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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1986
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1986
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1986
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1986
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Stability analysis of pump using finite element method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1986, Pages 31~40
With the tendency toward high speed and high pressure in centrifugal pumps, the problem of sub-synchronous vibration has arisen, caused by the hydraulic forces of the working fluid, such as wearring, balance piston, impeller, etc.. These forces can drastically alter the rotor critical speeds and stability characteristics, and can be acted significant destabilizing forces. For preventing such self-excited vibration, the desing of the rotor system needs, which would secure the stability of the machine. In this paper, a procedure is presented for dynamic modeling of rotor-bearing-seal-impeller systems which consist of rigid disks, distributed parameter finite rotor elements and discrete bearings, seals and impellers. A finite element model including the effects of rotatory inertia and gyroscopic moments is developed using the consistent matrix approach. The technique of dynamic matrix reduction is applied to the shaft matrices to reduce them to a set of matrices of dynamic of significantly fewer degrees of freedom. The representation of bearing, seal and impeller elements is in term of linearized stiffness and damping matrices by reasonably small perturbations from equilibrium. The stability behavior of a typical double suction centrifugal pump is presented. Results show the influence of clearance and flow conditions on running speeds and stability characteristics.
A theoretical calculation of coupled free, transverse vibration of the multi-supported shaft system by the finite element method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1986, Pages 41~49
With the trend towards high propulsive level, increasing ship's dimensions and heavier shaft systems supported by the hull structure of relatively stiffness in modern ships, transverse vibrations of propulsion shaft system have become one of the problems that should be predicted in the early design stage. Regarding transverse vibrations, coupling terms such as oilfilm, gyroscope and hydrodynamic effect of the propeller exist between the vertical and horizontal vibration, furthermore for the shaft system with strut and bossing its physical properties incorporated with hull structure must be considered. In order to predict the transverse vibratory condition of the propulsion shaft and take some appropriate countermeasures, it is necessary to make a fairly strict estimation of the vibratory behaviours of it. In this paper, theoretical approach using the finite element method is investigated to calculate natural frequencies and vibration modes for coupled free transverse vibrations of shaft system in two planes. Based on the method investigated a digital computer program is developed and is applied to calculate the above-mentioned vibrations of an experimental model shaft system. The results of the calculation are compared with those of the experimental measurements and they show an acceptable agreement.
A study on the boundary layer characteristics of TP620 hydrofoil in the steady state
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1986, Pages 50~56
This report deals with a study on the boundary layer characteristics of TP620 hydrofoil in the steady state by using two dimensional boundary layer theory. On the basis of complex velocity and laminar and turbulent boundary layer theory, the author attempts to know some tendency by evaluating the performance characteristic values of TP620 hydrofoil working in a uniform flow. In deriving characteristic values, he calculates numerically velocity, momentum thickness, skin friction coefficient, shape factor, and displacement thickness on the TP620 hydrofoil working at each attack angle in a uniform flow. Applying this present numerical calculation using Thwaites' and Head's method, the results of boundary layer on the hydrofoil are shown to be influenced by surface velocity and attack angle.
The structure and mechanical properties of unidirectionally solidified Al-Fe-Ni, Al-Fe-B alloy
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1986, Pages 57~66
The microstructure and mechanical properties of unidirectionally solidified Al-Fe-Ni and Al-Fe-B alloys have been studied in varying the some conditions. To investigate the change of microstructure and mechanical properties was carried out by the varying the composition and solidification rate from 1.2 to 80 mm/min at temperature gradient 60 .deg. C/cm. The results obtained are as follow; 1. In proportion to the increase of the solidification rate, the type of crystallized phase of these composite alloys was changed by added element. a) The crystallized phase of composite alloy in added nikel was changed from the rod-type fiber to platetype fiber. b) The crystallized phase of composite alloy in added boron was changed from the plate-type fiber to rod-type fiber. 2. The strength was rapidly increased with the changing process of crystallized fiber from the plate-type fiber to the rod-type.
A study on the boiling heat transfer of R-113 in a horizontal tube
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 10, issue 4, 1986, Pages 67~77
The information on the heat transfer characteristics, flow pattern and pressure drop, are very important for the desing of general heat exchanger, refrigerating system, air conditioning system and energy recovery system. In these systems, water or lubricating oil contained in working fluid affects greatly the flow and heat transfer condition and this phenomena must be considered in the practical design. An experiment has been performed for studying the flow and heat transfer characteristics of the forced convective horizontal flow of R-113 under the range of the liquid single phase state to the boiling flow state. Basic experimental results are obtained in the case that water or lubricating oil does not contaminate in the test fluid. Experimental results are as follows; (1) The local heat transfer coefficients in the nucleate boiling region and transition boiling region are almostly ten times as large as that of liquid single phase flow. (2) The measured heat transfer coefficient in the present experimental range is relatively agreed well with the predicted value from the various experimental results for the boiling flow.