Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
Editor in Chief :
Moo Jong Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Development of Cold-Mixed Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement Materials
Lee, Jong-Man ; Kim, Nak-Seok ; Kim, Wan-Sang ; Hong, Eun-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~7
In order to use recycled aggregate as pavement base or subbase materials, the US and many other European countries have started research since the early 1980s. Korea also had a recycle idea as a plan for the vast amount of construction wastes due to the downtown renovation in the 1990s, but was not put into practical use. After the resources saving and recycle expedition law in 1994, wastes from construction sites that have more than a certain amount of construction budget were recycled as pavement base and subbase materials, but now, researches are being conducted to use them as paving materials. The use of construction wastes is meaningful in many ways. It helps the natural conservation and aggregate consumption, and also improves pavement performance. This research presents a development of cold-mixed reclaimed asphalt pavement materials using recycled aggregates.
Comparison of Saturated and Unsaturated Water Flows through Pavement Systems
Lim, Yu-Jin ; Hue, Nguyen Tien ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 9~17
Most of the current drainage criteria have been developed on the basis of experimental field results and theoretical analyses of infiltration under saturated conditions. The objective of this study is to extend the understanding of pavement drainage systems by considering unsaturated condition in the sublayers. Analyses of unsaturated flows through pavements was performed by running finite element program(SEEP/W) with a range of pavement materials and drainage parameters. Meanwhile, the widely used DRIP program developed by FHWA is based on assumption of saturated condition of pavements. Differences between saturated and unsaturated condition in the sublayers of the pavements are verified. It is verified that for unsaturated conditions time to drain would take longer time compared to saturated condition.
Evaluation of Engineering Properties of CLSM using Weathered Granite Soils
Lim, Yu-Jin ; Seo, Chang-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 19~26
In this study, flowable backfill made with weathered granite soil is tested to provide basic engineering properties that can be used as design input to overcome settlement problems in road pavement due to low stiffness of backfill which is generated by porosity of the soil. For design purpose, a proper mixing ratio is developed first. Then several test methods including FF/RC, PMT and LDWT including axial compression test are adapted for checking stiffness and measuring axial strength of the material separately that can be used for design values.
A Study on Variation and Development of Railroad Station Zones on Incheon Metro Train Rail Line 1
Park, Man-Hee ; Ahn, Kyung-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 27~39
The 1st Incheon Rapid Transit Line opened in October, 1999. However, the current development plans for areas near stations do not involve plans for the both urban planning and transportation together. As the focus on only the aspect of installing a new transportation mode, the developments even make the problems such as reckless development and traffic congestion gets worse. It is required to analyse status of the current land uses and land use plans in the future and consider distribution of functions of the areas near stations and aims of development plans so as to harmonize the functions of each region in view of making balance in the whole city. The aims of developments of areas near stations has to focus on the study follows steps to find and suggest aims and strategies for the revitalization plan for areas near stations with considering the both transportation and land uses together. The plans for the areas near stations of the Incheon 1st Rapid Transit Line are analysed and then the features and rational strategies are derived. The impact is analysed as applying the development strategies derived from the step into the areas near the stations of Incheon 1st Rapid Transit line.
Characteristics of Ternary Blended Cement Concrete Using Fly Ash and Silica Fume for Post-Tensioned Concrete Pavement Application
Choi, Pan-Gil ; Shim, Do-Sick ; Lee, Bong-Hak ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 41~47
Post-tensioned concrete pavement(PTCP) was developed to built long-span concrete pavement(120 m span) and to maintain long-term service life(over 40 years) of concrete pavement. In the present study, research for high-durable concrete was conducted to utilize the advantage of PTCP construction method efficiently. First of all, 20% of fly ash(by binder weight) was replaced to control alkali silica reaction. Second, silica fume was applied to improve the water-permeability and early-age strength. Results of tests for mechanical properties, water-permeability resistance, and surface-scaling resistance of ternary blended cement concrete showed that the early-age strength was improved significantly with addition of silica fume. The water-permeability resistance was improved from "Low" to "Very Low"(ASTM C 1202). However, surface-scaling resistance was decreased with an increase of silica fume, therefore, content of silica fume should be kept in less than 5%(by binder weight) to assure field application considering durability. The results of air-void analysis showed that durability factors were improved since spacing factors were estimated as 250
15 micron in adjusted mixtures.
