial curvature effects. The approximation for initial curvature effects that the bending normal strain distribution is linear across the cross section is applied consistently in the derivation process. The closed form solution is obtained for flexural-torsional buckling of arches under uniform bending and, it is compared with the previous theoretical results.
Estimation of Stay Cable Tension Using String Vibration Theory
Park, Yeon-Soo ; Choi, Sun-Min ; Lee, Byung-Geun ; Kim, Nin Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 17~22
Estimate method of cable tension forces can be classified into direct method and indirect method. Direct method is not accuracy and it has many restrictions. Therefore, in generally Indirect method, vibration method using natural frequency, has been applied to estimate the tension forces. In this study, cable tensions of recently constructed cable-stayed bridge are measured using string vibration method and this result comparing with result of multiple mode method. To put it brief, the error of string vibration method is not exceeding 2% under 7th mode. Specially third and 4th mode error is not exceeding 1%. safety.
Development of a Crash Cushion Using the Frictional and Inertial Energy by Computer Simulation
Kim, Dong-Seong ; Kim, Kee-Dong ; Ko, Man-Gi ; Kim, Kwang-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 23~30
Crash cushions are protective devices that prevent errant vehicles from impacting on fixed objects. This function is accomplished by gradually decelerating a vehicle to a safe stop in a relatively short distance. Commonly used crash cushions generally employ one of two concepts to accomplish this function. The first concept involves the absorption of the kinetic energy of a moving vehicle by crushable or plastically deformable materials and the other one involves the transfer of the momentum of a moving vehicle to an expendable mass of material located in the vehicle's path. Crash cushions using the first concept are generally referred to as compression crash cushions and crash cushions using the other concept are generally referred to as inertial crash cushion. The objective of this research is the development of a compression-type crash cushion by employing the two concepts simultaneously. To minimize the number of full-scale crash tests for the development of the crash cushion, preliminary design guide considering inertial and frictional energy absorption was constructed and computer simulation was performed. LS-DYNA program, which is most widely used to analyze roadside safety features, was used for the computer simulation. The developed crash cushion satisfied the safety evaluation criteria for various impact conditions of CC2 performance level in the Korean design guide.
A Study of Recovery Standards and Post-Evaluation Method for Long Term Community Preventive Recovery Plan
Jung, Woo-Young ; Jung, Sang-Man ; Choi, Hyun-Kyu ; Lee, Sang-Moon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 31~37
Most damages of civil infrastructures under natural disasters are frequently occurred at surrounding areas of the river or the road. Every year, Recovery for these disaster damages are performed by the government. Recently, the government decide to change current recovery plan system because current recovery plan which doesn't consider future disaster impacts at a site has been proved to be ineffective. Accordingly, new permanency recovery plan system is needed and its corresponding ideas are presented in this research considering more detailed disaster damage classifications and cause assessments. The proposed permanency recovery plan would also provide more systematic and diverse recovery response strategies including both two concepts, for example Preparedness considered by risk assessment and management, and Mitigation investigated by hazard impact analyses.
Comparative Analysis of Mortality in Species of Trees after Surface Forest Fire
Lee, Si-Young ; An, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 39~43
we studied and analyzed a tree mortality of 7 species(Pinus koraiensis etc) in surface forest fire area. In this results, the order of tree mortality was Cryptomeria japonica>Pinus koraiensis>Pinus densiflora>Pinus thunbergii>Larix leptolepis>Pinus rigida>Quercus. More damaged crown was higher tree mortality and more d.b.h was less tree mortality. Especially, oak trees in which a damage rate of crown was less 30% almost survived.
Risk Analysis of Thaw Penetration Due to Global Climate Change in Cold Regions
Bae, Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 45~51
A probabilistic approach may be adopted to predict freeze and thaw depths to account for the variability of (1) material properties, and (2) contemporary and future surface energy input parameters(e.g. air temperatures, cloud cover, snow cover) predicted with global climate models. To illustrate the probabilistic approach, an example of the predicted of thaw depths in cold regions is considered. More specifically, the Stefan equation is used together with the Monte Carlo simulation technique to make a probabilistic prediction of thaw penetration. The simulation results indicate that the variability in material properties, surface energy input parameters and temperature data can lead to significant uncertainty in predicting thaw penetration.
