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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
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Study on the Improvement of Output Fluctuation from Generator Driven by Large Size-Low Speed Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 6~16
Since world-wide oil shock on 1970s, many large size-low speed diesel engines, instead of steam turbines, are used for the industrial electric power generating plants due to their economic advantage of low specific fuel consumption. But it is very important to control their electric power fluctuation problems for the purpose of smooth parallel operation with existing power plants. In this paper the fluctuation problem of KEPCO Nam-cheju No.1 generator driven by diesel ngine(B & W 7K 60MC, 13931x138.5RPM) is investigated with analysis of torsional vibration of which 4th harmonic component is related to its power fluctuation. The problem can be improved by modification of cylinder arrangement and flywheel position in reverse sequence, equalizing the combustion gas pressure of all cylinder and installation of torsional vibration damper enlarged 30%(Je=7287Kg.m
) and high quality balancing of generator rotor.
A Study on the Dynamic Characteristics and Performance of Geislinger Type Torsional Vibration Damper for Two Stroke, Low-speed Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 17~28
During the last decade, engine makers have developed new types or increasing power rate engines to enlarge theirs marketing shear in two stroke, low-speed diesel engines. As the results, these engines have increased the additional stresses due to torsional vibration more than old model engines. The torsional vibration dampers are necessary in order to reduce heigher additional stresses of intermediate and crank shaft in these engine. In this paper, the optimum designing of Geislinger type torsional Damper has been carried out, based on the theoretical conception. The dynamic characteristics and performance fo dampers are estimated by the measuring results obtained with the monitoring system of dampers and additional stresses of propulsion shafts.
Axial and Flexural Coupled Free Vibration Analysis of a Branched Structure (Formulation by the Transfer Influence Coefficient Method)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 29~38
This paper describes the general formulation for the in-plane longitudinal and flexural coupled free vibration analysis of a branched structure. The branched structure, which is mainly found in machine tools, pipeline systems and so on, has some crooked parts and subsystems. And it modeled as a distributed mass system. The superiority of the present method to the transfer matrix method in the computation accuracy and speed was confirmed by the numerical computation results. Moreover, we comfirmed that boundary and intermediate conditions have been controlled by the spring constants.
Optimum Design of Rotor System Considering Fuzzy Constraints
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 39~49
The dynamic design object of rotor system is to optimize the system in stability at the operating speed, unbalance response in the vicinity of the rotor critical speed, bearing weighting and system weighting. In conventional optimization method, designers have to set mathematical modeling, such as objective function, constraints and design parameters, strictly and quantitavely. But in actual design process, they do not treat all of these values strictly and some of them are somehow "fuzziness". So, considering boundary conditions of seal diameter, clearance, and length in a typical double suction centrifugal pump is fuzzy, this paper is considered fuzzy in constraints. Fuzzy method is used .alpha.-level cut method. Then, the optimum dimensions of seal according to values are obtained and vibration characteristics are investigated.estigated.
Critical Speed Analysis of a Vertical Pump
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 50~59
A critical speed analysis of a pump shaft has been investigated. Among various methods in the shaft critical speed calculation, a transfer matrix method has been examined in this research. After a brief review on the transfer matrix method, a modeling procedure for a continuous structure has been discussed. Then, a critical speed of a multistage pump shaft has been estimated up to several low modes. Throughout an analysis, parametric effects on the bearing stiffness, a degree of the modeling order, and attachmant of the impeller have been investigated. As an application example, a critical speed analysis of a verical pump which has been implemented in domestic electric power plants for cooling water circulation has been conducted in order to provide a safe operation as far as a pump vibration is concerned.
A Study on the Identification of the joint's Stiffness of a Stucture by Sensitive Analysis Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 60~66
In most cases a structure consists of the assembly of some substructures, we assemble them with various joints, and the structure is fixed to a foundation through mounts. In case of the structure with rigid joints like welding, the Finite Element Mothod could be easily used to analyize the structure's characteristics, but in case of the structure with elastic joints like bolts or rivets, it might be difficult to analyize it by taking account of joint's rigidities, with the conventional method. This paper proposes the method to identify the joint rigidities by the Sensitive Analysis Method and the Optimization Techniques. And the proposed method applied to identify the rigidities of 4 bolts to combine 2 plates(500mm long, 100mm wide, 3.15mm thich). The analized results were well coincident with the experimental results. To confirm the reliability 0 the rigidities identified, another trial was done for the stucture to combine other 2 plates with same joints. The results were good too. This paper is proposin the identifying method of the joint rigidity of a structure, and it could be used for the data base of the joint rigidity and for the guidance to select joint stiffness.