Impact Condition of Safety Performance Evaluation for Longitudinal Barriers of SMART Highway
Kim, Dong-Seong ; Kim, Kee-Dong ; Ko, Man-Gi ; Kim, Kwang-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 49~57
To minimze the degree of damage for the SMART highway's punctuality and safety after car-barrier collisions, the impact condition for longitudinal barriers of SMART highway was determined to be quite larger than the existing maximum impact condition. The impact condition consists of impact vehicles, impact velocities, and impact angles. To consider the occupant safety of passenger cars as much as possible, a small car with high risk during impact was selected as the impact vehicle for the evaluation of occupant risk. The impact velocity was determined to be 20% larger than the existing maximum impact velocity in order to include accident impact velocities as much as possible. The impact angle was determined to include most of expected accident impact angles. Computer simulations using various impact conditions were conducted for the existing domestic highest-performance medium and roadside barrier. How the suggested impact condition has an effect on the occupant safety was investigated. The existing domestic highest-performance medium and roadside barriers could not satisfy the suggested impact condition. New high-performance longitudinal barriers are required to minimize the degree of damage for the SMART highway's punctuality and safety after car-barrier collisions.
Posttraumatic Stress by Work in Firefighters
Baek, Mi-Lye ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 59~65
To investigate a posttraumatic stress, social support and work burden and to identify high risk group and related factors which were exerted influence on posttraumatic stress of firefighters. Data were gathered from total 264 firefighters consisting of 85 fire distinguishers & rescue workers, 96 emergency medical personnel and 83 in ambulance & fire truck drivers in C province and were analyzed 22 items by IES-R, 20 work burden items by Choi(2000), 8 social support items by Oh(2006) using SPSSWIN 14.0 program. Posttraumatic stress of general characteristics by work was showed significant difference in age, marriage status, education, position, office duration, mobilization frequency and experience of traumatic events. Posttraumatic stress were showed significant difference in 3 groups and fire distinguishers & rescue workers is the highest group. Posttraumatic stress was correlated with work burden(r=.317, p<0.01) for fire distinguishers & rescue workers, social support(r=-.331, p<0.01) and work burden(r=.522 p<0.001) for emergency medical personnel and work burden(r=.454, p<0.01) for ambulance & fire truck drivers. The high risk groups are fire distinguishers & rescue workers(60%), emergency medical personnel(55.2%)and ambulance & fire truck drivers(45.8%). Related factors are the experience seeing victim's danger for fire distinguishers & rescue workers(odds ratio=1.216, 95% confidence interval:1.068-1.383), and are work burden(odds ratio=1.100, 95% confidence interval:1.043-1.159) and office duration(odds ratio=1.010, 95% confidence interval 1.001-1.018) for emergency medical personnel, and are the experience seeing victim's danger(odds ratio=1.178, 95% confidence interval:1.010-1.373), age(odds ratio=1.129, 95%confidence interval:1.020-1.249), work burden(odds ratio=1.103, 95% confidence interval:1.034-1.177) for ambulance & fire truck drivers.
Recovery Cost Evaluation and Practical Application for Index Assessment of Private Facilities Damaged by Natural Disaster
Jung, Woo-Young ; Kim, Sung-Jun ; Choi, Hyun-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 67~73
Financial supports of private facilities which were damaged by natural disaster are currently performed partially by a government and the guideline of corresponding recovery costs be the natural disaster prevention law in South Korea. However, current financial recovery guidelines for the damaged private facilities has not been estimated objectively so far. This research presents advanced recovery cost search and assesment methods for the damaged private facilities under natural disaster. To produce more accurate data, an investigation for practical field markets which are appointed in Kangwon area is conducted and the proposed recovery values per each item are compared to exact field market values. Finally. more realistic and accurate recovery cost guideline including evaluation and more effective market surveying method are suggested here. A theoretical and practical program for systematic recovery cost calculation is proposed and expected to be used at public institution before long.