Analysis of Characteristics for a Dividing Flow in Open Channels
Park, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Jin-Woo ; Cho, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 53~57
The dividing flow in an open channel has a number of distinctive characteristics. One of these is that the separation zone interacts with a secondary motion along the inner wall of a branch channel, generating sediment accumulation. To investigate this phenomenon, a two-dimensional numerical model based on the shallow-water equations, RMA2, which calculates water surface elevations and horizontal-velocity components, was used to analyze the dividing flow. The obtained numerical results fully coincide with the laboratory measurements reported by Hsu et al.(2002). For the analysis of the numerical results, a separation zone-discharge rate relationship was proposed. To reduce the size of a separation zone, the topographies of diagonal and curved edges were proposed, smoothly connecting the upstream corner to branch channel.
Flood Water Level Changes Analyses for the Construction of a Small Dam -Focused on the Geum River Reach in Sejong City-
Jeong, Sang-Man ; Park, Chan-Seong ; Lee, Joo-Heon ; Shin, Kwang-Seob ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 59~68
Currently, building a small dam located 1.16 km downstream from Geumnam Bridge is being considered in order to improve the riverine scenery of the site for Sejong City and to create a hydrophilic space. The purpose of this research is to present the appropriate dimensions of a small dam by reviewing the flood control reliability of the Geum River after the small dam is built. To establish this purpose, changes in the flood water level were compared and analyzed by changing the installation height of a small dam using 1D and 2D models. 1D HEC-RAS and 2D FESWMS models were applied to perform the numerical analysis of the reach. The results showed that flood control reliability was guaranteed when the installation height of the small dam was 5 meters or lower. From the 2D model, a more accurate result can be developed because the model could provide a two dimensional numerical analysis. The results can be used to determine the appropriate dimensions of a small dam for Sejong City.
Experimental Study on Determination of Infiltration Capacity of Ground Surface and Pervious Pedestrian Blocks
Yoo, Kyung-Hee ; Byeon, Chun-Il ; Kim, Kyung-Sup ; Ahn, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 69~76
Infiltration is the process of water penetrating from the ground surface into soil. Infiltration plays an important role on affecting ground water surface and surface flow during rainy season. The amount of infiltration water would be decreased as the urbanization would increase. Such phenomenons would make streamflow decrease or stream run dry. In this study the cumulative infiltration and the infiltration capacity of ground surface have been determined by the field experiment at three sites in the Hankyong National University, Korea. Three type pervious pedestrian blocks of the cumulative infiltration and the infiltration capacity have also been determined at the same site of the ground surface. It has been shown that one of three type blocks in terms of infiltration capacity is almost same as that of ground surface. The Kostiakov type has been adopted to determine the cumulative infiltration and the infiltration capacity for each site. The Horton type has been also adopted to determine the cumulative infiltration and the infiltration capacity. The value of parameter k for each site is determined and soil type would be identified corresponding to the value of parameter.
Identification of Factors Affecting the Occurrence of Temporal Patterns of Rainfall in Gamcheon Watershed
Ahn, Ki-Hong ; Cho, Wan-Hee ; Han, Kun-Yeun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 77~85
In South Korea, seasonal, local and temporal climatic characteristics are variable in rainfall patterns. To design or assess the reliability of hydrosystem, information about the rainfall event under consideration is important. In this process, the complete description of a design storm involves the specification of rainfall duration, depth, and its temporal pattern. Generally, to use an appropriate temporal pattern for a design storm is of great importance in the design and evaluation of hydrological safety for hydrosystem. For purpose of selecting of factors affecting the occurrence of rainfall patterns, Huff's dimensionless method was executed and examined by statistical contingency tables analysis through which the inter-dependence of the occurrence frequency of rainfall patterns with respect to geographical location, rainfall duration and depth, and seasonality is investigated. This analysis result can be used to establish flood policies and to design or assess the reliability of hydrosystem.
Estimation of Discharge Coefficient for Triangle Shape Labyrinth Weir
Song, Jai-Woo ; Lee, Jin-Eun ; Im, Jang-Hyuk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 87~93
The labyrinth weir can be defined that the plane shape of overflow part is not straight line and is a kind of weir having overflow length increased by changing its plane shape. Recently, the labyrinth weir can be widely applied to various hydraulic facilities such as dam spillway, irrigation facilities, and canal structures by increasing precipitation. This study was performed to analyze the hydraulic characteristics according to triangle labyrinth weir using hydraulic model experiments and finally estimate the discharge coefficients for triangle labyrinth weirs. The formulae of discharge coefficient provided in this study, which make it feasible to calculate the overflow rate by a coefficient of correlation. sum of residuals, MAPE(Mean Absolute Percentage Error), are expected to be widely applied to design of hydraulic facilities such as dam spillway and irrigation system.