Parametrically Excited Vibrations of Second-Order Nonlinear Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 67~76
This paper describes the vibration characteristic of second-order nonlinear systems subjected to parametric excitation. Emphasis is put on the examination of the hydrodynamic nonlinear damping effect on limiting the response amplitudes of parametric vibration. Since the parametric vibration is described by the Mathieu equation, the Mathieu stability chart is examined in this paper. In addition, the steady-state solutions of the nonlinear Mathieu equation in the first instability region are obtained by using a perturbation technique and are compared with those by a numerical integration method. It is shown that the response amplitudes of parametric vibration are limited even in unstable conditions by hydrodynamic nonlinear damping force. The largest reponse amplitude of parametric vibration occurs in the first instability region of Mathieu stability chart. The parametric excitation induces the response of a dynamic system to be subharmonic, superharmonic or chaotic according to their dynamic conditions.
A Study on the Acoustic Analysis using Bond Graph Modeling Techniques
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 77~84
In the most of acoustic system with low flow rate and low pressure level, one-dimensional, linear modeling techniques are used very well. At low frequency, the tube is modeled as inertia element and cavity as capacitance element, and to extend the range of frequency normal mode oscillators are represented. Bond graph modelling techniques are proposed to predict TL (Transmission Loss) and time response which is impossible by transfer matrix in muffler system. A simple acoustic filter which consists of several tubes and cawities is analyzed in both time and frequency domain.
A Quantitative Separation Method of Structure and Air Borne Sound Power from the Enclosure
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 85~96
Engine enclosures are widely adopted to reduce the noise emission in various fields of application. The radiated noise, which is due to the vibration of enclosure's outer surface, is composed of two kinds of sound power with different path of propagation. One is the 'structure-borne sound power' which stems from the engine's vibratory force applied to the structure of enclosure through the mounting parts of engine etc., while the other is the 'air-borne sound power' which is originated by the sound power radiated from the engine surface to the inner space of enclosure that should excite the vibration of enclosure from inside. In order to get a most efficient engine enclosure is required a profound consideration upon the above structure-borne and air-borne noise, since the guiding principle of countermeasure for each noise is quite different. The controlling of input vibration and its isolation are major subject for the structure-borne sound power and the specifications of absorbing member and damping panels are the major interests for the air-borne sound power. Hence it seems very efficient to separate the total sound power into two categories with a great accuracy when one think of further reduction of engine noise from the exciting enclosure, however, its separating methods have not been made clear for many years. Then author proposes a new practical separation method of two propagation path's contribution to the total radiation sound power for the enclosure under the engine operating condition.
Improvement of Diesel Engine Performance for Alternative Fuel Oil
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 16, issue 5, 1992, Pages 97~110
Rape-seed oil has high viscosity and high rubber content like other vegetable oils. When crude rape-seed oil obtained by a general oil extraction process is used in a diesel engine, automization condition during injection is not good and a large amount of combustion product is doposited in a combustion chamber. The improvement of a diesel engine is required to use rape-seed oil as a diesel engine fuel. In this study, the physical and chemical properties and combustion characteristics of rape-seed oil were investigated. The auxiliary aid was developed to improve automization condition and the effect of the auxiliary injection aid on the performance of a diesel engine was determined. The results are as follows. 1) Oil content of rape-seed is 45%. The exraction rate is 33%. The resuls show higher values compared to those of other vegetable oils. 2) The viscosity of rape-seed oil is 50.8 cSt and nearly 14 times of diesel oil viscosity. 3) The heating value and flash point of rape-seed oil are 9720kcal/Kg and 318
, respectively. 4) In case rape-seed oil is used as fuel, brake horse power, specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency are compared to those of diesel oil. The results of rape-seed oil show 3.6%, 12.7% and 3.1% higher values. 5) Particle size of injection fuel with the auxiliary injection aid on the performance of a diesel engine was determined. The results are as follows. 1) Oil content of rape-seed is 45%. The extraction rate is 33%. The results show higher values compared to those of other vegetable oils. 2) The viscosity of rape-seed oil is 50.8 cSt and nearly 14 times of diesel oil viscosity. 3) The heating value and flash point of rape-seed oil are 9720kcal/Kg and 318.deg.C, respectively. 4) In case rape-seed oil is used as fuel, brake horse power, specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency are compared to theose of diesel oil. The results of rape-seed oil show 3.6%, 12.7% and 3.1% higher values. 5) Particle size of injection fuel with the auxiliary injection aids is 100.mu.m smaller than that od injection fuel without the aid. 6) Brake horse power and brake thermal efficiency with the auxiliary injection aid increase 5.07% and 6.07%, respectively. However, specific fuel consumption decreases 3.85% with the auxiliary injection aid.