Factors Influencing the Continuity of Volunteer Activities for Disaster Relief
Kwon, Young-Sub ; Chung, Soon-Dool ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 75~79
The purposes of this study were to find out the factors affecting the continuous participation of volunteer activities for disaster relief and to provide implications for the efficient management of sustainable disaster relief volunteer activities. In order to achieve these purposes, we investigated how much individual characteristics, the volunteer attitude and motivation, and institutional characteristics, respectively, affect the duration of disaster relief volunteer activities. The research was carried out targeting 261 disaster relief volunteer workers, aged over 20, who affiliated to various volunteer centers. Data were collected by survey methodology from May 7th to May 27th, 2008. A frequency analysis and a multiple regression were utilized for analyzing data. The results of this study were as follows: the continuity of volunteer activities of the subjects are likely to be high when they are older, have a job, are highly motivated, are assigned properly to the placement and task. Based on the results of this study, some practical implications were suggested. First, since placement and task assignment managed by volunteer organizations are very important for the continuity of volunteer activities, those organizations should have developed diverse volunteer activity programs considering volunteers' characteristics and interest. Second, the managers of those organizations need to sufficiently consider the characteristics of volunteers such as age and job when dispatching volunteers in disaster areas. The managers should help their volunteers to immerse in their volunteer work. Finally, it is necessary to induce social concern and support in disaster relief volunteer activities in order to make volunteers especially with jobs be constantly active in disaster relief activities.
Combustional Characteristics of Living Leaves for Five Shrubs in Youngdong Areas
Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Lee, Si-Young ; Park, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 81~87
In this study, we have investigated the combustibility of five shrubs growing in Youngdong area such as Lindera obtusiloba, Lespedeza maximowiczii, Zanthoxylum piperitum, Zanthoxylum schinifolium, and Corylus heterophylla var. thunbergii using the ignition temperature tester, the cone calorimeter and the smoke density chamber in order to estimate the danger of a forest fire. The results showed that Lespedeza maximowiczii has the lowest ignition temperature, the fastest ignition time and the highest average release concentrations of CO and
. Zanthoxylum piperitum and Zanthoxylum schinifolium showed the highest level in heat release and smoke release, respectively. Therefore, we have concluded that Lespedeza maximowiczii has the highest ignitibility, Zanthoxylum piperitum the most intensive fire spread and fire intensity, and Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Lespedeza maximowiczii most difficult to escape from a forest fire.
Experiments on the Influence of Opening of Natural Smoke Ventilators on the Stack Effect in High-rise Mixed-use Residential Buildings
Lim, Chae-Hyun ; Kim, Bum-Gyu ; Park, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 89~94
The stack effect in high-rise buildings is expected more significant at nights in winter due to the large temperature difference between the inside and outside of the buildings. However, the existence of large openings such as natural ventilators on the floor may effect the position of neutral plane, smoke spread at fire and thus obstruct the door openings for rescue. In this paper, the vertical and horizontal pressure distribution with different openings of natural smoke ventilators was experimentally analyzed by investigating pressure differentials.
A Study on the Development of Forest Fire Occurrence Probability Model using Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index -Occurrence of Forest Fire in Kangwon Province-
Park, Houng-Sek ; Lee, Si-Young ; Chae, Hee-Mun ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 95~100
Fine fuel moisture code (FFMC), a main component of forest fire weather index(FWI) in the Canadian forest fire danger rating system(CFFDRS), indicated a probability of ignition through expecting a dryness of fine fuels. According to this code, a rising of temperature and wind velocity, a decreasing of precipitation and decline of humidity in a weather condition showed a rising of a danger rate for the forest fire. In this study, we analyzed a weather condition during 5 years in Kangwon province, calculated a FFMC and examined an application of FFMC. Very low humidity and little precipitation was a characteristic during spring and fall fire season in Kangwon province. 75% of forest fires during 5 years occurred in this season and especially 90% of forest fire during fire season occurred in spring. For developing of the prediction model for a forest fire occurrence probability, we used a logistic regression function with forest fire occurrence data and classified mean FFMC during 10 days. Accuracy of a developed model was 63.6%. To improve this model, we need to deal with more meteorological data during overall seasons and to associate a meteorological condition with a forest fire occurrence with more research results.
