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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1987
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1987
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1987
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1987
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A study on the heat release rate pattern variation according to the change of operating conditions in pre-combution chamber type diesel engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 31~44
Nowadays, the problems of energy and environmental pollution become serious day by day and the diesel engine, which has been proved to be superior to gasoline engine with respect to fuel consumption and ecological problems of exhaust gas, has been adopted widely for various purposes from the marine diesel engine and the dynamo engine to all kinds of engine on land. Therefore, extensive parametric studies on combustion of diesel engine should be done for its desing and improvement. To predict the behavior of diesel engien according to variable operating conditions by means of cycle simulation, the reasonable pattern of heat release rate has to be asumed. But it is necessary to know the actual variation of heat release rate in order to assume the reasonable pattern of heat release rate according to the actual operating conditions. In this paper, on a high speed small bore diesel engine with pre-combustion chamber, experimental investigations were carried out to determine the relationship between the heat release pattern and parameters such as engine load and speed. And also, the theoretical investigations about the performance variations of the above diesel engine according to the predicted pattern of heat release rate variation were performed. From the above observations, it may be said that the Fanboro indicator, which was used to get the cylinder pressure, can be used to estimate a reasonable pattern of heat release rate and it is confirmed that the pattern of heat release rate for the pre-combustion type engine is different from that of the direct injection type engine.
Study on the tensile restraint crack characteristics in underwater welds of marine steel plates
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 45~52
Generally the factors affected largely by the cold cracking sensitivity of the weld are the quantity of the diffusible hydrogen, the brittleness and hardness of the bond area and the tensile restraint stress. These factors have relation each other, and if we can reduce one of these factors, it becomes instrumental to the root cracks prevention of weld. This study deals with the gravity type-underwater-welding of KR Grade A-3 marine steel plate using E4303 welding electrode in order to compare wet-underwater-welding with in-air- welding, resulting in obtaining the tensile restraint characteristics, the hardness distribution, the quantity of diffusible hydrogen and the macro- and micro-crack properties in both underwater and in-air welds. The main results obtained are as follows: 1) The quantity of diffusible hydrogen measured for 48 hours is about 18cc/100g-weld-metal for the in-air-weld of one pass and about 48cc/100g-weld-metal for the underwater-weld of one pass which is about 3 times penetration of diffusible hydrogen compairing with the case of the in-air-weld. However, it was experimentally confirmed that, by the multi-pass welding of 2 to 5 passes, the diffusible hydrogen in the underwater weld metal can be reduced as much as 27 to 49%. 2) The hardness of the weld metal indicates the highest value in the heat affected zones of underwater weld for more rapid cooling rate, resulting in the higher sensitivity of cold cracking. So, it is desirable to soften the higher hardness in the HAZ by tempering effect such as the multi-pass welding in the underwater welding. 3) At the bond vicinity of the underwater weld HAZ, micro cracks were found as resulted by both more rapid cooling rate and more diffusible hydrogen and also by the stress corrosion cracking under the tensile restraint stress in the underwater. But this could be prevented by the tempering effect of the following weld bead such as the multi-pass welding.
A study on the Computer-Aided Design of steam ejector
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 53~60
Steam ejector is a equipment which compresses the gases to desired discharge pressure. It is widely used for the evacuation systems because of its high working confidence. And recently it is used as the thermo-compressors in the various energy saving systems. Steam ejector is constructed of three basic parts; a suction chamber, a motive nozzle and a diffuser. The high velocity stream jet of steam emitted by the motive nozzle creats suction chamber, which draws the low pressure gases. The diffuser converts the kinetic energy of high velocity flow to pressure energy. It is not easy to determine the dimensions of a steam ejector met to the desired design condition, because that the expected suction rates must be obtained by reapeating the complicate calculation. And also such a calculation is concomitant with geometrical analysis for suction part and diffuser based on the stability of steam flow. Therefore, it is considered that the Computer-Aided Design (CAD) of steam ejector is a powerful design method. In this paper, computer program for steam ejector design is developed based on the theoretical research and the previous experimental results. And the determinating method of diffuser inlet angle and the velocity development profile of suction gas along to the diffuser are suggested. The validity of the development profile of suction gas along to the diffuser are suggested. The validity of the developed computer results with other's for the practical design calculation of a manufactured steam ejector.
A Study on the Optimal Design of a PID Controller(II)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 61~69
The PID controller is one of the most popular devices for control systems and the adjustment of its parameters has been generally accomplished by semi-empirical rules and has been considered only in the view of improvement of the control performance. But in modern control theory, a quadratic form is introduced as a criterion function which considers not only to improve quality of control but also to save energy required for the control. In this paper, authors propose a method of the parameter adjustment of the PID controller by means of maximum principle minimizing the quadratic criterion function and establish a link between the conventional parameter adjustment method and the technique of the modern optimal control theory in the design of a PID controller.