Verification and Application of Velocity Measurement Using Price Meter and ADCP
Kim, Eung-Seok ; Choi, Hyun-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 101~106
Although ADCP(Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) have been introduced and utilized for flow measurements since the end of 1990's, in-situ behavior performance of ADCP at stream gauging stations has not been evaluated in Korea. The purpose of this study is for verification and application of velocity measurements using a price meter and ADCP. The verification of measured velocities was carried out in a laboratory open-channel. The differences between the two velocity values measured by a pirce meter and ADCP are within 2.1%, which means that ADCP can be used at stream gauging stations. After verification, ADCP was applied to the Maekok stream selected as a test site for application. for application. The test application was performed by comparison of velocity results measured by ADCP and a price meter. Results show that the velocity values obtained by using ADCP coincide well with those by using conventional devices with the average measurement discrepancy of 10.5%.
Effect on Maintenance of Vertical Profile of Stream for Triangle-Type Labyrinth Weir
Lee, Seung-Oh ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Im, Jang-Hyuk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 107~115
The labyrinth weir can be applied to increase the overflow rate, maintain constant water depth and improve water quality. This weir can be defined that the plane shape of overflow part is not straight line and is a kind of weir having overflow length increased by changing its plane shape. There are relatively few studies related to effect of maintaining the water depth which has been used to consider for various functions as hydraulic facilities and design conditions of labyrinth weirs. Thus, it is needed to conduct studies related to the maintenance of water depth by the labyrinth weir. This study was to provide fundamental data which may become a facilitator for more accurate and proper design of hydraulic facilities related to the maintenance of water depth. The ranges of constant water depth (
) were provided for the triangle type labyrinth weir, and the effect of maintaining water depth was analyzed using hydraulic laboratory experiments and 3D-numerical simulations(Flow-3D).
A Method for Selecting a Structural Optimal Flood Mitigation Plan Using Analytic Hierarchy Process
Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Jun, Young-Joon ; Ahn, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Tae-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 117~126
Various dimensions of watershed structural/non-structural planning can be applied in comprehensive flood mitigation plan in a river basin. Especially structural counterplans have very broad and diverse nature as flood control facilities. It is not easy to find the optimum alternative to maximize the ability of a basin to reduce flood risk using a combination of structural counterplans. In addition, there is no standard for evaluating the performance of structural counterplans and for selecting optimal combination of them. This study focused on how to select the best alternative of a comprehensive watershed structural plan from various flood defense alternative candidates. By introducing an analytic hierarchy process, we would like to show how we decide the best alternative using standard worksheets developed in this study for economics and policy evaluation, and Expert Choice 11.5, which calculates weights for evaluation items. Based on the results from this study, we would like to suggest the best practice of a standardized watershed plan for flood protection.
A Study on Generation of Stochastic Rainfall Variation using Multivariate Monte Carlo method
Ahn, Ki-Hong ; Han, Kun-Yeun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 127~133
In this study, dimensionless-cumulative rainfall curves were generated by multivariate Monte Carlo method. For generation of rainfall curve rainfall storms were divided and made into dimensionless type since it was required to remove the spatial and temporal variances as well as differences in rainfall data. The dimensionless rainfall curves were divided into 4 types, and log-ratio method was introduced to overcome the limitations that elements of dimensionless-cumulative rainfall curve should always be more than zero and the sum total should be one. Orthogonal transformation by Johnson system and the constrained non-normal multivariate Monte Carlo simulation were introduced to analyse the rainfall characteristics. The generative technique in stochastic rainfall variation using multivariate Monte Carlo method will contribute to the design and evaluation of hydrosystems and can use the establishment of the flood disaster prevention system.
Relationship between Maximum Wave Heights of Tsunamis and Earthquake Parameters
Sim, Ju-Yeol ; Ha, Tae-Min ; Cho, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, volume 9, issue 3, 2009, Pages 135~142
The initial free surface profile and energy of a tsunami are closely related to the wave heights of a tsunami in nearshore and can be determined by using the earthquake parameters. Along the Western coast of Japan, the possibility of a tsunami triggering by undersea earthquakes is very high. Many seismologists have attempted to predict the parameters of earthquakes that could occur in these regions, but it is difficult to accurately predict them. As such, several case studies have been conducted involving behaviors of an unexpected tsunami that occurred in this region. If a relationship between the earthquake parameters and the wave heights of a tsunami is found, it would be easier to examine the effects of the tsunami. In this study, several virtual tsunami events have been simulated, and the wave heights of the tsunami are computed by varying the earthquake parameters to examine the relationship between the earthquake parameters and the tsunami wave heights. Numerical simulations have been conducted in virtual topography.